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WorldHow one of the deadliest seasons on Mount Everest unfolded, leading to 11 deaths

01:40  30 may  2019
01:40  30 may  2019 Source:   abcnews.go.com

Utah man dies descending Mount Everest

Utah man dies descending Mount Everest An American mountaineer died Wednesday while descending from the summit of Mount Everest, according to the Nepalese company leading the expedition. Donald Lynn Cash, 55 of Sandy, Utah, fainted due to high altitude sickness after reaching Everest's summit, according to Pioneer Adventure Pvt. The expedition company said its guides tried to give Cash aid while bringing him down the mountain. "Our supporting Sherpa Guides did immediate massage, CPR and raised his oxygen pressure to keep him alive," the company said in a news release.

The 1996 Mount Everest disaster occurred on 10– 11 May 1996, when eight people caught in a blizzard died on Mount Everest during attempts to descend from the summit. Over the entire season , 12 people died trying to reach the summit

Mount Everest , at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft), is the world's highest mountain and a particularly desirable peak for mountaineers, but climbing it can be hazardous.

How one of the deadliest seasons on Mount Everest unfolded, leading to 11 deaths© Rizza Alee/AP A long queue of mountain climbers line a path on Mount Everest just below camp four, in Nepal, May 22, 2019.

The 2019 season on Mount Everest is coming to a close and going down as one of the deadliest seasons on record.

Eleven people died on the world's tallest mountain this year, most within the past week or so, as images of lines of people bottlenecked near the summit circulated on social media.

People die every year on Everest from falls, storms, avalanches, lack of oxygen, freezing or underlying health issues. But this year stood out because so many of the deaths happened while a climber was on the descent from the summit on clear weather days.

Two die after Mount Everest traffic jam of climbers

Two die after Mount Everest traffic jam of climbers American Donald Cash, 54, collapsed due to high altitude sickness while at

11 people have died in their attempts to reach the summit of Mt Everest , making 2019 the fourth deadliest climbing season on record. A combination of increased permits, inexperienced climbers, and poor weather led to a very short window in which it as possible to reach the summit.

Eleven deaths as ‘chaos’ unfolds on Everest in ‘zoo-like’ conditions. A British climber hoping to beat the Writing of the fatalities of two climbers before him, Mr Fisher explained how the men that had died in One of mount everest ’s deadliest seasons . As well as Mr Kulish and Mr Fisher

"The major contributing factor this year was the narrow weather window we had," Krishma Poudel, manager of Peak Promotion, one of the companies that lost a climber this year, told ABC News.

(MORE: So many people are dying on Mount Everest this year because of inexperience, experts say)

Mid to late May is the ideal time to climb Everest, when a jet stream that sits over the mountain -- blasting winds up to 200 mph at the summit -- subsides for short periods of time, creating "weather windows" that make it safe to stand on the peak. It's during those weather window days that climbers leave camps to make attempts at the summit.

"Because of global warming, the weather window is sometimes smaller, sometimes bigger," Poudel said.

Last year was unique in that a weather window lasted for 11 days straight from May 13 through 24, according to expert Alan Arnette and meteorologist Chris Tomer, allowing climbers lots of time to make their attempts -- and, importantly, allowing for groups to spread out when they made summit attempts.

Deaths of British, Irish climbers add to Everest toll

Deaths of British, Irish climbers add to Everest toll The deaths of an Irish and a British climber on Mount Everest took the toll from a deadly week on the world's highest peak to 10, expedition organisers said Saturday. British climber Robin Fisher, 44, reached the summit Saturday morning but collapsed when he had got just 150 metres back down the slope. "Our guides tried to help but he died soon after," Murari Sharma of Everest Parivar Expedition told AFP. 

Mount Everest tragedy: The disturbing story behind this photo 1 :06. Climbers have been captured climbing over a dead body on Mount Everest after At least four of the deaths have been blamed on overcrowding with teams sometimes waiting for hours in the “ death zone” where the cold is bitter, the

List of Mount Everest death statistics is a list of statistics about death on Mount Everest . For a list of mountaineer deaths on Mount Everest , see List of people who died climbing Mount Everest .

This year, however, weather windows came and went quickly, with the main one lasting just a few clear days.

How one of the deadliest seasons on Mount Everest unfolded, leading to 11 deaths© ABC News Fatalities on Everest 2018 vs 2019

That was when most of the deaths occurred this season. Single-file lines of people piled up around the summit, creating hours of delays, including on the descent. The longer a person stays at that height, the higher their chance is of succumbing to high altitude sickness and exhaustion.

This season's narrow weather windows -- paired with a record high number of permits for climbers issued by Nepal as well as inexperience in climbers and staff -- created catastrophes. This is how it played out.

May 14-16: First weather window

Everest seasons begin with teams of guides and Sherpas setting lines of ropes up the mountain. That job was finished this year with a weather window on May 14.

The first summits began shortly after that, per Arnette's records, and continued in a weather window through May 16.

Latest death marks 10th reported on Mount Everest, amid long wait times to descend

Latest death marks 10th reported on Mount Everest, amid long wait times to descend The world's highest peak has seen heavy traffic this season.

Official site of The Week Magazine, offering commentary and analysis of the day's breaking news and current events as well as arts, entertainment, people and gossip, and An attorney from Colorado died Monday after summiting Mount Everest , becoming the 11 th person to die there this climbing season .

