World: Why Ukraine and Russia are still at war - - PressFrom - US
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World Why Ukraine and Russia are still at war

06:25  14 november  2019
06:25  14 november  2019 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Ukrainian forces, Russian-backed separatists begin pullback in war-torn Donbass

  Ukrainian forces, Russian-backed separatists begin pullback in war-torn Donbass Ukrainian forces and Russian-backed separatists began pulling back from a war-torn village in the Donbass region on Saturday, a significant move that could set the stage for a later summit between Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany in a bid to restore peace to the war-torn area. © AP Photo/Alexei Alexandrov Russia-backed separatist rebels' unit walk to take their position at the new line of contact outside Petrivske, Ukraine, Saturday, Nov. 9, 2019. The Saturday pullback in the Petrivske area follows two similar movements in eastern Ukraine, where Russia-backed rebels and Ukrainian forces have been fighting since 2014.

Russia -backed separatist rebels' unit walk to take their position at the new line of contact outside Petrivske, Ukraine , on Nov. The separatists have not been defeated, but Putin’s backing has driven a wedge between most Ukrainians and Russia that will take generations, perhaps, to heal.

The Russian military intervention in Ukraine , sometimes called the Russo- Ukrainian War, is a series of military actions that started in February 2014 and continues into 2019

MOSCOW — America’s top diplomat in Ukraine, William B. Taylor Jr., described Russia on Wednesday as Ukraine’s “bully neighbor.” Taylor’s remarks during the first open hearing of the impeachment inquiry repeatedly came back to the ongoing conflict between Ukraine and pro-Russian separatists that began in 2014. The war has seen Russia play a shadowy role in provoking and then supporting fighters in two of Ukraine’s eastern regions, including Donbas.

a group of people wearing military uniforms: Russia-backed separatist rebels' unit walk to take their position at the new line of contact outside Petrivske, Ukraine, on Nov. 9, 2019. (AP Photo/Alexei Alexandrov)© Alexei Alexandrov/AP Russia-backed separatist rebels' unit walk to take their position at the new line of contact outside Petrivske, Ukraine, on Nov. 9, 2019. (AP Photo/Alexei Alexandrov)

Here’s what happened and where the conflict stands.

Trump ordered quid pro quo freeze on U.S. aid to Ukraine despite legal concerns from Pentagon, State Department: military official

  Trump ordered quid pro quo freeze on U.S. aid to Ukraine despite legal concerns from Pentagon, State Department: military official President Trump ordered a freeze on nearly $400 million in U.S. military aid to Ukraine and said he’d only release it if the country agreed to investigate his political rivals — even though his own Defense and State Departments advised against it and raised concern about the legality of the shakedown, according to a senior Pentagon official. President Trump ordered a freeze on nearly $400 million in U.S. military aid to Ukraine and said he’d only release it if the country agreed to investigate his political rivals — even though his own Defense and State Departments advised against it and raised concern about the legality of the shakedown, according to a senior Pentagon official.

Tension between Russia and Ukraine reached the highest point in years after the Russian military seized three Ukrainian ships and 23 servicemen. Here’s why

The modern bilateral relationship between Russia and Ukraine formally started during the World War I as the former Russian Empire was going through its political reform.

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Roots in an uprising

The war broke out after a popular uprising in Kyiv sent the corrupt and Kremlin-friendly president, Viktor Yanukovych, into exile across the border in Russia. Russia’s President Vladimir Putin, who takes an exceedingly dim view of popular revolts, feared that Ukraine would leave Russia’s orbit in favor of the European Union. Putin engineered the annexation of the Crimean peninsula, where Russia already had a naval base, and then stoked the uprising in the mostly Russian-speaking Donbas region against the “fascists” who had supposedly taken control in Kyiv.

White House releases summary of Trump's first call with Ukraine's Zelensky

  White House releases summary of Trump's first call with Ukraine's Zelensky The White House has released a document summarizing President Donald Trump’s first phone call with newly elected Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in April of this year. © Danil Shamkin/NurPhoto via Getty Images Ukraine's President Vladimir Zelensky during a briefing in the office of the President in Kiev. Ukraine, Thursday, June 27, 2019 The tone of the call released Friday was much more congratulatory, as it took place hours after Zelensky’s historic landslide election, and was significantly shorter than the July 25 call at the center of the House impeachment inquiry.

Because Ukraine was very unstable right after the coup. The new government did not know how to govern (it still does not, by the looks of it) and Russians and Crimeans have always considered Crimean belonging to Ukraine as a sign of mutual friendship. As long as Russia and Ukraine were

Russia fires on Ukrainian vessels in Black Sea; 2 wounded. Earlier in the day, Russia and Ukraine traded accusations over a separate incident involving Russia 's actions are drawing renewed Western anger — and demonstrating Russian President Vladimir Putin's resolve just days before he meets

The separatists are a mixed group. They include local fighters — including some from the ranks of organized crime — and some militiamen from the Russian side. Moscow denies it directly supports the eastern Ukraine units. But Russian aid keeps the fight alive. Last year, a Dutch-led international team of investigators concluded that a missile that downed a Malaysia Airlines jetliner over eastern Ukraine in 2014 came from the Russian military. The attack killed all 298 aboard. Russia denies any link to the disaster.

a close up of a map: Map of Ukraine showing separatist controlled areas and Crimea.© Laris Karklis/Washington, D.C. Map of Ukraine showing separatist controlled areas and Crimea.

