World Iran Declares Protests Are Over, but the Evidence Suggests Otherwise

02:32  22 november  2019
02:32  22 november  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

Over 300 Killed As Hundreds of Thousands Take Part in Iraqi Protests. What's Behind the Violent Demonstrations?

  Over 300 Killed As Hundreds of Thousands Take Part in Iraqi Protests. What's Behind the Violent Demonstrations? Over 300 Killed As Hundreds of Thousands Take Part in Iraqi Protests. What's Behind the Violent Demonstrations?Many of the protesters wear face masks and helmets in the hope that this will protect them from security forces’ use of live bullets, tear gas, stun grenades and sound bombs to disperse the crowds of mostly young protesters. But many have been injured and hundreds of families are left searching for their injured loved ones in hospitals. Activists and physicians have been killed or kidnapped while giving aid to the demonstrators in Baghdad, Iraq’s capital.

Signs of a severe crackdown over the protests were evident , including a Health Ministry order canceling elective surgeries because of an influx of emergency cases. A blackened Tehran building on Thursday, set on fire during protests .Credit Ebrahim Noroozi/Associated Press.

The 2019–20 Iranian protests (Persian: اعتراضات سراسری ۱۳۹۸ ایران‎) are a series of nationwide civil protests in Iran , initially caused by a 50%–200% increase in fuel prices, and (in some areas)

The Iranian authorities moved Thursday to project the appearance of normalcy after a week of violent protests over gasoline price increases, partly restoring internet access and decreeing that the mayhem that convulsed the country was really a foreign-backed failure.

Protests strike Iran cities over gasoline prices rising

  Protests strike Iran cities over gasoline prices rising Protests struck several Iranian cities early Saturday over the government cutting back on gasoline subsidies and increasing costs by 50%, demonstrations ranging from people abandoning their cars in traffic to trying to attack an oil depot in one city. © Provided by The Associated Press Vehicles queue to enter a gas station in Tehran, Iran, Friday, Nov. 15, 2019. Authorities have imposed rationing and increased the prices of fuel. The decision came following months of speculations about possible rationing after the U.S.

The head of Iran 's Revolutionary Guards has declared the defeat of the "sedition" in the country, referring to a wave of anti-government protests . But the general also blamed a "former official" for the protests , in a comment analysts believe referred to ex-President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who

media captionIran protests : Why people are taking to the streets. Iran has accused the US of "grotesque" interference in its internal affairs in The unrest was initially over price rises and corruption but the focus quickly turned to the remote elite and particularly Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali

But other developments suggested that a severe crackdown was underway in response to the street clashes, rioting and destruction that had upended life in dozens of Iranian cities and towns — and that the uprisings had not been completely crushed.

Doctors reported that hospitals were overfilled with people injured in the protests. They also said the Health Ministry had ordered all hospitals in Tehran and other cities to cancel elective surgeries because of the influx of emergency cases.

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Iran’s student union said plainclothes agents of the pro-government Basij militia, hiding inside ambulances to evade restrictions on entering campuses, had seized more than 50 students at Tehran University after protests there.

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“ Iranian protesters strike at the heart of the regime’s legitimacy,” declared Suzanne Maloney of the Brookings Institution. These numbers suggest the 2018 protests were overwhelmingly in response to domestic economic conditions– and not over Iran 's foreign policy initiatives or "widespread

Iran ’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps declared the country’s unrest of recent days has been quelled. An Iranian woman and her child holds a portrait of Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei during a pro -government demonstration on Friday in Tehran.

The government also came in for some extraordinary criticism from the nation’s writers guild over what amounted to an internet blackout that started on Sunday in the nation of 80 million, effectively obscuring much of what was happening during the protests. NetBlocks, a firm that tracks cybersecurity, said the shutdown had disconnected almost the entire country.

“Shutting down the internet and cutting the access of Iranians and the outside world to the news is the latest tactic to crush protests without the eyes of the world on you,” the guild said Thursday in a statement posted on Telegram.

President Trump, whose sanctions are at least partly blamed for Iran’s economic travails, broke six days of silence on the protests. Iran had become so unstable, Mr. Trump wrote on Twitter, “that the regime has shut down their entire Internet System so that the Great Iranian people cannot talk about the tremendous violence taking place within the country.”

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Iran 's top elite forces commander, Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) chief Gen. “We will not leave any move unanswered,” he warned, and said that if Iran decides to respond, “the enemy The speech is being widely viewed as Tehran's 'victory lap' of sorts after anti-government protests across

Iran ’s protests are fading, but Iranians are still angry. What started as a couple of scattered protests on Dec. 8 over the cost of eggs quickly erupted into a countrywide movement. The protests could be the beginning of a longer period of unrest, one that could destabilize both the

Amnesty International has said that more than 100 Iranians were killed in the protests, some by security forces using live ammunition to disperse and intimidate crowds. The government, which has portrayed the protesters as rioters and thugs inspired and paid by foreigners, has called the Amnesty report propaganda.

“Any casualty figures not confirmed by the government are speculative and unreliable, and in many cases part of a disinformation campaign waged against Iran from outside the country,” Alireza Miryousefi, a spokesman for Iran’s United Nations mission, said Wednesday in a Twitter post.

