US Why do we still have The Bomb? (Opinion)

01:20  05 august  2020
01:20  05 august  2020 Source:   cnn.com

Japan court recognises more Hiroshima bomb survivors

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America had the bomb . Now what? When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life. First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was

In September 1945, the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago asked Americans what they would have done if they had By 1995, 50 years after Hiroshima and Nagasaki, support for an alternative to the bombing had grown. Gallup asked Americans whether, had the

President Harry Truman could not have fully understood the power of the atomic bomb when -- at his direction -- the United States dropped two on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 75 years ago. But once he saw the catastrophic consequences -- two cities in ruins, with an ultimate death toll that reached an estimated 200,000 (according to the Department of Energy's history of the Manhattan Project) -- Truman determined to never use The Bomb again and sought to "eliminate atomic weapons as instruments of war," (While he later refused to rule out using The Bomb during the Korean War, he ultimately did not take that step).

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Why A- bombs do not work. 1.1.1 Introduction to the atomic bomb scam 1942-today by a Two fake A- bombs were also ready to be dropped on Japan August 1945, where the war was still on. Another reason why people believe in atomic bombs today is Vladimir Putin, the present president of Russia.

world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save Historians still do not have a definitive answer to why the bomb was used. We do know that some of President Truman’s closest advisers viewed the bomb as a diplomatic and not

  Why do we still have The Bomb? (Opinion) © Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Future American presidents from both parties largely agreed with Truman on this point. "You just can't have this kind of war. There aren't enough bulldozers to scrape the bodies off the streets," said President Dwight Eisenhower in 1957. A decade later, in 1968, President Lyndon Johnson signed an international treaty committing the US to nuclear disarmament that is still in force today. Facing mass protests in the 1980s and after an earlier hardline stance against a nuclear freeze, President Ronald Reagan sought the "total abolition" of nuclear weapons "from the face of the earth." Then, in 2009, President Barack Obama came into office seeking "the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons."

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Conventional bombing had reduced many of its cities to rubble, blockade had strangled its importation of vitally needed materials, and its navy Had the Japanese government sought only an assurance about the emperor, all it had to do was grant one of these men authority to begin talks through the OSS.

The first atom bomb destroyed Hiroshima on 6 August 1945. Just three days later, a second atom bomb flattened the city of Nagasaki, even though Research in Russian archives has discovered that the United States knew that, so why did it drop the bombs at all? Especially the second one?

Despite such statements and repeated efforts at the highest levels of government to ban The Bomb, it is still alive and well. Yes, US and Russian arsenals have declined substantially since the height of the Cold War, from about 63,476 warheads in 1986, per the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, to 12,170 this year, according to the Federation of American Scientists -- enough to destroy the world many times over.

Now, under President Donald Trump, The Bomb is experiencing something of a renaissance. Trump is planning to spend more than $1 trillion on the US nuclear arsenal over the next three decades. Even though we have much better things to spend the money on, such as responding to the coronavirus and rebuilding the economy, advocates for The Bomb have convinced Congress to fund nuclear programs to replace the submarines, bombers and land-based missiles as if the Cold War never ended. Most members of Congress are simply not willing to challenge the Pentagon officials and defense contractors who promote new nuclear weapons, out of fear that they will be attacked by their opponents as "soft" on defense.

Islamic State attack on Afghan prison, killing 21, rages on

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Seventy-five years after the US president’s decision opened the nuclear age, Clifton Daniel is still grappling with his legacy.

A. Some say the bomb was dropped at Stalin's request. B. Some say that Truman wanted to send a message to the Soviet Union. Truman's decision to drop atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki did not come easily. At this time, Truman was debating between using the

a man wearing glasses and looking at the camera: Tom Z. Collina © Allison Shelley Tom Z. Collina

At the same time, the Trump administration is abandoning arms control agreements. Trump withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty last year and is refusing to extend the New START Treaty which expires in February 2021. This would leave us with no verified limits on Russian nuclear forces for the first time in five decades, and likely lead us into a dangerous new arms race.

So, what went wrong? We explore this question in our new book, "The Button: The New Nuclear Arms Race and Presidential Power from Truman to Trump." Here is what we found.

  1. The Bomb never went away. It took a powerful political movement in the 1980s, much like the Black Lives Matter movement today in terms of broad public engagement particularly among young people, to shine a spotlight on the dangers of the nuclear arms race and to finally end it. But as arsenals declined after the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, the public largely assumed this process would take care of itself. Concern shifted to other important issues, such as climate change, racial inequality and gun control. But without more visible public pressure, even motivated presidents like Obama found it difficult to build and sustain the political will needed to change entrenched policy.
  2. The Bomb thrives in the shadows. Operating below the political radar, the Trump administration and its pro-nuclear ranks, such as former National Security Advisor John Bolton and current Special Presidential Envoy for Arms Control Marshall Billingslea, have taken full advantage of this public apathy. The Bomb is now just another issue for Republicans to use to make Democrats look "weak." As a political issue, The Bomb has enough juice among conservatives to keep most Democrats on the defensive, but not enough with the general public to embolden Democrats to push for real change.
  3. A committed president is not enough. Even if the next president is committed to transforming US nuclear policy, once in office he will face tremendous resistance to change from Congress and defense contractors, among others, which will be difficult to overcome without strong support from the public. We need a powerful outside constituency to pressure the president to deliver. We have an energized mass movement on civil rights and other issues, but for the most part, it does not include nuclear disarmament. Moreover, much of the money flowing into the nuclear rebuild could be used as a down payment to address more important things like the coronavirus, global warming and racial equality. Ultimately, The Bomb is still with us because, unlike in the 1980s, there is no mass movement demanding that we give it up. And there is no apparent political cost to presidents or members of Congress who continue to vote for more money for nuclear weapons or to undermine the treaties that limit them.
a man wearing a suit and tie © US Department of the Interior

The threats from The Bomb have not gone away. In fact, they have grown worse over time. President Trump has sole authority to start nuclear war. He could launch nuclear weapons first in response to a false alarm, a danger compounded by cyber threats. The Air Force is rebuilding US land-based ballistic missiles for $100 billion even though it could increase the risk of starting nuclear war by mistake.

Seventy-five years after Hiroshima and Nagasaki, we are heading in the wrong direction. It is time for the American public to care about nuclear war -- again. If we do not, our leaders will not. If we do not end The Bomb, The Bomb will end us.

Hiroshima survivor on "the path to peace," 75 years after bombing .
Toshiko Tanaka was just 6 years old when the mushroom cloud rose menacingly over Hiroshima​."I remember the horror of that day," she told CBS News foreign correspondent Ramy Inocencio. "Blinding light, like thousands of strobe lights, my body thrown to the ground.

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