World: Brexit and the U.S. Shutdown: Two Governments in Paralysis - PressFrom - US
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WorldBrexit and the U.S. Shutdown: Two Governments in Paralysis

00:05  13 january  2019
00:05  13 january  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

Brexit Vote Prompts British Lawmaker to Delay C-Section

Brexit Vote Prompts British Lawmaker to Delay C-Section MP Tulip Siddiq's husband will push her through the House of Commons in a wheelchair on Tuesday.

Image. Left, pro- and anti- Brexit demonstrators outside Parliament in London last month. Right, a view of the Capitol during the government shutdown in Washington.CreditAndrew Testa for The New York Times.

Two members of Theresa May’ s team last night admitted the plan could lead to “total paralysis ” at the top of government . "Both groups are motivated by what they think is best for the country, but both must realise the risks they are running with our democracy and the livelihoods of our constituents."

LONDON — In Parliament, lawmakers are mired in gridlock over Britain’s departure from the European Union, with no clear path forward. In Washington, President Trump stormed out of a meeting with congressional leaders who oppose his border wall, hardening a standoff that has shut down much of the government for longer than ever before.

Brexit deal vote: UK parliament's feuding factions

Brexit deal vote: UK parliament's feuding factions The British parliament is split into cross-party factions over the EU divorce deal.Parliament is to finally vote Tuesday on whether to support or vote against the agreement struck between Prime Minister Theresa May's government and the European Union.Here are the main camps in the Brexit battle among members of the 650-seat lower House of Commons:- FOR -The government:Everyone on the government payroll must back government policy -- or resign. Gareth Johnson quit his junior government post on Monday but there was no last-minute flood of resignations. Heavyweight cabinet Brexiteers like Michael Gove and Liam Fox are backing the deal for now.May loyalists:Backbench Conservative MPs who are firmly behind the government and are happy with the deal. Alarmingly few in number.Change-of-heart Conservatives:With decision time approaching, a handful of Tories have changed their minds in recent days. George Freeman, May's former policy chief, has come into this camp in recent days.Get it done:Conservative MPs who have reservations but just want to get a deal done and feel it is the least bad option. May's Downing Street office hopes to swell their ranks in the final hours.- AGAINST -Conservative hardcore Brexiteers:Led by Jacob Rees-Mogg, this faction also includes former foreign secretary Boris Johnson and former Brexit secretaries David Davis and Dominic Raab, who believe the deal delivers vassalage rather than independence.

Two members of Prime Minster Theresa May’ s team told The Times on Saturday that the plan could lead to the “total paralysis ” of Government . “There was no question, that I remember, on the referendum about a ‘deal’ or not; it was ‘leave’ or ‘remain.’ And the way you leave is to come out on

Voters are opposed to shutting down the government to extract the funds for the wall’ s construction — and more blame Trump and the GOP for the shutdown than Democrats. With the partial government shutdown lurching into its third week Politico Magazine. What’ s Worse Than Brexit ?

Two governments paralyzed. Two populist projects stalled. Two venerable democracies in crisis.

Rarely have British and American politics seemed quite so synchronized as they do in the chilly dawn of 2019, three years after the victories of Brexit and Donald J. Trump upended the two nations’ political establishments. The countries seem subject to a single ideological weather system — one that pits pro-globalization elites against a left-behind hinterland.

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The similarities abound: Brexiteers love to compare their cause to America’s war for independence. At a recent right-wing rally, one man marched with a scale model of the Liberty Bell. Mr. Trump has exuberantly backed Brexit, while his friend, the Brexit godfather Nigel Farage, appears on Fox News, invoking Europe’s migrant crisis as a reason to back Mr. Trump’s wall.

EU Brexit negotiator fears disorderly Brexit more than ever

EU Brexit negotiator fears disorderly Brexit more than ever The European Union's chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier says the bloc is stepping up preparations for a chaotic no-deal departure of Britain from the bloc after the rejection of the draft withdrawal deal in London left the EU "fearing more than ever that there is a risk" of a cliff-edge departure. Barnier has regretted Westminster's massive rejection of the deal and says that any future deal would still have to include approving the withdrawal agreement. He said Wednesday that "whatever happens, ratification of the withdrawal agreement is necessary. It is a precondition." He said that a linked political declaration offered "possible options" for further talks.

US government shutdown . The U . S . Capitol building in Washington, U . S ., February 8, 2018. © Leah Millis / Reuters. With the start of the 2019 legislative session, one might hope the US Senate would prioritize ending the two -week government shutdown .

In United States politics, a government shutdown occurs when Congress fails to pass sufficient appropriation bills or continuing resolutions to fund federal government operations and agencies

“It’s stunning how parallel this is,” said Stephen K. Bannon, who was an architect of Mr. Trump’s immigration policy as his former chief strategist, and is an ally of Mr. Farage. “If you’re going to challenge the system, the system is going to fight back.”

