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US Drugs, heart disease contributed to, but didn't cause, George Floyd's death, medical examiner testifies

05:15  10 april  2021
05:15  10 april  2021 Source:   news.yahoo.com

Derek Chauvin used force against arrestees 6 other times. The jury in the George Floyd case won't hear about them.

  Derek Chauvin used force against arrestees 6 other times. The jury in the George Floyd case won't hear about them. Prosecutors tried to introduce six incidents in which they say Derek Chauvin used unreasonable force on people. The judge didn't allow them.The jury considering murder and manslaughter charges against Chauvin won't hear about any of them. And their verdict may be influenced as much by what they don't know as what they do.

Dr. Andrew Baker, the medical examiner who performed the autopsy on George Floyd, testified Friday that while heart disease and drugs had contributed to Floyd’s death, the root cause was the restraint used by then-Minneapolis Police Officer Derek Chauvin.

Baker, who was called by the prosecution, stuck firmly to the conclusion he reached last year, that Floyd died on May 25, 2020, from “cardiopulmonary arrest complicating law enforcement subdual, restraint, and neck compression.”

In other words, Floyd’s “heart and his lungs stopped” while he was being restrained by Chauvin and two other Minneapolis police officers, according to Baker’s testimony at Chauvin’s murder trial.

Duty sergeant: Officers could have ended Floyd restraint

  Duty sergeant: Officers could have ended Floyd restraint MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — A Minneapolis police supervisory sergeant who was on duty the night George Floyd died testified that he believes the officers who restrained Floyd could have ended it after he stopped resisting. David Pleoger testified Thursday at the trial of since-fired officer Derek Chauvin, who is charged with murder and manslaughter in Floyd's death. He noted that officers are trained to roll people on their side to help with their breathing after they have been restrained in the prone position.

The Hennepin County medical examiner testified that while he believes heart disease, hypertension and the use of fentanyl and methamphetamine played a role in Floyd’s death, the primary cause was the neck compression and what occurred in Floyd’s body as a result of the use of force by Chauvin.

a man wearing a suit and tie: Dr. Andrew Baker of the Hennepin County Medical Examiner’s Office testifies in the Derek Chauvin trial in Minneapolis on Friday. (Court TV via Reuters Video) © Provided by Yahoo! News Dr. Andrew Baker of the Hennepin County Medical Examiner’s Office testifies in the Derek Chauvin trial in Minneapolis on Friday. (Court TV via Reuters Video)

Baker explained that Floyd had severe underlying heart disease and hypertension, which means that his heart weighed more than it should for a healthy person of his age and, as a result, he needed more oxygen. An altercation that involves physical restraint, Baker said, is “going to cause stress hormones, like adrenaline, to pour out into your body, like adrenaline, and it’s going to ask your heart to beat faster and ask your body for more oxygen so that it can get through that altercation.”

Police chief: Fired cop broke policy in pinning Floyd

  Police chief: Fired cop broke policy in pinning Floyd MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — The Minneapolis police chief who called George Floyd's death “murder” soon after it happened testified that Officer Derek Chauvin had clearly violated department policy when he pinned Floyd's neck beneath his knee for more than 9 minutes. Continuing to kneel on Floyd's neck once he was handcuffed behind his back and lying on his stomach was “in no way, shape or form” part of department policy or training, "and it is certainlyContinuing to kneel on Floyd's neck once he was handcuffed behind his back and lying on his stomach was “in no way, shape or form” part of department policy or training, "and it is certainly not part of our ethics or our values,” Police Chief Medaria Arradondo said Monday on D

“The neck compression was just more than Floyd could take by virtue of those heart conditions,” Baker added.

Baker’s initial findings that Floyd’s body showed evidence of “fentanyl intoxication” and “recent methamphetamine use” drew a public backlash from those who feared that Chauvin’s defense would frame the autopsy in a way to try to exonerate their client.

graphical user interface, text, application: Evidence seen during the Derek Chauvin trial on Friday. (Court TV via Reuters Video) © Provided by Yahoo! News Evidence seen during the Derek Chauvin trial on Friday. (Court TV via Reuters Video)

After Baker’s office completed its autopsy in May, Floyd’s family commissioned two independent examiners to conduct a separate autopsy, according to the family’s attorneys. Their findings concluded that Floyd died from asphyxiation from sustained pressure.

