World: Despite Vow to End ‘Endless Wars,’ Here’s Where About 200,000 Troops Remain - - PressFrom - US
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World Despite Vow to End ‘Endless Wars,’ Here’s Where About 200,000 Troops Remain

05:35  22 october  2019
05:35  22 october  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

Trump says he's an 'island of one' on Syria

  Trump says he's an 'island of one' on Syria WASHINGTON (AP) — President Donald Trump says he's an "island of one" for removing U.S. forces from northeastern Syria. Trump's decision drew swift bipartisan criticism in the U.S. and abroad that he was endangering regional stability and risking the lives of Syrian Kurdish allies who helped the U.S. bring down the Islamic State group in Syria. But Turkey views those Kurdish fighters as terrorists and a threat to its security and has launched a military operation against them.Trump defended his actions during a speech Saturday to social conservative activists, saying "it's time" to bring U.S. troops home from fighting "endless wars.

President Trump has repeatedly promised to end what he calls America’ s “ endless wars ,” fulfilling a promise he made during the campaign. No wars have ended , though, and more troops have deployed to the Middle East in recent months than have come home.

AMERICAN troops which are withdrawing from Syria will not be going home as promised by Donald About 1, 000 troops had been deployed alongside Kurdish forces in the battle against the death cult, but were suddenly withdrawn earlier this month because the US President was “ ending endless wars ”.

President Trump has repeatedly promised to end what he calls America’s “endless wars,” fulfilling a promise he made during the campaign.

a couple of people that are standing in the snow: American military personnel in Logar Province, Afghanistan, in 2018.© Omar Sobhani/Reuters American military personnel in Logar Province, Afghanistan, in 2018.

No wars have ended, though, and more troops have deployed to the Middle East in recent months than have come home. Mr. Trump is not so much ending wars, as he is moving troops from one conflict to another.

Tens of thousands of American troops remain deployed all over the world, some in war zones such as Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq and — even still — Syria. And the United States maintains even more troops overseas in large legacy missions far from the wars following the Sept. 11 attacks, in such allied lands as Germany, South Korea and Japan.

Trump sends $50 million in emergency funds to Syria

  Trump sends $50 million in emergency funds to Syria The funds are meant to "protect persecuted ethnic and religious minorities and advance human rights""This funding will provide emergency financial assistance to Syrian human rights defenders, civil society organizations and reconciliation efforts directly supporting ethnic and religious minority victims of the conflict," the statement reads.

The United States has about 200 , 000 troops stationed around the world, roughly half of them in relatively less dangerous posts in Europe or Asia where American forces have For Mr. Trump, though, the desire to “ end the endless wars ,” as he puts it, may override his instinct for deal-making.

Donald Trump loves to talk about ending the endless U. S . wars that he inherited as president. Just this month, he went against the advice of pretty much everyone to pull 1, 000 U. S . troops out of northern Syria where they were protecting a largely autonomous Kurdish region.

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Although deployment numbers fluctuate daily, based on the needs of commanders, shifting missions and the military’s ability to shift large numbers of personnel by transport planes and warships, a rough estimate is that 200,000 troops are deployed overseas today.

Afghanistan: 12,000 to 13,000 troops

At the height of the war, in 2010 and 2011, there were more than 100,000 troops in Afghanistan. When Mr. Trump took office, that number was hovering around 10,000. A new strategy, announced in August 2017, added thousands more.

Mr. Trump has long bemoaned the length of the 18-year conflict, with Pentagon officials worried that, at a moment’s notice, one tweet could end the mission.

The current commander, Gen. Austin S. Miller, has slowly dropped troop numbers to between 12,000 and 13,000 over the past year.

Bernie Sanders: ‘The difference between Trump and me is he lies’

  Bernie Sanders: ‘The difference between Trump and me is he lies’ The senator put distance between his vision for American foreign policy and President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw U.S. troops from Syria. © Scott Eisen/Getty Images Sen. Bernie Sanders put distance between his vision for American foreign policy and President Donald Trump’s decision to wi “The difference between Trump and me is he lies. I don’t,” the 2020 presidential candidate from Vermont said on ABC.

The remaining personnel in the region are in small deployments in countries including Egypt and the In Syria, the president abruptly announced that the 3, 000 troops assisting the fight against ISIS One of President Donald Trump’ s most evocative campaign promises was to end the country’ s “ endless

Despite Trump' s declarations that he is removing troops from the " endless war " in the Middle East, Mark Esper, the US Defense Secretary, said that the soldiers who were being removed from the Sarrin military base in northern Syria – the US' s largest in the region

American and Afghan officials, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss details of the plan, said the eventual American force size could drop to 8,600 — roughly the initial reduction envisioned in a draft agreement with the Taliban before Mr. Trump halted peace talks last month. Rather than a formal withdrawal order, they are reducing the force through a gradual process of not replacing troops as they cycle out.

