World: Venice is flooding -- what's the future of its historical sites? - - PressFrom - US
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World Venice is flooding -- what's the future of its historical sites?

08:10  17 november  2019
08:10  17 november  2019 Source:   cnn.com

Venice Beach littered with needles and other medical supplies that washed up onshore

  Venice Beach littered with needles and other medical supplies that washed up onshore Lifeguards say the area has been cordoned off and Los Angeles Public Health has been notified.Lifeguards found a "large amount" of medical supplies around 11:30 a.m. PST along the beach south of the Venice Beach Pier, according to tweets from the Lifeguard Division of the LA Fire Department.

“ Venice is on its knees,” the mayor said in a post on Twitter on Wednesday with photos showing him walking through the basilica with the city’ s principal prelate, the patriarch It’ s not just about quantifying the damages, but about the future of this city.” The patriarch of Venice echoed his sentiments.

Other architectural and historical treasures in the UNESCO World Heritage Site have also been hit "While it' s still too early to quantify the extent of its havoc, chances are it will leave indelible marks." " Venice is used to being constantly surrounded by water, but this is really something else," said Toto

Images of the flooded St. Mark's Basilica in Venice have shocked many across the world this week. Since Tuesday, parts of the city were damaged by the most severe high waters Venice has seen in over half a century, with six-foot high tide levels engulfing 85% of its streets and buildings, some of which are of tremendous cultural value.

Venice flooding nearly touches level of infamous 1966 flood

  Venice flooding nearly touches level of infamous 1966 flood The mayor of Venice blamed climate change for flooding of the historic canal city that hit the second-highest levels ever, as the city braced for yet another wave on Wednesday. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The high-water mark hit 187 centimeters (74 inches) late Tuesday, meaning more than 85% of the city was flooded. The highest level ever recorded was 198 centimeters (78 inches) during infamous flooding in 1966.

Venice has experienced some of the worst flooding in its history this week, with flood levels of over six feet submerging the city’ s most revered and trafficked historical sites . High tides have washed over 85 percent of the one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, causing hundreds of

It might look likes the city—world famous for its canal streets—is sinking. But that is not what ' s happening.

St. Mark's Basilica, built in the 9th century to house the relics of St. Mark, and one of the world's most famous cathedrals, is one of them. The city's mayor Luigi Brugnaro, who declared a state of emergency on Thursday, said the landmark had suffered "grave damage." Other architectural and historical treasures in the UNESCO World Heritage Site have also been hit hard.

Italy's Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has described the disaster as "a blow to the art of our country."

"While it's still too early to quantify the extent of its havoc, chances are it will leave indelible marks."

Threat to monuments and cultural institutions

From great monuments such as St. Mark's Square and the Doge's Palace to its historical neighborhoods, Venice has one of the highest concentrations of architectural masterpieces in the world. It's also home to some of the greatest paintings from artists like Canaletto, J.M.W Turner and Francesco Guardi.

Venice paralyzed by the worst flooding in half a century

  Venice paralyzed by the worst flooding in half a century Residents in the iconic city on a lagoon are used to water, but the mayor has called this year's high tides "apocalyptic," and says climate change is to blameVenice sits on a tidal lagoon, just above sea level, so the city's squares and streets often get wet at high tide. This week, though, the water peaked more than six feet above the usual level, and at least one death has been blamed on the flooding already.

The floods of November 2019 were the worst in over 50 years in the Italian canal city of Venice . Grand Canal bursts its banks. In a city of canals, high water levels cause chaos even far away from He warned that even a few more centimeters of flooding could irreparably damage historical sites

The historic sites hit by Venice floods . "It hurts to see the city so damaged, its artistic heritage compromised, its commercial activities on its knees," Mr The city of Venice is made up of more than 100 islands inside a lagoon off the north-east coast of Italy. It suffers flooding on a yearly basis.

The tidewaters are sparing none. St. Mark's Basilica, which has only been flooded six times in its nine-century history, is currently one of the main concerns for heritage and architectural experts. Its interiors -- the narthex and the baptistery -- have been inundated, and water pressure has broken its lower windows, submerging the crypt beneath, according to Italian press agency AGI.

"The situation is extremely complex and worrisome, not just for the water level, but also the number of hours the precious marble floorings and wooden coatings of the Basilica have been submerged," Salvo Natasi, Secretary General of Italy's Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities told Italian press agency ANSA. "Water has invaded the entire cathedral, not just its initial section, as it did during the last floods last year. Superintendents are at work and have made all their restoration specialists available."

