US Everything you need to know about the 2020 US census release
How redistricting will unfold across the country
Population data released Thursday by the Census Bureau will guide complex efforts around the country to draw new congressional districts through a process that, in many states, is likely to draw bitter opposition from Democrats. © Provided by Washington Examiner The data showed the number of white people in the United States declined for the first time in history and that population growth overall slowed to its most sluggish pace since the 1930s.
The U.S. Census Bureau on Thursdayfrom the 2020 Census. The data shows changes to the demographic makeup of the country over the past decade, which states will now use to decide congressional redistricting procedures. The results are a snapshot of everyone living in the U.S. on April 1, 2020.
The COVID-19 pandemic delayed the Census Bureau's ability to collect and process data, which could potentially have led to an under count in the data. Activists also point to former President Donald Trump's attempt to include a citizenship question in the Census as a potential driver of decreased response rates from communities of color.
Census: Rethinking how to count people in dorms, prisons
Following a 2020 census in which the pandemic made access to group housing difficult, Census Bureau officials said Thursday they are going to reassess how they count people living in dorms, prisons and nursing homes in the next head count of every U.S. resident in 2030. The Census Bureau is going to rethink how residents of group quarters are accounted for, though it's too early at this point to say how that will be done, Al Fontenot, an associate director of the Census Bureau, told members of a scientific advisory committee during a virtual meeting.
Here's what to know about the latest Census data release.
What's in the data?
The data provide population counts and ethnicity, race and voting age across the country, down to the local level.
Opinion: White fear is the wrong way to tell the Census story
Right-wing media narratives frame America's growing non-White population as a problem to be solved through gerrymandering, xenophobia and anti-democratic legislation, writes Peniel Joseph of responses to recent US census data -- and yet, America's changing demographics tell a different, more inspiring story. Rather than a narrative of White decline, what if we saw in this data the increasing numbers of racially blended families and mixed-race children -- and understood them as signs of a more racially diverse, economically just and culturally rich future? Transforming the racist narrative of the changing demographics in the US will
They also show how many people live in each county, tract, city and block. Tracts are comparable to neighborhoods, but geographic boundaries may have changed since the 2010 Census.
The data has the first 2020 Census national and local statistics on voting age population, race, Hispanic origin, home occupation or vacancy and how many people are living in group quarters, such as military barracks, university dorms or jails or prisons.
The data don't include gender or age breakdowns; that information will be released in the future. Individuals will be counted as either age 18 or under.
What did we learn from the release?
The United States population is "and more racially and ethnically diverse than what we measured in the past," said Nicholas Jones, the director of race, ethnicity, research and outreach for the Census Bureau's Population Division, at a census press conference.
North Macedonia holds first high-stakes census, first in 20 years
Since early September Ilina Dimitrijevska has been walking endless kilometres every day, going door to door asking people to take part in North Macedonia's first census in nearly two decades. Her task may be straightforward enough, but the census remains highly sensitive due to the potential impact on the nation's minorities. In this small Balkan country -- which gained independence in 1991 following the break-up of the former Yugoslavia and came close to civil war in 2001 -- the long postponed census is far from being a mere statistical operation.
"Although the white alone population decreased by 8.6% since 2010, the white in combination population saw a 316% change during the same period," he added.
Nevertheless, Jones noted that the white population remains the largest group in the United States
Overall, the data show a complex country, capturing both the diversity that was already present as well as changes in the past ten years.
What's changed since the 2010 census?
The disruption of the coronavirus pandemic could mean thousands of Black and Hispanic Americans were under counted in the Census. Spring quarantine made it more difficult to deliver questionnaires to hard-to-reach populations.
found that in 63% of tracts, fewer people provided initial responses than during the 2010 census. The response rates fell especially for areas with high concentrations of Black or Latino populations and low-income communities.
Census: US sees unprecedented multiracial growth, decline in the white population for first time in history
The results from the 2020 census are meant to be a snapshot of the population as of April 1, 2020. The data will show how the population has changed.“These changes reveal that the US population is much more multiracial, and more racially and ethnically diverse, than what we measured in the past,” said Nicholas Jones, the director of race, ethnicity, research and outreach for the Census Bureau's population division.
