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World After Volcano Blast, New Zealand Asks if Adventure Tourism Can Last

01:30  16 december  2019
01:30  16 december  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

One dead in New Zealand volcano eruption, more fatalities likely

  One dead in New Zealand volcano eruption, more fatalities likely At least one person was left in a critical condition when New Zealand's White Island volcano erupted suddenly on Monday, leaving authorities scrambling to treat the injured and find those unaccounted for. "Of those transported to shore, at least one has been critically injured."New Zealand police said at least one person was killed and more fatalities were likely, after an island volcano popular with tourists erupted Monday, leaving dozens stranded.

WHAKATANE, New Zealand — When Phil van Dusschoten retired as a police officer and started a diving business 24 years ago, the next chapter of his life seemed set, steering visitors through the stunning Bay of Plenty to frolic with dolphins and swim around the volcanic White Island.

Adventure tourism is a key part of New Zealand 's international appeal but the White Island volcano eruption is a tragic reminder that such activities carry " Adventure tourism is a massive sector in New Zealand . We are promoting ourselves as the adventure capital of the world," professor Michael

WHAKATANE, New Zealand — When Phil van Dusschoten retired as a police officer and started a diving business 24 years ago, the next chapter of his life seemed set, steering visitors through the stunning Bay of Plenty to frolic with dolphins and swim around the volcanic White Island.

a person standing next to a window: Tourists gazing at the eruption of the volcano on White Island, New Zealand, this month.© Michael Schade, via Associated Press Tourists gazing at the eruption of the volcano on White Island, New Zealand, this month.

That life and livelihood have been on pause since an eruption last Monday fired toxic gas and molten rocks into the air and engulfed the island in ash. Eight people died on the island and another eight have since succumbed to their wounds. Two others remain missing.

Newlyweds burned by volcanic eruption on New Zealand honeymoon cruise

  Newlyweds burned by volcanic eruption on New Zealand honeymoon cruise Lauren and Matt Urey were touring the White Island volcano Monday on the Royal Caribbean cruise ship Ovation of the Seas when it erupted.The newlyweds, Lauren and Matt Urey of Richmond, were touring the White Island volcano on the Royal Caribbean cruise Ovation of the Seas, according to WTVR-TV.

Image caption New Zealand 's White Island volcano spews steam and ash moments after erupting. It last erupted in 2000 spewing ash from several smaller explosions. The last lava flow at the Another volcano that is a major tourist attraction is Mount Bromo on Java, where visitors can get up close to

Adventure tourism is a key part of New Zealand 's international appeal but the White Island volcano eruption is a tragic reminder that such activities carry " Adventure tourism is a massive sector in New Zealand . We are promoting ourselves as the adventure capital of the world," professor Michael

Now the country is wondering about the economic aftershocks.

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“People come to New Zealand because they expect to be challenged like this, to see if you have the nerve to step outside your comfort zone,” Mr. van Dusschoten said. “We hope that doesn’t go away.”

The tragedy has set off an intense debate among New Zealanders about tourism, including whether nature is being wrongly exploited for thrills and whether enough precautions are being taken.

a group of people standing in front of a crowd posing for the camera: Victims’ relatives attended a blessing before a recovery operation, off the coast of Whakatane, on Friday.© Mark Baker/Associated Press Victims’ relatives attended a blessing before a recovery operation, off the coast of Whakatane, on Friday. Many wonder whether the disaster will ruin adventure tourism for New Zealand. The country has a famed marketing campaign, “100% Pure New Zealand,” which includes ads filled with people rappelling down cliffs, helicopter snowboarding and white-water rafting — but also has a legal system that makes it hard to sue when things go wrong.

New Zealand police hoping to get bodies off volcano

  New Zealand police hoping to get bodies off volcano New Zealand authorities said they hoped clear weather Wednesday would allow the recovery of bodies from the White Island volcano but they would not be rushed into landing on the still-smouldering disaster zone. Monday's explosion at the popular tourist attraction off the North Island coast resulted in six deaths and authorities believe the remains of eight others listed as missing are still on the island. A total of 47 day-trippers were on the island when the blast occured, and many survivors suffered serious burns.Police Minister Stuart Nash said he understood the frustration of family members who wanted their loved ones' remains returned but defended the delay.

Adventure tourism is a key part of New Zealand 's international appeal but the White Island volcano eruption is a " Adventure tourism is a massive sector in New Zealand . We are promoting ourselves as the adventure capital of the world "These questions must be asked , and they must be answered."

