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World Why This Poor Country Has One of the World’s Best Internet Services

20:05  03 march  2018
20:05  03 march  2018 Source:   ozy.com

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Moldova has the third- best coverage of superfast internet in the world . How does this poor former Soviet country compete with the best of the online world ? Though the country officially has 14 internet service providers (ISPs), the largest, Moldtelecom, is a state-owned company with around

If you say well why doesn’t the world hold the rulers accountable and seize their assets abroad or place sanctions on them for human It is one of the best -detailed answers I have worked on about Africa’ s development issues. Afghanistan in all actuality is one of the richest countries in the world .

a castle on top of a building © Provided by Ozy

It’s the ultimate First World problem: When your video call freezes for a few seconds, the picture goes all grainy or the person on the other end suddenly sounds like a hyperspeed robot for a few seconds. This is to be expected when FaceTiming across the U.S., let alone to other countries. So when launching a Skype video call to Moldova, Europe’s poorest country with a per capita GDP less than that of the Republic of the Congo, I wasn’t too hopeful.

But my Skype call to Moldova was gloriously smooth — in full HD without a single glitch for the entire half hour. In fact, my Moldovan interview subject had an internet speed far faster than my own in Silicon Valley, the tech capital of the world (his download speed in Chișinău, the Moldovan capital, a remarkable 195 Mbps; mine in Mountain View, California, a measly 48). Because, believe it or not: Moldova has the third-best coverage of superfast internet in the world.

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All internet traffic into the country passes through a router controlled and monitored by the Ministry of the Interior, a department of the Saudi Arabian Most of the country ’ s internet use is restricted to government and military personnel, and thousands of North Koreans were forced to surrender their

Research by the World Bank in seven sub-Saharan African countries , for instance, has found that A survey of ed-tech initiatives around the world by George Bulman and Robert Fairlie of the University of Good software, unlike many poor - country teachers, can do its sums correctly, spell, compose a

Triumphal Arch at Great National Assembly Square, Chisinau, Moldova © Catalyst Triumphal Arch at Great National Assembly Square, Chisinau, Moldova

Specifically, 90 percent of Moldova’s 3 million people have access to superfast gigabit internet access (speeds of up to one gigabyte per second). The only two countries with better coverage are Singapore and South Korea, both vastly richer than Moldova and more urbanized (cities are easier to connect with fiber optic cables than rural areas). The United States is twice as urbanized as Moldova; its gigabit coverage is just 18 percent of the population. All the other countries in the top 10 for gigabit coverage are in the club of the 40 richest nations on earth. Moldova? It’s not even in the top 120 richest countries.

So what gives? How does this poor former Soviet country compete with the best of the online world?

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Well, “a very large country or region is more likely to have a smaller percentage of that population located within access to gigabit internet service, and vice versa for smaller countries,” explains Sameh Yamany, chief technology officer of Viavi Solutions, the company behind the Gigabit Monitor, which compiles the global gigabit coverage stats. But size isn’t everything — there are plenty of much richer countries of a similar size or smaller that don’t even come close to Moldova’s connectivity, including Luxembourg, Taiwan and even Europe’s tech-obsessed hub, Estonia.

Typing on laptop closeup, chatting in Facebook, meeting website. Blogger, journalist writing new article. © Catalyst Typing on laptop closeup, chatting in Facebook, meeting website. Blogger, journalist writing new article.

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Moldova has been the recipient of hundreds of millions of dollars of grants and loans to support its economic development and tackle high poverty rates. In the late 2000s, one of the conditions of a World Bank development package was the privatization of telecoms. In 2009, a fiber optic cable was laid across the river that separates the country from its western neighbor, Romania, and the newly competitive market led to a relatively rapid connection of 99 percent of Moldovan communities to the fiber optic network, explains Iurie Țurcanu, the chief digital officer of the country’s e-Government Center, which works to digitize all public services. Now Moldova is also connected directly by fiber optic cable to Frankfurt, a major European digital intersection. Though the country officially has 14 internet service providers (ISPs), the largest, Moldtelecom, is a state-owned company with around 60 percent market share.

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So, why is Greece one of the poorest countries in Western Europe? , there are twenty-five first world countries , of which Greece is one (by the way, “First World ” currently refers A small minority of Greeks have moderate to good (or greater) economic literacy. The rest of the population can’t go

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Christian Orthodox church in Old Orhei, Moldova. Aerial view from a drone at sunset. © Catalyst Christian Orthodox church in Old Orhei, Moldova. Aerial view from a drone at sunset. Meanwhile, “the demand side of things was created by migration,” suggests Țurcanu. Moldova has an acute emigration problem, with hundreds of thousands of its citizens — by some estimates more than a quarter of the population — living and working abroad in Russia and elsewhere in Europe, often illegally, making the country’s economy one of the most dependent on remittances in the world. “In many cases, the first thing [people who leave] do is buy a computer and send it home for people to connect through Skype. … Therefore they need an internet connection,” says Țurcanu.

But while Moldova’s internet infrastructure is world-leading, its penetration rates (the proportion of people regularly connecting to the internet) are nothing to write home about, according to data from the International Telecommunications Union, with about 71 percent of people going online on any device in a given year — similar to rates in Portugal and Argentina and slightly lower than those in the United States. That’s probably more because “the cost of buying a computer is quite a high barrier, not the cost of the internet itself,” says Vlad Manoil, chief reengineering officer at the e-Government Center. In Chișinău, an internet subscription tends to be around $12 per month.

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Why ? Because since WWII Spain was a part of the western world with capitalistic systems. We had to pay to import a car from the UK. Unlike other EU countries , Spain demands a ‘bounty’ when you of ensuring that all of Europe’ s young people have “a good quality offer of employment, continued

Politicians in poor countries all want their countries to become more technologically competent but, as Isolating yourself from the rest of the world is a sure way to stay technologically backward. Why pay for something that can easily be copied? Steal a cow in a Zambian market, and you may get

Parliament Building in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova © Catalyst Parliament Building in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova So is the World Bank–inspired internet revolution actually boosting development in Moldova? Aided by its connectivity, the country has recently become a destination for the outsourcing of IT and call center jobs, especially for Italian companies (Italian is a common second language for Moldovans). Poverty rates have been steadily declining for several years, from 30 percent in 2003 to less than 10 percent today. That might not all be attributable to the superfast internet, but it sure helps facilitate the perfect Skype call.

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