World: Russia's submarines are getting harder to find, and the Navy is sending more people to keep an eye on them - - PressFrom - US
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World Russia's submarines are getting harder to find, and the Navy is sending more people to keep an eye on them

09:45  15 october  2019
09:45  15 october  2019 Source:   businessinsider.com

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Russia ' s submarines are getting harder to find , and the Navy is sending more people to keep an eye on them . The reestablishment of Submarine Group 2 is likewise "aimed at enhancing the Navy 's capacity to command and control its undersea warfare forces seamlessly across the entire

Moreover, submarines are spreading. Since the cold war ended, the number of countries deploying them has risen from a dozen or so to about 40. Potential adversaries operate or have ordered more submarines than Western powers could feasibly At the moment they are sending test messages

  • The Russian navy, its submarine force in particular, is getting more sophisticated and becoming more active around Europe.
  • The US and NATO are aware of this, and the US Navy is responding to a more complex environment with more robust command and control.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

The Russian sub fleet is growing and growing more active, and the US and its NATO partners are more concerned about what those boats and rest of the Russian navy are up to around Europe.

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For the US Navy, that means more focus on the Atlantic, especially the North Atlantic, closer to the home base of Russia's Northern Fleet on the Barents Sea.

At the end of September, the Navy reestablished Submarine Group 2 in Norfolk, Virginia, five years after the unit was deactivated. The reactivation comes just over a year after the Navy reestablished its Second Fleet, which oversees the western half of the Atlantic up into the high north.

The reestablishment of Submarine Group 2 is likewise "aimed at enhancing the Navy's capacity to command and control its undersea warfare forces seamlessly across the entire Atlantic area, from the eastern seaboard of the United States to the Barents Sea, and even into the Southern Atlantic, if the need arises," the Navy said in a release.

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Rounding out Russia ’ s ballistic missile submarine force are seven Delta III/IV submarines carrying Sineva missiles and the last gigantic Typhoon-class The Russian Navy , at least on paper, has one more submarine than the U.S. Navy , although the U. S . submarine force is composed entirely of

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Echoing the comments of the Navy's top officer upon the reestablishment of Second Fleet, Vice Adm. Charles Richard, commander of US submarine forces in the Atlantic, cited the "more challenging and complex" security situation as the reason for the return of Group 2.

"To maintain America's undersea superiority, we must increase naval power and our readiness for high-end blue water warfare. How we're organized to command that employment will be a driving factor in our success - that's why we're re-establishing Sub Group 2 today," Richard said in the release.

A submarine group, composed of squadrons, handles the organization, training, and equipping of those boats while they're state-side. Individual subs are attached to that squadron and group until they're assigned to a combatant command, six of which are responsible for operations in specific areas of the globe.

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Russian submarine activity, combined with plans to revamp an expand Russia ' s submarine fleet, is causing NATO and the US Navy to come back to The Pentagon is preparing to spend millions of dollars to fix up a Cold War-era air base in Iceland. Washington is rushing to keep an eye on a new

He told me that that the submarine force did the most exciting missions. Within that schedule you get pretty close to the people on your same schedule. You get to know them deep, you talk about stupid shit, bitch about the life It was designed during the Cold War to find and kill Russian subs.

"Until [a submarine] makes that transition, it's part of Group 2," which owns it and operates it and tells it what to do, said Bryan Clark, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.

Reestablishing Submarine Group 2 doesn't necessarily mean there will be more subs prowling the Atlantic, but its return is important because the "group is in charge of the movement and the command and control of the ship" before it transitions over to combatant command, Clark said.

Without Group 2, the attention of command elements in the Atlantic was spread thin over a larger number of subs. Bringing back Group 2, Clark said, "allows you to put more attention on the North Atlantic submarines."

"Along with the second fleet ... it's a way of putting more command and control and leadership attention on that part of the ocean," Clark added.

Better coordination, better command and control


Reestablishing Second Fleet and Submarine Group 2 are "visible representations of the US commitment to the security in the Atlantic in an era of great power competition," Lt. Marycate Walsh, a spokesperson for Second Fleet, said in an email.

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Russian submarines are operating in the Pacific at levels not seen in decades. For the first time since the Cold War, the Russian Pacific Fleet During the Cold War, the bulk of Russia ’ s submarine force in the Pacific comprised attack submarines . Designed to find and kill enemy subs, their primary task

"Increased challenges and threats required a commensurate increase in capacity to address possible contingencies," Walsh said, adding that Group 2's operations in the region will add to and integrate with those of Second Fleet.

Submarine Group 2 also oversees anti-submarine warfare for US Fleet Forces Command and, when assigned, for Fourth Fleet. Fleet Forces Command organizes, trains, and equips naval forces for assignment to combatant commands, and Fourth Fleet is responsible for ships, subs, and aircraft operating around Central and South America.

In that role, Submarine Group 2 will "employ combat-ready forces in [anti-submarine warfare] and undersea warfare operations across mission-essential sea-service functions," Cmdr. Jodie Cornell, a spokesperson for Submarine Forces Atlantic, said in an email.

Group 2 will also "ensure assigned staffs and submarines achieve and maintain a level of training, personnel and material readiness necessary to carry out their assigned missions" and "advocate for resources and requirements that enable advancements in [anti-submarine warfare] and undersea warfare operations," Cornell said.

The Navy generally does not comment on operations, and neither Cornell or Walsh would comment on potential future operations for subs assigned to Submarine Group 2.

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What Russia and China are doing in and below the Atlantic Ocean might be more concerning than how many ships they have there in total. The U. S . Navy ’ s top officer has warned that Russian submarines are prowling the Atlantic Ocean at rates not seen since the end of the Cold War and that

“Currently Russia has some very capable submarines but they are mostly one generation older “The Severodvinsk is in many ways Russia ’ s equivalent to the US Navy ’s Seawolf class,” Sutton New P-8 Poseidon submarine hunting jets and the Navy ’s next generation frigate will lend heft to the

But Richard's mention of the Barents Sea, adjacent to the home of Russia's Northern Fleet and its strategic nuclear forces on the Kola Peninsula, hints an increasing concern among US and NATO forces about Russian subs being able to reach into Europe with their relatively new sub-launched missile capability.

"The Kalibr-class cruise missile, for example, has been launched from coastal-defense systems, long-range aircraft, and submarines off the coast of Syria," Adm. James Foggo, head of US Naval Forces in Europe and Africa, said in late 2018. "They've shown the capability to be able to reach pretty much all the capitals in Europe from any of the bodies of water that surround Europe."

The threat of sub-launched cruise missiles is "certainly ... part of what this is intended to address," Clark said of Submarine Group 2. "This gives better coordination and better command and control of those submarines."

More frequent deployments of more sophisticated Russian subs are driving more US naval activity in the Atlantic, which includes more deployments US Navy P-8 maritime patrol aircraft to Iceland, where they have a higher operational tempo.

Those aircraft are in part managed by Group 2, Clark said. It helps "having people at Group 2 being able to focus on that problem."

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