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World Libya summit to call for sanctions if ceasefire violated, draft agreement says

14:25  19 january  2020
14:25  19 january  2020 Source:   cnn.com

Merkel, Putin discuss Middle East flashpoints at Kremlin meeting

  Merkel, Putin discuss Middle East flashpoints at Kremlin meeting German Chancellor Angela Merkel met Russian President Vladimir Putin at the Kremlin on Saturday for talks set to focus on flashpoints in the Middle East. Merkel and Putin shook hands at the start of the meeting which the German leader said would cover topics including turmoil in Libya and the Syria conflict as well as Ukraine's war with pro-Russian separatists.

The draft being discussed on Sunday also recognizes the Tripoli-based state oil company NOC as the only legitimate entity that his allowed to sell Libyan oil. Explainer: Foreign players in Libya and their interests. Erdogan calls summit 'important step'. Libya 's warring factions say ceasefire violated .

Libya has been plunged into chaos for years after its longtime ruler Muammar Gaddafi was ousted and killed during a NATO-led bombing campaign. Moscow and Ankara called for all parties in the Libyan civil war to end hostilities and join a ceasefire following a meeting between President Vladimir Putin

A conference in Berlin that has gathered several world leaders to discuss the Libya conflict will call for sanctions against parties found in violation of a ceasefire, a draft communique obtained by CNN shows.

Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Robert C. O'Brien, Mike Pompeo sitting at a table: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, right,  meets UAE Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, left, for bi-lateral talks prior a Peace summit on Libya in Berlin on Sunday.© ODD ANDERSEN/AFP/AFP via Getty Images US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, right, meets UAE Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, left, for bi-lateral talks prior a Peace summit on Libya in Berlin on Sunday.

The warring factions fighting for power over the Libyan capital, Tripoli, and their foreign backers were invited to the summit in Germany, with the aim of preserving a fragile ceasefire brokered by Russia and Turkey a week ago and restarting talks around a political solution to what has become a proxy war.

Libya's GNA accepts ceasefire after rival Haftar: statement

  Libya's GNA accepts ceasefire after rival Haftar: statement Libya's Government of National Accord (GNA) agreed on Sunday to a ceasefire urged by Moscow and Ankara, several hours after rival strongman Khalifa Haftar announced a cessation of hostilities. © Riccardo Savi/Getty Images File Photo: Fayez Al-Sarraj, Prime Minister, Government Of National Accord Of LibyaThe head of the GNA, Fayez al-Sarraj, announced in a statement "a ceasefire from (Sunday) January 12 at midnight (2200 GMT)", underlining however the "legitimate right" of GNA forces to "respond to any attack or aggression that may come from the other camp".

Libya peace talks to go ahead in Berlin despite ceasefire setback. Italy is now proposing a UN-mandated force, including Italian soldiers to police a ceasefire , if one is agreed in Berlin. That’s one of the objectives of this conference,” Salamé said in an interview before the Berlin summit . Erdoğan and Putin make call for ceasefire , as Italian PM hosts Libyan factions in Rome.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas on Thursday said Libya 's General Khalifa Hifter has agreed in principle to a cease - fire in the country. Earlier in the week, Hifter refused to sign a cease - fire agreement in Moscow with his rival, Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj.

Violence escalated in April last year when renegade General Khalifa Haftar launched a bid to take Tripoli from the UN-recognized government, led by Fayez al-Serraj. Hundreds have died and 150,000 people, mostly children, have been internally displaced since then, according to the UN Children's Fund.

"We call upon the UNSC [United Nations Security Council] to impose appropriate sanctions on those who are found to be in violation of the ceasefire arrangements and on Member States to enforce these," the draft says.

The Russia-Turkey ceasefire appeared to have held for several days, but Haftar walked out of ceasefire talks in Moscow aimed at cementing the deal in the early hours of Tuesday this week. Heavy gunfire was reported days later.