Mr. Bannon likened what he said was the growing possibility that Mr. Trump will declare a state of national emergency to build his wall over the objections of Congress to the once inconceivable but now real possibility that Britain will withdraw from the European Union in March without reaching a deal with Brussels — a so-called hard Brexit.

“Trump is getting ready for his own no-deal, hard-out,” Mr. Bannon said, even as Republicans and Mr. Trump’s aides and family are urging him not to take such a step.

The trans-Atlantic dysfunction has far-reaching ramifications, given the role the United States and Britain, pillars of the NATO alliance, play in counterterrorism operations, intelligence sharing, sanctions enforcement, and dealing with conflict zones like Syria.

EU will not budge on Brexit principles: French Elysee official

EU will not budge on Brexit principles: French Elysee official EU will not budge on Brexit principles: French Elysee official

A group of Remainer MPs will attempt to stop a no deal Brexit by starving the Treasury of funds which could lead to “total paralysis ” of the Government . “We’ll be looking to table similar safeguards to all government legislation,” Ms Cooper added, with the Sunday Times reporting that the plans also have

Life expectancy figures are going into reverse. But abandoning Brexit could save us .

With both countries also turning away from multilateral trade agreements, China has the opportunity to step in and play an even bigger role in the global economy. And Russia has seen an opening to expand its influence in Europe, where rising nationalism has threatened to fracture the European Union.

Mr. Trump and the Brexiteers have ridden a nationalist tide in their countries as well, using a potent anti-immigration message to appeal to voters who yearn for a simpler, more traditional society that no longer exists.

In Britain, immigration has provided an electric current to conservative politics since at least 1968, when the lawmaker Enoch Powell delivered a seminal speech calling for immigrants to be repatriated. Quoting a Greek prophecy of “the river Tiber foaming with much blood,” Mr. Powell’s speech is credited with propelling the Conservative Party to victory in the general election of 1970, though it also turned Mr. Powell into a political pariah.

Fear of immigration spiked over the last two decades as Britain was hit with a series of terrorist attacks by Islamist militants and watched as migrants from Syria, Libya and other war-torn countries flooded across Europe.

What the front pages say: May's Brexit deal 'dead as a dodo'

What the front pages say: May's Brexit deal 'dead as a dodo' After a crushing defeat in Parliament Tuesday, Theresa May woke up to scathing front pages -- both in the UK and across the Channel. British tabloid The Sun -- known for its no-holds-barred headlines -- even went as far as to depict the Prime Minister as a giant dodo, with the headline "Brextinct." Meanwhile the mood in Europe appeared more somber, with images of an ashen May and the specter of a political crisis. France's Les Echos perhaps summed it up best, with the headline "Brexit: a leap into the unknown." Here are a few of the most eye-catching front pages.

Theresa May’ s government can’t legislate – but leaving the EU makes it look busy, writes Katy Balls However, despite this, it would be a mistake to blame Brexit alone for this government ’ s paralysis . Effectively Britain left the EU nearly two years ago. It has been sidelined ever since. in Tory terms the

US government shutdown : anniversary of Trump inauguration marred by chaos. A government shutdown would cost the US roughly .5bn a week, according to a recent report by S &P The ad concludes with a picture of the president giving two thumbs up and his voice saying: “I’m Donald

In the United States, where the right was once preoccupied by social issues like abortion and same-sex marriage, immigration surged as an issue because of the changes wrought by globalization. Manufacturing jobs moved overseas, where labor was cheaper, while immigrants took both unskilled and high-tech jobs previously held by Americans.

By 2008, the financial crisis had wiped out millions of jobs, keeping people out of work for years and deepening the sense of grievance among many Trump supporters that immigrants were working for less and robbing them of their livelihoods.

Local politicians in California and elsewhere shot to stardom by introducing anti-immigrant ordinances. The Tea Party movement emerged, with core issues similar to those of Mr. Farage’s pro-Brexit U.K. Independence Party.

“The culture war has been replaced by a border war,” said Michael Lind, a visiting professor at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas. The residents of rural postindustrial areas came to view globalism sourly, he said, as an urgent problem.

“The people in those areas just said: ‘O.K., we’re not giving them any more time, the people in London and D.C., your time is up. We’re not going to wait a few more years for a recovery,’” said Mr. Lind, the author of “Land of Promise: An Economic History of the United States.” “They decided: ‘There’s a limited pie. This pie is not growing.’”

Airbus chief says British gov't 'optimistic' on Brexit deal

Airbus chief says British gov't 'optimistic' on Brexit deal Airbus chief Tom Enders on Wednesday said he hopes Britain will not exit the EU without a deal in place, adding that British Cabinet members had expressed a "degree of optimism."Enders spoke at groundbreaking ceremomy for a new aircraft assembly line in Alabama, the day after British Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit plan suffered a crushing defeat in parliament.On Tuesday, senior members of May's government including Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond held a conference call on the subject with major companies."I wouldn't say assurances but I would say ministers expressed a certain degree of optimism that a no-deal Brexit would not happen," he said.According to Bloomberg, Hammond said a hard Brexit could be avoided and spoke of delaying the date on which Britain is scheduled to leave the union, now set for March 29.Airbus is nevertheless preparing for all possible outcomes, Enders said, adding that the company was hoping for the best by preparing for the worst.