Syria: About 200

What started as 50 Special Operations soldiers in late 2015 ballooned to more than 2,000 in 2017 when American troops and Kurdish and Arabic local fighters, known as the Syrian Democratic Forces, were battling the Islamic State in Raqqa, its de facto capital.

In December 2018, before the Islamic State’s self-proclaimed caliphate collapsed, Mr. Trump issued his first of several orders to pull all American troops from the country. In turn, the Pentagon tried to shore up a plan to withdraw roughly 1,000 troops while keeping the rest spread out across the country’s northeastern corner.

Trump defends Syria withdrawal amid reports of atrocities and ISIS supporters escaping

  Trump defends Syria withdrawal amid reports of atrocities and ISIS supporters escaping Turkey's invasion of northeastern Syria began Wednesday after Trump ordered U.S. troops to pull back from the area.The U.S. is evacuating 1,000 U.S. troops from the region "as safely and quickly as possible" in the face of Turkey's rapid military advance against the Kurds, Defense Secretary Mark Esper told CBS' "Face the Nation" Sunday. Esper said the troops would not leave Syria completely.

Trump vowed that US troops would leave Syria in order to end America’ s involvement in another endless Per the plan, about 200 service members would stay in the area with the main mission to fend off It’ s therefore possible that despite all his promises to end endless wars , Trump may soon

Between 200 and 300 U. S . troops will remain at the southern Syrian outpost of Al-Tanf. Esper said the troops going into Iraq will have two missions. While he acknowledged reports of intermittent fighting despite the cease-fire agreement, he said that overall it "generally seems to be holding.

a man in a military uniform: United States forces training Nigerien troops in Agadez, Niger.© Tara Todras-Whitehill for The New York Times United States forces training Nigerien troops in Agadez, Niger.

In recent weeks, Mr. Trump ordered those remaining troops out, leaving a small detachment of around 200 in southern Syria — at a small outpost on the Jordanian border. Mr. Trump is also said to be in favor of leaving about 200 Special Operation forces in eastern Syria to help combat Islamic State guerrilla fighters and to block Syrian government forces and their Russian advisers from seizing several coveted oil fields in the east.

The other troops who left northern Syria in the past several days did not return to the United States, as Mr. Trump said they would. They are now based in western Iraq.

Iraq: About 6,000

The war that began as Operation Iraqi Freedom and lasted from 2003 to 2011 peaked at about 150,000 troops. Only a small detachment remained when American troops left altogether in 2011. In 2014, the Islamic State poured over the Syria-Iraq border and routed the Iraqi Army from Mosul, once the country’s second-largest city, and pressed south to the outskirts of Baghdad, the capital, before being repelled.

McConnell: Trump's troop pull back in Syria a 'grave strategic mistake'

  McConnell: Trump's troop pull back in Syria a 'grave strategic mistake' Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) ripped President Trump's decision to pull back troops from northern Syria on Friday and urged the administration to reverse course. "Withdrawing U.S. forces from Syria is a grave strategic mistake. It will leave the American people and homeland less safe, embolden our enemies, and weaken important alliances. Sadly, the recently announced pullout risks repeating the Obama administration's reckless"Withdrawing U.S. forces from Syria is a grave strategic mistake. It will leave the American people and homeland less safe, embolden our enemies, and weaken important alliances.

Between 200 and 300 U. S . troops will remain at the southern Syrian outpost of Al-Tanf. Esper said the troops going into Iraq will have two missions. While he acknowledged reports of intermittent fighting despite the cease-fire agreement, he said that overall it "generally seems to be holding.

As U. S . troops withdrew Monday from towns in northeast Syria where they've been based for years alongside the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces Syrian regime troops loyal to dictator Bashar Assad have moved into parts of their territory, and 200 , 000 civilians have reportedly fled amid clashes

With ISIS fighters closing on Erbil, President Barack Obama started his campaign against the terrorist group, which would come to be known as Operation Inherent Resolve. The small contingent of ground troops, helping hunt terrorist targets and advise the morale-stricken Iraqi Army, grew to around 5,000 in 2016.

That number has only increased, to roughly 6,000, as American troops move from northern Syria to western Iraq.