For the tourists exploring New Zealand ’s White Island volcano on the afternoon of December 9, it was as if a bomb went off. This gut-wrenching saga has led many to ask a perfectly understandable question: how could such a dangerous volcano have ever become a tourist destination?

The concerns echo those in other nations where tourism can be lucrative but treacherous. Nepal considered new safety rules for Mount Everest this year after one of its deadliest climbing seasons ever, and as more visitors flock to sites like Chernobyl in Ukraine and Fukushima in Japan, the authorities are facing more questions about the safety of so-called dark tourism.

a group of people on a raft in a body of water: An operation to recover bodies from White Island on Friday.© New Zealand Defence Force, via Associated Press An operation to recover bodies from White Island on Friday.

New Zealand has much at stake. Tourism is the country’s biggest export, representing nearly 6 percent of its economic output, roughly double the industry’s share of the economies of Australia and the United States.

And the business is booming. In a country where growth is hard to find, tourism revenue has soared 50 percent over the past six years, according to government figures. The industry directly or indirectly employs more than 14 percent of the work force, providing 393,279 jobs last year.

'Go on a holiday and not return': Cruise passengers shaken by New Zealand tragedy

  'Go on a holiday and not return': Cruise passengers shaken by New Zealand tragedy Tourists from the cruise ship that was near the volcanic island in New Zealand when it erupted arrived in Wellington on Thursday, many traumatised by the deaths of co-passengers and others recalling their brush with tragedy. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); Royal Caribbean's 16-deck cruise liner, Ovation of the Seas, was docked at Tauranga port on the Bay of Plenty, about 100 km (60 miles) from the volcanic White Island when it erupted suddenly on Monday.

" Adventure tourism is a massive sector in New Zealand . We are promoting ourselves as the adventure capital of the world," professor The disaster has raised questions about why tourists were allowed on a volcano where experts had recently raised threat levels, as well as broader issues about

New Zealand police deployed divers to look for two bodies near White Island volcano , after six bodies were retrieved in a recovery operation. Speaking to reporters after the bodies were retrieved, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said questions over why people were allowed to visit the active volcano

The people of Whakatane, the town closest to White Island, have been processing Monday’s explosion with shock, anger and fear.

Radio stations heard from callers who recounted stories of their riskiest trips and complained that more regulation would turn New Zealand into a nanny state. Employees in outdoor equipment stores worried that with White Island temporarily off limits, tourists would stop coming. Some residents accused tour operators of putting profits before safety, suggesting that they had ignored warnings about increased seismic activity.

Whakatane has no jurisdiction over the island, which is privately owned and comes under the mandate of New Zealand’s Department of Internal Affairs. But their fates are inextricably intertwined.

Mayor Judy Turner called the island the “anchor” of the town, saying in an interview, “It is still the backbone of our economy, and there would be an impact if it’s closed to the public.”

A sudden drop in overseas visitors is not her greatest concern. Around 80 percent of tourism to Whakatane is domestic, she said, suggesting that interest will not disappear. “It’s a place where New Zealanders come for a holiday,” she said.

New Zealand resumes mission to retrieve remaining bodies following volcanic eruption

  New Zealand resumes mission to retrieve remaining bodies following volcanic eruption New Zealand resumes mission to retrieve remaining bodies following volcanic eruptionThe remains of six people were successfully retrieved on Friday after a military team in gas masks and hazmat suits went on to the volcano and removed the bodies in a high-risk operation.

Volcano disaster puts spotlight on NZ adventure tourism . Christchurch: Adventure tourism is a key part of New Zealand 's international appeal but the White Island volcano eruption is a tragic reminder that such activities carry genuine risk that must be better explained to travellers, experts say.

New Zealand volcano eruption — in pictures. Last -second escape. Tourist Michael Schade wrote on Twitter as he posted video of the eruption that his "family and I had gotten off Questions asked about volcano . Send Facebook Twitter google+ Whatsapp Tumblr linkedin stumble Digg reddit Newsvine.

Along the Bay of Plenty, with the volcano visible in the far distance, sits the local marae, the communal meeting place for Whakatane’s Maori people. The Ngati Awa tribe lives here, and even with people of its own missing on the island this past week allowed foreign families with lost loved ones onto its sacred ground.

One tribal leader, Pouroto Ngaropo, said the explosion was the island’s response to being exploited for money.

