World: Why China is building hundreds of new airports - - PressFrom - US
  •   
  •   
  •   

WorldWhy China is building hundreds of new airports

05:00  26 may  2019
05:00  26 may  2019 Source:   cnn.com

Nine trapped in Shanghai building collapse: govt

Nine trapped in Shanghai building collapse: govt Nine people were trapped after an automotive dealership building collapsed in Shanghai Thursday as it was undergoing renovation, but rescue personnel managed to pull 11 others to safety, Chinese authorities said. The accident occurred around 11:30 am (0330 GMT) in an area of central Shanghai, the fire rescue bureau of China's Ministry of Emergency Management said on its verified social media account. Pictures posted on the account showed bloodied and dust-covered construction workers being dug out of piles of rubble by emergency rescue personnel. The low-rise building had been used as a dealership for Mercedes-Benz cars.

But now it plans to build hundreds of coal plants abroad. Why Is China Placing A Global Bet On Coal? Listen · 7:02 7:02. While closing old plants, China 's leaders have limited the building of new ones. The government has promoted wind and solar energy — it has produced so many solar panels

Literally, hundreds of entirely new cities have been sprouting up across Asia and Africa since the early 2000s. They are totally new dots on the map with China is without a doubt the global epicenter for new city building , having established more than 600 new cities since the Communist Party came to

Why China is building hundreds of new airports
Why China is building hundreds of new airports
Why China is building hundreds of new airports
Why China is building hundreds of new airports
Why China is building hundreds of new airports
Why China is building hundreds of new airports

When China's air industry hits the news, stories are typically centered on passengers going rogue, punching each other, trying to wrestle open emergency doors mid-takeoff or dangerously tossing coins into airplane engines for luck.

Former CIA officer jailed for 20 years for spying for China

Former CIA officer jailed for 20 years for spying for China Former CIA officer jailed for 20 years for spying for China

China has the fastest growing aviation sector in the world, fueled by an emerging middle class and government funding. The effects are set to ripple round the world with the three largest airlines becoming To cope with the surge in passengers, China plans to build 74 new civil airports by 2020.

China 's new city in the Oman desert has been pragmatically dubbed the Sino-Oman Industrial City, and the ambition is to turn a remote and underutilized Chinese -owned ports and other mega-projects. From an established basecamp at Duqm, China will be able to better access and secure their energy

While alarming and fascinating in equal measure, these headlines conceal another tale -- one of a country undergoing a breakneck expansion into the world of flying as its people take to the sky in rapidly increasing numbers.

In the space of barely more than a decade, China has transformed from a nation where few had ever experienced air travel to one where millions of its citizens are flying not only across their own vast territory, but to destinations around the world.

Such is the pace of China's ascension to the jet age that stories of wayward passengers are perhaps inevitable -- even if they obscure the fact that many air journeys in China are incident free.

China paper says U.S.'s forced tech transfer claims are 'fabricated'

China paper says U.S.'s forced tech transfer claims are 'fabricated' China paper says U.S.'s forced tech transfer claims are 'fabricated'

ChinaDialogue: China 's transportation development plans call for huge numbers of new airports , but building them is economically and environmentally untenable.

During which time new airports , shining palaces of aviation, are popping up all around the world. China , alone, has roughly four dozen airports in The first of those challenges is also one of the core tenets upon which our nation is built : democracy. The democratic process allows for discussion and

But there's more to come. Much, much more.

World's largest aviation market

Even as China is on course to overtake the United States as the world's biggest air travel market within the next three years, the country's hunger for aviation seems set to continue growing exponentially.

To sate that hunger, the government has embarked on an airport building program on a scale rarely witnessed before anywhere. Billions upon billions of dollars are being poured into runways and terminals that will plug the entire country directly into the global transport network.

China currently has around 235 airports, but with many lacking the capacity to sustain the coming increase in passenger numbers and flights, government officials estimate around 450 airports will be needed across the country by 2035.

That's the same year aviation analysts predict China will be handling a quarter of all the world's air passengers.

Veteran China dissident urges linking of human rights, trade

Veteran China dissident urges linking of human rights, trade Veteran Chinese dissident Wang Dan is urging Western nations to restore the link between human rights and trade with China. 

Shenzhen is looking to build three new airports – one each for commercial airliners, seaplanes and helicopters – as part of plans to make it “Shenzhen will build the ‘One Belt, One Road’ transportation hub in southern China and study the plausibility of building an airport on water in the east as well as

Why is China building so many eco-cities? However, China has taken to eco-city building for some very valid reasons. Its biggest impact was perhaps the fact that it established polluted China as a place that could use some eco-cities, which opened the proverbial floodgates for hundreds of similar

Cheung Kwok Law, director of policy at the Chinese University of Hong Kong's Aviation Policy and Research Centre, tells CNN Travel Beijing's super-heated expansion into aviation is aimed at future-proofing against demand but also to generate economic growth.

