World: Venice floods threaten priceless artwork and history - and a unique way of life - - PressFrom - US
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World Venice floods threaten priceless artwork and history - and a unique way of life

16:55  17 november  2019
16:55  17 november  2019 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Venice Beach littered with needles and other medical supplies that washed up onshore

  Venice Beach littered with needles and other medical supplies that washed up onshore Lifeguards say the area has been cordoned off and Los Angeles Public Health has been notified.Lifeguards found a "large amount" of medical supplies around 11:30 a.m. PST along the beach south of the Venice Beach Pier, according to tweets from the Lifeguard Division of the LA Fire Department.

As historic floods inundated Venice more than half a century ago, one Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, Venice is home to priceless works of art by Italian Renaissance masters like Tintoretto, Giorgioni and Tintian; historic basilicas and a unique way of lagoon-based metropolitan

Venice possesses a unique amount of especially valuable wall paintings and frescoes dating back to the Renaissance. Venice floods — in pictures. Acqua Alta. Powerful rainstorms hit northern Italy on November 12. A cyclone threatened the country and an exceptionally high tide reached the city.

As historic floods inundated Venice more than half a century ago, one reader in Scotland wrote to the Guardian newspaper in London to express worry about the fate of the “astonishing, but soon-to-vanish” Italian city.

“This is certainly the moment to draw attention not to the cats of Venice but to its buildings, which are slowly but surely disintegrating,” the reader wrote. “Once the ‘pearl of the Adriatic,’ undoubtedly one of the wonders of the world, stucco is now peeling off its palaces [ …] Will somebody do something quickly?”

Venice flooding nearly touches level of infamous 1966 flood

  Venice flooding nearly touches level of infamous 1966 flood The mayor of Venice blamed climate change for flooding of the historic canal city that hit the second-highest levels ever, as the city braced for yet another wave on Wednesday. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The high-water mark hit 187 centimeters (74 inches) late Tuesday, meaning more than 85% of the city was flooded. The highest level ever recorded was 198 centimeters (78 inches) during infamous flooding in 1966.

Venice is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region. It is situated on a group of 118 small islands that are separated by canals and linked by over 400 bridges.

The artwork depicts a migrant child wearing a life jacket and signaling for help with a neon pink flare. Photographs of the piece on Friday show the child partially submerged in A Banksy artwork depicting a migrant child signaling for help is now partially underwater due to "apocalyptic" flooding in Venice .

That letter to the editor was penned in the wake of the record-setting 1966 flood that devastated Venice and cities like Florence and Trento. The unusual mix of high tides and river levels plus powerful winds from the southeast pushed floodwaters to six feet, four inches. Two days later, Venice was “left awash in stinking, salty slime deposited by the Adriatic Sea,” the Associated Press wrote at the time.

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More recently, Venice has begun to dry out from another monumental “acqua alta,” or “high water” that hit earlier this week, this time coming just inches shy of the 1966 record. Dispatches from the scene described people tromping around in cheap rain boots as they walk single-file on footbridges elevated over flooded piazzas or wade through knee-high water. As estimated 70 percent of the city was submerged.

Venice paralyzed by the worst flooding in half a century

  Venice paralyzed by the worst flooding in half a century Residents in the iconic city on a lagoon are used to water, but the mayor has called this year's high tides "apocalyptic," and says climate change is to blameVenice sits on a tidal lagoon, just above sea level, so the city's squares and streets often get wet at high tide. This week, though, the water peaked more than six feet above the usual level, and at least one death has been blamed on the flooding already.

Venice has closed St Mark’s Square before the expected third major flooding in less than a week, as rain lashed the rest of Italy and warnings were issued in Arno flooding devastated Renaissance jewel Florence in 1966, killing about 100 people and destroying thousands of priceless works of art .

THE Italian holiday hotspot of Venice is still affected by severe flooding after days of relentless rain caused tides to go up to almost record-breaking levels, forcing Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe More than 85 percent of Venice has been flooded , and a state of emergency was declared on Wednesday.

a large building with a clock on the side of a river: A general view shows a woman walking across the flooded St. Mark's Square, by St. Mark's Basilica (Rear) on November 15, 2019 in Venice, two days after the city suffered its highest tide in 50 years. — Flood-hit Venice was bracing for another exceptional high tide on November 15, as Italy declared a state of emergency for the UNESCO city where perilous deluges have caused millions of euros worth of damage.© Filippo Monteforte/Afp Via Getty Images A general view shows a woman walking across the flooded St. Mark's Square, by St. Mark's Basilica (Rear) on November 15, 2019 in Venice, two days after the city suffered its highest tide in 50 years. — Flood-hit Venice was bracing for another exceptional high tide on November 15, as Italy declared a state of emergency for the UNESCO city where perilous deluges have caused millions of euros worth of damage.

