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World850-year-old Notre Dame survived the French Revolution. Here are 4 other things to know

01:10  16 april  2019
01:10  16 april  2019 Source:   usatoday.com

French billionaire pledges €100 million to rebuild Notre Dame

French billionaire pledges €100 million to rebuild Notre Dame A French billionaire has pledged to donate 100 million euros to help rebuild the Notre Dame Cathedral after the historic building was engulfed in a fire Monday. François-Henri Pinault, who owns the French luxury group Kering, made the pledge to AFP. Kering owns luxury fashion brands including Gucci and Saint Laurent. French billionaire Francois-Henri Pinault (Gucci and Yves Saint Laurent) tells @AFP he will donate 100 million euros to rebuild Notre-Dame Cathedral.

Notre - Dame de Paris, also known as Notre - Dame Cathedral or simply Notre - Dame , is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.

The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic

The famed Notre Dame cathedral in Paris was ablaze Monday as shocked onlookers watched in heartbreak from nearby bridges.

Footage showed flames and smoke flowing from the historic structure, and its spire was engulfed before collapsing.

Construction began on the Gothic cathedral in 1163, and it took almost 300 years to complete. Twelve million people stop by each year, and it is the most-visited monument in the country.

The church's site is full of symbolic decorations, colorful glass, art and gargoyles. The cause of the fire was not immediately known, but officials were hopeful late Monday its main towers could be saved.

Americans, frequent visitors to Notre-Dame, begin fundraising efforts

Americans, frequent visitors to Notre-Dame, begin fundraising efforts Americans, frequent visitors to Notre-Dame, begin fundraising efforts

Discover the long and fascinating history of Paris' Notre - Dame Cathedral, an 850 - year - old Gothic masterpiece and treasure trove of incredible stories. Of all of Paris’ famous monuments, and of these the French capital is in no short supply, Notre - Dame has the longest and richest of histories.

Here are 13 lesser- known facts about Notre - Dame de Paris. The kings weren’t the only part of Notre - Dame destroyed during the French Revolution . The cathedral, like other churches around France, was transformed in the late 18th century from a Christian space and rededicated to the new

850-year-old Notre Dame survived the French Revolution. Here are 4 other things to know© GEOFFROY VAN DER HASSELT, AFP/Getty Images The steeple of the landmark Notre-Dame Cathedral collapses as the cathedral is engulfed in flames in central Paris on April 15, 2019.

Here are five things to know about the world-renowned structure:

'Everything is burning': Famed Notre Dame cathedral ablaze in Paris

Why was Notre Dame cathedral built?

Maurice de Sully, who became bishop of Paris in 1160, wanted to reconstruct the site where Notre Dame sits, which had been a Romanesque church and pagan temple.

Paris was becoming a political, economic and intellectual center in Europe around that time, and de Sully wanted to mark its progress, Notre Dame's website states.

The cathedral's towers are more than 220 feet tall and the building is more than 400 feet long, according to Notre Dame's website. It's almost 52,000 square feet.

What You Can Do To Help Rebuild the Cathedral of Notre Dame

What You Can Do To Help Rebuild the Cathedral of Notre Dame MSN Causes provides awareness about disaster events worldwide and offers opportunities for readers to help via donations and volunteering. 

The mighty cathedral is neither the tallest, oldest nor biggest in the world, but it can rightly claim to be the For centuries it has witnessed the greatest events in French history: 80 kings, two emperors She survived , and this month sees the start of a year of special events celebrating the landmark

Year . 1831. The Hunchback of Notre Dame is finished. On this day in 1831, Victor Hugo finishes writing Notre Dame de Paris, also known as The Hunchback of Notre Dame . Distracted by other projects, Hugo had continually postponed his deadlines for delivering the book to his publishers

It was looted during the French Revolution

The cathedral was looted and damaged during the French Revolution, which was in part fueled by resentment against the Catholic Church and the rise of Enlightenment thinking.