"The government is really looking ahead," he says, "not only to meet the current demand but to stimulate future demand for air transportation."

While much of this expansion is taking place in cities and districts that many people outside of China or Asia may never have heard of, it's also highly visible in Beijing, where construction on the multibillion-dollar Daxing International Airport has just entered its final phase, with the first round of flight tests taking place on May 14.

As we move towards the third decade of the 21st century, airport superhubs are nothing new. But Beijing's sprawling creation -- designed by the late architect Zaha Hadid and her Chinese partners -- is almost breathtaking in its ambition.

Due to open in September of 2019, it will feature four runways and a terminal the size of 97 soccer pitches.

Xi broke promise on South China Sea: Top US general

Xi broke promise on South China Sea: Top US general The US military's top general said Wednesday that Chinese President Xi Jingping reneged on promises not to militarize the South China Sea and called for "collective action" to hold Beijing responsible. 

Why is China such a popular partner in Africa? China may be listening closely to African aspirations. Often with support from Beijing, Chinese companies have been building special economic zones in Africa, creating platforms where Chinese and other firms can cluster together.

“Infrastructure investment in China is often misallocated because of the inadequacies of strategic planning Mr. Adkins said in an email. “The best way to manage hundreds of passengers is to bottle them up inside the airplane.” Construction of the new Beijing airport in the Daxing district, in October.

China's capital has long been in need of a second global gateway.

Handling more than 100 million passengers in 2018, Beijing's existing Capital International Airport is now the second busiest airport in the world after Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport and is hitting full capacity.

When the new Daxing Airport opens, Beijing Capital will not close. Instead it will continue to handle airlines like Air China and Hainan Airlines, giving the city an extra boost of capacity as the number of air travelers shows no sign of abating.

Where are the airports needed most?

While China's plan to build more than 200 airport facilities may seem extraordinary, it is the speed rather than the scale of this ambition that is remarkable. It still pales beside the 5,000 public airports serving US towns, cities and communities.

"I don't think the expansion of airports is excessive at all," says Law.

"There are three international airports in New York and five in London; Beijing will open its second airport this year. Shanghai, with over 20 million people, will construct its third airport and Guangzhou, with 17 million people, will construct its second airport."

According to the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), in 2018, Chinese airports handled 1.264 billion passengers, up 10.2% over 2017, with 37 of the country's airports handling over 10 million passengers in a year.

Shangri-La Dialogue: China won't be bullied by US, defense minister says

Shangri-La Dialogue: China won't be bullied by US, defense minister says China's defense minister on Sunday issued a stern rebuke to the United States amid the ongoing trade war and tension over the South China Sea and Taiwan, saying his country would "not let others prey on or divide us." Gen. Wei Fenghe told delegates at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore that Beijing would not yield an inch of territory -- and any foreign interference was doomed to failure. He specifically called out the US and its Taiwan Relations Act, the 1979 law which permits Washington to provide defense weapons to the Taipei government and help defend the island from invasion. China considers Taiwan a renegade province.

New photos have appeared in Google Maps showing unidentified titanic structures in the middle of the Chinese desert. The first one is an intricate network of what appears to Update 3: some unidentified agency, company or person has been ordering hundreds of photographs of this area since 2004.

The Great Wall of China ( Chinese : 萬里長城; pinyin: Wànlǐ Chángchéng) is the collective name of a series of fortification systems generally built across the historical northern borders of China to protect

At present an average of eight new airports are opening in the country every year, while some facilities are being expanded and upgraded -- but there are concerns within China that those already open are failing to meet modern expectations.

"Service has improved substantially, but existing airports are far from adequate and are unevenly distributed throughout the country," Dong Faxin, director of CAAC's development and planning department, said in a report issued late last year outlining China's airport construction ambitions.

A large chunk of the upcoming facilities will be located in the Yangtze River Delta region, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, as well as the Chongqing and Chengdu city clusters.

These are the areas with the highest populations but rely on a few hub airports to handle all passenger traffic. In the coming years, they will each have new world-class airports for their individual centers of population.

Chengdu Tianfu International Airport, for example, will open in 2020. It'll be Chengdu's second aviation hub, easing the pressure on busy Shuangliu International Airport.

New airports will also be built in China's west, where there are currently fewer facilities. This will aid the development of this region both for business and tourism but also further Beijing's push to exert its influence over far-flung regions.

"The mainland government has a very clear development strategy to promote the economic development in the less developed areas and locations like the western and northeastern parts of China," says Law.

