•   
  •   
  •   

US Some Americans refuse to mask up. Rules, fines and free masks will change that, experts say.

01:40  13 july  2020
01:40  13 july  2020 Source:   usatoday.com

Residents in several California cities could be fined hundreds for not wearing masks

  Residents in several California cities could be fined hundreds for not wearing masks Californians living in several key Golden State cities could incur hundreds of dollars in fines if they venture out in public without masks. © FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/AFP via Getty Images People wearing facemasks walk past a health and safety guideline board and an open restaurant on Santa Monica Pier which re-opened on June 25 after closure for over three months due to the coronavirus pandemic, on June 26, 2020 in Santa Monica, California. - A gradual re-opening of businesses continues across the state, despite a continued rise in coronavirus cases. (Photo by Frederic J. BROWN / AFP) (Photo by FREDERIC J.

Experts spoke in support of rules and fines , likening refusal to wear a mask with traffic violations that put other drivers at risk. Many Americans have embraced health officials' recommendation to wear masks in public, but those who refuse to mask up are likely to encounter increasing pressure in the

Experts say masks can be helpful reducing the spread of COVID-19 alongside other health measures like handwashing, physical distancing, testing and "For those who are resistant to wearing masks , it is likely that they highly value their personal freedom , and their anxiety around the virus and the loss

Many Americans have embraced health officials' recommendation to wear masks in public, and those who refuse to mask up are likely to encounter increasing pressure in the coming weeks and months.

There is a “sizable minority” of Americans who are skeptical, Ashish Jha, director of the Harvard Global Health Institute, told USA TODAY – evidenced in part by numerous viral videos showing shoppers flouting mask rules.

Critics say mask mandates infringe on their personal freedom. Some right-leaning Americans call masks a tool of oppression, Democratic conspiracy and even sacrilege.

This Is How Many Americans Say They Won't Consider Wearing Masks

  This Is How Many Americans Say They Won't Consider Wearing Masks According to a new Gallup poll, mask usage is up but eleven percent of Americans won't even consider wearing masks in public spaces.According to new data from a Gallup poll, 11 percent of Americans have not considered wearing a mask in the past week. And while that's down from 18 percent in April, it's still a notable number of people. The good news, however, is that mask usage has gone up overall. "The percentage of U.S. adults who say they have worn a mask in public in the past seven days rose from 51 percent in early April to the current 86 percent high point," according to Gallup.

Some Americans refuse to mask up . Rules , fines and free masks will change that , experts say . USA TODAY. Turn off your air conditioning, experts say after WHO shifts stance on airborne coronavirus. The Telegraph. Dozens of American Marines in Japan's Okinawa get coronavirus.

If 95% of Americans wore face masks in public, it could prevent 33,000 deaths by October 1, according Some medical workers ended up using plastic office report covers or other ordinary items as What do doctors say about face masks now? "People need to know that wearing masks can

Start the day smarter. Get all the news you need in your inbox each morning.

Evidence shows face coverings are an effective way of slowing the spread of COVID-19, leading more state leaders to enact mask mandates. Friday, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott, a Republican, said face coverings were “the only way” to avoid another shutdown of the state's economy.

a person standing in front of a building: Jorge Meneses obeys the sign on Main Street in Hackensack, N.J., on July 8. © Anne-Marie Caruso/NorthJersey - USA TODAY NETWORK Jorge Meneses obeys the sign on Main Street in Hackensack, N.J., on July 8.

Officials voting to require face masks in public have faced lawsuits and have been shouted down by their constituents.

Jha and other experts compare the emerging rules to traffic regulations.

Mask requirement in Mallorca: If you violate the rules, you will be fined 100 euros

 Mask requirement in Mallorca: If you violate the rules, you will be fined 100 euros © vulcano / Shutterstock.com There is a tightened mask requirement in Mallorca - also on the beach? If you want to enjoy the Mallorca sun, you should definitely have a breathing mask with you - even outdoors. New regulations apply from July 13th. The holiday island of Mallorca once again attracts numerous bathing and party guests to Spain. Since Monday, July 13, 2020, there has been a tightened mask requirement, which was decided by the regional government and controlled by the local police.