Italian council is flooded immediately after rejecting measures on climate change

  Italian council is flooded immediately after rejecting measures on climate change Veneto regional council, which is located on Venice's Grand Canal, was flooded for the first time in its history on Tuesday night -- just after it rejected measures to combat climate change. © Andrea Zanoni Flooding inside Palazzo Ferro Fini in Venice on the evening of Tuesday, November 12. The historic Italian city has been brought to its knees this week by the worst flooding there in more than 50 years. And the council chamber in Ferro Fini Palace started to take in water around 10 p.m. local time, as councilors were debating the 2020 regional budget, Democratic Party councilor Andrea Zanoni said in a long Facebook post.

Venice was hit with its worst flood in over 50 years this week, caused by a nearly 1.9 meter (6-foot) That would still leave exposed the lowest areas of the city, or about 12% of its area, including St Venice is being monitored for inclusion on a list of World Heritage sites in danger, which serves as a

Venice floods — in pictures. Acqua Alta. Powerful rainstorms hit northern Italy on November 12. He warned that even a few more centimeters of flooding could irreparably damage historical sites in the city. What has the prime minister promised? Italian newspaper Repubblica reported that Conte was

There are also fears of structural damage to the Basilica's white-black breccia columns, and the possible corrosion caused by saltwater on its intricate mosaics and tiling.

Other notable sites have been affected. The baroque-style church of San Moisè, just behind St. Mark's Square, is flooded. It houses artworks by Tintoretto and Palma il Giovane, and numerous marble sculptures attributed to German artist Heinrich Meyring. The Teatro La Fenice, part of an 18th century palace; the Ca' Foscari University, which has been housed in a Venetian Gothic complex since 1868; and Doge's Palace, an opulent museum boasting remarkable 14th century architecture, have also been heavily damaged, Art Tribune reports.

Meanwhile, images of the 15th century Gritti Palace, a sumptuous building on the Grand Canal that was converted into a luxury hotel and underwent extensive renovations in 2013 (in order to withstand floods) show water-filled interiors, from the bar to the lobby.

Among the city's century-old frescoes, paintings and artifacts that may require extensive restorations efforts post-flood, contemporary works may also be damaged. Banksy's "Shipwrecked Girl" mural, which appeared last May on the popular Rio di Ca' Foscari canal, is under floodwater.

Venice flooded again 3 days after near-record high tide

  Venice flooded again 3 days after near-record high tide Waters are on the rise again Friday in Venice, where the tide is reaching exceptional levels just three days after the Italian lagoon city experienced its worst flooding in more than 50 years. The high tide Friday is projected to peak at 1.60 meters (more than 5 feet) which is far beyond normal levels.

Flooding is common in Venice . But when waters rise higher, that gives people like me — who are engaged in conserving and protecting art and historic buildings — an uneasy feeling, because it means water will force its way further into buildings, affecting them and the artworks they house.

Venice floods — in pictures. Grand Canal bursts its banks. In a city of canals, high water levels He warned that even a few more centimeters of flooding could irreparably damage historical sites in the What has the prime minister promised? Despite the flooding , tourists still came out in droves to

Some experts say, in order to understand the full extent of the floods' damage, waters will have to first subside.

"Venice is used to being constantly surrounded by water, but this is really something else," said Toto Bergamo Rossi, the director of Venetian Heritage, an organization that seeks to preserve the city's cultural patrimony, in a phone interview. "The main issue is saltwater. When salt permeates the materials of these buildings -- be them marble, tiling, plaster or wood -- it crystallizes and ascends vertically once the weather gets drier, from the ground to the first floor and so on. It's almost like a cancer for these structures, all the more so when they are so old. The entire wall system can be affected."

Bergamo Rossi said that St. Mark's Basilica is currently the most badly affected, because it's one of the city's oldest buildings and therefore it sits lower than the rest of Venice. The restoration process will need to pump out the water as soon as possible, and probably wash the whole space multiple times to get rid of saltwater.

"Churches are also in bad shape. At the moment, they've basically turned into swimming pools. It's very sad. Many of them are quite low, and still use 18th century pews made of walnut wood. It'd be hard to save those from water damage," he added.

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  Venice is underwater — and a preview of what climate change will bring to coastal cities Climate scientists have said Venice is a harbinger of problems facing coastal cities as melting ice sheets and warming oceans raise sea levels to unprecedented heights. Subscribe to the Post Most newsletter: Today’s most popular stories on The Washington Post“Venice is the pride of all of Italy,” Brugnaro said in a statement, the Associated Press reported, as officials said the city was 70 percent submerged. “Venice is everyone’s heritage, unique in the world.” St. Mark’s Square, the city’s famous piazza, was closed as seagulls swarmed the knee-high water. The flood rose to over six feet in some areas.

