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US David Dinkins, New York City's first Black mayor, dies at 93

09:40  24 november  2020
09:40  24 november  2020 Source:   nbcnews.com

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David N. Dinkins , a barber’s son who became New York City ’ s first Black mayor on the wings of racial harmony but who was turned out by voters after one term in a storm of He was 93 . His death was confirmed by Mayor Bill de Blasio. It came less than two months after Dinkins ’s wife, Joyce, died .

David Dinkins , who was elected New York City ’ s first black mayor in 1989 and famously referred to the nation’s largest metropolis as a “gorgeous mosaic,” died The former mayor passed away at his Upper East Side home at around 9:30 p.m. He was 93 years old. Dinkins — who defeated three-term

NEW YORK — David Dinkins, who broke barriers as New York City’s first African-American mayor, but was doomed to a single term by a soaring murder rate, stubborn unemployment and his mishandling of a riot in Brooklyn, has died. He was 93.

David Dinkins et al. standing in front of a curtain © Provided by NBC News

Dinkins died Monday, the New York City Police Department confirmed. The department said officers were called to the former mayor’s home in the evening. Initial indications were that he died of natural causes.

Dinkins’ death came just weeks after the death of his wife, Joyce, who died in October at the age of 89.

Dinkins, a calm and courtly figure with a penchant for tennis and formal wear, was a dramatic shift from both his predecessor, Ed Koch, and his successor, Rudolph Giuliani — two combative and often abrasive politicians in a city with a world-class reputation for impatience and rudeness.

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The first and only black mayor of New York City has died at the age of 93 . Born in 1927, David Dinkins studied at Howard University and Brooklyn Law Rudy Giuliani, paid tribute to Dinkins on Twitter on Monday night, saying he had given a "great deal of his life in service to our great City .

David Norman Dinkins (born July 10, 1927) is an American politician, lawyer, and author who served as the 106th Mayor of New York City from 1990 to 1993. He was the first and, to date, only African American to hold that office.

In his inaugural address, he spoke lovingly of New York as a “gorgeous mosaic of race and religious faith, of national origin and sexual orientation, of individuals whose families arrived yesterday and generations ago, coming through Ellis Island or Kennedy Airport or on buses bound for the Port Authority.”

David Dinkins, Len Burnett Jr. standing in front of a crowd: Image: FILES-US-POLITICS-DINKINS (MANDEL NGAN / AFP via Getty Images, file) © MANDEL NGAN Image: FILES-US-POLITICS-DINKINS (MANDEL NGAN / AFP via Getty Images, file)

But the city he inherited had an ugly side, too.

AIDS, guns and crack cocaine killed thousands of people each year. Unemployment soared. Homelessness was rampant. The city faced a $1.5 billion budget deficit.

Dinkins’ low-key, considered approach quickly came to be perceived as a flaw. Critics said he was too soft and too slow.

“Dave, Do Something!” screamed one New York Post headline in 1990, Dinkins’ first year in office.

Former NY City Mayor David Dinkins dies at 93: reports

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David Dinkins , 87, was inaugurated 25 years ago this Thursday as New York City ' s first African - American mayor . Mario Cuomo, black mayors from around the country, four former New York mayors and the state's Democratic establishment joined them on a frigid winter day to celebrate.

David Norman Dinkins (born July 10, 1927) is an American politician and activist. He served as the 106th Mayor of New York City from January 1 , 1990 through December 31, 1993. He lost reelection in 1993 to Rudy Giuliani. He was the first African American mayor of New York City .

Dinkins did a lot at City Hall. He raised taxes to hire thousands of police officers. He spent billions of dollars revitalizing neglected housing. His administration got the Walt Disney Corp. to invest in the cleanup of then-seedy Times Square.

In recent years, he’s gotten more credit for those accomplishments — credit that Mayor Bill de Blasio said he should have always had. De Blasio, who worked in Dinkins’ administration, named Manhattan’s Municipal Building after the former mayor in October 2015.

“The example Mayor David Dinkins set for all of us shines brighter than the most powerful lighthouse imaginable,” said New York Attorney General Letitia James, who herself shattered barriers as the state’s first Black woman elected to statewide office.

“I was honored to have him hold the bible at my inaugurations because I, and others, stand on his shoulders,” she said.

David Dinkins, New York's only Black mayor, dies at 93

  David Dinkins, New York's only Black mayor, dies at 93 Dinkins served only one term before his defeat against Rudolph W. Giuliani, leaving behind a complicated legacy. The Dinkins administration is linked to some of New York’s ugliest images: the 1991 Crown Heights riots involving Black residents and Hasidic Jews in Brooklyn; graffiti-scarred subways; crime-ridden streets; a secession effort by the Republican-dominated borough of Staten Island.They remain, in many New Yorkers’ minds, symbolic of a disastrous administration.

The New York City mayoral election of 1993 occurred on Tuesday, November 2, 1993, with Republican nominee U. S . Attorney for the Southern District of New York Rudolph Giuliani narrowly

7, 1989, New York City voters elected Democrat David Dinkins the city ' s first African - American mayor . On November 7, 1874, the first cartoon depicting the elephant as the symbol of the Republican Party was printed in Harper's Weekly.

