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US EXPLAINER: What's happening with the California oil spill?

22:40  09 october  2021
22:40  09 october  2021 Source:   msn.com

What Was the Worst Oil Spill in U.S. History? California's Huntington Beach Hit by 'Major' Leak

  What Was the Worst Oil Spill in U.S. History? California's Huntington Beach Hit by 'Major' Leak About 126,000 gallons of oil have so far leaked in the waters near Huntington Beach, California. Here's how that compares to America's worst oil disasters.In a press conference hours after the spill was first reported on Saturday morning, Huntington Beach Mayor Kim Carr called the spill an "environmental catastrophe" and "potential ecological disaster.

HUNTINGTON BEACH, Calif. (AP) — Oil has been washing up on some Southern California beaches since a leak in an underwater pipeline from an offshore platform sent tens of thousands of gallons of heavy crude into the ocean waters. The spill fouled the famed sands of Huntington Beach, known as Surf City USA, and could keep the ocean and shoreline closed there and in some other communities to the south for weeks.

Workers with Patriot Environmental Services clean the sand south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface.  (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP) © Provided by Associated Press Workers with Patriot Environmental Services clean the sand south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface. (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP)

Here’s a look at what happened, who’s involved and the aftermath:

What we know about the California oil spill so far

  What we know about the California oil spill so far A leak in an oil pipeline caused a major spill off the coast of southern California Saturday, sending oil spewing into the local environment, potentially harming wildlife and nearby human residents. © Ringo H.W. Chiu/AP A dead fish is seen after an oil spill in Huntington Beach, California, on Monday, October 4. The volume of the spill pales in comparison to some of the US' largest such incidents, such as the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill and the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill, although the full extent of the spill won't be known for several weeks, one local official said.

WHAT HAPPENED?

Boaters off Orange County and residents of Newport Beach started reporting a petroleum smell in the air and oily sheen on the water Friday afternoon, Oct. 1.

The following morning the Coast Guard confirmed a spill. The sheen on the ocean was miles wide and crude started washing ashore in sticky, black blobs. The leak occurred about 5 miles (8 kilometers) offshore at a depth of about 98 feet (30 meters) and came from a pipeline owned by Amplify Energy. The Houston-based company also owns and operates three nearby offshore platforms that pipe oil into Long Beach.

Workers with Patriot Environmental Services pick up oil-contaminated sand and plants south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface.  (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP) © Provided by Associated Press Workers with Patriot Environmental Services pick up oil-contaminated sand and plants south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface. (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP)

Oil first washed up in Huntington Beach, including Talbert Marsh, a sensitive wetland. Crude was later spotted down the Orange County coast, in Newport Beach, Laguna Beach and Dana Point. By Thursday tar balls were reported washing up in Carlsbad, in San Diego County.

Southern California oil spill: Beaches sit empty and fragile habitats hang in the balance

  Southern California oil spill: Beaches sit empty and fragile habitats hang in the balance A stretch of Southern California's coast has been transformed by a leak at an oil pipe that released more than 100,000 gallons of oil into the Pacific Ocean. © Mario Tama/Getty Images HUNTINGTON BEACH, CALIFORNIA - OCTOBER 04: Workers in protective suits clean oil in the Talbert Marsh wetlands after a 126,000-gallon oil spill from an offshore oil platform on October 4, 2021 in Huntington Beach, California. The spill forced the closure of the popular Great Pacific Airshow yesterday with authorities closing beaches in the vicinity.

HOW MUCH OIL LEAKED?

It’s still a mystery.

Amplify Energy publicly said no more than 126,000 gallons (477,000 liters) flowed from its pipe. But the company also told federal investigators the total may be 29,400 gallons (111,300 liters). On Thursday, the Coast Guard announced its own estimate of at least about 25,000 gallons (95,000 liters) and no more than 132,000 gallons (500,000 liters).

