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WorldFive things to know about Iran's breaches of the nuclear deal

01:30  07 july  2019
01:30  07 july  2019 Source:   thehill.com

Iran breaches nuclear fuel stockpile allowed under accord: report

Iran breaches nuclear fuel stockpile allowed under accord: report Iran exceeded a key limitation on how much nuclear fuel it can possess under the terms of the 2015 international nuclear accord, its state media said.

Blaise Misztal unpacks the top five things to know about President Trump withdrawing the U. S . from the Iran Nuclear Deal .

Iran ' s nuclear deal with world powers is facing its biggest diplomatic challenge yet as President Donald Trump appears poised to withdraw the US from the accord. The text of the deal also: - Requires Iran to provisionally apply the IAEA Additional Protocol which grants the agency wide-ranging inspection

Five things to know about Iran's breaches of the nuclear deal© The Hill Five things to know about Iran's breaches of the nuclear deal

Iran is set to breach the 2015 nuclear deal for a second time in as many weeks as it ramps up its demands for sanctions relief.

The country broke a key limit set by the nuclear deal for the first time days ago, stockpiling more low-enriched uranium than it is allowed to. Now, Tehran is vowing to follow through Sunday on its threat to increase the level of enrichment of its uranium - a more serious breach that some experts say will bring Iran closer to obtaining a nuclear weapon.

Tehran's moves are adding volatility to an already precarious situation in the Middle East, where U.S.-Iran tensions remain at a fever pitch.

Iran warns Europe it 'will take next step' to enrich uranium to weapons-grade level if new deal isn't reached

Iran warns Europe it 'will take next step' to enrich uranium to weapons-grade level if new deal isn't reached Iran’s president Hassan Rouhani warned Europeans nations Wednesday that Tehran will "take the next step" in increasing its uranium enrichment closer to weapons-grade levels this coming Sunday if they do not offer a new deal by then. This week, Iran reportedly breached that low-enriched uranium stockpile limitation. Under terms of the multinational 2015 nuke deal, Iran can keep a stockpile of no more than 660 pounds of low-enriched uranium.

“The Iran nuclear deal is not based on trust about Iran ’ s intentions, rather it is based on tough verification,” he said. The presentation may not have been designed to change thinking in Europe but instead bolster Trump’s resolve to stick to his campaign pledge and quit the deal , which is known as

The Iran nuclear deal framework was a preliminary framework agreement reached in 2015 between the Islamic Republic of Iran and a group of world powers: the P 5 +1

Here are five things to know about Iran's breaches of the nuclear deal.

What Iran already did

On Monday, Iranian state media announced the country had exceeded the limit on low-enriched uranium it is allowed to stockpile.

Under the 2015 nuclear accord, sometimes referred to by the acronym of its official name, JCPOA, Iran was allowed to keep no more than 300 kilograms of low-enriched uranium. The deal was negotiated by the Obama administration and co-signed by England, Germany, France, China and Russia. President Trump withdrew the United States from the deal in 2018.

The international organization that monitors Iran's compliance with the deal, the International Atomic Energy Agency, confirmed later Monday that Iran had broken the stockpile limit.

Trump warns Iran about 'threats' after its uranium enrichment announcement

Trump warns Iran about 'threats' after its uranium enrichment announcement President Donald Trump warned Iran on Wednesday to "be careful with threats" after Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said the country would boost its uranium enrichment beyond the cap set in a 2015 nuclear deal. "Iran has just issued a New Warning. Rouhani says that they will Enrich Uranium to 'any amount we want' if there is no new Nuclear Deal," Trump said on Twitter. "Be careful with the threats, Iran. They can come back to bite you like nobody has been bitten before!" he said.

Iran ’ s breach of its stockpile limit currently does not mean a great deal in terms of any potential nuclear weapons development. While Iran has always insisted its nuclear program is peaceful, the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) froze the so-called “breakout time” Tehran needs

Iran , the United States and five other world powers have reached a landmark agreement about the future of Iran ' s nuclear programs. Another big part of the deal is that Iran has agreed to reduce its stockpile of uranium by 98 percent. As one U.S. administration official, who was briefing reporters on

The news was not unexpected. Iran announced in May it was quadrupling its uranium production capacity, and in mid-June announced it would exceed the stockpile limit by the end of the month.

Arms control advocates have also said that while any breach of the deal is concerning, exceeding the limit on the amount of low-enriched uranium does not pose an immediate proliferation threat with Iran still estimated to be a year away from being able to have a nuclear weapon.