Results from his accomplishments, however, didn’t come fast enough to earn Dinkins a second term.

After beating Giuliani by only by 47,000 votes out of 1.75 million cast in 1989, Dinkins lost a rematch by roughly the same margin in 1993.

Political historians often trace the defeat to Dinkins’ handling of the Crown Heights riot in Brooklyn in 1991.

The violence began after a black 7-year-old boy was accidentally killed by a car in the motorcade of an Orthodox Jewish religious leader. During the three days of anti-Jewish rioting by young black men that followed, a rabbinical student was fatally stabbed. Nearly 190 people were hurt.

A state report issued in 1993, an election year, cleared Dinkins of the persistently repeated charge that he intentionally held back police in the first days of the violence, but criticized him for not stepping up as a leader.

David Dinkins wearing a suit and tie: Image: FILE - November 23: Former Mayor of NYC David Dinkins Dies At 93 (D Dipasupil / Getty Images for PFLAG, file) © D Dipasupil Image: FILE - November 23: Former Mayor of NYC David Dinkins Dies At 93 (D Dipasupil / Getty Images for PFLAG, file)

In a 2013 memoir, Dinkins accused the police department of letting the disturbance get out of hand, and also took a share of the blame, on the grounds that “the buck stopped with me.” But he bitterly blamed his election defeat on prejudice: “I think it was just racism, pure and simple.”

David Dinkins, New York City's first Black mayor, dies at 93

  David Dinkins, New York City's first Black mayor, dies at 93 Dinkins broke barriers with his 1989 election but inherited the city at a troubled moment in its history. He died at home Monday at 93.Dinkins died Monday, the New York City Police Department confirmed. The department said officers were called to the former mayor’s home in the evening. Initial indications were that he died of natural causes.

Born in Trenton, New Jersey, on July 10, 1927, Dinkins moved with his mother to Harlem when his parents divorced, but returned to his hometown to attend high school. There, he learned an early lesson in discrimination: Blacks were not allowed to use the school swimming pool.

During a hitch in the Marine Corps as a young man, a Southern bus driver barred him from boarding a segregated bus because the section for blacks was filled.

“And I was in my country’s uniform!” Dinkins recounted years later.

While attending Howard University, the historically black university in Washington, D.C., Dinkins said he gained admission to segregated movie theaters by wearing a turban and faking a foreign accent.

Back in New York with a degree in mathematics, Dinkins married his college sweetheart, Joyce Burrows, in 1953. His father-in-law, a power in local Democratic politics, channeled Dinkins into a Harlem political club. Dinkins paid his dues as a Democratic functionary while earning a law degree from Brooklyn Law School, and then went into private practice.

He got elected to the state Assembly in 1965, became the first black president of the city’s Board of Elections in 1972 and went on to serve as Manhattan borough president.

Dinkins’ election as mayor in 1989 came after two racially charged cases that took place under Koch: the rape of a white jogger in Central Park and the bias murder of a black teenager in Bensonhurst.

David Dinkins, New York City's first African-American mayor, dies at 93

  David Dinkins, New York City's first African-American mayor, dies at 93 Dinkins died Monday, the New York City Police Department confirmed. Initial indications were that he died of natural causes.New York City Police Department officers were called to the former mayor's home Monday where it is believed he died of natural causes, the department confirmed to USA TODAY.

Dinkins defeated Koch, 50 percent to 42 percent, in the Democratic primary. But in a city where party registration was 5-to-1 Democratic, Dinkins barely scraped by the Republican Giuliani in the general election, capturing only 30 percent of the white vote.

His administration had one early high note: Newly freed Nelson Mandela made New York City his first stop in the U.S. in 1990. Dinkins had been a longtime, outspoken critic of apartheid in South Africa.

In that same year, though, Dinkins was criticized for his handling of a black-led boycott of Korean-operated grocery stores in Brooklyn. Critics contended Dinkins waited too long to intervene. He ultimately ended up crossing the boycott line to shop at the stores — but only after Koch did.

During Dinkins’ tenure, the city’s finances were in rough shape because of a recession that cost New York 357,000 private-sector jobs in his first three years in office.

Meanwhile, the city’s murder toll soared to an all-time high, with a record 2,245 homicides during his first year as mayor. There were 8,340 New Yorkers killed during the Dinkins administration — the bloodiest four-year stretch since the New York Police Department began keeping statistics in 1963.

In the last years of his administration, record-high homicides began a decline that continued for decades. In the first year of the Giuliani administration, murders fell from 1,946 to 1,561.

One of Dinkins’ last acts in 1993 was to sign an agreement with the United States Tennis Association that gave the organization a 99-year lease on city land in Queens in return for building a tennis complex. That deal guaranteed that the U.S. Open would remain in New York City for decades.

After leaving office, Dinkins was a professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs.

He had a pacemaker inserted in August 2008, and underwent an emergency appendectomy in October 2007. He also was hospitalized in March 1992 for a bacterial infection that stemmed from an abscess on the wall of his large intestine. He was treated with antibiotics and recovered in a week.

Dinkins is survived by his son, David Jr.; and daughter, Donna and two grandchildren.

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