But flooding in Venice is not merely an inexpensive inconvenience. Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, Venice is home to priceless works of art by Italian Renaissance masters like Tintoretto, Giorgioni and Tintian; historic basilicas and a unique way of lagoon-based metropolitan living for some 50,000 residents. According to experts, it’s also a sobering preview of how climate change, accelerated by human behavior (and exacerbated by political corruption) will not just complicate Venetian’s unique and fragile way of life but wash it away entirely.

Venice is underwater — and a preview of what climate change will bring to coastal cities

  Venice is underwater — and a preview of what climate change will bring to coastal cities Climate scientists have said Venice is a harbinger of problems facing coastal cities as melting ice sheets and warming oceans raise sea levels to unprecedented heights. Subscribe to the Post Most newsletter: Today’s most popular stories on The Washington Post“Venice is the pride of all of Italy,” Brugnaro said in a statement, the Associated Press reported, as officials said the city was 70 percent submerged. “Venice is everyone’s heritage, unique in the world.” St. Mark’s Square, the city’s famous piazza, was closed as seagulls swarmed the knee-high water. The flood rose to over six feet in some areas.

More Flooding Expected for Venice as Tides Rise Higher. Meteorologist Domenica Davis looks at the disastrous flooding that will continue in Venice , Italy. The high tide peaked at 5 feet above sea level just before noon on Friday, flooding most of the “ Venice is everyone’s heritage, unique in the world.

VENICE — On Wednesday night, Venice suffered the worst flooding in half a century. Most of the time, “acqua alta” The cultural historian Salvatore Settis has called Venice “a thinking machine that allows us to ponder the very idea of the city,” a place where people have a unique way of interacting

“The disaster that struck Venice is a blow to the heart of our country,” Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said in a statement Wednesday. “It hurts to see the city so damaged, its artistic heritage compromised, its commercial activities on its knees.”

Michael Oppenheimer, a professor of Geosciences and International Affairs at Princeton University who has traveled to Venice extensively, warned that if Venice doesn’t complete its already-delayed coastal defense system as sea levels rise, the city will become useless as a place for people to live and to enjoy the cultural value.

“The threat is if Venice becomes uninhabitable by normal humans beings; one of the great things about Venice is that real people live there and go about their daily business,” Oppenheimer told The Post Saturday.

Venice’s population has already been shrinking for years, increasingly driven out by a growing number of high tide days and the increased living costs and congestion brought on by tourists. But climate change has a way of making the city less accessible for everyone as the very attractions both tourists and locals enjoy dissolve, Oppenheimer said.

St. Mark's Square reopens in Venice, but water remains high

  St. Mark's Square reopens in Venice, but water remains high Tourists and residents were allowed back into St. Mark’s Square in Venice on Saturday, a day after it was closed due to exceptionally high tidal waters that swept through most of the lagoon city’s already devastated center. Despite sunny skies, the city remained on edge due to possibly more wind-propelled high tidal waters during the weekend. The city was struck Tuesday by devastating floods, the worst in decades.

Flooding is common in Venice . But when waters rise higher, that gives people like me — who are engaged in conserving and protecting art and Venice possesses a unique amount of especially valuable wall paintings and frescoes dating back to the Renaissance. We are very saddened by the

The Banksy artwork , portraying a migrant child wearing a life jacket, is seen on the wall of a building in Venice on Wednesday. A long way from the water: A boat is stranded in The flood sparked fears for the church's collection of rich mosaics and artworks , and dirty water was swirling around marble

More than half a dozen popular sites were damaged by the latest flood, including the 11th century St. Mark’s Basilica; the Gritti Palace along Venice’s grand canal, a private residence turned luxury hotel; and the Venetian-Gothic style Doge’s Palace.

