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US The Copa City, Miami Crested Club and Cradle of the Combat for Civil Rights of Joséphine Baker

09:25  30 november  2021
09:25  30 november  2021 Source:   liberation.fr

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In December 1950, Josephine Baker received a telegram from Copa City , a posh nightclub in Miami Beach, inviting her to give a series of concerts. But with segregation rife in the United States, the Black French singer refused to perform in a venue where African-Americans were not accepted, a decision That’s why Baker did not hesitate to turn down Copa City ’s offer and repeat her stance to the manager of the club , Ned Schuyler, who personally travelled to Havana to try to convince her. Segregationist laws in southern US states prevented African-Americans from accessing beaches, restaurants and

Miami (AFP) – In December 1950, Josephine Baker received a telegram from Copa City , a posh nightclub in Miami Beach, inviting her to give a series of concerts. "Because of her fame and her wealth, she was able to do things at the cutting edge of the civil rights movement that very few other people would have been able to do without danger of physical harm or state repression," Matthew Guterl, a professor at Brown University, explained in his book " Josephine Baker and the Rainbow Tribe."

Joséphine Baker en uniforme militaire français participe à la marche pour les droits civiques de Washington le 28 août 1963. © Dalmas / Sipa Josephine Baker in French Military Uniform Participate in Washington's 28 August 28th Civil Rights on August 28, 1963.

December 1950. One of Miami Beach's most upscale clubs, Copa City, offers a large amount of money in Josephine Baker for a series of concerts. Net refusal of the artist, who opposes singing in a place that does not accept black spectators. This shock decision at the moment when segregation still rages in the United States marks a turning point for the Franco-American artist, who becomes Tuesday, the first black woman to "enter" at the Pantheon in Paris, a republican mausoleum dedicated to the characters having marked the characters History of France.

How an American in Paris was given the rarest of French honors

  How an American in Paris was given the rarest of French honors Josephine Baker next week will become the first Black woman and first American to be honored with enshrinement in Paris' Pantheon.She was a Black entertainer who escaped American racism in the 1920s by moving to Paris, the one place she felt free to make history in pushing the boundaries of art and advocacy. The singer and dancer even helped France fight the Nazis.

Baker helped to change this. After making it big in France, even joining the French Resistance as a spy in World War II, she came back to America and helped fight for civil rights . When she stopped in Miami Beach in 1951, she refused to perform at venues that were segregated. She convinced the jewel of Miami back then, the Copa City Club , to desegregate. They agreed and her shows went on to packed audiences. For her life’s work, the French are honoring her by interring her name in the Pantheon, a monument in Paris on November 30. France’s great citizens that have been bestowed

In December 1950, Josephine Baker received a telegram from Copa City , a posh nightclub in Miami Beach, inviting her to give a series of concerts. But with segregation rife in the United States, the Black French singer refused to perform in a venue where African-Americans were not accepted, a decision That's why Baker did not hesitate to turn down Copa City 's offer and repeat her stance to the manager of the club , Ned Schuyler, who personally travelled to Havana to try to convince her. Segregationist laws in southern US states prevented African-Americans from accessing beaches, restaurants and

At the end of the 1940s, the singer, magazine and resistant Josephine Baker, native to Saint-Louis in Missouri, is already a world star of the music-hall that triumphs in the cabarets of Paris where she lives since 1925. But his glory does not avoid discrimination in his country of origin. In 1948, many New York hotels refuse to house her with her white husband, Jo Bouillon. A trip that she performs alone and incognito the same year in the South American nourishes her feeling of indignation.

In 1950, Josephine Baker does not hesitate to say no to the proposal of Copa City and to renew his refusal when the Club Manager, Ned Schuyler, goes in person to Havana to convince her. "I can not work in a place where my fellow men do not have the right to enter ," she assists. It's as simple as that. " Segregationist laws prevent US blacks from accessing the beaches or institutions of Miami Beach in Florida, unless they come to work.

