US: What Happens if Roe Is Overturned? Answers to 7 Questions on the Battle Over Abortion - - PressFrom - US
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US What Happens if Roe Is Overturned? Answers to 7 Questions on the Battle Over Abortion

00:15  04 december  2019
00:15  04 december  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

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Answers to 7 Questions on the Battle Over Abortion . Pins on the wall at West Alabama Women’s Center in Tuscaloosa.Credit Audra Melton for The Some states have “trigger bans” in place that would automatically restrict abortion if Roe were overturned . Congress could pass a law to ban, or

Overturning Roe v Wade would theoretically make abortion illegal in Louisiana. This is because it is one of four states to have While it doesn't have laws like Louisiana, which could ban abortion if Roe v Wade is overturned , it also doesn't have any laws What happens to your body in extreme heat?

Nationwide access to abortion is more vulnerable than it has been in decades, partly because of an aggressive campaign by Republicans and President Trump’s election and appointment of two conservative Supreme Court justices. But as The Times’s Elizabeth Dias and Lisa Lerer recently reported, many abortion rights advocates have also blamed their movement’s own missteps.

a close up of a sign: Pins on the wall at West Alabama Women’s Center in Tuscaloosa.© Audra Melton for The New York Times Pins on the wall at West Alabama Women’s Center in Tuscaloosa.

Some pointed to a rift between national organizations like Planned Parenthood and independent clinics. Others said they saw peril in making support for abortion access a litmus test for Democratic candidates.

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However, ending Roe wouldn’t end abortion – or the fight over abortion – in America. Overturning Roe would likely create a network were women living in states that ban abortions What questions should the Senate ask Kavanaugh? Hit Take Action and tell your reps, then share your thoughts below.

But ending Roe won’t end abortion in America – or the fight over abortion . Instead, a repeal of Roe would shift the battle from the federal courts to state To some extent, this is already happening . If Roe is overturned , that legal argument would vanish and states like Ohio could make their own rules.

These pressure points will be further pushed in the coming months of the 2020 presidential election and as courts hear a series of cases centering on reproductive rights.

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We asked readers what questions they had about abortion access and the political battles around it. Our reporters — Elizabeth and Lisa — have answered a selection of questions.

If Roe were overturned

If Roe v. Wade were overturned, could Congress pass a law to ban abortion in the whole country? Would that be constitutional? Or would the authority to limit abortion move back to the individual states?

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Some states also have pre- Roe bans on abortion that were never explicitly removed, though it’s unclear Many of these trigger laws predate the current debate over abortion rights — some by over a decade. In a time when laws that limit access to abortions are on the rise across the country

However, ending Roe wouldn’t end abortion – or the fight over abortion – in America. Overturning Roe would likely create a network were women living in states that ban abortions What questions should the Senate ask Kavanaugh? Hit Take Action and tell your reps, then share your thoughts below.

— Denise A. Ankudowich, Tampa

If Roe were overturned, the power to legalize abortion would essentially return to individual states. Some states have “trigger bans” in place that would automatically restrict abortion if Roe were overturned. Congress could pass a law to ban, or legalize, abortion nationwide, and many people say that would be a better long-term solution than letting the courts decide policy. But it is unlikely that a divided Congress will take action on the issue anytime soon.

— Elizabeth Dias

Effect of G.O.P. efforts

What roles have G.O.P.-favoring gerrymandering in state legislatures and the House, and packing courts — federal and Supreme — with conservative judges played in this discussion?

— Nick K., southern Ohio

A significant role. The right took a long-term approach once President Obama was elected. Winning state legislatures and gerrymandering districts were central to their strategy to pass abortion restrictions. When President Trump unexpectedly won the White House, ending legal abortion appeared in their reach.

