World: With Brutal Crackdown, Iran Convulsed by Worst Unrest in 40 Years - - PressFrom - US
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World With Brutal Crackdown, Iran Convulsed by Worst Unrest in 40 Years

02:40  02 december  2019
02:40  02 december  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

Iranian commander warns US, allies, 'We will destroy you'

  Iranian commander warns US, allies, 'We will destroy you' Iran's head of the Revolutionary Guard threatened to destroy the United States and its allies during a televised speech Monday, accusing the nations of instigating violent protests that erupted earlier this month after the announcement of massive fuel hikes. © FoxNews.com Iran's Revolutionary Guard warns there will be 'decisive' action if the unrest continues; Benjamin Hall reports. Speaking to tens of thousands of people holding signs with anti-U.S. slogans in Tehran's Revolution Square, Gen. Hossein Salami accused the U.S., Britain, Saudi Arabia and Israel of fueling the deadly unrest.

Iran is experiencing its deadliest political unrest since the Islamic Revolution 40 years ago, with at least 180 people killed — and possibly hundreds more — as angry protests have been smothered in a government crackdown of unbridled force.

An internet blackout hid the state’s response to unrest in Shiraz. Interviews with activists and an analysis of social media posts reveal what happened.

a group of people on a sidewalk: A burned bank after protests against increased fuel prices in Tehran last month.© Nazanin Tabatabaee West Asia News Agency, via Reuters A burned bank after protests against increased fuel prices in Tehran last month.

Correction: December 1, 2019

This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: An earlier version of this article referred incorrectly to the place protesters fled to in Mahshahr, Iran. It was a marsh, not a sugar cane field.

Iran is experiencing its deadliest political unrest since the Islamic Revolution 40 years ago, with at least 180 people killed — and possibly hundreds more — as angry protests have been smothered in a government crackdown of unbridled force.

Supreme leader says Iranians foiled 'very dangerous' plot

  Supreme leader says Iranians foiled 'very dangerous' plot Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Wednesday praised the country's people for foiling a "very dangerous" plot, after violence erupted during protests this month against a fuel price hike. The demonstrations broke out on November 15, hours after the shock announcement at midnight that the price of petrol would be immediately raised by as much as 200 percent. They quickly turned violent and saw petrol pumps torched, police stations attacked and shops looted, before being quashed within a few days.Officials have not yet given overall figures on the number of casualties or arrests made during the unrest which affected much of the country.

Iraq's protest-hit cities saw one of their bloodiest days yet on Thursday as a government crackdown killed nearly 40 demonstrators following the dramatic torching of an Iranian consulate. The country's capital and south have been rocked by the worst street unrest since the 2003 US-led invasion that

crackdown killed nearly 40 demonstrators following the dramatic torching of an Iranian consulate. The country's capital and south have been rocked by the worst street unrest since the 2003 US-led "This bloodbath must stop now." The new phase of unrest in southern Iraq was unleashed after

It began two weeks ago with an abrupt increase of at least 50 percent in gasoline prices. Within 72 hours, outraged demonstrators in cities large and small were calling for an end to the Islamic Republic’s government and the downfall of its leaders.

In many places, security forces responded by opening fire on unarmed protesters, largely unemployed or low-income young men between the ages of 19 and 26, according to witness accounts and videos. In the southwest city of Mahshahr alone, witnesses and medical personnel said, Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps members surrounded, shot and killed 40 to 100 demonstrators — mostly unarmed young men — in a marsh where they had sought refuge.

a train covered in snow: A gas station in Tehran. An abrupt increase of gasoline prices escalated into the deadliest political unrest to convulse Iran in the 40 years since the Islamic revolution.© Ebrahim Noroozi/Associated Press A gas station in Tehran. An abrupt increase of gasoline prices escalated into the deadliest political unrest to convulse Iran in the 40 years since the Islamic revolution.