Venice routinely floods , especially in the fall, and during full moons, when the tides are at their highest. Tall narrow walkways on metal legs are stacked along its busy A viral video from the severe flooding that occurred less than a year ago showed people in a restaurant going about their business, in what

He said: “ Venice is on its knees. “We are not just calculating the damages, but of the very future of the city – because the population drain also is a result of Mr Brugnaro said that the future of the historic city was at stake as extreme weather accelerated the population fall that began after the 1966 flood .

"Luckily, artifacts and collections seem to have been spared, as they aren't usually stored on the ground floor."

In the hope to protect their valuable collections, a number of cultural institutions, museums and even the Venice Biennale -- a months-long art and architecture showcase drawing international crowds -- have closed their doors to visitors.

On Wednesday, the Venice Biennale shut its Giardini and Arsenale exhibitions. The Peggy Guggenheim Collection also remained shut through Friday.

"Venice has been affected by extraordinarily high tides and finds itself now in a state of calamity and alert. Fortunately, the museum staff is well and safe, the museum and collections are safe and have not been damaged, but for security reasons and in order to deal with this emergency situation including some damages in the ticket office and shop, the museum is closed to the public today and tomorrow," director Karole P.B. Vail posted on Instagram. The Pinault Collection's two venues, the Palazzo Grassi and Punta della Dogana followed suit, as did Museo di Palazzo Grimani, which posted an image of its flooded courtyard on Instagram.

An uncertain future

Although the water receded temporarily on Wednesday, more bad weather arrived on Friday and is expected for the coming days, with forecasts anticipating tides of more than four feet.

But floods, as bad as they might be, are only part of the problem.

Made up of 118 islands, Venice sits on a tidal lagoon atop mud sediments that are shifting. Early industrial undertakings such as the construction of a bridge to the mainland and offshore piers affected the sea floor and tidal cycles in ways that made the city more vulnerable to flooding.

St. Mark's Square reopens in Venice, but water remains high

  St. Mark's Square reopens in Venice, but water remains high Tourists and residents were allowed back into St. Mark’s Square in Venice on Saturday, a day after it was closed due to exceptionally high tidal waters that swept through most of the lagoon city’s already devastated center. Despite sunny skies, the city remained on edge due to possibly more wind-propelled high tidal waters during the weekend. The city was struck Tuesday by devastating floods, the worst in decades.

The mayor of Venice is blaming climate change for flooding in the historic canal city that has reached the Venice for years has been struggling with unwieldly amounts of tourists, the constant deterioration of its this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines.

Images of the flooded St. Mark' s Basilica in Venice have shocked many across the world this week. "While it' s still too early to quantify the extent of its havoc, chances are it will leave indelible marks." " Venice is used to being constantly surrounded by water, but this is really something else," said An uncertain future . Although the water receded temporarily on Wednesday, more bad weather arrived

In the 20th century challenges grew as huge amounts of water were pumped out from beneath the lagoon for industrial projects, causing land subsidence. The practice was halted in the 1970s, but rising sea levels -- linked to to climate change -- and the turbulent wash from heavy cruise ship traffic have further damaged the city's foundations, causing it to gradually sink.

Venice has spent over $6 billion to build a flood-barrier system, the MOSE, which aims to isolate the lagoon from seawater during high tides, while lessening the levels of the most frequent tides. First designed in 1984, works for the project began in 2003 and were expected to end in 2011. But construction has yet to be completed (the due date is now 2022), due to delays and a number of issues.

But while MOSE could buy the city some time (around three decades, according to environmental engineers) if and when it becomes functional, studies have showed that climate change might push Venice underwater within the next 100 years.

"The occurrence of exceptional high waters poses a significant threat to the protection and integrity of Venice lagoon and historic settlements," reads the UNESCO site. "These threats are recognized as a priority.

"My hope is that this tragedy will serve as a wake-up call for the Italian government and the world for what needs to be done in Venice," said Toto Bergamo Rossi.

"The MOSE has to be completed. Not in two years, but over the next months. Buildings, too, have to be guaranteed a better draining system, maintenance, material reinforcement. This could easily happen again, and we simply can't afford that. There's too much at risk."

Ancient basilica on lagoon island hard hit in Venice flood .
MILAN (AP) — One of the most ancient churches of Venice, a Byzantine basilica established in the year 639, counts among the 60 churches damaged in three exceptional floods last week. A spokesman for the Venice patriarchy said Tuesday that the ancient basilica flooded three times last week, with the lagoon salt water seeping into mosaic floors and the marble columns. A spokesman for the Venice patriarchy said Tuesday that the ancient basilica flooded three times last week, with the lagoon salt water seeping into mosaic floors and the marble columns.

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