•   
  •   
  •   

US Covid travel restrictions: Do they work?

13:45  30 november  2021
13:45  30 november  2021 Source:   cnn.com

Travel to Germany during Covid-19: What you need to know before you go

  Travel to Germany during Covid-19: What you need to know before you go If you're planning to travel to Germany, here's what you'll need to know and expect if you want to visit during the Covid-19 pandemic. © Christof Stacher/AFP via Getty Images Neuschwanstein Castle in southern Germany is one of the country's prime sights. The basicsGermany's border policies are changing swiftly as the country regularly updates its lists of high and moderate risk destinations. As cases rise with the Delta variant, Germany is accelerating its vaccination campaign. But the country is also at the heart of Europe's new wave.

Governments are trying to buy time with a rash of new travel restrictions as they figure out the potential impact of Omicron.

Travelers queue at a check-in counter at OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg on November 27, 2021, after several countries banned flights from South Africa. © Phill Magakoe/AFP/Getty Images Travelers queue at a check-in counter at OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg on November 27, 2021, after several countries banned flights from South Africa.

But the restrictions are being criticized by some officials as unfair and ineffective.

The World Health Organization's Regional Office for Africa said Sunday that it stands with African nations and called for borders to remain open as an increasing number of countries around the world impose flight bans from southern African countries.

Island anger: Guadeloupe closes schools after COVID rioting

  Island anger: Guadeloupe closes schools after COVID rioting LE GOSIER, Guadeloupe (AP) — Schools closed across the French Caribbean island of Guadeloupe on Monday and France's president warned of a “very explosive” situation in the territory, after protests against COVID-19 rules and vaccinations descended into days of rioting and looting. France's central government sent in police special forces to try to restore order to the former colony, as emergency workers said they were unable to reach neighborhoods barricaded by angry crowds. “We have several patients" in the blockaded area of La Boucan, tweeted Patrick Portecop, head of the regional emergency service. “We are powerless.

The office said countries should take a risk-based and scientific approach and put in place measures that can limit the variant's possible spread.

"Putting in place travel bans that target Africa attacks global solidarity," WHO Regional Director for Africa Matshidiso Moeti said.

"Covid-19 constantly exploits our divisions. We will only get the better of the virus if we work together for solutions."

Travel restrictions may play a role in slightly reducing the spread of Covid-19 but "place a heavy burden on lives and livelihoods."

Studies show that travel restrictions may only slow the introduction of a new virus or variant by a few weeks, and WHO has repeatedly expressed fears that travel bans hurt economies and discourage countries from being forthright about reporting new viruses or variants.

Europe's Christmas markets warily open as COVID cases rise

  Europe's Christmas markets warily open as COVID cases rise FRANKFURT, Germany (AP) — The holiday tree is towering over the main square in this central German city, the chestnuts and sugared almonds are roasted, and kids are clambering aboard the merry-go-round just like they did before the pandemic. But a surge in coronavirus infections has left an uneasy feeling hanging over Frankfurt's Christmas market. To savor a mug of mulled wine — a pleasurable rite of winter in pre-pandemic times — masked customers must pass through a one-way entrance to a fenced-off wine hut, stopping at the hand sanitizer station.

Holes in the strategy

Some US medical experts say restrictions may slow transmission, but they highlight holes in the country's new rules.

There's an "intuitive attraction" to restricting travel, says Dr. William Schaffner, a professor of infectious diseases at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

"'Gee, the bad viruses are there, let's put down an iron curtain and prevent the virus from getting here,' but travel restrictions are not very restrictive," he said.

In fact, they're very porous for several reasons.

For one, the United States' new restrictions still allow US citizens and legal permanent residents coming from the affected countries in southern Africa into the United States.

"What makes anybody think that they couldn't bring the virus with them?" Schaffner said. It's similar to the earliest restrictions in 2020 curtailing travel from China, he said. "Americans kept coming back, and they brought the virus with them."

Will flight restrictions help as new virus variant emerges?

  Will flight restrictions help as new virus variant emerges? A new coronavirus variant identified in South Africa is leading to a new round of travel restrictions just as many had finally begun to ease. The risks of the variant, called omicron, are largely unknown. But the World Health Organization has called it a “variant of concern” and governments around the world are not waiting for scientists to better understand the variant to impose flight bans and other travel restrictions. On Friday, EuropeanThe risks of the variant, called omicron, are largely unknown. But the World Health Organization has called it a “variant of concern” and governments around the world are not waiting for scientists to better understand the variant to impose flight bans and other travel restrictions.

A study last year from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that the US bans imposed in early 2020 came too late to stop the virus from getting to the US.

A spring 2020 study in the journal Science showed that the original restriction of travel within China after the novel coronavirus was first discovered in Wuhan only slowed the progression of the epidemic by three to five days in China.

That same study showed that international travel restrictions helped slow the spread of coronavirus to the rest of the world until mid-February, but it also suggested that other mitigation measures (such as early detection, household quarantines and hand-washing) would be more effective than travel restrictions at curbing the pandemic.

Biden: Ban in place 'to give us time'

On Monday, President Joe Biden said the purpose of the ban on travel from certain southern African countries is "to give us time to get people to get protection. To be vaccinated and get the booster. That's the reason for it."

He acknowledged on Twitter on Monday that "while we know that travel restrictions can slow the spread -- they cannot prevent it. We will have to face this new threat."

Will flight restrictions help as new virus variant emerges?