Major legal and medical groups voice support for abortion access

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But what happens after Roe ? Will abortion be illegal? The short answer is: it will go back to the people to decide. By taking away the authority of the states to choose their own path democratically on the question of abortion ’s legality, the Court created a lasting political and cultural division that

If Roe is overturned , abortion laws would be up to the states, and about 22 states would likely ban abortion , Amy Myrick, staff attorney at the Center for Reproductive Rights, recently told Kaiser Health News. In those states, Grossman speculated, doctors might begin to practice harm reduction by, for

— Elizabeth Dias

Role of Planned Parenthood

Why can’t Planned Parenthood do both — foster and push and support abortion rights, and continue all the other health services provided by this group?

Jane Maccloskey, Oregon

Planned Parenthood does do both. It is the largest single abortion provider in the country, and it provides many other health care services like contraception and testing for sexually transmitted infections. It also has become one of the biggest sources of volunteer power for Democratic campaigns.

Many abortion rights activists and abortion providers told us they were concerned that Planned Parenthood was prioritizing politics over health care. The division was especially clear with the independent abortion clinics, which provide the majority of abortion procedures in the country but have little political or lobbying power.

— Elizabeth Dias

What the left needs

The states that have introduced restrictions on abortion are largely traditionally Republican states. The religious right has sponsored the election of extremist candidates in primaries. It is difficult to see what policy Planned Parenthood could have followed that would have stopped this, either locally or nationally. Perhaps you have an answer?

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So what would happen if the case is overturned ? For one, control over abortion regulations would be returned to the states, setting up a patchwork of laws. Ten additional states whose abortion bans were ended by Roe would likely see those laws reinstated, and in eight states abortion would remain

With the Supreme Court now solidly conservative, more people are asking that question . The Washington Post offers an analysis — but the bottom line seems to be that the battle for life will not be over if and when the law is Ten other states have kept pre- Roe abortion bans on the books.

— Bob Philipson, Manhattan

The short answer: Mobilize to win local elections.

Most Democrats will acknowledge that they were outplayed by conservatives for more than a decade when it came to making gains in state legislatures. Starting with the 2010 census, Republicans worked to pick up local seats. It worked. Democrats lost over 1,000 seats during the Obama administration; those losses are now coming to fruition for social conservatives.

That’s left abortion rights advocates in the unenviable position of now having to fight a multifront war of federal policy, local policy, the courts and campaigns.

— Lisa Lerer

What is needed for pro-choice groups to align and be more organized in this effort to maintain women’s reproductive freedom?

— Lisa Galinski, Simsbury, Conn.

I think the movement, like many liberal causes during the Trump era, is at a moment of soul searching. Like most of the country, reproductive rights advocates didn’t see Donald Trump winning the election and weren’t prepared for a Republican Party led by him.

Nearly all the Democratic presidential candidates have rejected the messaging that guided Democrats for decades — abortion should be “safe, legal and rare.” The question now is whether there can be broad agreement between national groups and local activists on a new message.

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Now that South Dakota Governor Mike Rounds has signed legislation to ban virtually all abortions , a renewed court battle over Roe v. Wade seems inevitable. So, if the Supreme Court were to overturn Roe tomorrow, what would happen ? State laws would once again have the final say as to where

However, ending Roe wouldn’t end abortion – or the fight over abortion – in America. Rather, a repeal of the landmark decision would shift the battle from Overturning Roe would likely create a network were women living in states that ban abortions would have to travel hundreds of miles or more to find

— Lisa Lerer

Public sentiment

Can there be any compromise on abortion? Will it always be an either pro-choice or pro-life victory? Is a victory for everyone possible?

— Wes Adams, Los Angeles

Compromise is unlikely. Republicans and Democrats have increasingly taken absolutist positions on the issue. That is how Republicans gained such political strength on abortion, and it is how Democrats see their best path to victory on the issue in 2020. But a majority of Americans believe the procedure should be legal, though only in certain cases, according to Gallup’s long-running tracking poll.

— Elizabeth Dias

I’m wondering how the polls on pro- and anti-abortion divide on male versus female opinion. I think the psychology affects the moral stance.

— Will, Fort Myers

Men and women actually have similar views on abortion. This year 60 percent of women say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, compared to 61 percent of men, according to the Pew Research Center. But people are much more divided on abortion based on their politics or religion.

— Elizabeth Dias

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