Still, it was the first time Iran had broken a key limit of the nuclear deal, marking an escalation in a risky gambit for sanctions relief.

What Iran plans to do next

When Iran first announced it would exceed the limits of the nuclear deal, it gave the remaining signatories a July 7 deadline before it would take the more significant step of increasing uranium enrichment levels.

That deadline is Sunday, and as of Wednesday, Iran is vowing to follow through.

IAEA to hold special meeting on Iran on 10 July

IAEA to hold special meeting on Iran on 10 July The UN's nuclear watchdog said Friday it will hold a special meeting on Iran's nuclear programme next week, days after Tehran breached one of the limits set in a 2015 deal with world powers. 

Iran and world powers concluded the nuclear agreement, also known as JCPOA, last year. It imposed curbs on Iran ’ s nuclear program in return for easing “The current U.S. government has breached the nuclear deal in many occasions,” Khamenei said, addressing a gathering of members of the

The Iranian nuclear deal stresses that Iran would “ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran ’ s It also revealed that Iran had maintained all its nuclear know -how by storing it in vaults in an The five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council—the United States, Russia, China, the “Tonight, I’m here to tell you one thing : Iran lied,” said Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu while

"On July 7, the level of enrichment in Iran will not be 3.67 percent anymore, as we will abandon such commitment and increase it to any amount that we require and need," Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said at a Cabinet meeting, according to Iran's semi-official Tasnim news agency.

The nuclear deal bars Iran from enriching uranium above 3.67 percent, which is enough for a power plant but far from what's needed for a weapon.

Iran has previously said it needs 5 percent enrichment for its nuclear power plant in Bushehr and 20 percent enrichment for a Tehran research reactor.

Twenty percent is still under weapons-grade. But once it reaches that level, it takes much less time to enrich to 90 percent, which is considered weapons-grade.

The means the so-called breakout time for Iran to obtain a nuclear weapon would get shorter than the current estimate of a year. As such, arms control experts have said Iran following through on this threat is far more provocative and poses a greater proliferation risk than the first breach.

Europe is the main audience

Iran reduces commitment to 2015 nuclear deal

Iran reduces commitment to 2015 nuclear deal Iran said on Sunday it would further scale back its commitment to the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, raising its uranium enrichment level to what officials said earlier was 5% to produce fuel for power plants. In a news conference, senior Iranian officials also said Tehran would keep reducing its commitments every 60 days unless signatories of the pact moved to protect it from U.S. sanctions, but they left the door open to diplomacy.

Iran denies it seeks nuclear weapons, but the nuclear deal sought to prevent that as a possibility by limiting Bushehr, Iran ’ s only nuclear power plant, is now running on imported fuel from Russia that’s closely monitored by the UN EU powers resist calls for Iran sanctions after breach of nuclear deal .

Speaking about Iran ’ s negotiating partners, the group known as P 5 +1 – the UN security council’s five permanent Hardliners in Iran have been criticising Rouhani about the deal . They say people in Iran have not The Iranian president said the removal of nuclear -related sanctions had already borne fruit.

Despite skyrocketing tensions between the U.S. and Iran under Trump, the main audience for Tehran's nuclear moves right now is Europe.

Because the United States withdrew from the deal and reimposed strict sanctions -- prompting a slew of businesses to back out of Iran -- Tehran says it is not getting the benefits from the deal it was promised and is demanding Europe make up the difference.

The European Union has been trying to set up a mechanism to allow its businesses to continue trading with Iran without facing U.S. sanctions. Following last-minute talks with Iran last week, the EU announced that the mechanism, known as INSTEX, was operational.

But Iran says that is insufficient because it doesn't meet its main demand -- that it be allowed to sell oil at the level it was before Trump withdrew from the deal.

Following Iran's announcement on its uranium stockpile, Europe said it is "urgently" weighing its options.

"We have been consistent and clear that our commitment to the nuclear deal depends on full compliance by Iran," French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt and EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said in a joint statement Tuesday.

"We urge Iran to reverse this step and to refrain from further measures that undermine the nuclear deal," they added. "We are urgently considering next steps under the terms of the JCPOA in close coordination with other JCPOA participants."

Iran says it has passed enrichment cap set in 2015 nuclear deal

Iran says it has passed enrichment cap set in 2015 nuclear deal Iran has passed the 3.67% uranium enrichment cap set by its landmark 2015 nuclear deal and may enrich at even higher levels, the spokesman for Iran's Atomic Energy Organisation, Behrouz Kamalvandi, said on Monday according to the IRIB news agency. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); Iran said on Sunday it would shortly boost uranium enrichment above the cap, prompting a warning from U.S. President Donald Trump, who wants the pact renegotiated, that Tehran "better be careful.