Low-level fighting continues

More than five years later, the war continues on a low-grade basis. The separatists have not been defeated, but Putin’s backing has driven a wedge between most Ukrainians and Russia that will take generations, perhaps, to heal. The United States and other countries imposed sanctions on Russia, which remain in place, for grabbing Crimea. Under President Barack Obama, the United States provided Ukraine with a limited amount of military materiel and training. President Trump’s delay of about $400 million in military assistance in the summer is at the heart of the impeachment inquiry. But the Trump administration also approved for the first time the sale of Javelin antitank missiles to the Ukrainians.

Russia begins moving captured Ukrainian ships before possible handover

  Russia begins moving captured Ukrainian ships before possible handover Russia begins moving captured Ukrainian ships before possible handoverThe reporter in Crimea, which Russia annexed from Ukraine in 2014, saw tug boats pulling the three vessels through the Kerch Strait toward the Black Sea where they could potentially travel onwards toward Ukraine.

The war in eastern Ukraine will go on, despite the best efforts of the West and Kyiv to reach a negotiated settlement. For one thing, Putin’s proxies in eastern Ukraine are out-of-control warlords for whom war has become their only raison d’être. For another, Putin will want no permanent peace

Countries still have visa-free travel regime (limited). By different estimates there are from 2.3 to 4 million of Ukrainian citizens in Russia (most The Act on friendship, cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and Russia is not denounced. According to the latest news Ukraine wanted to buy

About 13,000 deaths

About 13,000 people have died in the war, on both sides, and many Ukrainians are weary of it. Potential friends in the European capitals also are getting restless. American diplomats — among them Taylor and George Kent, deputy assistant secretary of state — tried this summer to focus attention on the threat of Russia and the strategic importance of Ukraine to U.S. security. They lobbied strongly for continued security assistance. Both were deeply alarmed by Trump’s attitude toward Ukraine.

Divided opinions over the breakaway region

Opinion is split in Kyiv over whether residents of the separatist regions can ever be successfully reintegrated into Ukrainian society. In the spring, the actor Volodymyr Zelensky, a newcomer to politics, won the presidency in an easy victory, and his supporters later swept control of the parliament. Without getting into specifics, he has talked about finding a way to end the war. Some worry that he is an easy mark for the Kremlin, others that he has been too cozy with right-wing Ukrainian nationalists. Both may have a point.

Russia hands back captured naval ships to Ukraine before summit

  Russia hands back captured naval ships to Ukraine before summit Russia on Monday handed back three naval ships it captured last year to Ukraine, something Kiev wanted to happen before a four-way peace summit on eastern Ukraine next month in Paris. © Reuters/STRINGER Seized Ukrainian naval ships are towed by Russia's Coast Guard vessels out of the port in Kerch The handover, confirmed by the two countries' foreign ministries, occurred in the Black Sea off the coast of Crimea, which Russia annexed from Ukraine in 2014. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.

Russia said the Ukrainian ships were in its waters illegally because Moscow had temporarily closed an area of water for shipping. Ukraine has accused Russia of trying to occupy the Sea of Azov and damage Ukraine 's economy by hindering Why are relations so bad between Russia and Ukraine ?

Russia and Japan discuss Kuril Islands | World Notebook - Продолжительность: 6:14 Financial Times 27 890 просмотров. Japan and Russia seek resolution over century-old island dispute - Продолжительность: 2:42 Al Jazeera English 38 826 просмотров.

Cautious overtures for peace

In September, Ukraine and Russia swapped 70 prisoners, and another exchange may be on the way. In October, Zelensky said he was willing to explore a path to peace talks called the Steinmeier Formula. That led to protests in Kyiv against “capitulation.” It has now also brought about a very careful and tentative disengagement in a few towns along the front line. The view among analysts in Ukraine is that Zelensky’s bargaining position with Russia has been weakened by Trump’s attempt to force Ukraine to do his bidding by investigating the Bidens and the country’s supposed role in the 2016 U.S. election. The impeachment inquiry has further driven Zelensky into a tight spot.

Ukraine accuses Russia of removing weapons, toilet bowls from seized Navy ships: report .
The three Ukrainian naval ships seized by Russia in November of last year were returned Monday but officials allege that the weapons, equipment and even the toilet bowls were removed before they were handed back over. NEUTRAL WATERS OF THE BLACK SEA - NOVEMBER 18, 2019: Handing over the Ukrainian Navy's Berdyansk and Nikopol artillery boats and Yani Kapu tugboat to Ukraine. The three ships attempting to pass from the Black Sea into the Sea of Azov were seized by the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) Coast Guard in the Kerch Strait on November 25, 2018, the sailors were charged with violating Russia's maritime border.

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