  Will flight restrictions help as new virus variant emerges? A new coronavirus variant identified in southern Africa is leading to a new round of travel restrictions just as many had finally begun to ease. The risks of the variant, called omicron, are largely unknown. But the World Health Organization has called it a “variant of concern” and governments around the world are not waiting for scientists to better understand the variant to impose flight bans and other travel restrictions. The U.S. said FridayThe risks of the variant, called omicron, are largely unknown. But the World Health Organization has called it a “variant of concern” and governments around the world are not waiting for scientists to better understand the variant to impose flight bans and other travel restrictions.

CNN Medical Analyst Dr. Leana Wen says the Biden administration should have gone much further with its restrictions by requiring returning travelers to quarantine and retest after arrival.

Canada has implemented quarantine and post-arrival testing for citizens and residents returning from some African countries. And the United Kingdom has instituted a mandatory hotel quarantine for residents and citizens returning from countries on the UK's red list. (See a full list of new travel restrictions by country here.)

Since Omicron sequences have been found in numerous other countries beyond southern Africa, "there should be an across-the-board quarantine and retesting requirement," said Wen, who is an emergency physician and visiting professor of health policy and management at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health.

"If implemented correctly, (travel restrictions) do work in slowing down the rate of transmission," she said. "It only works, though, if there aren't substantial loopholes as there currently are in the US travel ban."

The nature of the virus means restrictions are not a magical solution.

"We're dealing with an extraordinarily contagious respiratory virus, and history tells us that bans, restrictions, etc., only give us a little bit of time, if that, because these are so contagious that they will spread," Schaffner said.

Biden's South Africa travel ban compared to Trump COVID restrictions he denounced

  Biden's South Africa travel ban compared to Trump COVID restrictions he denounced President Joe Biden’s decision to impose additional air travel restrictions on South Africa and seven other countries in response to a new COVID-19 strain is being contrasted with his response to similar policies under former President Donald Trump. © Provided by Washington Examiner Biden issued a proclamation Friday night saying Washington would “suspend and restrict the entry into the United States, as immigrants and nonimmigrants, of noncitizens” from the eight African nations effective Monday, though he mentioned the decision in a previous statement hours earlier in the day after Thanksgiving.

And "there's always an element of closing the barn door after the horse has escaped," he said, noting that it's "only a matter of time" before the Omicron variant is discovered in the United States.

'Knee-jerk' reaction criticized

Salim Abdool Karim, an epidemiologist and former co-chair of the South African Ministerial Advisory Committee on Covid-19, told CNN's John Berman on "New Day" on Monday that travel bans are "outrageous" and will have little, if any, impact on stopping the spread of the new Omicron variant.

"Firstly, it's outrageous that South Africa and southern Africa is being punished for having good surveillance and, you know, ensuring that we wanted to be completely transparent and to share this data with the rest of the world as soon as we knew it and confirmed it," Karim said, when asked about travel restrictions put in place and how effective they were.

"If you think about ... what we've experienced with the Delta variant, within a matter of three weeks it was in over 53 countries, so it's going to become superfluous and irrelevant to try and block travel from, you know, a few countries because it will be spreading in many other countries," he said.

"Indeed, by the time we got to know about it, which was pretty quickly given that the first patient was probably in our system about the ninth of November, that we're looking at transmission has probably seeded itself in most countries."

The early "knee-jerk reaction" to block travel will slow the spread slightly at best, Karim said, but will probably have "little if any impact" because there is already a good approach to preventing the spread of the virus through air and sea travel.

US to maintain travel restrictions due to delta variant

  US to maintain travel restrictions due to delta variant The United States will keep current international travel restrictions in place for the time being due to the delta variant and rising coronavirus cases domestically, the White House said Monday."We will maintain existing travel restrictions at this point for a few reasons. The more transmissible delta variant is spreading both here and around the world," White House press secretary Jen Psaki told reporters\ Monday."Driven by the delta variant,"We will maintain existing travel restrictions at this point for a few reasons. The more transmissible delta variant is spreading both here and around the world," White House press secretary Jen Psaki told reporters\ Monday.

This involves five key components, he said. Ensuring that vaccinated people are the only ones traveling, that they have a negative PCR test, are asymptomatic, wear masks in travel and are tested on entry.

"Those things, you know, will sift out 99.9% of the cases," he said.

Members of the travel industry are also calling for a data-driven approach to the new variant.

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) says the new travel restrictions are "not a long-term solution" when it comes to managing coronavirus variants.

"Governments are responding to the risks of the new coronavirus variant in emergency mode causing fear among the traveling public," IATA Director General Willie Walsh said in a statement. "As quickly as possible, we must use the experience of the last two years to move to a coordinated data-driven approach that finds safe alternatives to border closures and quarantine."

The measures could backfire

South Africa should be praised for its detection and reporting of the Omicron variant, not face travel bans, Dr. Margaret Harris, spokesperson for the World Health Organization, told CNN's Kate Bolduan on Monday on "At This Hour."

"South Africa should get a gold medal for the quality of its science and the quality of its transparency," Harris said when asked whether the effect of travel bans was that South Africa was being punished.

"We have not seen nearly enough of that, of transparency particularly, and indeed to then make South Africa feel that doing all the right things leads to a very bad outcome is not good."

As well as being bad for South Africa, it is also bad for the rest of the world, she said. "Other countries will then feel, 'why would we come out and say we've got this issue, we've got this problem?' if they see this sort of consequence."

Correction: A previous version of this story misstated the title for Salim Abdool Karim. He is the former co-chair of the South African Ministerial Advisory Committee on Covid-19.

How the new Covid-19 variant impacts your travel plans .
For those hoping to plan some long-overdue winter getaways abroad, Omicron raises multiple questions concerning whether or not to travel. Here are some of the biggest issues that might be on travelers' minds right now.Little is known about the new variant, dubbed Omicron, including how it will impact those infected or the levels of efficacy vaccines provide against it.

usr: 1
This is interesting!