A spokesman for the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, the elite force responsible for national security, said that several leaders of the unrest with dual citizenship and ties to foreign governments had been arrested. The semiofficial Fars News Agency reported that rioters had looted and burned chain stores in a number of Tehran suburbs, and that some had “received $60 for each place set on fire.” The Fars account did not specify who had supposedly provided that money.

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Have you noticed only President Trump has spoken concerning the protests in Iran ? Did the American media reported this story concerning the progressive Silence from Western Europe? Iran Declares Protests Are Over , but the Evidence Suggests Otherwise 2 Votes 1 Comments.

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Despite the government’s clampdown on internet connectivity and censorship of what could be officially reported, Iranians who saw or participated in the protests found workarounds to transmit video and text of what they had witnessed.

The videos and postings, although anecdotal, depicted fear, bitterness and anxiety.

Pejman Gholipour, 18, for example, went shopping Monday in the city of Karaj for a suit to wear to his brother’s wedding. On Wednesday, his family held a funeral for him in their coastal town of Langaroud, according to an Iranian journalist, Yasin Namakchian.

Mr. Gholipour had been caught up in one of the protests when security forces opened fire and he was struck. Mr. Namakchian, who is from the same city as Mr. Gholipour, announced his death on Twitter.

Not far from where Mr. Gholipour was killed, an unidentified young man’s lower leg was nearly severed by a bullet. A video showed protesters dragging him on the ground in the midst of clashes and sirens. Someone shouted “Stop, wrap his leg!” Blood oozed from his jeans as his partly severed leg dangled, according to a video shared on social media by another journalist in Iran.

President Hassan Rouhani said on Wednesday that the government had vanquished what he called foreign enemies instigating the unrest and that calm and order had been restored.

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But Mr. Rouhani’s public show of bravado and unity belied signs of severe strain within the government hierarchy over the gasoline price increases and the response. Iranian media reported that during an emergency government meeting the same day, Mr. Rouhani argued with a conservative politician who had questioned him on the price increases and that Mr. Rouhani had stormed out.

What started as relativity peaceful demonstrations over the increases shifted within days to a violent revolt against the system. As security forces were mobilized to stop them, the protesters became more brazen, suggesting a new phase in the dynamic of resistance and repression that has punctuated Iran’s history since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

In many cities large and small, the streets look like war zones. Smoke and fire engulfed multiple buildings, banks and shops. Shattered glass and debris spread across major roads with no sign of commerce or traffic.

Three residents of Tehran reached by phone said that the affluent northern part of the city was quiet, but that unrest persisted in middle-class and working-class neighborhoods. They said the capital had the appearance of a heavy security zone, with swarms of anti-riot police on motorcycles and Special Forces lined up on nearly every major road. Plainclothes Basij militia members were also out on the streets.

“It’s definitely not normal. We are not leaving the house unless we have to and nearly all official business has come to a halt,” said Sara, a translator in Tehran who did not want her last name published. She said patients at her husband’s medical clinic had canceled and many people were reluctant to send their children to school.

Violence Rises in Iraq’s South Amid Crackdowns on Protests and the Press

  Violence Rises in Iraq’s South Amid Crackdowns on Protests and the Press BAGHDAD — Iraqi security officers opened fire on protesters in southern Iraq on Thursday, killing more than two dozen people, as the government sought to quell violence that burst out Wednesday night in an attack on the Iranian Consulate in Najaf. The violence centered on the southern city of Nasiriya, where on Wednesday the government sent a special security force to keep the peace. Instead of using tear gas or sound bombs, however, the hard-line reinforcements from the Interior Ministry’s Quick Reaction Forces opened fire on the mostly unarmed protesters at a sit-in, killing more than a dozen and wounding 160, according to a report from the Iraqi security forces’ Joint

The mayor of Shiraz, where clashes have been severe, said on Wednesday that transportation infrastructure in four of the city’s districts have been destroyed. The owner of a popular hypermarket, Refah, the Iranian equivalent of Walmart, said shops in three of its locations had been ransacked.

Even political figures appeared bolder in their criticism of the government. One of Iran’s most prominent political activists close to the reformist faction, Abulfazl Ghadiani, issued a statement blaming Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has thrown his weight behind the gas increase policy and effectively shut the door to any reconsideration.

“The main and final person responsible for the blood being spilled is Mr. Khamenei. He must be held accountable,” Mr. Ghadiani said.

As news of the unrest dominated, the judiciary quietly moved to close a contentious espionage case against wildlife conservationists whose plight had gripped both Iranians and the international community. Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence had concluded that the conservationists, from the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation, were not spies. But the Revolutionary Guards, who operate a parallel intelligence bureaucracy, prosecuted the charges anyway.

One defendant, Morad Tahbaz, an Iranian American from Connecticut, was sentenced to 10 years in prison, and a co-defendant, Niloufar Bayani, a former project consultant and scientist for the United Nations environment agency, was sentenced to eight. They were both convicted by a Revolutionary Court for collaborating “with an enemy state.” The authorities also seized Ms. Bayani’s income from her United Nations employment.

Four other co-defendants received sentences of between six and eight years. Two remaining co-defendants still await their verdict, according to an account posted by the Center for Human Rights in Iran.

In Photos: Black Friday Protests .
In Photos: Black Friday Protests

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