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US due to low vaccination quota: In Africa, several mutants that could develop dangerous

10:25  15 september  2021
10:25  15 september  2021 Source:   businessinsider.de

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The vaccination rate in most African countries continues to be low. This is dangerous not only for the population in the states concerned, but could also affect the infection events in Europe. The number of variants under observation increases. Some of them are also classified by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) as a worrying.

Only for several months has been sequenced on the African continent the genomes of the Coronavirus wide area. Previously, it lacked resources and appropriate professionals. An international team around the Scientist Tulio de Oliveira from the University of Stellenbosch at Cape Town has now analyzed the data of more than 14,500 genomes stored by 5 May 2021. The results of the study were published in the renowned journal "Science" .

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One of the most widely used variants is the beta variant. The Corona variant was found for the first time in October 2020 in South Africa. The analysis of the researchers, however, now shows that Beta spread already in August 2020 in South Africa. In neighboring countries Botswana and Mozambique, the variant was first proven in November 2020. From here, Beta spread all over Africa . In Europe, however, the mutation could hardly take a foot - which is why the researchers can not clarify after their analysis.

Low vaccination rate leaves virus

a further variant that provides for sensation is ETA. Although the mutation was first demonstrated in December 2020 in Great Britain , the team to Oliveira can be traced back to Nigeria. The RKI also observes in this country ETA. However, in the first 25 calendar weeks, the proportion of the variant was never over 0.7 percent, as the "medical sheet" reports. There is no tendency for further spread at least in Germany.

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The two other worrying variants could not yet be determined in Germany. One of them is A.23. First, the variant could be proven in prisons in Uganda, reports the "medical blade". However, the variant A.23.1 has now also spread to the neighboring countries. A.23, according to researchers, is particularly susceptible to mutations that can increase an infectivity of the pathogen.

The mutant C.1 was demonstrated for the first time in March 2020 in South Africa. The variant C.1.1 then spread in Mozambique and dominated in the neighboring country to the spread of beta the infection events. This variant is also greatly susceptible to the scientist for more, possibly more dangerous mutations.

At the end, the study authors find that the African continent is a fertile ground for new Corona variants. Oliveira and his team are also responsible for the low vaccination rate. In most African countries, less than one percent of the population has been completely vaccinated. Larger exceptions are Seychelles (72 percent), Morocco (44.9 percent) and Tunisia (25.6 percent). While there is a surplus of vaccine in many European countries, almost all African states are missing sufficient vaccines. This makes it very easy for the virus to spread - and further mutate.

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  Wegen niedriger Impfquote: In Afrika verbreiten sich mehrere Mutanten, die sich gefährlich entwickeln könnten © Provided by Business Insider Germany

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  Wegen niedriger Impfquote: In Afrika verbreiten sich mehrere Mutanten, die sich gefährlich entwickeln könnten © AFP Via Getty Images

US deaths in September outpacing previous months; U.N. General Assembly relying on vaccine honor system ahead of meeting: COVID-19 updates .
The United States is on track to exceed the total number of COVID deaths in July and August combined within a matter of days. Live updates.Through Saturday, the country reported 32,526 deaths in September, compared to 27,612 in all of August. With deaths averaging nearly 2,000 per day, the U.S. is on track to exceed the total deaths of July and August combined within a matter of days, a USA TODAY analysis of data from Johns Hopkins University shows.

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