“The recent use of lethal force against people throughout the country is unprecedented, even for the Islamic Republic and its record of violence,” said Omid Memarian, the deputy director at the Center for Human Rights in Iran, a New York-based group.

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crackdown killed nearly 40 demonstrators following the dramatic torching of an Iranian consulate. The country's capital and south have been rocked by the worst street unrest since the 2003 US-led "This bloodbath must stop now." The new phase of unrest in southern Iraq was unleashed after

Details emerge of Iranian protests, and a brutal crackdown . At least 180 people — and possibly hundreds more — were killed in the government’s unbridled attempts to smother the worst unrest in the country since the Islamic Revolution 40 years ago. The crackdown was focused on four days of

Altogether, from 180 to 450 people, and possibly more, were killed in four days of intense violence after the gasoline price increase was announced on Nov. 15, with at least 2,000 wounded and 7,000 detained, according to international rights organizations, opposition groups and local journalists.

The last enormous wave of protests in Iran — in 2009 after a contested election, which was also met with a deadly crackdown — left 72 people dead over a much longer period of about 10 months.

Only now, nearly two weeks after the protests were crushed — and largely obscured by an internet blackout in the country that was lifted recently — have details corroborating the scope of killings and destruction started to dribble out.

The latest outbursts not only revealed staggering levels of frustration with Iran’s leaders, but also underscored the serious economic and political challenges facing them, from the Trump administration’s onerous sanctions on the country to the growing resentment toward Iran by neighbors in an increasingly unstable Middle East.

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  Iran official points to more open elections A senior Iranian official has suggested in an interview with AFP that authorities may be more open than in the past in approving candidates for a looming parliamentary election. "We don't consider ourselves immune from criticism. We may also accept that mistakes have been made in the past," said Guardian Council spokesman Abbas Ali Kadkhodaee. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); "But for the next legislative elections we are trying to reduce our mistakes and respect the rights of candidates.

crackdown killed nearly 40 demonstrators following the dramatic torching of an Iranian consulate. The country’s capital and south have been rocked by the worst street unrest since the 2003 US-led The new phase of unrest in southern Iraq was unleashed after protesters had late on Wednesday

The new phase of unrest in southern Iraq was unleashed after protesters late Wednesday stormed “ Iran has officially communicated its disgust to the Iraq ambassador in Tehran,” he told Iran ’s state Iran ’s consulate in Iraq’s other holy city of Karbala was targeted earlier this month, with security forces

Ali Khamenei et al. posing for the camera: A pro-government demonstration in the capital, Tehran, in November.© Atta Kenare/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images A pro-government demonstration in the capital, Tehran, in November.

The gas price increase, which was announced as most Iranians had gone to bed, came as Iran is struggling to fill a yawning budget gap. The Trump administration sanctions, mostly notably their tight restrictions on exports of Iran’s oil, are a big reason for the shortfall. The sanctions are meant to pressure Iran into renegotiating the 2015 nuclear agreement between Iran and major world powers, which President Trump abandoned, calling it too weak.

Most of the nationwide unrest seemed concentrated in neighborhoods and cities populated by low-income and working-class families, suggesting this was an uprising born in the historically loyal power base of Iran’s post-revolutionary hierarchy.

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Many Iranians, stupefied and embittered, have directed their hostility directly at the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who called the crackdown a justified response to a plot by Iran’s enemies at home and abroad.

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Iraq's protest-hit cities saw one of their bloodiest days yet on Thursday as a government crackdown killed nearly 40 demonstrators following the dramatic torching of an Iranian consulate. The country's capital and south have been rocked by the worst street unrest since the 2003 US-led invasion.

Iraqi prime minister Adil Abdul Mahdi has said he will resign after the latest outburst of violence and unrest in the country left at least 40 protesters dead over the This is the second attack on an Iranian consulate in Iraq this month after an office in Karbala was targeted by protesters three weeks ago.

The killings prompted a provocative warning from Mir Hussein Moussavi, an opposition leader and former presidential candidate whose 2009 election loss set off peaceful demonstrations that Ayatollah Khamenei also suppressed by force.

