World: Anti-communist guerrilla who became Afghan president dies - PressFrom - US
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WorldAnti-communist guerrilla who became Afghan president dies

18:55  12 february  2019
18:55  12 february  2019 Source:   msn.com

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The Soviet– Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989. Insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen, as well as smaller Maoist groups

Afghan War: Afghan War (1978–92), internal conflict between the Afghan communist government, initially Afghan War, in the history of Afghanistan , the internal conflict that began in 1978 between anticommunist Islamic The war in Afghanistan became a quagmire for what by the late 1980s was a disintegrating Soviet Union. Afghanistan : anti -Taliban fightersAnti-Taliban fighters observing U.S

Anti-communist guerrilla who became Afghan president dies© The Associated Press FILE- In this Sept. 9, 2014, file photo, former Afghan President Sibghatullah Mujadidi, left, accompanies Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah, right, during a ceremony honoring a beloved anti-Taliban fighter who was assassinated 13 years ago, in Kabul, Afghanistan. Mujadidi, who served as Afghanistan's first president following the ouster of the invading Soviet army and the collapse in 1992 of Kabul's pro-Communist government, dies. He was 93. His former spokesman Sharif Yusufi says Mujadidi died overnight Tuesday, Feb. 12, 2019, in the Afghan capital.(AP Photo/Rahmat Gul, File)

KABUL, Afghanistan — Afghanistan's first president following the withdrawal of Soviet troops from the country and the collapse in 1992 of Kabul's pro-communist government, Sibghatullah Mujadidi, has died. He was 93.

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Karmal became the leader of Afghanistan in his place. The Karmal era, lasting from 1979 to 1986, is best Mohammad Daoud Khan, the President of the Republic of Afghanistan from 1973 to 1978, was ousted The strength of the anti -reform backlash would ultimately lead to the Afghan Civil War.[14].

In 1992, Rabbani officially became president of the Islamic State of Afghanistan , but had to battle Omar assigned five operational zones to Taliban commanders such as Dadullah, who took charge in Besides guerrilla attacks, Taliban fighters began building up forces in the district of Dai Chopan in

The white-turbaned and soft-spoken Mujadidi was a mentor to former President Hamid Karzai, who had belonged to his anti-communist resistance group during the 1980's Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

Mujadidi's guerrilla group — the U.S.-backed Afghan National Liberation Front — was perhaps the smallest and most moderate of guerrilla groups fighting to oust the former Red Army from Afghanistan.

The Soviet invasion came at the height of the Cold War between America and the former Soviet Union. The last Soviet soldier withdrew from Afghanistan on Feb. 15, 1989, ending a 10-year invasion that had failed to defeat the U.S.-backed anti-communist guerrillas who were known at the time as mujahedeen, or holy warriors.

President Ronald Reagan called the mujahedeen freedom fighters. Some later became the Taliban while others were known as warlords who later turned political leaders in Afghanistan. Some rights activists have accused the warlords of fomenting Afghanistan's post-2001 decline, contributing to the nation's insecurity and widespread corruption.

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The Labour Party became anti - communist and Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee was a staunch supporter of Objectivists who follow Ayn Rand are strongly anti - communist .[10] They argue that wealth (or Other anti - communists who were once Marxists include the writers Max Eastman, John

Encyclopedia of Anti -Revisionism On-Line. Soviets getting bogged down. Who are the Afghan guerrillas ? These attacks are parroted in the U.S. by the revisionist Communist Party (USA) and The Afghan resistance to the succession of Soviet-backed governments in Kabul has been steadily

Following the collapse of the communist government, Mujadidi in 1992 served for two months as Afghanistan's president in line with an agreement signed in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, by the leaders of all the mujahedeen groups who had fought the former Soviet Union.

Mujadidi stepped down as he said he would, according to the agreement, but his successor, Burhanuddin Rabbani, who was to serve for four months instead hung on to power for four years. The agreement broke down and a brutal war between rival mujahedeen groups engulfed the Afghan capital of Kabul, killing tens of thousands of mostly civilians until the Taliban took power in 1996.

During the Taliban rule, Mujadidi lived outside of Afghanistan and returned to the country following the U.S.-led invasion in 2001 that drove the Taliban from power. He served as head of the first post-Taliban Loya Jirga, the 2,500-member council of elders or "grand gathering" that eventually crafted Afghanistan's current constitution.

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Afghanistan War, 1978–92, conflict between anti - Communist Muslim Afghan guerrillas (mujahidin) and Afghan government and Soviet forces. The conflict had its origins in the 1978 coup that overthrew Afghan president Sardar Muhammad Daud Khan, who had come to power by ousting the king in

conflict between anti - Communist Muslim Afghan guerrillas (mujahidin) and Afghan government and Soviet forces. The president was assassinated and a pro-Soviet Communist government under Noor More than 1 million Afghans died in the war and 5 million became refugees in neighboring

He also briefly served as head of the government High Peace Council tasked with trying to find a peaceful end to Afghanistan's war.

An ethnic Pashtun from Kabul, Mujadidi came from a deeply respected religious family, who often advised former Afghan kings on matters of religion.

"He was always seeking peace and stability for Afghanistan, but he died before he could see his wish fulfilled," said Attaulrahman Salim, deputy head of the peace council. "We are still a country at war."

President Ashraf Ghani declared Wednesday a day of mourning to commemorate Mujadidi. All government institutions, banks, offices and schools would be closed.

___

Associated Press writer Amir Shah in Kabul, Afghanistan, contributed to this report.

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