Pompeo says US hopes for China progress 'dashed' in 30 years since Tiananmen

Pompeo says US hopes for China progress 'dashed' in 30 years since Tiananmen Pompeo says US hopes for China progress 'dashed' in 30 years since Tiananmen

China has pumped hundreds of billions of dollars into African governments and infrastructure. Few in Africa are certain that there is fair quid pro quo at play here. Is this the dawn of a new colonialism Nova Cidade de Kilamba, a Chinese built city in Angola, acquired a reputation as a ghost town after

China raised eyebrows this month by announcing it will give the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) a .6 million grant to build a new headquarters in Abuja, Nigeria.

"Providing air traffic support will be vital to the development of these areas and to achieve a more balanced economic development between the coastal region and more remote areas."

Airports for the future

The upside to building new airports from scratch is that each facility can be developed to meet today's high-tech demands while also keeping growth and wider transport infrastructure in mind.

Airports today are not standalone facilities and the most efficient seamlessly link with other modes of transport such as major road arteries and the country's high-speed rail network, which the Chinese government has been promoting heavily.

The flagship new Daxing airport is seen as a blueprint, albeit on a much bigger scale, for others, incorporating a 350-kilometer per hour rail link to the city.

It will initially accommodate 72 million passengers and two million tons of cargo annually, rising to at least 100 million passengers and four million tons of cargo a year when fully opened.

Daxing's creators are also redesigning the way passengers use airports by combining one of the world's largest terminal buildings with short walking distances, allowing travelers to easily reach their gates through a unique layout and design.

Economic setbacks loom

In many respects it seems China is unstoppable in its growth. Building hundreds of new airports is merely one step for a country reinventing itself on the way to becoming the next major superpower.

However, there are doubts the country's economy will hold up long enough, or attain the expected levels of growth, to see all these planned airports become a reality.

The recent economic slowdown is the worst some analysts have seen, exacerbated by a trade war with the United States and slumping sales in some key areas.

If a slump in tourism coincides with this dip, it could leave many of the planned airports on the drawing board -- especially those built as a response to growing inbound tourism. Any hit to the economy would also reduce the amount of outbound travel undertaken by Chinese citizens.

China expresses 'strong dissatisfaction' with U.S. statement on Tiananmen anniversary

China expresses 'strong dissatisfaction' with U.S. statement on Tiananmen anniversary China expresses 'strong dissatisfaction' with U.S. statement on Tiananmen anniversary

China ’s airports are the worst in the world when it comes to punctuality. Airport statistics website FlightStats last year ranked 188 midsized and China is also aggressively building more airports and striving to improve the efficiency of its existing facilities by increasing the number of flights that

But Law is optimistic about the situation.

"By 2035, it's expected global passenger travel will increase by 3.5% annually," he says.

"If you look at China, growth could be between 5-6% on average, much higher than the global average. In one estimation, China is expected to have a middle class population of more than 500 million in the next 10 years.

"So the economy may be slowing down moderately but the rising of the middle class will provide support to the aviation development in China -- both in terms of passenger demand as well as the demand for cargo transportation."

Possible road blocks: Staff shortages, airspace imbalances

However, Law does acknowledge there will be challenges -- including a potential staff shortage.

"Globally, the current generation of aviation professionals will be retiring at a faster pace in the next five to 10 years," he says.

"While China plans to expand rapidly in the next decades, they will be facing an acute shortage in manpower and so far, I do not see the government paying sufficient attention on this subject."

The environmental impact of air traffic increases is also a concern.

Earlier this year, the UN launched its Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), aimed at addressing increases in total CO2 emissions from international civil aviation.

Under the scheme, airlines in countries that have voluntarily opted to participate will be required to buy carbon offsets to compensate for their growth in CO2 emissions, and would begin tracking these emissions from January 1, 2019.

As of May​ 6, 80 states, representing 76.63​% of international aviation activity, stated their intention to voluntarily participate in CORSIA. Unlike the US, China is not among them, though participation is mandatory as of 2027.

According to data compiled by Australia's Griffith University's Institute for Tourism, in 2018 the US emitted 22.7% of all passenger Co2 emissions, followed by China at 10.4%.

Another problem is China's notorious airspace management, which is largely to blame for consistent flight delays. Civil aviation only accounts for 20% of all traffic while the military controls 80%. In the US, the situation is reversed.

"In this respect, the rapid expansion of the civil aviation activities and the congestion of the airspace management will become more serious," says Law.

"In the country's 13th five-year plan, there are a couple of statements indicating the government will work on the liberalization and the restructuring of its airspace management -- but without further information [on how or when it will do this]."

For passengers, the improvements can't come soon enough.

Any increase in efficiency and choice combined with delay reductions can only be of benefit in a country with a seemingly insatiable demand for air travel -- and should result in fewer rogue passengers hitting the headlines.

Read More

China expresses 'strong dissatisfaction' with U.S. statement on Tiananmen anniversary.
China expresses 'strong dissatisfaction' with U.S. statement on Tiananmen anniversary

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 79
This is interesting!