The nuclear deal is also important to Iranians but only as long as they feel like it is necessary for the betterment of their lives. However, whether the economic benefits of sanctions relief - the lynchpin of the deal for Iran - have filtered down yet to ordinary people' s lives is debatable. It is a debate that Mr

Speaking before a joint Congress, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu directly addressed criticism that his visit, weeks before elections in his own country, was political. VPC.

Iran says it's not violating the deal

Despite going over one limit and threatening to go over another, Iran maintains that it is not in violation of the nuclear deal.

Tehran's argument hinges on section 36 of the deal. That section lays out a process by which one side can lodge official complaints that the other side is not living up to its end of the deal.

If, after going through the process, the issue is still not resolved, the complainant "could treat the unresolved issue as grounds to cease performing its commitments under this JCPOA in whole or in part," according to the text of the deal.

In a tweet Monday, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif argued his country took action after only after going through that process.

"As soon as E3 abide by their obligations, we'll reverse," he tweeted, referring to England, Germany and France.

"Iran is committed to the full implementation of the #JCPOA: as long as E3/EU implement THEIR economic commitments," he added in another tweet Tuesday. "So moving forward, Iran will comply with its commitments under the JCPOA in exactly the same manner as the EU/E3 have-and will-comply with theirs. Fair enough?"

Trump team is standing firm

The Trump administration is pointing to Iran's breach of the nuclear deal's limits to bolster its argument that the agreement was flawed from the start.

Iran, administration officials and other allies argue, never should have been allowed to enrich any uranium to any level and is now using its nuclear program to "blackmail" the international community.

US 'will not back down' in Iran nuclear dispute, Pence says

US 'will not back down' in Iran nuclear dispute, Pence says Vice President Mike Pence says the U.S. is open to talks with Iran but "will not back down" amid heightened tensions with the Islamic Republic. Pence is speaking to a pro-Israel Christian organization in Washington on Monday, as Iran says it has begun enriching uranium beyond limits set by a 2015 agreement. The vice president says in prepared remarks that the U.S. does not seek war with Iran but will continue to oppose what he called the Islamic Republic's "malign influence" in the world. He says the U.S. would "never allow Iran to obtain a nuclear weapon.

Please read the rules before joining the discussion. Iran nuclear deal : 5 things to know . 1. Uranium enrichment: Iran agrees to stop producing medium enriched uranium, which represents 90% of the effort to produce weapons grade material, and stop developing new fuel production machines, called

Here are 12 things you need to know : 1- The “ deal ” is known as Comprehensive Joint Plan of Action (CJPOA) and represents a wish-list in which Iran and the Five Permanent members of the United Nations’ Security Council plus Germany hope action will be taken with regards to the illicit aspect of

"The Trump administration calls on the international community to restore the longstanding nonproliferation standard of no enrichment for Iran's nuclear program," Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement Monday.

White House press secretary Stephanie Grisham confusingly argued that "there is little doubt that even before the deal's existence, Iran was violating its terms."

Supporters of the deal insist a total prohibition on Iran enriching uranium is an unrealistic demand Iran will never agree to.

With Iran escalating its breaches step-by-step, the face-off with the United States that brought Trump to the brink of a military strike against Iran shows no signs of abating.

Grishman and Pompeo's statements both pledged the administration's maximum pressure campaign would continue until Iran changes course.

Trump himself reacted to the news of Iran going over its stockpile limit by saying that Iran was "playing with fire."

Trump is also hearing from Iran hawks in Congress to further ramp up pressure.

In a letter released Wednesday, Republican Sens. Marco Rubio (Fla.), Ted Cruz (Texas) and Tom Cotton (Ark.) urged Trump to rescind waivers allowing civil-nuclear cooperation and to invoke snapback sanctions at the United Nations.

"Regime officials have signaled they intend to creep towards a nuclear weapon, while demanding concessions and promising to 'reverse' their violations if their demands are met," the trio wrote. "We urge you to reject their nuclear blackmail."

On Wednesday, Trump warned Iran that its uranium enrichment threat could "come back to bite you."

"Iran has just issued a New Warning," Trump tweeted. "Rouhani says that they will Enrich Uranium to 'any amount we want' if there is no new Nuclear Deal. Be careful with the threats, Iran. They can come back to bite you like nobody has been bitten before!"

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Khamenei says Iran to continue to cut nuclear deal commitments.
Khamenei says Iran to continue to cut nuclear deal commitments

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