“I think she’s had enough of tourism,” he said of Whakaari, the Maori name for White Island. “They make millions off her a year, that’s the real issue.

People have lost sight of the meaning of nature and its beauty, he said, and are focused on shallow experiences.

“If we don’t listen, and then it keeps occurring, then what?” he said. “At least I can say I gave my message, and if anyone continues on the same path and others keep dying, I’ve told you so. Not me, she did.”

The tribe has placed a spiritual ban on the island and its surrounding waters, barring any fishing or maritime activity until the dead are accounted for.

White Island’s owners, three brothers who inherited the volcano after it was bought in 1936 by an Auckland stockbroker named George Raymond Buttle, issued a statement asking that the spiritual ban, or rahui, be respected. With the two people still missing, it seems likely to stay in place.

Death toll rises to 17 after New Zealand eruption

  Death toll rises to 17 after New Zealand eruption Two people are still missing after the Dec. 9 eruption on White Island.The person, who was not identified, died Sunday night at a hospital in the city of Auckland, New Zealand Police Deputy Commissioner John Tims said in a statement.

Following the eruption of New Zealand 's most active volcano , questions are being asked about why tourists were allowed to visit it. There were warning signs in the weeks prior to the eruption and last month the alert level was raised to two indicating moderate to heightened volcanic unrest.

Adventure tourism is a key part of New Zealand ’s international appeal but the White Island volcano eruption is a tragic reminder that such activities carry “ Adventure tourism is a massive sector in New Zealand . We are promoting ourselves as the adventure capital of the world,” professor Michael

The police on Sunday confirmed the deaths of two brothers — Matthew Robert Hollander, 13, and Berend Lawrence Hollander, 16, United States citizens who lived in Australia — and of Karla Michelle Mathews, 32, of Australia, in the eruption.

They have also named as among the dead four Australians — Krystal Eve Browitt, 21, Zoe Ella Hosking, 15, and Gavin Brian Dallow, 53, and Anthony James Landford, 51 — and a New Zealander, Tipene Maangi, 24.

Maintaining a moratorium on tourism on White Island for any stretch of time could prove difficult. It has been featured for years along with other destinations in the country’s adventure tourism marketing.

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, who faces elections next year, has been vague about whether that approach to tourism needs to change and whether the volcano should be off limits.

“We hear, and we absolutely agree, that there are questions that have been asked and must be answered,” she said on Friday. She also noted that White Island was a “volcano that’s been visited for the better part of 30 years” without serious misfortune.

New Zealand’s legal system encourages a culture of risk-taking, experts say. It has a “no fault” framework that bars personal injury lawsuits in favor of a government compensation process for accidents, largely protecting businesses from the threat of large payouts.

“We have no court cases now for negligence or injury from motor vehicles, aircraft crashes, hot coffee, slipping over,” said Tim Mackenzie, a health and safety lawyer in Christchurch. People can sue for damages, he said, “but it is a very high test, rarely if ever met.”

In Whakatane, many argue that a dash of danger is what people want. Even as boat rides, helicopter jaunts and other outdoor activities were suspended, Mr. van Dusschoten said he and other tour operators had fielded calls all week from people around the world who still wanted to visit.

One woman, he said, conveyed that she had visited volcanoes in Hawaii and wanted to get close to White Island “to feel the fury.”

Mr. van Dusschoten insisted, as did many other New Zealanders, that what happened on Monday was unpredictable, the first natural catastrophe of its magnitude in decades of adventure tourism. The last time anyone died on White Island was in 1914 when part of a crater wall collapsed, killing 10 miners.

Danger is part and parcel of New Zealand’s attraction, he said. “We do white-water rafting — there are places here you can go off a waterfall. Thousands of people do it, and you might have a drowning or two,” he said. “People walk on a glacier that could collapse at any time.”

Mr. van Dusschoten added, “It’s all risky stuff, but honestly, that’s what a lot of tourists demand these days, especially the young ones.”

Damien Cave contributed reporting from Sydney, Australia, and Sasha Borissenko from Auckland, New Zealand.

New Zealand police suspend volcano body search .
New Zealand police on Tuesday called off the search for two people missing after the White Island volcanic eruption. "The search for the two missing victims of the Whakaari/White Island eruption has been suspended," police superintendent Andy McGregor said Tuesday. McGregor said they made the decision after "extensive shoreline and substantial aerial searches" of the area."Sadly no further items of significance have been located," he said.A team of special forces troops also went onto the island and retrieved six bodies despite the threat of another eruption.

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