World What the End of Bolivia’s President Means for the Country

15:06  14 november  2019
15:06  14 november  2019 Source:   time.com

Under pressure, Bolivian president calls for new election

  Under pressure, Bolivian president calls for new election Buckling under mounting pressure, Bolivian President Evo Morales called for new elections on Sunday following deadly nationwide protests over a disputed vote he claimed to have won. South America's longest-serving leader made the announcement after a preliminary report by the Organization of American States found a "heap of observed irregularities" in the Oct. 20 presidential contest and recommended a new election. Without mentioning the OAS report, Morales said he would replace the country's electoral body and urged all political parties and all sectors to help bring peace to the Andean nation after protests in which three people have been kille

In a televised address, Bolivia ’ s president of nearly 14 years said he was stepping down for the “good of the country ”. but added in an attack on opponents The commander of Bolivia ’ s police force said in a television interview that there was no warrant for Morales’s arrest. Video circulating on social

Mexico' s foreign minister has asked Bolivia to grant safe passage to former President Evo Morales. The recently deposed leader, accused of rigging Evo Morales will be granted asylum in Mexico after the former Bolivian president made a request to live in the country , a top official confirmed Monday.

Video by Reuters

Evo Morales, the President of Bolivia, fled to Mexico on Nov. 12, and his country now faces an uncertain future. Morales had little choice. Evidence that he had tried to steal his country’s latest presidential election pushed hundreds of thousands of protesters onto the streets of Bolivia’s largest cities in recent days. The critical moment came on Nov. 8, when a number of police officers joined the demonstrations. When a report from the Organization of American States gave credibility and specificity to the charges of cheating, members of the President’s party began to resign, and the head of Bolivia’s military then appeared on television to call on Morales to quit. Now, the sun appears to have set on his nearly 14 years in power.

Bolivian President Evo Morales is resigning

  Bolivian President Evo Morales is resigning Bolivian President Evo Morales resigned Sunday amid growing opposition after an international audit found the results of last month's election could not be validated due to "serious irregularities."Morales said he was stepping down "for the good of the country," which has been roiled by protests in the days following the October 20 election.

Bolivia (/bəˈlɪviə/ (listen)), officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia Spanish pronunciation: [esˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβja] (listen)

Bolivian President Evo Morales resigned shortly after the military urged him to do so. Bolivia ' s President Evo Morales addresses the media at the presidential hangar in the Bolivian Air Force terminal in El Alto The country ’s highest court ruled in 2018 that he could run for a fourth term.

In 2006, Morales made history as Bolivia’s first indigenous President. The country’s voters, fed up with chronic inequality and a political elite almost entirely of European descent, opted instead for a farmer and union leader who looked and sounded like the country’s majority. Morales rewarded their confidence with a remarkable accomplishment: he used a global commodities boom to boost economic growth and used the gains to narrow Bolivia’s gap between rich and poor, in part by nationalizing some energy companies and directing revenue from gas, metals and soybean meal to social-welfare programs and regional authorities. These programs helped -Morales win re-election twice.

a group of people playing instruments and performing on a stage: Bolivian ex-President Evo Morales speaks during a press conference at the Museum of the City of Mexico on Nov. 13, 2019.© Pedro Pardo—AFP/Getty Images Bolivian ex-President Evo Morales speaks during a press conference at the Museum of the City of Mexico on Nov. 13, 2019.

But success encouraged the President to believe he could undermine Bolivia’s democracy by, for example, stacking the courts with political loyalists. As he ran up against term limits that he himself had enacted, he launched a public referendum he hoped would extend his mandate. When voters rejected his proposal, he took the matter to court. When the largely loyal judges agreed these limits violated his human rights, he defied the public by again standing for election. In the middle of a tight race, with Morales’ lead just under the 10 points he needed to avoid a runoff, election authorities stopped publishing vote tallies for 24 hours. When reporting resumed, Morales had just enough votes to win outright. The resulting wave of anger forced him into exile because he lost the support of the police and the army. His ally in Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, who has committed far more egregious authoritarian oversteps and has less popular support than Morales, has remained in power only because of the military.

Mexico grants asylum to Bolivia's Evo Morales, demands safe conduct

  Mexico grants asylum to Bolivia's Evo Morales, demands safe conduct BOLIVIA-ELECTION/MEXICO (UPDATE 1, PIX, TV):UPDATE 1-Mexico grants asylum to Bolivia's Evo Morales, demands safe conduct"We will immediately proceed to inform Bolivia's foreign ministry that under international law, it should offer safe conduct" to Morales, Mexico's Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard told reporters.

Mr Ebrard earlier described events in Bolivia as a "coup", citing the military' s involvement in Mr Morales' resignation. Why did Morales quit? First, the Organization of American States, a regional body, announced its audit of the election had found "clear manipulation" and called for the result to be

Bolivia ' s legislative assembly has now received the resignation letter from Mr Morales after the He said: “If it means resigning to bring peace to the Bolivia people, then Mr. President we should do it.” Other South American countries have since defended Mr Morales. Argentina’ s President -elect

The international response to these events is divided. Leaders from the left like Maduro, Argentina’s newly elected President Alberto Fernández, Cuba’s Miguel Díaz-Canel and even Britain’s Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn say Morales has been ousted by a military coup. Donald Trump and Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro say it was Morales who repeatedly undermined his country’s democracy.

But it’s the polarization inside Bolivia, the violence it has provoked, and the uncertainty it has created that are most concerning. Morales says he is the victim of a conspiracy with roots both inside and outside his country. “Soon I will return with greater strength and energy,” he tweeted. His defiance has encouraged supporters, as well as opponents, to commit acts of violence. With Bolivia’s Vice President, President of the Senate and President of the Lower House having all resigned, the opposition party’s Jeanine Áñez, the Senate’s second vice president, is the interim replacement. She promises a new election by Jan. 22. The apparent end of the Morales era is unlikely to end the crisis.

Bill for new elections in Bolivia sails through Congress .
Both chambers of Bolivia's Congress unanimously passed legislation on Saturday to annul the contested Oct. 20 elections and pave the way for a new vote without former president Evo Morales, a breakthrough in the political crisis. © AP Photo/Juan Karita Bolivia's interim President Jeanine Anez speaks during a press conference at the presidential palace, in La Paz, Bolivia, Saturday, Nov. 23, 2019. Bolivia’s Senate on Saturday unanimously approved a measure calling for new presidential elections that would exclude ousted leader Evo Morales, a key step toward pacifying a nation since an Oct.

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