In a statement posted Saturday on an opposition website, Mr. Moussavi, who has been under house arrest since 2011 and seldom speaks publicly, blamed the supreme leader for the killings. He compared them to an infamous 1978 massacre by government forces that led to the downfall of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi a year later, at the hands of the Islamic revolutionaries who now rule the country.

“The killers of the year 1978 were the representatives of a nonreligious regime and the agents and shooters of November 2019 are the representatives of a religious government,” he said. “Then the commander in chief was the shah and today, here, the supreme leader with absolute authority.”

The authorities have declined to specify casualties and arrests and have denounced unofficial figures on the national death toll as speculative. But the nation’s interior minister, Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli, has cited widespread unrest around the country.

On state media, he said that protests had erupted in 29 out of 31 provinces and 50 military bases had been attacked, which if true suggested a level of coordination absent in the earlier protests. The property damage also included 731 banks, 140 public spaces, nine religious centers, 70 gasoline stations, 307 vehicles, 183 police cars, 1,076 motorcycles and 34 ambulances, the interior minister said.

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crackdown killed nearly 40 demonstrators following the dramatic torching of an Iranian consulate. The country's capital and south have been rocked by the worst street unrest since the 2003 US-led The new phase of unrest in southern Iraq was unleashed after protesters had late on Wednesday

The country's capital and south have been rocked by the worst street unrest since the 2003 US-led But by the afternoon, following the bloody crackdown in the restive southern city of Nasiriyah, the The new phase of unrest in southern Iraq was unleashed after protesters late Wednesday stormed

a harbor filled with boats: Protesting the gas prices on a highway in Tehran in November.© Wana News Agency/Via Reuters Protesting the gas prices on a highway in Tehran in November.

The worst violence documented so far happened in the city of Mahshahr and its suburbs, with a population of 120,000 people in Iran’s southwest Khuzestan Province — a region with an ethnic Arab majority that has a long history of unrest and opposition to the central government. Mahshahr is adjacent to the nation’s largest industrial petrochemical complex and serves as a gateway to Bandar Imam, a major port.

The New York Times interviewed six residents of the city, including a protest leader who had witnessed the violence; a reporter based in the city who works for Iranian media, and had investigated the violence but was banned from reporting it; and a nurse at the hospital where casualties were treated.

a group of people standing outside of a food truck: The wreckage of a bus in Isfahan, Iran.© Agence France-Presse — Getty Images The wreckage of a bus in Isfahan, Iran.

They each provided similar accounts of how the Revolutionary Guards deployed a large force to Mahshahr on Monday, Nov. 18, to crush the protests. All spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of retribution by the Guards.

For three days, according to these residents, protesters had successfully gained control of most of Mahshahr and its suburbs, blocking the main road to the city and the adjacent industrial petrochemical complex. Iran’s interior minister confirmed that the protesters had gotten control over Mahshahr and its roads in a televised interview last week, but the Iranian government did not respond to specific questions in recent days about the mass killings in the city.

Iran's Leaders Soften Stance on Protesters

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The new phase of unrest in southern Iraq was unleashed after protesters late Wednesday stormed the Iranian consulate in Najaf, apparently evacuated by its staff. Iran 's consulate in Iraq's other holy city of Karbala was targeted earlier this month, with security forces shooting four demonstrators dead.

Iran condemned the burning of its consulate in the holy city of Najaf as violence continued into the The unrest in Iraq began on October 1, when thousands took to the streets in Baghdad and the This brutal onslaught is just the latest in a long series of deadly events where Iraqi security forces meted

Local security forces and riot police officers had attempted to disperse the crowd and open the roads, but failed, residents said. Several clashes between protesters and security forces erupted between Saturday evening and Monday morning before the Guards were dispatched there.