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Josephine Baker represented #BlackGirlMagic long before Black Twitter made the term popular. Born in 1906, the year Black Wall Street was founded in the Greenwood district of Tulsa, Oklahoma, she was the first Black woman to become a world-famous entertainer. Her important works also include being a wartime hero, spy, and civil rights activist for Black Americans, including being the only official female speaker at the March on In 1951, Ms. Baker was offered ,000 by the Copa City Club in Miami Beach, but she refused to perform for segregated audiences. The Copa eventually met her demands.

" Josephine Baker 's civil rights activism is an inspiration," states Teri Williams, President & COO of OneUnited Bank. Josephine Baker represented #BlackGirlMagic long before Black Twitter made the term popular. Born in 1906, the year Black Wall Street was founded in the Greenwood In 1951, Ms. Baker was offered ,000 by the Copa City Club in Miami Beach, but she refused to perform for segregated audiences. The Copa eventually met her demands. Her insistence on mixed audiences helped to integrate live entertainment shows in Miami , Las Vegas, and other cities throughout the U.S.

Faced with as much determination, Schuyler givesrates and signs a contract that guarantees entry to all customers whatever their skin color. In January 1951, at the first night in Copa City, Joséphine Baker, who invited black personalities from New York, greets

"His first real representation in his native country for 26 years" , reports an article by Mary L. Dudziak, historian of civil rights in the United States. " the other times do not count. Today it's different. I am pleased to be here in this city in these circumstances that allow my fellow men to see me ", entrusts the diva to the public.

With the success of the concerts in Miami Beach and Incentled by the press, Joséphine Baker undertakes a new American tour in 1951 and demands again that the audience of his shows is not segregated. The "Venus of Ebony" uses its money and its influence to publicly fight against racism. It complains about discrimination against the prestigious Club Stork in New York accusing the servers to have ignored it. In Los Angeles, she stops by the police a white man who refused to eat in the same room she.

Target of MacCarthysme

In "Secrets of History" Discover Josephine Baker, the resistant

 In © ARCHIVES AFP. Josephine Baker in 1961, in his uniform of the Air Forcenterature. On the eve of the pantheonization of the famous African-American singer, France 3 devotes him a show this Monday, November 29, 2021, at 9:05 pm, on France 3. "I have two loves: my country and Paris. In 1930, five years after his arrival in France, the native of Missouri (USA) was singing with tenderness his attachment to the French capital.

Josephine Baker is the first black woman to be remembered in the resting place of France’s national heroes. France is honouring the US-born 20th Century singer and activist Josephine Baker with a place in the Pantheon on Tuesday.

Josephine Baker represented #BlackGirlMagic long before Black Twitter made the term popular. Born in 1906, the year Black Wall Street was founded in the Greenwood district of Tulsa, Oklahoma, she was the first Black woman to become a world-famous entertainer. Her important works also include being a wartime hero, spy, and civil rights activist for Black Americans, including being the only official female speaker at the March on In 1951, Ms. Baker was offered ,000 by the Copa City Club in Miami Beach, but she refused to perform for segregated audiences. The Copa eventually met her demands.

"Thanks to its celebrity and its wealth, she was able to do things at the forefront of the movement for civil rights that few people could do without risking physical violence or state repression," Analysis Matthew GUTERL , Professor at Brown University and author of a biography of the singer.

These shots, however, make them lose contracts in New York, and it is accused of communism, usual weapon used to silence the American dissenting voices at the time of MacCarthysm. Joséphine Baker leaves the country, but the US authorities continue to monitor and put pressure on other countries, particularly in Latin America, so that it can not happen, according to Mary L. Dudziak. But the artist who has a French passport continues to travel and denounce the racial segregation in the United States. This period

"showed the magnitude of his commitment to having a voice and use it to protect his in his native country" , points out the historian.

Josephine Baker

is the only woman to express himself alongside Martin Luther King at the historic walk for the 1963 civic rights. "I have been in the palaces of kings and queens and in the homes of presidents , she launches to the crowd. But I could not get into a hotel in the United States and ask for a coffee and it made me mad with rage. And when I'm angry, I open my big mouth you know. "

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