Experts agree that widespread use of masks would help stem the spread of coronavirus. Some local law enforcement officials have defied governors by refusing to enforce mask rules . One study predicted that widespread mask wearing could save up to 33,000 lives by October.

Wearing a mask , for most Americans , is novel. So rebellion is natural -- to a degree, experts say . But they urge Americans to think of the mask guidance not as forced conformity, but as a necessary act of solidarity.

Just as speeding and drinking and driving are dangerous, not wearing a mask during a pandemic is similarly reckless – it puts your and others' lives at risk, Jha said.

As government-issued mask mandates become more common, experts told USA TODAY those rules – along with fines, free masks and education – could help shape the behavior of a nation, similar to how traffic enforcement discourages bad driving.

Here's a look at how mask rules are being enforced and what experts said will work best in changing the behavior of people skeptical of masks.

What are the rules about masks?

Like many government actions relating to the coronavirus, states have unveiled a patchwork of rules governing masks. About half of states mandate masks in public.

Enforcement of those rules is uneven. Some local governments, including in West Hollywood, California and Pensacola, Florida, plan to use fines to enforce the regulations. Other law enforcement agencies publicly declined to enforce the laws.

Shoppers in England ordered to wear face coverings from July 24

  Shoppers in England ordered to wear face coverings from July 24 Shoppers in England ordered to wear face coverings from July 24Johnson said last week that tighter rules on wearing face coverings might be needed but a senior minister - Cabinet Secretary Michael Gove - said on Sunday that wearing masks should be left instead to people's common sense.

Some Americans refuse to mask up . Rules , fines and free masks will change that , experts say . USA TODAY. Turn off your air conditioning, experts say after WHO shifts stance on airborne coronavirus. The Telegraph. Dozens of American Marines in Japan's Okinawa get coronavirus.

Masks and face coverings are required in seven states. Without them, residents and workers can't enter essential businesses or visit public places.

Some of the most consistent, nationwide enforcement comes from businesses, which have the right to deny service to customers who are not wearing a mask.

a close up of a person wearing a mask: YMCA employee Fleuryne McGhe dons a cloth face mask to protect herself from the spread of coronavirus in Pensacola, Fla., on July 10. © Tony Giberson/tgiberson@pnj.com YMCA employee Fleuryne McGhe dons a cloth face mask to protect herself from the spread of coronavirus in Pensacola, Fla., on July 10.

How can officials get more people to wear masks?

Cincinnati's enforcement strategy serves as an example for the rest of the country, Angela Duckworth – an author, professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania and co-director of the Penn-Wharton Behavior Change for Good Initiative – told USA TODAY.

In that system, health inspectors respond to complaints by approaching the unmasked individual and asking, “Would you like a mask?”

Antonio Young, the Cincinnati Health Department's director of environmental health, said that most of the time, people will comply with the rule at that point. If not, the inspector can issue a $25 fine.

That's the kind of system Duckworth and Jha hope to see rolled out more widely. They said hallmarks of an effective campaign include:

More Republicans wearing masks outside home: poll

  More Republicans wearing masks outside home: poll More self-identified Republicans say in a new poll that they are wearing masks "all the time" outside their homes, although the percentage is still smaller than among Democrats or independents.Axios/Ipsos polling found increased percentages of Republicans, Democrats and independents who report mask usage "all the time" when away from home. Republicans reported the largest increase, from 35 percent at the end of June to 45 percent. The share of Democrats increased from 71 to 78 percent, while independents went from 52 percent to 58 percent.

Heath and behavior experts say that makes sense, comparing the fees to traffic tickets And experts predicted states that saw increases in cases and hospitalizations would, at some point, see deaths rise, too. Greg Abbott begged Texans to mask up in an interview with eastern Texas TV station CBS19

Some Chinese companies say they are ready to sell masks globally. In the former French Concession neighborhood of Shanghai, some of the traders who handle masks gather several nights a week at a Western bar that specializes in grilled-cheese sandwiches.