Detail-minded architect left guide for restoring Notre Dame

Detail-minded architect left guide for restoring Notre Dame Eugene Viollet-le-Duc is still the man to go to when it comes to restoring Notre Dame, even though he died nearly 140 years ago. As a young architect in Paris, Viollet-le-Duc made it his life's work to preserve France's iconic cathedrals, monasteries and palaces. He spent more than 20 years on Notre Dame. His archives offer the architects tasked with rebuilding the famed Gothic cathedral after this week's fire a guidebook to how Viollet-le-Duc approached the job during the mid-19th century. Jean-Charles Forgeret, an expert on Viollet-le-Duc at the MAP historical monument archives, where the architect's many drawings, notes and blueprints are kept, knows busy times are upon him.

The Hunchback of Notre - Dame ( French : Notre - Dame de Paris, "Our Lady of Paris") is a French Romantic/Gothic novel by Victor Hugo, published in 1831. The novel's original French title, Notre - Dame de Paris, is a double entendre: it refers to Notre Dame Cathedral

Among all the things to do in Notre - Dame de Paris, this is the best spot to contemplate the chimeric gargoyles For those interested in history, architecture and archaeology, a thing to do is to visit the Reviving the memory of one of the oldest neighborhoods in Paris, the crypt will give you an overview

'Absolutely horrible': Travelers express shock, horror over Notre Dame fire, share memories of their visits

According to the Napoleon Foundation, the cathedral was renamed "Temple to the Goddess Reason" and at one point served as storage place for wine.

When France and the Catholic Church reconciled in 1801, the cathedral was returned to the church. Napoleon later used it during his coronation, according to the foundation.

The Hunchback of Notre Dame

Victor Hugo's novel "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" published in 1831 centers around Quasimodo, the cathedral's bell-ringer, and Esmeralda, a kind and beautiful street dancer.

The novel has been adapted into a number of films, including the popular animated Disney version "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" in 1996.

It was home to relics tied to the Passion of Jesus

The cathedral's "most precious and most revered object" is the Crown of Thorns, according to France's tourism website. Before Jesus was crucified, Roman soldiers mocked him and stuck a crown made of thorns on his head. However, around the world, others claim to have portions of the crown or single thorns.

Homeless activists outside Notre Dame demand 'a roof too'

Homeless activists outside Notre Dame demand 'a roof too' Dozens of public housing advocates protested outside the gutted Notre Dame in Paris Monday to demand that France's poorest be remembered after donors pledged $1 billion to rebuild the cathedral and its destroyed roof. Around 50 people from a French homeless association gathered with placards reading "1 billion in 24 hours." They chanted slogans directed at Bernard Arnault, the CEO of luxury group LVMH, who last week pledged 200 million euros ($226 million).

The French Revolution was a 1789 revolution which began the modern era. In a sequence of upheavals, it saw the downfall of King Louis XVI, rise of Robespierre and the Reign of Terror, a chaos wherein thousands were guillotined for political differences.

Centuries of history have flowed past Notre Dame with the grey waters of the River Seine. For centuries it has witnessed the greatest events in French history: 80 kings, two emperors, five She survived , and this month sees the start of a year of special events celebrating the landmark 850 th

Other important relics in the cathedral include a fragment of the True Cross, believed to be part of the cross on which Jesus was crucified, and one of the Holy Nails, believed to be used in the crucifixion.

In addition to religious relics, masterpiece artworks and sculptures, stained-glass windows and three organs are also housed at Notre Dame, its website says.

There's a bee hive on its roof – and it's not there by accident

Notre Dame's roof became home to a hive of bees in 2013, according to the cathedral's website.

The hive was placed as part of a larger effort to protect biodiversity and prevent bee die-off.

Contributing: John Bacon and David Oliver, USA TODAY; The Associated Press

Follow USA TODAY's Ryan Miller on Twitter @RyanW_Miller

850-year-old Notre Dame survived the French Revolution. Here are 4 other things to know© Provided by USA TODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. 041519-Notre-Dame-Cathedral-fire

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: 850-year-old Notre Dame survived the French Revolution. Here are 4 other things to know

Ubisoft's 'Assassin's Creed: Unity' Downloaded 3M Times Following Notre Dame Fire.
The French video game company made the 2014 title available for free on PC and also pledged to donate 500,000 euros to the reconstruction effort.

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