When the Guards arrived near the entrance to a suburb, Shahrak Chamran, populated by low-income members of Iran’s ethnic Arab minority, they immediately shot without warning at dozens of men blocking the intersection, killing several on the spot, according to the residents interviewed by phone.

The residents said the other protesters scrambled to a nearby marsh, and that one of them, apparently armed with an AK-47, fired back. The Guards immediately encircled the men and responded with machine gun fire, killing as many as 100 people, the residents said.

The Guards piled the dead onto the back of a truck and departed, the residents said, and relatives of the wounded then transported them to Memko Hospital.

One of the residents, a 24-year-old unemployed college graduate in chemistry who had helped organize the protests blocking the roads, said he had been less than a mile away from the mass shooting and that his best friend, also 24, and a 32-year-old cousin were among the dead.

He said they both had been shot in the chest and their bodies were returned to the families five days later, only after they had signed paperwork promising not to hold funerals or memorial services and not to give interviews to media.

The young protest organizer said he, too, was shot in the ribs on Nov. 19, the day after the mass shooting, when the Guards stormed with tanks into his neighborhood, Shahrak Taleghani, among the poorest suburbs of Mahshahr.

He said a gun battle erupted for hours between the Guards and ethnic Arab residents, who traditionally keep guns for hunting at home. Iranian state media and witnesses reported that a senior Guards commander had been killed in a Mahshahr clash. Video on Twitter suggests tanks had been deployed there.

Iran's internet freedom is on life support

  Iran's internet freedom is on life support The country's president wants a state-controlled intranet to replace the internet.Iranian President.

Since October, riots and unrest have wrecked havoc across Lebanon, Iraq and Iran . Iraq has suffered the worst as reports suggest over 300 people have Yet again they failed because they have failed to understand the Islamic Republic for over 40 years now. This country is NOT like most other country, it

A 32-year-old nurse in Mahshahr reached by the phone said she had tended to the wounded at the hospital and that most had sustained gunshot wounds to the head and chest.

She described chaotic scenes at the hospital, with families rushing to bring in the casualties, including a 21 year old who was to be married but could not be saved. “‘Give me back my son!,’” the nurse quoted his sobbing mother as saying. “‘It’s his wedding in two weeks!’”

The nurse said security forces stationed at the hospital arrested some of the wounded protesters after their conditions had stabilized. She said some relatives, fearing arrest themselves, dropped wounded love ones at the hospital and fled, covering their faces.

On Nov. 25, a week after it happened, the city’s representative in Parliament, Mohamad Golmordai, vented outrage in a blunt moment of searing antigovernment criticism that was broadcast on Iranian state television and captured in photos and videos uploaded to the internet.

“What have you done that the undignified Shah did not do?” Mr. Golmordai screamed from the Parliament floor, as a scuffle broke out between him and other lawmakers, including one who grabbed him by the throat.

The local reporter in Mahshahr said the total number of people killed in three days of unrest in the area had reached 130, including those killed in the marsh.

In other cities such as Shiraz and Shahriar, dozens were reported killed in the unrest by security forces who fired on unarmed protesters, according to rights groups and videos posted by witnesses.

“This regime has pushed people toward violence,” said Yousef Alsarkhi, 29, a political activist from Khuzestan who migrated to the Netherlands four years ago. “The more they repress, the more aggressive and angry people get.”

Political analysts said the protests appeared to have delivered a severe blow to President Hassan Rouhani, a relative moderate in Iran’s political spectrum, all but guaranteeing that hard-liners would win upcoming parliamentary elections and the presidency in two years.

The tough response to the protests also appeared to signal a hardening rift between Iran’s leaders and sizable segments of the population of 83 million.

“The government’s response was uncompromising, brutal and rapid,” said Henry Rome, an Iran analyst at the Eurasia Group, a political risk consultancy in Washington. Still, he said, the protests also had “demonstrated that many Iranians are not afraid to take to the streets.”

Iran's internet freedom is on life support .
The country's president wants a state-controlled intranet to replace the internet.Iranian President.

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