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WorldIndia’s Going to the Moon, and the Country Is Pumped

15:55  14 july  2019
15:55  14 july  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

29 killed in bus crash on Indian expressway

29 killed in bus crash on Indian expressway A bus careered off one of India's busiest roads early Monday killing at least 29 people, police said. The driver of the bus was suspected to have fallen asleep before the double-decker bus hit a divider and fell into a gap between two flyovers on the Yamuna expressway from Delhi to Agra, according to police. The bus was taking about 50 people from New Delhi to Lucknow, in Uttar Pradesh state, when the accident happened at about 4.15am. 

But countries like China and India are racing there, too. Add to list. If successful, it would make Israel the fourth country , after the United States, Russia and China, to land a spacecraft on the lunar surface. “This time, when we go to the moon , we’re actually going to stay,” Bridenstine said.

That ’ s the history that we continue to celebrate today, nearly 50 years on from the first landing. In this blog, we dig into some of the common questions around the Moon landings, and address the more curious lunar phenomena with the latest data and scientific understanding.

India’s Going to the Moon, and the Country Is Pumped
India’s Going to the Moon, and the Country Is Pumped
India’s Going to the Moon, and the Country Is Pumped
India’s Going to the Moon, and the Country Is Pumped
India’s Going to the Moon, and the Country Is Pumped

NEW DELHI — It’s 10 a.m. on a muggy Delhi day, and it’s time for space class.

Rocket to be projected onto Washington Monument for 50th anniversary of moon landing

Rocket to be projected onto Washington Monument for 50th anniversary of moon landing A full-size rocket ship will be projected onto the Washington Monument to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first moon landing.The Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum will project the image of a full-scale, 63-foot Saturn V rocket directly onto the monument next weekend, the museum announced. The projection will cover all 363 feet of the monument. "The Washington Monument is a symbol of our collective national achievements and what we can and will achieve in the future. It took 400,000 people from across the 50 states to make Apollo a reality.

Why are we going to the Moon ? The Moon is the closest cosmic body at which space discovery can be attempted and documented. It is also a promising India will be the fourth nation apart from US, USSR and China to reach the moon . But, we will be the first country to explore the Lunar South Pole.

Countries like India , China and Brazil were too poor to invest heavily in expensive missions. They still got plenty of achievements though. Again, US had the incentive to push to the moon . They were fighting a cold war with USSR and they had to show they were the superior. If the Russians had not

Like so many other middle schoolers, Veronica Sodhi, a 12-year-old with big dreams, says space class is her favorite subject, but on Friday there was something even more special.

India is all set to send a robotic rover to rumble around the south pole of the moon, a huge leap forward for its space program. The rocket launches at 2:51 a.m. Monday and the anticipation is stoking national pride.

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Indian children are sending good luck YouTube messages to the national space agency; V.I.P.’s are converging on the launch site in a remote coastal area near Chennai; the little six-wheeled rover is crawling across the front pages of all the newspapers; and telecasters are tapping the patriotism with special broadcasts on “India’s Greatest Space Adventure.”

India suspends moon mission launch shortly before takeoff

India suspends moon mission launch shortly before takeoff A "technical snag" led mission control to abort the launch at the southern spaceport of Sriharikota. India wants to become the fourth country to successfully complete a controlled landing on the moon. India's nationalist Prime Minister Narendra Modi has pushed the country to show off its technology. He has demanded the ISRO send an astronaut to the moon by 2022. amp/se (Reuters, dpa, AP) DW sends out a selection of the day's news and features. Sign up here.

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) scientists and engineers cheer in Bangalore after India ' s Mars orbiter successfully entered the Martian The US is still the only country that has put people on the moon . The last "man on the moon ," NASA astronaut Gene Cernan, touched down there in 1972.

No country other than USA has put a step on the moon . Total twelve people have walked on the Moon . After that she went to the USA for further study, and at some point became a naturalized citizen. Chawla then was able to apply to become an astronaut, as you must be a US citizen to join

At the K.R. Mangalam World School near New Delhi, a place for the children of the upper middle class — there’s a roller rink on the ground floor — Veronica and her classmates were pumped.

“Children,” asked Harjeet Kaur, the space class teacher, “why did we name this mission ‘Chandrayaan’?”

Veronica shot up from her desk so fast she nearly knocked over the chair behind her.

“Because-it-means-moon-and-vehicle,” she said in one breath.

“Everybody clap for her,” the teacher said. “Is there another country that has sent a mission to the moon’s south pole?”

”No!” the students shouted back.

“We are all proud Indians, right, students?”

“Yes, ma’am.”

“Really? I can’t hear you.”

“YES, MA’AM!”

“It would be really cool to walk on the moon,” Veronica whispered a little while later. “I mean, kind of like hiking but really cool.”

A moon mission is a bold move for any country, but especially for one that has hundreds of millions of people still stuck in poverty.

ISRO calls off moon mission Chandrayaan-2 due to technical snag

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China, Japan and India have all sent orbiters to the Moon and China also recently landed a rover on the far side: the first time this has been done. A privately funded Israeli mission reached the Moon very recently but a failure in the last few seconds of the descent caused it to crash.