Under questioning from prosecuting attorney Jerry Blackwell, Baker said that the “significant conditions” listed under the cause of death were things that may have contributed to Floyd’s death but were not the underlying cause.

Day 9 of Chauvin trial: Expert witness Tobin says Chauvin's knee cut off Floyd's air

  Day 9 of Chauvin trial: Expert witness Tobin says Chauvin's knee cut off Floyd's air Testimony from pulmonologist Martin Tobin dominated the ninth day of former Minneapolis Police officer Derek Chauvin's trial, as the doctor provided jurors comment about George Floyd's ability to breathe while under restraint. During his time at the stand, Tobin refuted the impact fentanyl had on Floyd's breathing just before he lost consciousness, and pushed back against claims that preexisting health conditions caused his death. The defenseDuring his time at the stand, Tobin refuted the impact fentanyl had on Floyd's breathing just before he lost consciousness, and pushed back against claims that preexisting health conditions caused his death.

Baker also said that, apart from the preexisting heart issues, Floyd was “generally healthy on May 25, before the events of that evening.”

Defense attorney Eric Nelson has used the county medical examiner’s report to argue that Chauvin’s use of force was not the sole cause of Floyd’s death. During his opening statement on March 29, Nelson told the jury they would hear several interviews between law enforcement and Baker that would show that Baker “found none of what are referred to as the telltale signs of asphyxiation.”

a man wearing a suit and tie: Eric Nelson, a member of the defense in the trial of Derek Chauvin, questions a witness on Thursday. (Court TV via Reuters Video) © Provided by Yahoo! News Eric Nelson, a member of the defense in the trial of Derek Chauvin, questions a witness on Thursday. (Court TV via Reuters Video)

“There were no bruises on Floyd’s neck,” Nelson said. “There was no petechial hemorrhaging, which can indicate asphyxia. There was no evidence that Floyd’s airflow was restricted.”

But multiple medical experts have since testified that Floyd died due to a lack of oxygen. On Thursday, Dr. Bill Smock, an emergency medicine physician who is not connected to the medical examiner’s office or the police, testified that Floyd died from “positional asphyxia,” which means there was no oxygen in his body.

Expert: Lack of oxygen killed George Floyd, not drugs

  Expert: Lack of oxygen killed George Floyd, not drugs MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — George Floyd died of a lack of oxygen from the way he was held down by police, a retired forensic pathologist testified Friday at former Officer Derek Chauvin's murder trial. The testimony of Lindsey Thomas, who retired in 2017 from the Hennepin County Medical Examiner's office in Minneapolis, bolstered the findings of other experts on Thursday who rejected the defense theory that Floyd’s drug use and underlying health problems killed him.

Dr. Martin Tobin, a physician who specializes in pulmonology and critical care medicine, said Floyd’s breathing was restricted so severely that it was almost “as if a surgeon had gone in and removed” Floyd’s lung.

Evidence seen during Derek Chauvin’s murder trial on Thursday. (Court TV via Reuters Video) © Provided by Yahoo! News Evidence seen during Derek Chauvin’s murder trial on Thursday. (Court TV via Reuters Video)

Earlier Friday, Dr. Lindsey Thomas, a forensic pathologist who also testified as an expert, said that she ruled out a drug overdose as the cause of death. All three doctors reviewed Floyd’s medical records and the video footage of his death.

“There’s no evidence to suggest that he would have died that night,” Thomas said, except for the actions of law enforcement.

Chauvin, 45, is charged with second-degree murder, third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter in Floyd’s death.

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Defense set to take turn in ex-cop's trial in Floyd death .
MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — The defense for a former Minneapolis police officer charged in George Floyd's death was set to start presenting its case Tuesday, following 11 days of a prosecution narrative that combined wrenching video with clinical analysis by medical and use-of-force experts to condemn Derek Chauvin's actions. Prosecutors called their final witnesses Monday, leaving only some administrative matters before they were expected to rest Tuesday. Once the defense takes over, Chauvin attorney Eric Nelson is expected to have his own experts testify that it was Floyd's drug use and bad heart, not Chauvin's actions, that killed him.

usr: 8
This is interesting!