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US Cancer: States with the highest risk for melanoma linked to UV rays

03:20  18 february  2020
03:20  18 february  2020 Source:   cnn.com

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UV -A rays penetrate to the deeper layers of the skin and are often associated with allergic reactions Melanoma , the deadliest form of skin cancer , is linked to getting severe sunburns, especially at a young IARC moved these devices into the highest cancer risk category: “carcinogenic to humans.”

For instance, states that seemed to have lower rates of melanoma linked to UV radiation could have been The high number of teen girls in the 1990s who used indoor tanning facilities likely contributed to the “ State - and community-level cancer control programs can use our findings to prioritize and

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States with the highest rates of melanoma cases linked to ultraviolet radiation are spread across the United States on the East and West coasts, in Hawaii and in landlocked states, according to a study published Monday in the International Journal of Cancer.

Melanoma is one of the most rapidly increasing cancers in the United States, jumping 2% per year between 2005 and 2015 in both men and women, the study found, with an estimated 151,000 cases a year by 2030 up from just over 96,000 in 2019, if current trends continue.

It is also the deadliest type of all skin cancers and linked to UV radiation exposure in nearly 95% of all cases in the United States. It's potentially preventable, because diagnoses are associated with "excessive sun exposure and indoor tanning," the authors said.

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Exposure to ultraviolet ( UV ) rays is a major risk factor for most melanomas . This might also have something to do with the fact that these areas aren't constantly exposed to UV light. People with XP have a high risk of developing melanoma and other skin cancers when they are young, especially

Ultraviolet ( UV ) radiation comes from the sun and man-made sources like tanning beds. Learn more about UV and how to reduce your risk of skin Ionizing radiation can damage the DNA (genes) in cells, which in turn may lead to cancer . But even the highest -energy UV rays don’t have enough

"High indoor tanning prevalence among teen girls in the late 1990s is likely a contributing factor," said lead study author Dr. Farhad Islami, a cancer epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society, referring to the rising number of melanoma diagnoses.

The strength of ultraviolet radiation is generally measured by UV index and is higher in the United States closer to the equator, including Southern states, California and Hawaii, researchers said.

To determine the number of UV-linked melanomas per state, researchers compared cases between 2011 and 2015 with a baseline of expected cases. They used historical data between 1942 and 1954 from melanoma incidence rates in Connecticut, which was the first state with a population-based cancer registry, to come up with a baseline for measurement.

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Get the latest facts & statistics about skin cancer , the most common cancer in the United States Having 5 or more sunburns doubles your risk for melanoma . When detected early, the 5-year About 90 percent of nonmelanoma skin cancers are associated with exposure to ultraviolet ( UV ) radiation

Counsel patients to limit exposure to sunlight and UV rays and to use adequate sun protection. Advise patients taking hydrochlorothiazide-containing products of the cumulative, dose-dependent risk of non- melanoma skin cancer , particularly in long-term use, and the need to regularly check for (and

"Indeed, prior to substantial increases during the last 5 decades, melanoma incidence rates in Connecticut were low, less than 2.3 per 100,000 people before 1955," the study authors said.

The study found overall that UV exposure in the United States accounted for 91% of all melanoma cases diagnosed from 2011 to 2015 and that 94% occurred in non-Hispanic whites.

The rate among non-Hispanic whites specifically varied among states, ranging from 15.1 per 100,000 in Alaska to a high of 65.1 in Hawaii.

Multiple states had UV ray-linked melanoma cases above 25 per 100,000 for non-Hispanic whites, including Delaware, Georgia, California, Maryland, North Carolina, Florida, Oregon, South Carolina, Washington, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Vermont, Utah, Minnesota, Idaho, Kentucky and Alabama.

The states with the highest UV-attributable incidence rates among all residents were:

  1. Utah - 36.3 cases per 100,000
  2. Vermont - 31.1 per 100,000
  3. Delaware - 28.2 per 100,000
  4. Minnesota -27.6 per 100,000
  5. New Hampshire -27.2 per 100,000
  6. Oregon -- 25.5 per 100,000
  7. Idaho -- 25.4 per 100,000
  8. Georgia -- 24.2 per 100,000
  9. Washington -- 23.9 per 100,000
  10. Montana -- 23.9 per 100,000

"These variations likely reflect a combination of state differences in the strength of solar UV radiation, regular or intermittent participation in outdoor activities (even intermittent sun exposure increases melanoma risk), sun protection, indoor tanning and early detection activities," researchers said.

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Ultraviolet ( UV ) rays from the sun or tanning beds can cause mutations in DNA and is a major cause of melanoma . Many other factors also play a role in increasing the risk for melanoma including genetics Many moles: The more moles you have on your body, the higher your risk for melanoma .

in rates of melanoma caused by ultraviolet ( UV ) exposure with highest rates in several states on the Journal of Cancer , finds state -level incidence rates for UV -attributable melanoma ranged from 15 cases per Without a population completely unexposed to UV radiation, researchers used the best data In addition to states with a high UV index like Hawaii, California, and Florida, UV -attributable

The study found improved strategies for sun protection, such as increased use of sunscreens and limiting activities in the sun to mornings or later afternoons, are needed to modify behaviors.

"The burden of UV-attributable melanoma is considerably high in all states, underscoring the need for broad implementation and enforcement of preventive measures across states to reduce UV radiation exposure from excessive sun exposure and indoor tanning, with priority for states with a higher burden," the authors concluded.

  Cancer: States with the highest risk for melanoma linked to UV rays © Getty Images

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