World: Trump-Kim summit to focus on NKorea nuke complex, US rewards - PressFrom - US
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WorldTrump-Kim summit to focus on NKorea nuke complex, US rewards

09:05  11 february  2019
09:05  11 february  2019 Source:   msn.com

US, South Korean diplomats meet ahead of Trump-Kim summit

US, South Korean diplomats meet ahead of Trump-Kim summit Senior U.S. and South Korean officials have met to discuss an expected second summit between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Trump's special envoy for North Korea, Stephen Biegun, arrived in South Korea earlier amid reports that he'll meet North Korean officials soon to work out details for the summit. Trump told CBS' "Face the Nation" that "the meeting is set" with Kim, but he provided no further details about the meeting expected around the end of February. The president said there was "a very good chance that we will make a deal." With the North under economic penalties and the U.S.

Trump and Kim pledged at a meeting in Singapore on Tuesday to work towards complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula while Washington committed to provide security guarantees for its old enemy. “ We don’t know what type of person the North Korean leader is negotiating with.

North Korea 'reconsidering' summit with US . Clarke: Trump diminishes US role and influence. (CNN) North Korea has threatened to abandon planned talks between leader Kim Some analysts suggested that by focusing its statement so much on Bolton, rather than Trump , North Korea could

SEOUL, South Korea — When President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un first met in Singapore last year, there was pomp, there was circumstance, but there wasn't much substance.

US envoy heads to NK to prepare for 2nd Trump-Kim summit

US envoy heads to NK to prepare for 2nd Trump-Kim summit The U.S. special envoy for North Korea will be traveling to Pyongyang on Wednesday to prepare for President Donald Trump's second summit with leader Kim Jong Un. The State Department says Stephen Biegun will meet with his North Korean counterpart, Kim Hyok Chol. Trump and Kim met last June in Singapore, where they issued vague aspirational goals for a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula without describing when or how it would occur. In an interview with CBS' "Face the Nation," Trump said the second summit "is set" with Kim, but provided no further details.

State media focus on US concessions and say the US president intends to lift sanctions. North Korea has celebrated the Trump - Kim summit as a great win for the country, with state media reporting that the US intends to lift sanctions.

Official says North Korea has no interest in ‘one-sided’ talks with US as state news agency criticises ‘provocative’ military exercises.

Before they meet again in Vietnam on Feb. 27-28, there's growing pressure that they forge a deal that puts them closer to ending the North Korean nuclear weapons threat.

But what could that look like?

Kim may be willing to dismantle his main nuclear complex. The U.S. may be willing to cough up concessions, maybe remove some sanctions. The question, however, is whether what's on offer will be enough for the other side.

Here's a look at what each side could be looking for as Trump and Kim try to settle a problem that has bedeviled generations of policymakers.

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DESTROYING A NUKE COMPLEX

The North's Yongbyon (sometimes spelled Nyongbyon) nuclear complex, located about 100 kilometers (60 miles) north of Pyongyang, has facilities that produce both plutonium and uranium, two key ingredients in nuclear weapons. North Korea's state media have called the complex of a reported 390 buildings "the heart of our nuclear program."

Kim-Trump summit a 'remarkable breakthrough' for peace: Moon

Kim-Trump summit a 'remarkable breakthrough' for peace: Moon The agreement for a second summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un was a "remarkable breakthrough" for peace negotiations on the Korean peninsula, President Moon Jae-in said Monday, but he acknowledged doubts remained over denuclearisation. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The US President and North Korean leader are due to meet in Hanoi from February 27 to 28 following their landmark first summit in Singapore last June.

Trump letter to Kim Jong-un says talks are ‘inappropriate’ but North Korea says it made utmost effort to hold summit .

Here’s the bottom line on North Korea ’s nukes : US is in control with or without Trump Kim summit . President Donald Trump recently cast doubt on his June 12 meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. American national security isn't dependent on getting a specific deal, but on the maintenance

After a September meeting with Kim, South Korean President Moon Jae-in told reporters that Kim promised to dismantle the complex if the United States takes unspecified corresponding steps. Stephen Biegun, the U.S. special representative for North Korea, recently said that Kim also committed to the dismantlement and destruction of North Korea's plutonium and uranium enrichment facilities when he met visiting Secretary of State Mike Pompeo last October.

Since fresh diplomatic efforts began last year, the North has suspended nuclear and missile tests and dismantled its nuclear testing site and parts of its long-range rocket launch facility. But destroying the Yonbgyon complex would be Kim's biggest disarmament step yet and would signal his resolve to move forward in negotiations with Trump.

There is worry among some, however, that the complex's destruction won't completely dispel widespread skepticism about North Korea denuclearization commitments. It would still have an estimated arsenal of as many as 70 nuclear weapons and more than 1,000 ballistic missiles. North Korea is also believed to be running multiple undisclosed uranium-enrichment facilities.

Former Trump national security official: North Korea nuclear declaration will 'probably be incomplete'

Former Trump national security official: North Korea nuclear declaration will 'probably be incomplete' A former national security official said Wednesday on "Rising" that North Korea is unlikely to give a full accounting of its missile sites ahead of the upcoming summit in Vietnam later this month between President Trump and North Korea leader Kim Jung-un. 

US President Donald Trump says his second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un will be held in the Vietnamese capital Hanoi. The two men will meet on 27-28 February for talks expected to focus on persuading the communist state to give up its nuclear weapons programme.

State media focus on US concessions and say the US president intends to lift sanctions. North Korea has celebrated the Trump - Kim summit as a great win for the country, with state media reporting that the US intends to lift sanctions.