The analysis also found overwhelmingly white population tracts trailed their 2010 response rates by 2%. In tracts that had a high percentage of Black residents, the share of households answering the census dropped 11%, and for high Latino populations tracts, the drop was 15%.
Data journalists at USA TODAY will report on how populations have shifted from 2010 to the 2020 data. However, because tract boundaries have changed in some cases, USA TODAY estimated 2020 tract population counts based on their new boundaries for consistency.
What does this mean for congressional districts?
The bureau was able to deliver theto President Joe Biden in April.
Texas gained two seats in the House of Representatives. Colorado, Florida, Montana, North Carolina, and Oregon all gained one House seat. California, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia all lost one House seat.
The shift could affect the 2022 midterm elections and whether Democrats can hold onto control of the House, where they hold a narrow majority.
Delayed Census Data Shows U.S. White Population at Smallest Point on Record
The Census Bureau was forced to delay operations and extend the count's schedule due to the coronavirus pandemic.That's not to say there aren't exceptions: coastal communities in the Carolinas and Virginia, as well as in counties stretching through the midsections of Georgia and Alabama, saw an uptick in their white populations.
Are most counties growing or shrinking?
The U.S. population grew by 22.7 million from 2010, to 331.4 million. But that was a slower rate of increase than in previous decades.
"Since the 1950s, percentage increases have generally been declining each decade," said Marc Perry, a senior demographer in the bureau's population division. This past decade’s 7.4% increase... was, in fact, the second lowest percent increase ever. Only the 1930s had slower growth."
, he said. "The 10 largest cities all grew this past decade, and 8 of the 10 grew at a faster rate this decade compared to the last."
Cincinnati, for example, officially ended 70 years of population loss with the latest data. Phoenix was the fastest growing city in the nation and officially surpassed Philadelphia as the fifth-largest city.
Nevertheless, Perry said, "population decline was widespread this decade—most counties lost population between 2010 and 2020."
How USA TODAY is tracking diversity
USA TODAY compiles a diversity index that shows on a scale from 0 to 100 how likely it is that two people in an area would be of a different race or ethnicity. A score of 0 would mean everyone had the same race and ethnicity; a score of 100 would mean everyone in an area had a distinctly different combination of race and ethnicity.
Census shows US growth driven by minorities; white pop falls under 60 percent
The growth in the American population over the last decade was driven entirely by minority communities, according to new data released Thursday by the U.S. Census Bureau, as the number of white Americans declined for the first time since the nation's founding.Non-Hispanic whites make up just under 58 percent of the American population, the first time since the census was first conducted that they have fallen under the 60 percent mark. By contrast, the 2000 census showed non-Hispanic whites made up just over 69 percent of the population, and 63.7 percent in 2010.
Most places will fall some place in the middle.
The index was invented in 1991 by Phil Meyer of the University of North Carolina and Shawn McIntosh, who was then with USA TODAY.
This score is not the same as the Census Bureau's version of the diversity index because of differences in how the bureau's formula counts race and Hispanic origin.
How the Census is protecting privacy
By law the bureau is prohibited from releasing information that would identify people. The August redistricting data will be the first to implement new privacy safeguards.
The bureau's acting director Ron Jarmin wrote in a blog post, "we’ve carefully calibrated how much protection or noise to add so that the results strike a balance between data protection and precision."
As a result, "some small areas like census blocks may look 'fuzzy,' meaning that the data for a particular block may not seem correct," Jarmin wrote, and encouraged users to group blocks together for more precision.
Contributing: Theresa Diffendal, Katie Wadington
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY:
Everything you need to know about the 2020 US census release .
The Census data shows changes to the demographic makeup of the country over the past decade. What's in the data and what's changed since 2010.The COVID-19 pandemic delayed the Census Bureau's ability to collect and process data, which could potentially have led to an under count in the data. Activists also point to former President Donald Trump's attempt to include a citizenship question in the Census as a potential driver of decreased response rates from communities of color.