David Pettit, a senior attorney at the environmental group Natural Resources Defense Council, finds it hard to believe Amplify doesn’t know how much oil it lost. “If they know what the flow rate was in the pipeline, and how much the pressure dropped, and for how long, you could calculate that in a matter of minutes,” Pettit said.

Workers with Patriot Environmental Services pick through the sand looking for pieces of oil south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface.  (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP) © Provided by Associated Press Workers with Patriot Environmental Services pick through the sand looking for pieces of oil south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface. (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP)

HOW WAS THE LEAK DISCOVERED?

California oil spill: Coastal residents brace for damage as officials rush to contain it

  California oil spill: Coastal residents brace for damage as officials rush to contain it The oil spill off the coast of Orange County is a slow-moving disaster that is still hard for many residents to detect with the naked eye. © Kyle Grillot for CNN Patriot Environmental employees work to clear oil from the surface of the water inside Talbert Marsh. As officials expanded their efforts to contain it, local residents and vacationers were bracing for impact -- scanning a coastline that was still sparkling at many public access points on Monday as they looked for signs of the pipeline leak first officially reported on Saturday and still under investigation.

A commercial vessel anchored off Huntington Beach reported to a national hazardous spill hotline staffed by the Coast Guard that it saw a sheen more than 2 miles (3 kilometers) long just after 6 p.m. Friday night.

A satellite image shot by the European Space Agency indicated a likely oil slick in the area around 7 p.m., which was reported to the Coast Guard at 2:06 a.m. Saturday after being reviewed by a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration analyst.

The Coast Guard said it did not act on either report, deciding to wait until daybreak because darkness and a lack of technology would hamper its search for oil.

Workers with Patriot Environmental Services pick up oil-contaminated sand and plants south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface.  (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP) © Provided by Associated Press Workers with Patriot Environmental Services pick up oil-contaminated sand and plants south of the pier in Huntington Beach, Calif. on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. Investigators searching for the cause of an undersea oil pipeline break off the Southern California coast have pointed to the possibility that a ship anchor dragged the line across the seabed and cracked it, but two videos released so far provide only tantalizing clues about what might have happened below the ocean surface. (Paul Bersebach/The Orange County Register via AP)

Amplify CEO Martin Willsher said the company did not discover the leak until it saw oil in the water at 8:09 a.m. Saturday.

Amplify Energy Reported Oil Leak Over 12 Hours After Coast Guard First Notified of Spill

  Amplify Energy Reported Oil Leak Over 12 Hours After Coast Guard First Notified of Spill Amplify Energy, which runs the pipeline, did not report the leak until a ship first noticed a potential spill.The National Response Center (NRC), which is staffed by the Coast Guard and notifies other agencies of disasters for quick responses, received two early calls about the spill. The first was from an anchored ship that noticed a sheen on the water on Friday evening.

In this aerial image taken with a drone, beach goers are seen as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) © Provided by Associated Press In this aerial image taken with a drone, beach goers are seen as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)

However, other reports indicate the company had signs of a leak as early at 2:30 a.m. Saturday. Federal regulators said an alarm on Platform Elly alerted a control room operator at that time to a drop in pipeline pressure that could indicate a leak.

In this aerial image taken with a drone, workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. A major oil spill off the coast of Southern California fouled popular beaches and killed wildlife while crews scrambled Sunday, to contain the crude before it spread further into protected wetlands. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) © Provided by Associated Press In this aerial image taken with a drone, workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. A major oil spill off the coast of Southern California fouled popular beaches and killed wildlife while crews scrambled Sunday, to contain the crude before it spread further into protected wetlands. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)

The company did not report the leak until 8:55 a.m., according to the California Office of Emergency Services. The company that reported the leak on behalf of Amplify said the incident occurred at 2:30 a.m.

Around the time the company reported the spill, the Coast Guard said it located oil in the water.