Libyan rivals to sign ceasefire deal in Moscow

  Libyan rivals to sign ceasefire deal in Moscow Both sides in Libya's conflict are expected Monday in Moscow to sign an agreement on the terms of a ceasefire which went into effect over the weekend, ending nine months of fighting after weeks of international diplomacy. The oil-rich North African country has been wracked by bloody turmoil since a 2011 NATO-backed uprising killed long-time dictator Moamer Kadhafi, with multiple foreign powers now involved. The UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli had been under attack since last April from forces loyal to strongman Khalifa Haftar, who is based in the east of the country.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas on Thursday said Libya 's General Khalifa Haftar has agreed in principle to a cease - fire in the country. Earlier in the week, Haftar refused to sign a cease - fire agreement in Moscow with his rival, Prime Minister Fayez Sarraj.

Three top Democratic senators called the sanctions “good and justified” but also insufficient and warned that they would ask Republicans to join them in House Speaker Nancy Pelosi earlier said she was forging ahead on a Turkey sanctions bill with Republican senator Lindsey Graham, who has

Haftar was at the conference in Berlin on Sunday, but it wasn't immediately clear whether Serraj would attend the peace talks.

The comminque expresses a commitment to "refraining from interference in the armed conflict or in the internal affairs of Libya" and urges all international actors to do the same.

The draft also calls for all parties to refrain from attacking oil facilities and infrastructure.

a group of people standing in front of a car: General Khalifa Haftar arrives at his hotel in Berlin on Saturday night on the eve of the Libya summit.© CHRISTIAN SPICKER/AFP/AFP via Getty Images General Khalifa Haftar arrives at his hotel in Berlin on Saturday night on the eve of the Libya summit.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel invited French President Emmanuel Macron and Russian President Vladimir Putin, whose countries have shown support for Haftar. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was also expected to attend, backing Serraj.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is attending talks, although the US policy on Libya is unclear. A Senior State Department official told reporters that the US thinks "all foreign forces should be out of Libya."

Putin, Erdogan Press Libyan Rivals to Sign Moscow Truce

  Putin, Erdogan Press Libyan Rivals to Sign Moscow Truce Libya’s feuding leaders are to hold talks in Moscow on Monday to sign a more lasting truce agreement, after Russia and Turkey seized the initiative to try to end a conflict that was rapidly devolving into a proxy war. © Photographer: FETHI BELAID/AFP Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord (GNA) of Libya, Fayez al-Sarraj, gestures during his meeting with the heads of diplomatic representations in Libya which are based in Tunisia, on May 22 , 2019 in Tunis.

The UN's Libya envoy Ghassan Salamé has called on foreign powers to stop interfering in Libya 's civil war. But both sides blame each other for reported breaches of the agreement , and attempts to broker a lasting ceasefire broke down last week at a summit in Moscow.

"If there is a ceasefire in Libya , then the EU must be prepared to help implement and monitor this ceasefire possibly also with soldiers, for example as part of an EU mission," Borrell told German magazine Der Russian officials said they're still working with the warring sides to find an agreement .

"This is a regionwide conflict that is broadening and looking increasingly like Syria which is why the whole community the international community is getting together in Germany," the official said.

"But I think it's so complex and heels are so far dug in that I would have moderate expectations as we go into this."

Pompeo's Russian counterpart, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, was also expected to attend talks.

Post-Gaddafi unrest

Instability has reigned in the North African country since the fall of strongman Moammar Gadhafi in 2011.

Serraj's internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) runs the capital and the country's northwest, while Haftar's National Army (LNA) runs a parallel government, with control of most of the east and around two-thirds of the country. He has reportedly received some support in the past from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Russia and France.

The GNA had the rubber stamp from the UN, and its main backers are Turkey, Qatar, and some EU states. Turkey recently voted to send troops to Libya to prop up Serraj's government, while some 2,000 Syrian fighters have also joined the conflict to defend the capital.

Russia has been seen bolstering its presence in Libya, deploying paramilitary forces there to support Haftar, according to the US State Department. Russia claims the troops are not tied to Moscow; it has used the same explanation to describe its mercenaries in like in Ukraine.

Several countries have breached arms embargo agreed at Libya summit: U.N. .
Several countries backing rival factions in Libya have violated an arms embargo which they had agreed to uphold a week ago at a summit in Berlin, the United Nations said on Saturday. © Reuters/POOL New FILE PHOTO: Libya summit in Berlin Last Sunday, foreign powers backing opposing camps fighting over Libya's capital Tripoli agreed at a summit hosted by Germany and the United Nations to push the parties to a lasting ceasefire and respect an existing U.N. arm embargo. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.

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