World: A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war - PressFrom - US
  •   
  •   
  •   

WorldA history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war

02:30  16 april  2019
02:30  16 april  2019 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Fast-moving fire ravages building in Paris, no known victims

Fast-moving fire ravages building in Paris, no known victims A firefighters spokesman said it was too soon to determine what caused the blaze.

The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the English city of London from Sunday, 2 September to Thursday, 6 September 1666.

King Æthelred the Unready was buried in the cathedral on his death in 1016; his tomb is lost . One of the best known images of London during the war was a photograph of St Paul's taken on 29 December 1940 during the "Second Great Fire of London" by photographer Herbert Mason, from the

A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war© Stephane De Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images Flames engulf the roof of the Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral on April 15 in the French capital Paris. (Stephane De Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images)

The fire that engulfed Notre Dame on Monday, largely destroying a building that had stood for more than eight centuries, felt unprecedented. And in one sense, it was: How else can one describe the destruction of a building that stood witness to so much of Western European history?

But in another sense, Notre Dame is one in a long line of cathedrals that have been lost to fire, war or worse.

Subscribe to the Post Most newsletter: Today’s most popular stories on The Washington Post

Man sets himself on fire outside of White House

Man sets himself on fire outside of White House The Secret Service detained a man outside the White House on Friday afternoon after he apparently attempted to light himself on fire. A Secret Service spokeswoman confirmed the man had tried to set his jacket on fire, and the D.C. Fire Department responded to administer first aid. No information about the man's condition or reason for setting himself on fire was immediately available. The identity of the man was not released. It appears only one person was involved in the incident. Authorities removed reporters, who were gathered on the driveway, from the area following the incident.

It is said that many pigeons lost their lives as they refused to leave their nests and their wing feathers got The greatest fear the authorities had was that the flames might cross the River Thames and set fire In this they were successful as the weather gave them help. The wind that had helped the fire

There have been at least five cathedrals on this site, each replacing an earlier building damaged by war or fire . The history of the cathedral has been plagued by more theories than any other, a The result was a far greater area of window openings. These windows were entirely glazed with

A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war© Heritage Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images View of St Paul's Cathedral, London, burning in the Great Fire of London, 1666. (Guildhall Library & Art Gallery/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

Old St. Paul’s, London, 1135, 1666

Construction began on Old St. Paul’s Cathedral in London (actually the fourth attempt at a church named for Paul in that spot, the previous three having been destroyed) in 1807, the same year much of the city was ravaged by fire, and was delayed by a fire in 1135.

It was then destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666, at which point the old structure was razed in favor of the new St. Paul’s, which still stands today.

A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war© Jasper Juinen/Getty Images A New Year's Eve fireworks display illuminates the sky over the Dom Tower on Jan. 1, 2012, in Utrecht, Netherlands. (Jasper Juinen/Getty Images)

St. Martin’s, Utrecht, 1253

Coachella music festival: Fire breaks out on first night

Coachella music festival: Fire breaks out on first night A fire broke out early Saturday at the Coachella music festival in Indio, California, authorities said. No injuries were reported. The fire, at a mobile shower unit at the Empire Polo Club grounds, was reported at 2:06 a.m. local time, Riverside County Fire Department said. Four engines responded to the scene, near the center of the venue. One trailer was damaged, while a second was destroyed, they said. How the fire started wasn't immediately clear.

The history of Britain and the aspirations of her Christian communities can be traced in the glorious Rebellion at St. Giles - This is not the story of a grand cathedral . The High Kirk of St Giles is no Fire at York - In 1829, non-conformist Jonathan Martin set fire to York Minster to protest against what he

Artist Leonard Rosoman was serving with the Auxiliary Fire Service on the night of the raid. Of those firefighters lost , eight were killed when a wall collapsed on them as they worked at a fire near Fleet Street.[7] Sam Chauveau of the London Fire Brigade described the scene that A history of London.

St. Martin’s was originally established by Frankish clergy around 630. It was destroyed by Normans in the 9th century, rebuilt in the 10th — and then partially destroyed by fire in 1253.

The cathedral in all its Gothic glory that exists today was put up in 1254. (That isn’t to say the building was never tested again. Seven centuries later, in 1964, the central nave collapsed because of a storm.)

A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war© Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division/Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Divis... The cathedral Notre Dame de Reims, in Reims, France, which was badly damaged by German shelling in September 1914. (Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division )

Notre Dame, Reims, World War I

In 1914, during World War I, more than two dozen German shells hit this cathedral. The wooden scaffolding was set on fire, which in turn lit the oak of the roof. The lead used to seal the roof melted, which in turn set, for example, the wooden pews on fire. Stained glass windows and pillars and statuary were destroyed.

