US Jesse Jackson Fast Facts
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Here's a look at the life of civil rights activist and clergyman Jesse Jackson.
Birth date: October 8, 1941
Birth place: Greenville, South Carolina
Birth name: Jesse Louis Burns
Father: Noah Robinson, cotton grader
Mother: Helen (Burns) Jackson, hairdresser
Marriage: Jacqueline Lavinia (Brown) Jackson (December 31, 1962-present)
Children: with Karin Stanford: Ashley (May 1999); with Jacqueline: Jacqueline Jackson (September 2, 1975); Yusef (September 26, 1970); Jonathan (January 7, 1966); Jesse Jr. (March 11, 1965); Santita (July 16, 1963)
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Read CNN's Fast Facts about directors of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The CIA collects information about foreign governments, organized crime and terrorist groups. © CIA.gov CIA Seal at CIA Headquarters FactsSeptember 18, 1947 - The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is established. It was created by President Harry S. Truman under the National Security Act of 1947.December 2004 - President George W. Bush signs terrorism prevention legislation, changing the director of central intelligence position to the director of the Central Intelligence Agency.
Education: North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University, Greensboro, 1964, B.A. - Sociology; Chicago Theological Seminary, 2000, M.Div.
Ran for president twice but has never held elected office.
After high school graduation, Jackson received an offer from the Chicago White Sox and a football scholarship from the University of Illinois. He chose the football scholarship but later transferred to North Carolina A&T State University.
Jackson's son Jesse Jr. is a former US congressman who represented Illinois' 2nd District.
1943 - Jackson's mother marries Charles Henry Jackson. He formally adopts Jesse in 1957.
July 17, 1960 - Jackson begins his civil rights activism when he and seven others enter the "whites only" public library in Greenville County, South Carolina. They are subsequently arrested and jailed. A lawyer files suit on their behalf and two months later the library system abandons formal segregation of its downtown library.
Operation Enduring Freedom Fast Facts
Read CNN's Operation Enduring Freedom Fast Facts and learn more about the war on terror and al Qaeda in Afghanistan and the unseating of the Taliban government.Here's a look at Operation Enduring Freedom, which began on October 7, 2001 with allied air strikes on Taliban and al Qaeda targets. The United States linked the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks to al Qaeda, a group that operated under the Taliban regime's protection in Afghanistan. The operation was launched to stop the Taliban from providing a safe haven to al Qaeda and to stop al Qaeda's use of Afghanistan as a base of operations for terrorist activities.
1965 - Participates in, with and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
1966 - Is chosen by King to head the Chicago branch ofan organization that strives to improve the economic condition of black communities across the nation. A year later he is appointed national director of Operation Breadbasket.
1968 - Is ordained a Baptist minister.
December 1971 - Resigns from the SCLC and forms Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) in Chicago.
1971-1986 - Executive director of operation for PUSH.
November 3, 1983 - Formally announces his candidacy for the 1984 Democratic presidential nomination.
1984 - Secures the release of 48 Cuban and Cuban-American prisoners held inand of Navy Lieutenant Robert Goodman, an African-American pilot held hostage in .
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April 17, 1986 - Founds the National Rainbow Coalition, a national social justice organization in Washington, DC.
October 10, 1987 - Formally announces his candidacy for the.
1992-2000 - Hosts "Both Sides with Jesse Jackson" on CNN.
September 1996 - Operation Push and the Rainbow Coalition merge to form
May 1, 1999 - Successfully negotiates with Slobodan Milosevic for the release of three US soldiers who had been held in Yugoslavia for more than a month.
August 9, 2000 - Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom from.
January 18, 2001 - Publicly acknowledges he fathered a daughter out of wedlock in 1999 with Karin Stanford, the former head of Rainbow/PUSH's Washington bureau.
July 9, 2008 - Apologizes for disparaging comments he made on July 6 about presidential candidatewhile on a break during an interview with Fox News. Jackson says he was unaware his microphone was still on.
September 2012 - Two Americans serving prison sentences for treason in Gambia are allowed to return to the United States after Jackson makes a face-to-face appeal to President Yahya Jammeh for their release.
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October 2013 - Following public pleas from Jackson, Colombia's FARC guerrillas release Kevin Scott Sutay, who had been captured by FARC guerrillas on June 20, while he was backpacking through Colombia.
August 19, 2014 - Writes an op-ed for USA Today,commenting on the shooting death of 18-year-old Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, by local police. Brown's death sparked protests and a national debate surrounding
November 17, 2017 - Announces he has been diagnosed with.
July 12, 2019 -to urging him to grant a full pardon of
February 18, 2020 -.
March 8, 2020 - Endorsesfor the
Jesse Tyler Ferguson Shares Selfie with Son Beckett, 3 Months: 'Now You Can Call Me a Daddy' .
The Modern Family actor and husband Justin Mikita welcomed their first child together in July , a rep for the star confirmed exclusively to PEOPLE at the time. "Jesse and Justin welcomed their little bundle of joy Beckett Mercer Ferguson-Mikita on July 7, 2020," said the rep. "The new parents are overjoyed and excited for this new journey as a family of three." Several days after Beckett's birth, Mikita shared a photo of a onesie from the Las Vegas hospital where their new addition was born, writing on Instagram: "It’s Beckett, B----! Thanks to the incredible team at Summerlin hospital - especially Collette.