Virginia vote sets up fight over women's rights constitutional amendment
USA-LEGAL/WOMEN:Virginia vote sets up fight over women's rights constitutional amendment
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex.
The Equal Rights Amendment would provide a fundamental legal remedy against sex discrimination for both women and men. It would guarantee that the rights affirmed by the U.S. Constitution are held equally by all citizens without regard to their sex. The ERA would clarify the legal status of sex
The long-gestating proposal to create an, or ERA, in the U.S. Constitution could be closer to reality after a Virginia statehouse committee approved a measure Tuesday to bring the amendment to a full vote.
Trump administration casts doubt on women's rights amendment push
Trump administration casts doubt on women's rights amendment pushThe U.S. Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel issued a legal opinion saying it was too late for additional states to sign on to the push started in 1972 that led to 35 states backing it, three short of the required number.
The Equal Rights Amendment is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex. It seeks to end the legal distinctions between men and women in terms of divorce, property, employment, and other matters.
The proposed Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to the United States Constitution is a political and cultural inkblot, onto which many 1. What is the complete text of the Equal Rights Amendment ? Section 1: Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by
The full Virginia House of Delegates and state Senate are slated to hold votes for ratification Wednesday. If passed, the state would be the 38th in the nation to ratify the amendment, which states "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex."
A proposed amendment needs at least 38 states' approvals to be added to the Constitution, and advocates have been waiting for the ERA to meet that threshold since Congress passed a resolution for it in 1972.
Lawsuit seeks to ease adoption of Equal Rights Amendment
BOSTON (AP) — Supporters of the Equal Rights Amendment have filed a federal lawsuit in Massachusetts aimed at clearing a legal path for adoption of the long-delayed constitutional amendment. Backers say they're wading into the debate over the amendment — which dates to the early 1970s — because Virginia is poised to become the decisive 38th state to approve the measure. Amendments are added to the U.S. Constitution if they are approved by three-quarters of state legislatures. The anticipated approval of the amendment by Virginia would put the ERA over that threshold.But the process is likely to hit some snags.
The Equal Rights Amendment passed the U.S. Senate and then the House of Representatives, and on March 22, 1972, the proposed 27th Amendment to the Constitution was sent to the states for ratification. But as it had done for every amendment since the 18th (Prohibition), with the exception of
Why We Need the Equal Rights Amendment . “ Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” The first — and still the only — right that the U.S. Constitution specifically affirms equally for women and men is the right to vote .
"The United States has never known what true equality is, and this is a step in the right direction," Carol Jenkins, co-president and CEO of the ERA Coalition/Fund for Women's Equality, told ABC News.
The amendment would provide women across the country with more protections and could be used to help set new laws concerning areas such asand , Jenkins said. She noted that the amendment has been called for since 1920 and was first introduced in Congress 1923 by activist Alice Paul.
"It's taken almost a century, but it's closer than we have ever been. We're determined to cross the finish line," she said.
The road to full amendment's full adoption, however, is still murky as the measure is tied to a previously issued deadline that expired more than 30 years ago. Legal experts predicted that the ERA will have to go through some battles in court.
After Congress passed the amendment's resolution in 1972, it enacted a deadline of seven years for the measure to get its 38-state minimum ratification. The deadline was extended to 1982, but by that time, only 35 states ratified. Three years ago, Nevada ratified the amendment, followed by Illinois the next year.
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Illinois lawmakers have voted to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment , affirming equal rights for women and putting the legislation just one state away from potentially being adopted by the U.S. Constitution. The passage comes 36 years after the original deadline for ratification set by Congress.
The Equal Rights Amendment was passed by Congress on March 22, 1972 and sent to the states for ratification. By 1977, the legislatures of 35 states had approved the amendment . In 1978, Congress voted to extend the original March 1979 deadline to June 30, 1982.
The U.S. Department of Justice's Office of the Legal Counsel (OLC)last week that stated the amendment "is no longer pending before the States," because of the expiration. The National Archives and Records Administration, which has to certify the amendment, with the OLC's opinion save for a court order.
ERA proponents contend that the deadline for the measure's passage was written in the resolution passed by Congress in 1972, but not in the wording of the amendment itself that states are ratifying. Furthermore, advocates say Article V of the Constitution explicitly states that an amendment proposal be ratified once the 38-state limit is met, with no stipulation for deadlines.
Saikrishna Bangalore Prakash, a professor at the University of Virginia School of Law, told ABC News it is likely that a lawsuit will be filed against the National Archives that will compel them to ratify the amendment if the threshold is met.
Prakash, who published alast year, said contentions against the ERA deadline have grown since the 27th Amendment (on congressional pay) was passed in 1992, more than 200 years after Congress made a resolution for its adoption.
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The Equal Rights Amendment would truly legitimize women as equal to men in the eyes of the law, would help women to earn more and make it easier for abusers to be held accountable. Women are a large voting block in [your state] & I would ask the senator to reconsider their position."
The proposition for an equal rights amendment was submitted to Congress in 1923. Supporters cite the 27th amendment , which prevents Congress from setting a higher salary and receiving it in the That amendment ’s time span well exceeded the previous longest between amendment proposal and
"The same argument could be made for the ERA," he said.
Virginia's Attorney General Mark Herring said in a statement last week in response to the OLC opinion that he would fight any opposition to the ERA passage, according to.
"Any reliance on the Office of Legal Council's memorandum improperly injects the executive branch into the amendment process," Michelle Kallen, deputy solicitor general for the Virginia AG's office, testified during the Virginia House of Delegate's Privilege and Elections Committee Tuesday.
There are currently bills in the U.S. House and Senate that call for the elimination of the deadline from the ERA resolution, and those would prevent any legal barriers for the amendment, Maria Vullo, the chair of the board of the ERA Coalition, told ABC News.
"The one thing we are advocating strongly is to eliminate this argument that there was this time limit for ratification," Vullo said.
Vermont bill would ban cell phone use by anyone younger than 21 .
The bill reasons that if those under 21 aren't mature enough to smoke or own a gun, they shouldn't own a cell phone either.The bill, introduced Tuesday by Democratic Sen. John Rodgers, says those under the age of 21 "are not developmentally mature enough" to posses and use cell phones safely. The bill cites fatal car crash and bullying among teens as reasons for the proposed legislation.