  • Education: People should know that evidence shows that by wearing a mask, you can help protect others from getting the virus. New research suggests wearers may also be helping protect themselves. That message should be made clear across the nation, especially from trusted politicians, doctors and even religious leaders.
  • Rules: Government mandates provide clarity on a confusing topic, help motivate people who might otherwise be ambivalent and give businesses incentive to help with enforcement.
  • Free masks: Making masks freely available helps reduce excuses for not wearing one and helps deescalate enforcement.

Why do some people refuse to wear a mask?

Many Americans cherish their individual liberties, and shaping cultural norms even under the best of circumstances can take years.

As the virus has taken hold in more conservative regions in the South and West, face coverings have become an unlikely focus of political partisanship, leading to mass refusals to wear them.

Complicating things further, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention acknowledges some health concerns in its mask guidance: Wearing a mask "may exacerbate a physical or mental health condition, lead to a medical emergency, or introduce significant safety concerns" in some people.

One day into new mask law, one man is dead and another injured over a dispute in a Michigan store

  One day into new mask law, one man is dead and another injured over a dispute in a Michigan store A customer at a Quality Dairy in Eaton County, Michigan, was shot dead by police after stabbing a male customer in a dispute over not wearing a face mask, a day after a new mask law took effect. © Tasos Katopodis/Getty Images North America/Getty Images Michigan State Police are investigating the stabbing of a man after a dispute about not wearing a mask. A 43-year-old man walked into the store not wearing a mask and was confronted by a 77-year-old customer for not wearing a face mask, according to a Michigan State Police statement.

Some of the most common claims around this exception, such as mask wearing causing low oxygen levels, have been debunked. Businesses can make reasonable modifications for people with disabilities – including curbside pickup, offering appointments and face shields instead of face masks, the Southeast ADA Center in Atlanta said.

Other factors contributing to challenges around mask wearing, according to Duckworth and Jha:

  • Misinformation: For example, a debunked Facebook post on hypoxia went viral.
  • Confusion: In the early days of the pandemic, officials did not encourage mask use, only to pivot in the face of mounting evidence. Changing that guidance based on evidence was good science, but confusing to many people.
  • Leadership: Some influential leaders, including President Donald Trump, have not fully backed masks, though he publicly wore one Saturday. Numerous governors have declined to mandate masks statewide. That's in part contributed to some seeing wearing a mask as a political statement.

Social pressure around masks continues to grow.

The new Microsoft Edge
Download now the latest browser recommended by Microsoft

What started out months ago as a "#maskon" hashtag and online tools that allow users to add a digital mask to their profile picture morphed into public shaming of people who have made a scene while defying mask rules, often with political overtones.

The intensity surrounding the issue has left Jha with mixed feelings.

On one hand, he supports using social pressure to normalize mask wearing. On the other, he worries it could turn into vigilantism.

Former Trump physician Ronny Jackson: 'Wearing a mask is a personal choice'

  Former Trump physician Ronny Jackson: 'Wearing a mask is a personal choice' The remarks from Jackson not only contradict the universal guidance of public health experts, but also undermine Texas Gov. Greg Abbott.“I think that wearing a mask is a personal choice, and I don’t particularly want my government telling me that I have to wear a mask. And so I think that’s a choice that I can make,” Jackson told “Fox & Friends.

Most people “want to do the right thing," he said. Those who push back against mask rules have probably been "fed a lot of misinformation.”

Contributing: Gus Garcia-Roberts, Adrienne Dunn and Kelly Tyko, USA TODAY; Hannah K. Sparling, Cincinnati Enquirer

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Some Americans refuse to mask up. Rules, fines and free masks will change that, experts say.


Video: Which U.S. States Require Face Masks In Public To Curb The Spread Of Coronavirus? (Newsweek)

'It makes sense': French shoppers take compulsory masks in their stride .
'It makes sense': French shoppers take compulsory masks in their stride"There's no problem in wearing one, I'm completely for it," said Elina Outh, a 22-year-old business student who called in to buy some of Gaci's pastries.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks
usr: 17
This is interesting!