Saudi Arabia and other Persian Gulf nations: 45,000 to 65,000

In response to Iranian attacks and provocations since May, the Pentagon has deployed about 14,000 additional troops to the Persian Gulf region, including roughly 3,500 to Saudi Arabia in recent weeks. Those forces include airborne early warning aircraft, maritime patrol planes, Patriot air and missile defense batteries, B-52 bombers, a carrier strike group, armed Reaper drones and other engineering and support personnel.

But, at any given time, between 45,000 and 65,000 American troops are in the region, spread out between Jordan and Oman, assigned to operate airfields, run key headquarters, sail warships and fly warplanes, and stage for deployments to places such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The numbers change substantially depending on the presence of an aircraft carrier strike group or two in the region, and whether a large group of Marines is afloat in those waters.

Trump isn’t ‘bringing our soldiers back home’ from Syria

  Trump isn’t ‘bringing our soldiers back home’ from Syria It's his No. 1 justification for a hasty Syria withdrawal. But it's making less and less sense, especially now that those troops are going to Iraq, not coming home.“It’s been many, many years,” he said Oct. 7, the day after the withdrawal was announced. “It’s been decades, in many cases. We want to bring our troops back home.

Between 200 and 300 US troops will remain at the southern Syrian outpost of Al-Tanf. The US pulled its troops out of Iraq in 2011 when combat operations there ended , but they went back in While he acknowledged reports of intermittent fighting despite the cease-fire agreement, he said that

Between 200 and 300 U. S . troops will remain at the southern Syrian outpost of Al-Tanf. Esper said the troops going into Iraq will have two missions. While he acknowledged reports of intermittent fighting despite the cease-fire agreement, he said that overall it “generally seems to be holding.

Africa: 6,000 to 7,000

There are between 6,000 and 7,000 American troops spread across Africa, with the largest numbers concentrated in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa. In Somalia, there are about 500 Special Operations troops, fighting the Qaeda-linked terrorist group, the Shabab, from small outposts alongside local troops.

In the Sahel, in countries like Niger, Chad and Mali, there are several hundred. The Air Force recently built a large drone base, known as Air Base 201, near the city of Agadez, Niger. Last year, Jim Mattis, the defense secretary at the time, ordered the military command that oversees troops on the continent, known as Africom, to shrink its forces by several hundred Special Operations troops as part of the Pentagon’s strategy to focus more on threats from Russian and China around the world.

The current commander of Africom, Gen. Stephen J. Townsend, is completing a sweeping review that will probably mean the reduction of more troops.

Japan and South Korea: About 78,000

Since the end of World War II and the Korean War, the United States has maintained a large military presence in Asia. More than 28,000 United States troops are stationed in South Korea, many living with their families. The United States and South Korea have suspended major training exercises over the past year as a concession to North Korea, but the two militaries continue to carry out smaller drills.

In Japan, the Pentagon maintains about 50,000 troops at roughly two dozen bases across the country. About 25,000 of those troops are stationed on Okinawa. Violence committed by American service members or related personnel on the island has long caused friction between Washington and Tokyo.

NATO nations: More than 35,000

The Cold War put as many as 300,000 American troops across Europe to defend against the Soviet Union. That presence eventually plummeted to about 30,000 soldiers after the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.

Over the past year, the United States and its allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization completed positioning about 4,500 additional soldiers in the three Baltic States and Poland, and they have stationed several thousand other armored troops mostly in Eastern Europe as a deterrent to Russian aggression.

Despite recent tensions with Turkey over its offensive into northern Syria, the United States flies combat and support aircraft from Incirlik Air Base in Turkey. The Pentagon also stores about 50 tactical nuclear weapons at Incirlik.

Elsewhere: More than 2,000

The Pentagon has deployed troops to other locations around the world. There are about 250 troops, mostly Special Forces, in the Philippines in part to help with counterterrorism operations. In the past six years, about 2,000 Marines have regularly deployed to northern Australia to act as a response force for the Pacific region.

What Is an ‘Endless War’? .
It’s not troop presence, which serves aims that are in America’s interest.President Trump’s decision to withdraw American troops from Syria should not have surprised anyone. He has consistently opposed U.S. military involvement in Syria, other than for the purposes of defeating the Islamic State terrorists and imposing penalties on the Assad regime for its use of chemical weapons. Similarly, there should be no great surprise if one day Trump orders U.S. troops to leave Afghanistan. He has been clear about his opposition to the U.S. presence there, too.

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