Workers assessing the damage the corrosive, salty floodwater had on the ancient marble floors of St. Mark’s Basilica found chipped and missing parts of the marble once the waters receded. There’s also concern about the long-term damage to the pillars supporting the structure — and some of the recent floods damaged marble that was recently replaced after a previous round of intense flooding in 2018.

Mario Piana, who heads the restoration, previously told The Washington Post the church is nearly covered with a mosaic of gold and marble from floor to ceiling, which much of the flooring dating back to 1094.

“I’m worried for the basilica,” Piana said, “The acqua alta does not create immediate, obvious damages. On the outside, you do not immediately see anything. But it is comparable to radiation exposure. In a week, you lose your hair. In a year, you might be dead.”

a cake sitting on top of a table next to a fireplace: Workers clean up after high waters flooded the interior of St. Mark's Basilica, in Venice, Wednesday, Nov. 13, 2019. The high-water mark hit 187 centimeters (74 inches) late Tuesday, Nov. 12, 2019, meaning more than 85% of the city was flooded. The highest level ever recorded was 194 centimeters (76 inches) during infamous flooding in 1966.© Luca Bruno/AP Workers clean up after high waters flooded the interior of St. Mark's Basilica, in Venice, Wednesday, Nov. 13, 2019. The high-water mark hit 187 centimeters (74 inches) late Tuesday, Nov. 12, 2019, meaning more than 85% of the city was flooded. The highest level ever recorded was 194 centimeters (76 inches) during infamous flooding in 1966.

Elsewhere in Venice, volunteers carefully leafed through pages of centuries-old sheet music that had been soaked by floodwater; The Italian Society of Authors and Editors said Venice’s book stores and libraries were “gravely damaged,” according to the AP.

Ancient basilica on lagoon island hard hit in Venice flood

  Ancient basilica on lagoon island hard hit in Venice flood MILAN (AP) — One of the most ancient churches of Venice, a Byzantine basilica established in the year 639, counts among the 60 churches damaged in three exceptional floods last week. A spokesman for the Venice patriarchy said Tuesday that the ancient basilica flooded three times last week, with the lagoon salt water seeping into mosaic floors and the marble columns. A spokesman for the Venice patriarchy said Tuesday that the ancient basilica flooded three times last week, with the lagoon salt water seeping into mosaic floors and the marble columns.

Venice experienced its highest flooding in a decade, leaving much of the city Mr. Campostrini, the St. Mark’s board member who is working on new ways to keep the water out of the basilica With ancestors that include some of the most powerful figures in Venice ’s history , Mr. Rossi said he now

French PM Manuel Valls said that as many as 20,000 individuals had been evacuated.

“Venice is used to being constantly surrounded by water, but this is really something else,” Toto Bergamo Rossi, the director of Venetian Heritage, told CNN. “The main issue is saltwater. When salt permeates the materials of these buildings — be them marble, tiling, plaster or wood — it crystallizes and ascends vertically once the weather gets drier, from the ground to the first floor and so on. It’s almost like a cancer for these structures, all the more so when they are so old. The entire wall system can be affected.”

Venice’s long-term prospects were grim, according to Oppenheimer, who wrote about rising sea levels in a recent U.N. report on climate change. Venice faces twin threats of rising sea levels — which affect many coastal cities — and a sinking city. The weight of the city itself is compressing the soil below the archipelago, and the underlying base is losing further volume due to residents draining groundwater for drinking, Oppenheimer explained.

“Imagine you’re in a bathtub and you’re gradually lowering your body into the tub as the water level is rising,” he said. “You get covered pretty fast.”

Venice will see that cycle quickening as time goes on. According to Oppenheimer’s IPCC report, “extreme sea level events” that recurred once every 100 years by 2050 will be expected to recur once every six years. By 2100, that speeds up to once every five months.

“The safest thing to say is through 2050, climate change and sea level rise is more or less baked in: What we’re going to get, we’re going to get and emissions reduction won’t have much of a salutary effect in reducing the amount of sea level rise,” Oppenheimer said.

After 2050, Venice’s prospects will depend on how much humans have done to put a dent in the carbon emissions speeding climate change.

″When you get beyond that, it starts to make a bigger difference if we have a high emissions world or a low emissions world,” he said.

Artwork can be moved; marble floors of churches less so. The historic structures could remain a draw for years to come, but Oppenheimer said without actual residents, Venice could become a beautiful ancient but empty city.

“What we’d be losing is Venice as a real living place.”

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