Mount Everest tragedy: The disturbing story behind this photo 1 :06. Climbers have been captured climbing over a dead body on Mount Everest after At least four of the deaths have been blamed on overcrowding with teams sometimes waiting for hours in the “ death zone” where the cold is bitter, the

This period also saw the start of tragedy on the mountain as people started attempts. Irishman Seamus Lawless reached the peak on May 16, but experienced a fall on the descent, the BBC reported. He is presumed dead.

May 17-19: Waiting

And then, the weather window was gone. Climbers were left sitting at camps waiting for the weather to clear up again.

However, the first weather window still had an impact. Climber Ravi Thakar of India, who was in the same expedition as Lawless, according to The Himalayan Times, was found dead in his tent at Camp IV -- just below the 8,000-meter "death zone" -- after descending from the summit.

May 20-21: Weather window starts opening up

Finally, another weather window was forecasted to open up, but it was a short one. This window started slowly and coldly as the jet stream was still coming away from the mountain, with just a handful of summits on May 20.

May 22-24: Major weather window; rush to the top

But between May 22 and May 24, an estimated hundreds of climbers and service staff pushed their way to the top, creating the now-viral lines near the summit. Official numbers are not yet available.

Nepal denies Everest overcrowding caused deaths

Nepal denies Everest overcrowding caused deaths The department of tourism said other factors such as weather conditions were involved.

Unprecedented crowds on Mount Everest , including quite a few inexperienced climbers, are This season ’s death toll has climbed to 11 , making it one of the deadliest on record, CNN reports. Even the summit itself has become dangerously overcrowded, leading to lines and delays that last for hours.

Eleven people have now died during the current climbing season on Mount Everest , making it one of the deadliest in years. Sherpas and climbers said some of the deaths were caused by climbers being held up in lines on the last 1,000 feet of the ascent with no access to their oxygen supply

How one of the deadliest seasons on Mount Everest unfolded, leading to 11 deaths© Rizza Alee/AP A long queue of mountain climbers line a path on Mount Everest just below camp four, in Nepal, May 22, 2019.

With this rush to the top came a series of deaths.

(MORE: Utah man Donald Lynn Cash, who reached Seven Summits, dies on Everest)

On May 22, American Donald Lynn Cash and Anjali Kulkarni of India died while descending from the peak. Pioneer Adventure, the company Cash climber with, wrote that he fainted due to high altitude sickness. Arun Treks, the company Kulkarni climbed with, said the heavy traffic caused her death as she had to wait to descend, per the South China Morning Post.

May 23 saw three more deaths during descents: Indian climbers Nihal Bagwan and Kalpana Dash and Ernst Landgraf of Austria.

(MORE: 3 more die on Mount Everest amid heavy crowding)

Two people died May 24, including Irish climber Kevin Hynes, who died during the descent, per the BBC. Dhruba Bista, a Nepali climbing guide, died at base camp after being transported there from higher on the mountain, where he fell ill, according to CNN.

May 25-26: Season winds down

As the end of May is the end of the Everest climbing season and the weather window closed, climbers filed out, away from the mountain.

But it wasn't yet the end of tragedy on the mountain. British climber Robin Hayes Fisher died shortly after summiting on May 25.

Lawyer from Colorado is 11th person to die on Mount Everest

Lawyer from Colorado is 11th person to die on Mount Everest An American attorney has become the eleventh mountaineer to die during the peak climbing season for Mount Everest.

The Mount Everest climbing season of 2012 included several hundred summitings and the highest fatality total since 1996. 683 climbers from 34 countries attempted to climb the mountain , and 547 people summited. A record was set in May when 234 climbers summitted on a single day.

While Everest 's danger once lay in the mountain being one of the most remote and inhospitable places on Earth, its threat today is of the opposite sort To be clear, not all of the deaths on Everest this year have been due to overcrowding; summiting Everest is still an incredible challenge even for

May 27-29: One more weather window, but climbers emptied out

One last gush of a weather window breezed through this week, after most climbers had already come and gone.

(MORE: Colorado lawyer Chris Kulish is 11th person to die on Mount Everest this year)

It was in this last push that the latest -- and possibly last of the season -- death occurred. American Chris Kulish died during his descent on May 27.

2019 vs. 2018

How one of the deadliest seasons on Mount Everest unfolded, leading to 11 deaths© Doma Sherpa/AFP/Getty Images, FILE Discarded climbing equipment and rubbish scattered around Camp 4 of Mount Everest, May 21, 2018.

The 2019 season stands in sharp contrast to 2018, and there's a clear correlation between the number and types of deaths compared to the weather windows.

As 2018 saw an 11-day weather window, climbers spread out their attempts. There were five deaths on the mountain in 2018 -- and none occurred in the way 2019's deaths did during descents shortly after reaching the peak.

One sherpa, Lam Babu Sherpa, went missing during a descent in bad weather, according to Outside magazine, and was presumed dead on May 14.

Another sherpa, Pasang Norbu Sherpa, died May 18 during an ascent to the summit from a stroke, per The Himalayan Times.

Macedonian climber Gjeorgi Petkov died May 20 of a presumed stroke, according to the Associated Press.

Finally, in two separate incidents on May 21, Damai Sarki Sherpa of Nepal and Nobukazu Kuriki of Japan died after falls.

"You spend a lot of money, energy and ambition to attempt Everest, and everybody wants to attempt it once they're there at the base camp," Poudel said. "The weather window pushed everybody to do it in a very short time."

Read More

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