Pipeline Responsible for California Oil Leak Split Open, Moved Over 100 Feet

  Pipeline Responsible for California Oil Leak Split Open, Moved Over 100 Feet The pipeline off Huntington Beach, California, had a 13-inch gash in it, the U.S. Coast Guard said.Coast Guard Captain Rebecca Ore said Tuesday that divers determined about 4,000 feet of the pipeline was "laterally displaced" by about 105 feet, the Associated Press reported.

A boy stands on the sands as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) © Provided by Associated Press A boy stands on the sands as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)

WHO’S RESPONSIBLE?

People play beach volleyball as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach in Corona Del Mar after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) © Provided by Associated Press People play beach volleyball as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach in Corona Del Mar after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)

The cause is under investigation.

Amplify CEO Martin Willsher first suggested Monday that an anchor from one of the many commercial vessels that use the massive Los Angeles-Long Beach port complex might be to blame. The next day the Coast Guard said divers found that a 4,000-foot (1,219-meter) section of the pipeline was “laterally displaced” by about 105 feet (32 meters). It’s bent “like a bow string,” Willsher said.

Video of the ruptured pipeline released by the Coast Guard showed a thin 13-inch-long (33-centimeter) crack that experts said could indicate a slow leak that initially was difficult to detect.

People play on the sands as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) © Provided by Associated Press People play on the sands as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)

A Coast Guard investigator said the pipeline was likely damaged by a ship’s anchor several months to a year before it ruptured. After the first strike it’s possible other ships’ anchors subsequently struck the steel pipe, said Capt. Jason Neubauer, chief of the guard's office of investigations and analysis.

Officials found a 13-inch split that was likely the source of the California oil spill. Here's what we know about how it may have gotten there

  Officials found a 13-inch split that was likely the source of the California oil spill. Here's what we know about how it may have gotten there Authorities believe they have identified the source of an oil spill off the California coast that has shuttered beaches and threatened wildlife. But as more information is revealed about the ecological emergency, more questions arise. © Kyle Grillot for CNN Boom traps oil under the Talbert Channel in an area affected by the oil spill off the coast of Huntington Beach, California, Monday.

Boats deploy floating barriers known as booms in a water channel as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach in Corona Del Mar after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) © Provided by Associated Press Boats deploy floating barriers known as booms in a water channel as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach in Corona Del Mar after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)

It remains unknown when the slender, 13-inch (33-centimeter) crack began leaking oil, and investigators will pour over a year of data on ship movements near the area of the break. No ships have been identified as suspects at this point.

WHAT’S THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT?

That will depend on how much oil is out there.

Local officials, who feared an environmental catastrophe at first, have more recently voiced hope that the total spill will be less than initially feared. So far, only a small number of oiled birds have been recovered. Teams are out searching for affected animals in the spill area and beyond. Environmentalists say it’s too soon to know how many seabirds, marine mammals and other animals will ultimately be affected by the oily film covering marsh areas and floating on the ocean — or for how long.

Seagulls are seen as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) © Provided by Associated Press Seagulls are seen as workers in protective suits clean the contaminated beach after an oil spill in Newport Beach, Calif., on Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. The Coast Guard is investigating whether a ship anchor snagged and bent the pipeline off Huntington Beach. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)

Researchers say the impact on animals will take a while to understand. They are just starting to learn about some of the long-term effects from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. And many problems remain unseen as oil components build beneath the surface of the ocean.

Out on the water by the rigs, there’s no visible sheen and no stench of oil like the putrid odor that pervaded Huntington Beach in the days after the incident.

Aging equipment, spills test ties between oil, California .
LOS ANGELES (AP) — Hoping to recover a lost anchor chain, a work boat dragged a grappling hook along the seabed near an oil platform off the Southern California coast. But it hooked something else -- a pipeline carrying crude oil from the towering rig to shore. Once snagged, the 197-foot (60-meter) boat dragged the pipeline until it snapped on one of the drilling platform’s legs. The gushing oil created a slick that ran for miles along the Ventura County coast northwest of Los Angeles.

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