US Afghan migrants: diminished rights, increased danger

21:20  21 november  2020
21:20  21 november  2020 Source:   nouvelobs.com

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Some Afghans interviewed by Human Rights Watch also expressed distrust of the Iranian government and fear that registering or renewing their status via the Amayesh system would increase their chances of being deported. “ [In the past] 930,000 Afghans in Iran were categorized as refugees,” an Afghan

image captionMany Afghan migrants face difficult conditions in Europe. Abdul gets 10%, the rest goes to other smugglers in the network and pays for transportation. "The most dangerous part is between Turkey and Greece. People get shot by police and sometimes the boats capsize.

  Migrants afghans : droits amoindris, danger accru © Copyright 2020, L'Obs

This is called bad timing. The National Asylum Court (CNDA) on Friday returned to its case law, which very often granted protection to Afghan applicants, a turnaround that paves the way for more deportations and raises concern among migrant advocates.

Until now, the doctrine of the Court, commonly known as “Kabul jurisprudence”, was based on the principle that the violence generated by the armed conflict in Afghanistan was such that, except in specific cases, “subsidiary protection” should be attributed to Afghans. , in the absence of refugee status which is reserved for cases of individual persecution.

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Activists are demanding EU member states stop sending asylum-seekers back to Afghanistan . Violence against civilians is on the rise in the "Several people Amnesty International interviewed for the report were sent to parts of Afghanistan they had never known, despite the dangerous situation

The flow of Afghan migrants , like these waiting to be registered at a camp on the Greek island of Lesbos, has greatly increased . The vast majority are young men. Trips from Afghanistan to Europe are priced according to the danger involved. According to people smugglers who spoke to the

Now, united in "large formation", the CNDA, which decides on appeal on asylum requests, has started with two individual cases to modify its general policy towards Afghan nationals, who constitute the first contingent of applicants. asylum in France, with more than 10,250 files in 2019.

“The mere invocation of Afghan nationality of an asylum seeker cannot suffice to establish the merits of his request for international protection with regard to protection subsidiary because of an armed conflict, ”writes the Court on Friday, in the decision rendered in one of the cases. The Court also opens the way to a simplification of expulsions, even if they must necessarily pass through the Afghan capital:

“The indiscriminate violence currently prevailing in the city of Kabul is not such that there are serious and proven reasons for believing that each civilian who returns there runs, by the sole fact of his presence in this city, a real risk of serious threat to his life or person. "

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Seeing unequal responses and increased xenophobic reactions to migrants , the United Nations Network on Migration has called for more As deaths inevitably increase in the days and weeks ahead, these leaders will have increasing public support for tighter short-term migration restrictions.

New attacks claimed by ISIS

" This decision comes even as civilians continue to pay the high price of the conflict in Afghanistan ", reacts Lola Schulmann of Amnesty International, who" calls for a moratorium on returns to Afghanistan “, Recalling in particular the 1,282 civilians killed in Afghanistan during the first half of 2020 according to the UN.

As if to prove him right, at least eight people were killed on Saturday by rockets that fell on the center of Kabul, near the Green Zone where embassies and international companies are located, government sources said. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for the attack, which also left 31 injured, according to Interior Ministry spokesman Tariq Arian.

The explosions occurred in densely populated areas, particularly near the central Green Zone and in a northern neighborhood. One of the rockets also landed on Sana Medical Center, a hospital in Kabul. The Interior Ministry also said two explosions were reported earlier Saturday morning, killing a policeman and injuring three others.

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According to reports, Afghan officials claim the migrants died while illegally crossing into Iran from Afghanistan 's western Herat Province, earlier this month. On May 8, Herat Province Governor Abdul Ghani Noori reportedly said that 18 bodies out of the 55 migrants who were allegedly forced into the

The Afghan government does not consider the US-Taliban agreement as the basis for intra- Afghan dialogue. Kabul has argued that Afghanistan was not party to the deal and had not been consulted while the terms of the agreements were being negotiated between the US and the Taliban.

The jihadist group has already claimed responsibility for two of the bloodiest attacks in recent months, one against Kabul University in early November and the other against an education center in October, which in all left nearly 50 dead. But Afghan government officials have each time accused the Taliban or their allies of being responsible, and have done the same for Saturday's attack.

"We do not shoot blind in public places," said Zabihullah Mujahid, spokesman for the insurgents, insisting the attack had "nothing to do" with the group. The attack came ahead of meetings scheduled for Saturday in the Qatar capital Doha between US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Taliban and Afghan government negotiators, whom he saw separately.

More than 16,000 pending applications

In France, last year, nearly 60% of Afghan applicants obtained refugee status at first instance from Ofpra (French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons), i.e. around two times more than in Germany. And on appeal, the CNDA reverted to 75% of Ofpra's rejections to grant, in general, subsidiary protection. A rate which, without necessarily collapsing overnight, should drop, "because the cases will be studied in a more personalized way", explains Gérard Sadik, asylum specialist for the association Cimade, for whom this decision "Will have a major impact on the 16,785 Afghan people whose request is pending in France".

"Basically this is new 'Kabul jurisprudence' in the other direction," he sums up. The risk, he said, is that this kind of jurisprudence will be established in the future for other countries in conflict, such as Syria, Libya or Somalia.

Arguineguin, a small port submerged by the arrival of migrants in the Canaries .
© Supplied by Le Point Saïd El Hallaji finally kisses his brother Lehcen, who arrived in the Canaries on a makeshift boat a week ago and who had been sleeping on the small fishing port of Arguineguin, epicenter of the migratory crisis in the Spanish archipelago. More than 18,000 migrants arrived this year on these Spanish islands located in the Atlantic, after a dangerous crossing from the north-western coasts of Africa . Like Lehcen, many of these migrants come from Morocco .

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