For example, India ’ s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft carried instruments from Sweden, Germany, UK, Bulgaria, and the US to the Moon . Economic and geopolitical competition occurs because the Moon is seen as unclaimed territory. No country is allowed to own the Moon , at least according to a 1967

But this is the puzzle of India. It is also a hotbed of modernity, a fount of scientific and engineering prowess. Its software developers are known as some of the world’s greatest, and each year its universities pump out thousands of highly talented scientists and engineers, experts in the most cutting-edge technologies.

Space suits it.

A big reason Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who won a thumping re-election in May, is so popular is that he has been pushing a brawnier, more assertive India, hungry to claim its place as a superpower.

Just weeks before the election began— and commentators found the timing a little suspicious — Mr. Modi announced that India had just shot down a satellite whizzing 17,000 miles per hour 150 miles above Earth. Few countries can do that.

This isn’t even India’s first moon mission. In 2008, the lunar probe Chandrayaan I didn’t land, but discovered water molecules on the moon.

The moon is definitely enjoying a bit of a renaissance on Earth. China is working on its own mission to the moon’s south pole. Scientists believe there might be a lot of water ice down there as well as Helium-3, a future energy source thought to be abundant on our little neighbor.

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BEIJING — China reached a milestone in space exploration on Thursday, landing a vehicle on the far side of the moon for the first time in history, the country ’ s space agency announced. The landing of the probe, called Chang’e-4 after the moon goddess in Chinese mythology

"We choose to go to the Moon " is the famous tagline of a speech about the effort to reach the Moon delivered by United States President John F. Kennedy to a large crowd gathered at Rice Stadium in

Many Indians feel this mission, which will unfold more than 200,000 miles away, is a turning point in their country’s history. They use almost the exact same words to describe Chandrayaan’s importance: “We will now be the fourth space power!” They follow after the United States, Russia and China.

“India would like their little space in space,” said Sunita Nagpal, the principal of the K.R. Mangalam school.

To help raise the next generation of astronauts, and go beyond the standard government science curriculum (which one private school principal snobbily dismissed as written for a rickshaw puller’s son), many private schools have looked for new ways to teach space.

Enter Space India. Formed in 2001, it is a for-profit education company that runs workshops, field trips and regular classes on astronomy, rocketry and space exploration, in both public schools and fancy private ones.

Many schools do not have their own space teachers and hire instructors from Space India, which even runs overnight space camp at several locations far from any cities.

This week, its lessons revolved around the moon and the Chandrayaan II mission.

The entire mission costs less than $150 million. The orbiter will conserve fuel by making ever-widening orbits around the Earth before being captured by the moon’s gravity and pulled into lunar orbit.

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Many people may not be aware of why the moon is important to us here on Earth. The evidence from the fossil record clearly shows that all life began in the oceans. It is this gravitational pull that causes the oceans to rise and fall in what we call tides. The effect of tidal flow is most noticeable on coastlines.

The Moon and Sixpence is a novel by W. Somerset Maugham first published in April 15th, 1919. It is told in episodic form by a first-person narrator, in a series of glimpses into the mind and soul of the central character Charles Strickland, a middle-aged English stockbroker

This takes much longer than the straight shot made by the Apollo missions, which cost billions (the fact that humans were along for the ride wasn’t cheap either). Chandrayaan’s rover won’t be rumbling across the moon’s surface until September.

It’s hard to overlook the synergy with the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission this month.

“But this is just a coincidence,” said Vivek Singh, a spokesman for the Indian Space Research Organization, India’s version of NASA. “We were late.”

The Indians wanted to launch two or three years ago, with a Russian rover, but when the Russians backed out they decided to build their own, which took some time.

The hardest part, everyone agrees, will be the soft landing. The plan is for a landing craft to lower itself from the orbiter and gently plop itself down on the powdery moon surface. Then the little six-wheel rover (which weighs about 60 pounds) will pop out.

When the Israelis tried to pull off a similar moon mission in April, it didn’t go so well. Communications sizzled out, leaving people gathered outside the control room with tears in their eyes. The lander had crashed.

To appreciate these difficulties, the students in space class at K.R. Mangalam school were asked to make lunar landers out of Styrofoam bowls, with folded paper taped to the side to act as a shock absorber. The trick was to drop the bowls from their desks and have them land without the astronaut — a pen cap — falling out.

At space class at another Delhi-area school, students built rockets out of plastic soda bottles. The style of teaching was the same, a very cheerful Socratic method, with another Space India instructor, Heena Bhatia, standing in front of the class shouting out questions and waiting for a rapid delivery of facts.

“You know the basic parts of the rocket? Who will tell me?”

One boy stood up and blurted out the answers like verbal bullets.

“Nose cone. Body. Fins.”

“Everyone clap for Akshay,’’ the teacher beamed. “Now do you want to make your own rockets?”

“Yes!” the class screamed.

“Sir will be giving you materials to make your own rocket,” the teacher said, gesturing to a man with tattooed forearms deep in concentration in taping together little fins — he was a Space India assistant.

All children dream of the stars. But in New Delhi, it’s often hard to see any.

That’s because the air pollution is so bad and the city lights are so bright. The result is a smudgy, opaque night sky.

“But up on the moon, it will be so beautiful,” Veronica said, her eyes glowing with that special 12-year-old light. “It will be so dark and quiet. There will be so many stars.”

“I don’t know why I’ve always had this interest in the moon,” she said. “But I do. I want to be close to it, not on YouTube, not on the internet. I’ve always dreamed of being an astronaut. I want to make my India proud of me.”

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