"We could call (Yongbyon's destruction) a half-deal or a small-deal," said Nam Sung-wook, a professor at Korea University and a former president of the Institute for National Security Strategy, a think tank affiliated with South Korea's main spy agency. "It's really an incomplete denuclearization step" that matches past tactics meant to slow disarmament steps so it can win a series of concessions.

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U.S. REWARDS

To get the North to commit to destroying the Yongbyon complex, some experts say Trump needs to make important concessions.

Those would likely need to include jointly declaring an end of the 1950-53 Korean War, opening a liaison office in Pyongyang, allowing North Korea to restart some economic projects with South Korea and possibly easing some sanctions on the North.

Kim may most want sanctions relief to revive his country's dilapidated economy and bolster his family's dynastic rule.

"For North Korea, abandoning the Yongbyon complex is a fairly big (negotiating) card ... so the North will likely try to win some economic benefits," said Chon Hyun-joon, president of the Institute of Northeast Asia Peace Cooperation Studies in South Korea.

North Korea officials en-route to Vietnam ahead of Trump-Kim summit

North Korea officials en-route to Vietnam ahead of Trump-Kim summit Twelve North Korean officials -- including Kim Jong Un's de-facto chief of staff -- were en-route to Vietnam Friday ahead of a second scheduled summit between Kim and US President Donald Trump, South Korea's Yonhap news agency said. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The North Koreans had arrived in Beijing and were expected to board a plane bound for the Vietnamese capital Hanoi, Yonhap said, with the high-stakes meeting now less than two weeks away.

US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un sign an agreement in Singapore. North Korea "commits to work towards the complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula" but analysts say it has not made specific commitments. Mr Trump later defends what he has achieved

Trump 's summit with Kim , set to focus on the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, was planned for June 12 in Singapore. Kim 's government warned the US will "have to undertake careful deliberations about the fate of the planned North Korea - US summit in light of this provocative military

At the Singapore summit, Kim and Trump agreed to establish new relations between their countries and build a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula. But they didn't elaborate on how to pursue those goals.

North Korea has since complained about the lack of action by the United States, saying it already took disarmament steps, and returned American detainees and the remains of American war dead. The U.S. for its part suspended some of its military drills with South Korea, a concession to North Korea, which calls the exercises dress rehearsal for invasion.

Kim and Moon agreed at the first of their three summits in 2018 to settle an end-of-war declaration. Moon said last month it could ease mutual hostility between Washington and Pyongyang, and accelerate North Korea's denuclearization.

But some worry that a declaration ending the Korean War, which was stopped by an armistice and has yet to be replaced with a peace treaty, might provide North Korea with a stronger basis to call for the withdrawal of 28,500 U.S. troops in South Korea.

In his New Year's address, Kim also said he was ready to resume operations at a jointly run factory park in the North Korean border town of Kaesong and restart South Korean tours to the North's Diamond Mountain resort. Those are two of the now-dormant inter-Korean projects that supplied badly needed foreign currency for the impoverished North.

Kim Jong Un to arrive in Vietnam on February 25 ahead of Trump summit

Kim Jong Un to arrive in Vietnam on February 25 ahead of Trump summit Kim Jong Un to arrive in Vietnam on February 25 ahead of Trump summit

The Trump administration is hopeful its summit with North Korea will go ahead, despite threats of cancellation. A White House spokesperson said the US president remained ready. North Korea 's statement, carried by state media, said the country had had high expectations from the summit , but it

North Korea 's Kim Jong Un wants a second summit with U . S . President Donald Trump soon to hasten denuclearization, but a key goal is declaring an end this year “Chairman Kim expressed his wish that he wanted to complete denuclearization quickly and focus on economic development,” Moon told a

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A BREAKTHROUGH?

To make the Vietnam summit a blockbuster, Trump will likely need more than Yongbyon.

A bigger deal would see a detailed accounting of North Korea's nuclear assets, and possibly shipping some North Korean nuclear bombs or long-range missiles out of the country for disabling.

That would be costly. North Korea would likely demand a drastic easing of sanctions and a resumption of exports of coal and other mineral resources.

A North Korean declaration of its nuclear program would provide invaluable information, if verified by U.S. intelligence, to Washington and others. It would offer looks at hidden nuclear fuel facilities and missile deployments, which is why Pyongyang has been reluctant to provide it.

According to South Korean and other assessments, Yongbyon alone is estimated to have 50 kilograms (110 pounds) of weaponized plutonium, enough for six to 10 bombs, and a highly enriched uranium inventory of 250 to 500 kilograms (550 to 1,100 pounds), sufficient for 25 to 30 nuclear devices.

Undisclosed uranium enrichment facilities would up the stockpile.

Because of the difficulty involved, Trump may want to focus on the North's long-range missiles, which could, when perfected, pose a direct threat to the U.S. mainland. But such a partial deal would rattle many in South Korea and Japan, which are well within striking distance of North Korea's short- and medium-range missiles.

If lower level officials can't lay the ground for a bigger deal ahead of the summit, the Kim-Trump meeting could be cancelled, said Lim Eul Chul, a professor at South Korea's Kyungnam University who has advised the Moon government on North Korea-related policies.

Vietnamese barber giving out free Trump-Kim haircuts to mark second summit.
A barber in Vietnam is offering up free haircuts for anyone looking to freshen up before the upcoming second summit between President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. The Tuan Duong Beauty Academy in Hanoi is now offering the promotion until Feb. 28 in honor of the meeting between the two leaders, their first since their historic meeting in Singapore last June. “I was doing this for fun only but was surprised at how people have responded,” Le Tuan Duong, who owns the salon, told Reuters. “I love peace. I hate war so much.

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