Party’ s Commons leader warns it is not bluffing when it says it will not accept Irish Sea border.

The government shut down at midnight on December 21, 2018. What Led to the Shutdown ? On August 23, 2018, the U . S . Senate approved an 0 billion spending bill for fiscal year 2019. If the shutdown continues beyond two weeks, it will affect economic growth.

The urge to solve these problems by walling off the country from its neighbors is not a new one in either Britain or the United States. It partly reflects geography: Both are separated from much of the world by water, allowing them to experiment with isolationism.

“Brexit and the border wall are driven by the same impulse,” said Robert Kagan, a foreign policy theorist at the Brookings Institution. “Both reflect the island nation approach to the world, ‘Wouldn’t it be great if we could just cut ourselves off from everybody else?’”

“Britain, to some extent, is returning to one version of its roots, and America is returning to one version of its roots,” said Mr. Kagan, whose most recent book is “The Jungle Grows Back: America and Our Imperiled World.”

Britain has sometimes acted as a political early-warning system for its former colony. Margaret Thatcher took power less than two years before her conservative ally Ronald Reagan; the British voted to leave the European Union five months before Mr. Trump’s victory. The reverse was true in the 1990s, when Bill Clinton’s election anticipated that of Tony Blair.

If the two countries are both vulnerable to gridlock, that is partly for historic reasons. As two of the world’s oldest democracies, they spring from the same, centuries-old model: the electoral system known as first-past-the post or winner-take-all. Democracies that developed later, like Sweden and Finland, introduced proportional representation, which allows for smaller parties to enter Parliament.

May battles to keep Brexit on track after no-confidence win

May battles to keep Brexit on track after no-confidence win British Prime Minister Theresa May is reaching out to opposition parties and other lawmakers in a battle to keep Brexit on track after surviving a no-confidence vote. European Union countries are also debating Thursday on how to move forward now that the U.K. Parliament has rejected May's Brexit deal with the bloc and with the March 29 exit date looming. Parliament overwhelmingly rejected the deal on Tuesday night, in a crushing defeat for May. Opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn immediately called for a no-confidence vote, but May's government survived it on Wednesday night.

How Brexit could end flights in and out of the UK. The British government would like to leave the "We are in a period in paralysis ," said John Springford, deputy director of the Centre for European With two years having ticked away since the Brexit vote, the countdown clock is getting ever louder.

The U . S . government shut down at midnight on Friday after Democrats and Republicans, locked in a In a late-night session, senators blocked a bill to extend government funding through Feb. While the two men said they remained committed to reaching a deal, the shutdown formally began on

Winner-take-all, by contrast, tends to increase polarization between two large parties, and exaggerate geographical divides, setting up stark conflict between sections of society.

And if Britain traditionally had a “strong, stable, efficient central state” that wielded control over policymaking, this has been changing, as Parliament reasserts its power to block the government’s agenda — much as a House of Representatives controlled by the Democrats is thwarting Mr. Trump.

“In my lifetime, Britain has never been in a more fragile state,” said Matthew Goodwin, an author of “National Populism: The Revolt Against Liberal Democracy.” “British politics is in an almost nonstop state of crisis. There are very high levels of polarization.”

“Both countries have seen the mainstream center really be squeezed,” Mr. Goodwin added. “That moderate, pluralistic marketplace of ideas — that’s really been challenged. Both countries have seen the rise of populist entrepreneurs.”

The most successful of these populist entrepreneurs is Mr. Trump, though he is adapting only fitfully to the realities of divided government in Washington. Mr. Bannon cast the standoff over the wall as a case of the establishment striking back against Mr. Trump’s insurgent victory in 2016.

“I call it the nullification project,” he said. “They’re not going to let you run on those populist themes and then implement them. If you’re going to be a disrupter, you’re going to have to take it from them.”

Mr. Kagan argued that the paralysis in Washington and London was not a case of populists versus elites, but merely democracies showing their periodic inability to settle deeply rooted divisions in society. And some argue that is not necessarily a bad thing.

“The process of consensus has broken down, but neither side is capable of imposing its will on the other side,” Mr. Lind said. “The purpose of having veto points is to build an eventual consensus. It’s not to paralyze things forever.”

In Washington, Mr. Trump may break the impasse by declaring his emergency — a risky assertion of executive power that would be challenged in the courts but would enable the government to reopen. Either way, the fate of the United States will not hang in the balance.

In London, where the political and economic consequences of a chaotic departure from Europe are far more profound, “it is much more difficult to compromise,” Mr. Lind said. “The side that loses is really, really going to lose.”

Distrust will weigh on efforts to cope with hard Brexit: EU's Barnier.
Distrust will weigh on efforts to cope with hard Brexit: EU's Barnier

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