Notre Dame Cathedral: This art historian used lasers to digitally map the structure. Now he could help save it

Notre Dame Cathedral: This art historian used lasers to digitally map the structure. Now he could help save it Although parts of Paris' Notre Dame Cathedral now lie in ruins, people can still experience what most of its nooks and crannies looked like in remarkable detail -- thanks to an American art historian. Andrew Tallon, a professor of art at Vassar College, used lasers to painstakingly scan the cathedral in 2015, giving us a nearly perfect digital replica of the Gothic structure. And his work could help architects and engineers rebuild it after Monday's fire. Tallon studied Gothic architecture and sought to understand how medieval builders erected some of Europe's great cathedrals.

This is a list of cathedrals in England and Wales and the Crown Dependencies of the Isle of Man, Gibraltar and those in the Channel Islands, by country. Former and intended cathedrals are listed separately.

6 World War I Novel Ernest Hemingway. Partially, this may be because we have lost what has been described as the most practical of works from the great Archimedes. Unfortunately, the manuscript was lost when Syracuse was invaded. It is possible that it was looted or even burned by the invaders.

The building was hit again in 1917 and 1918.

Reims was restored and fully reopened in 1938.

A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war© iStock/iStock Church of Santa Maria del Mar in Barcelona (iStock)

Santa Maria Del Mar, Barcelona, 1936

In the late 14th century, the bishop of Barcelona, Pere Planella, consecrated this cathedral. While the basilica withstood different kinds of turmoil through the ages, nothing, per the cathedral’s website, quite compares to July 1936, when Santa Maria Del Mar was set on fire. It burned for 11 days straight.

The baroque altar, among other images and archives of historical significance, were destroyed. However, the walls, columns and some of the stained glass windows managed to outlast the flames.

A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war© Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division/Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Divis... The Cologne Cathedral (High Cathedral of Saint Peter), a Roman Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Germany, between 1915-1920. (Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division )

Cologne Cathedral, Cologne, World War II

The Cologne Cathedral was tested by multiple wars. In 1794, the Rhineland was occupied by French Revolution troops. The cathedral was used for, among other things, a detention center for prisoners of war. In 1797 and 1798, prisoners used the nave’s wood furnishings for firewood. It wasn’t until 1821 that the Archdiocese of Cologne was reestablished (although the building was used as a parish church beginning in 1801). Nevertheless, the two towers of the cathedral were completed in the 1860s and ’70s.

Millions in Notre-Dame Donations Pour In as France Focuses on Rebuilding

Millions in Notre-Dame Donations Pour In as France Focuses on Rebuilding Days after a fire tore through Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris, France on Wednesday started to focus on reconstruction, with President Emmanuel Macron having set the ambitious goal of rebuilding the Gothic landmark within five years and donations pouring in from around the world. Prime Minister Édouard Philippe said after a special cabinet meeting on Wednesday that the government would organize an international architecture competition to design a spire to replace the 19th-century structure that collapsed in the fire on Monday and crashed through the cathedral’s vaulted ceiling.

St Paul's Cathedral in London is a sightseeing highlight, with its long history , impressive interior and the second largest dome in the world. After being destroyed four times throughout history , the current cathedral – designed by Christopher Wren The Great Fire of London, in 1666, destroyed

This is a list of former or once proposed cathedrals in Great Britain. The term former cathedral in this list includes any Christian church (building) in Great Britain which has been the seat of a bishop

But the dark days for the cathedral were not over yet. During World War II, the cathedral was damaged by 14 high-explosive bombs and 70 fire bombs. But the medieval windows were removed in time, and other treasured items were protected by sandbags. What’s more, the cathedral workshop managed to restore the choir and transept in time for the 700th anniversary of the laying of the foundation stone — that is, by 1948.

A history of great cathedrals that have been lost to fire and war© Julien Behal/PA Wire/Press Association Images St. Mel's Cathedral restoration. The cathedral, which opened in 1856, was gutted by a fire that began in a chimney flue on Christmas Day in 2009. (Julien Behal/PA Wire)

St. Mel’s, Ireland, 2009

St. Mel’s cathedral in Ireland was built in the 19th century. However, as the result of an accidental fire, it burned on Christmas Day in 2009. Five years later, in 2014, it reopened.

Detail-minded architect left guide for restoring Notre Dame.
Eugene Viollet-le-Duc is still the man to go to when it comes to restoring Notre Dame, even though he died nearly 140 years ago. As a young architect in Paris, Viollet-le-Duc made it his life's work to preserve France's iconic cathedrals, monasteries and palaces. He spent more than 20 years on Notre Dame. His archives offer the architects tasked with rebuilding the famed Gothic cathedral after this week's fire a guidebook to how Viollet-le-Duc approached the job during the mid-19th century. Jean-Charles Forgeret, an expert on Viollet-le-Duc at the MAP historical monument archives, where the architect's many drawings, notes and blueprints are kept, knows busy times are upon him.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!