•   
  •   
  •   

World Trump administration discussed conducting first U.S. nuclear test in decades

04:26  23 may  2020
04:26  23 may  2020 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Nuclear Weapons Debate: US Ambassador Grenell criticizes SPD

 Nuclear Weapons Debate: US Ambassador Grenell criticizes SPD © AP The US Ambassador calls on Germany to fulfill its NATO obligations. Grenell has asked the federal government and especially the SPD not to question the nuclear weapons. Germany must meet its NATO commitments. The US ambassador for Germany , Richard Grenell, has asked the German government and especially the SPD not to question the German participation in the nuclear deterrence of NATO .

The Trump administration has discussed whether to conduct the first U . S . nuclear test explosion since 1992 in a move that would have far-reaching consequences for relations with other nuclear powers and reverse a decades -long moratorium on such actions, said a senior administration official

The Trump administration is planning to take a step toward developing a new generation of nuclear weapons this month in its Nuclear Posture Review, a strategy document for the U . S . nuclear arsenal. “But we are not throwing out the treaties that have served us so well in the past decades .”

The Trump administration has discussed whether to conduct the first U.S. nuclear test explosion since 1992 in a move that would have far-reaching consequences for relations with other nuclear powers and reverse a decades-long moratorium on such actions, said a senior administration official and two former officials familiar with the deliberations.

U.S. President Donald Trump makes a statement to reporters about reopening U.S. places of worship by declaring them © REUTERS/Leah Millis U.S. President Donald Trump makes a statement to reporters about reopening U.S. places of worship by declaring them "essential" in the midst of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, in the Brady Press Briefing Room at the White House in Washington, U.S., May 22, 2020. REUTERS/Leah Millis

Subscribe to the Post Most newsletter: Today’s most popular stories on The Washington Post

Trump Unveils Space Force Flag And ‘Super-Duper Missile’ Plan

  Trump Unveils Space Force Flag And ‘Super-Duper Missile’ Plan President Donald Trump unveiled the official flag for his Space Force at the White House on Friday, touting U.S. military might including the development of what he called “the super-duper missile.” © Thomson Reuters U.S. President Donald Trump gestures towards the U.S. Space Force flag during a presentation of the flag in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., May 15, 2020. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque Trump said the U.S. is “building right now incredible military equipment,” including a missile that would travel faster than any other in the world “by a factor of almost three.

The Trump administration said on Wednesday it would tear down 10 buildings at the U . S . government' s former Santa Susana Field Laboratory northwest of Los Angeles that was left contaminated by decades of nuclear , rocket fuel and liquid metal testing .

The Trump administration has not set out a timeline for negotiations or even raised the prospect with China and Russia. Trump administration officials question whether Moscow' s development of new nuclear weapons is the kind of step a "responsible stakeholder" would take.

The matter came up at a meeting of senior officials representing the top national security agencies last Friday, following accusations from administration officials that Russia and China are conducting low-yield nuclear tests — an assertion that has not been substantiated by publicly available evidence and that both countries have denied.

A senior administration official, who like others spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe the sensitive nuclear discussions, said that demonstrating to Moscow and Beijing that the United States could “rapid test” could prove useful from a negotiating standpoint as Washington seeks a trilateral deal to regulate the arsenals of the biggest nuclear powers.

Trump's emergency powers worry some senators, legal experts

  Trump's emergency powers worry some senators, legal experts WASHINGTON (AP) — The day he declared the COVID-19 pandemic a national emergency, President Donald Trump made a cryptic offhand remark. “I have the right to do a lot of things that people don’t even know about," he said at the White House. Trump wasn’t just crowing. Dozens of statutory authorities become available to any president when national emergencies are declared. They are rarely used, but Trump last month stunned legal experts and others when he claimed — mistakenly — that he has “total” authority over governors in easing COVID-19 guidelines.That prompted 10 senators to look into how sweeping Trump believes his emergency powers are.

2006: North Korea conducted its first nuclear test , resparking the simmering diplomatic crisis. 2009: The six-party talks collapsed following an impasse The Trump administration credits its economic and diplomatic pressure campaign for bringing North Korea to the table. Trump has agreed to a

The White House has warned that the US is ready to use the “full range” of capabilities at its disposal and might resort to using its nuclear arsenal against North Korea if it continues to threaten Washington or its allies. FILE PHOTO A pair of B-1B Lancer bombers © U . S . Air Force © Reuters.

The meeting did not conclude with any agreement to conduct a test, but a senior administration official said the proposal is “very much an ongoing conversation.” Another person familiar with the meeting, however, said a decision was ultimately made to take other measures in response to threats posed by Russia and China and avoid a resumption of testing.

The National Security Council declined to comment.

During the meeting, serious disagreements emerged over the idea, in particular from the National Nuclear Security Administration, according to two people familiar with the discussions. The NNSA, an agency that ensures the safety of the nation’s stockpile of nuclear weapons, didn’t respond to a request for comment.

The United States has not conducted a nuclear test explosion since September 1992, and nuclear non-proliferation advocates warned that doing so now could have destabilizing consequences.

Saudi Atomic Reactor Progresses With Inspectors Still Frozen Out

  Saudi Atomic Reactor Progresses With Inspectors Still Frozen Out Saudi Arabia is pushing ahead to complete its first nuclear reactor, according to satellite images that have raised concern among arms-control experts because the kingdom has yet to implement international monitoring rules. © Bloomberg King Abdulaziz City of Science and Technology, Riyadh Satellite photos show the kingdom has built a roof over the facility before putting in place International Atomic Energy Agency regulations that allow inspectors early verification of the reactor’s design.

Based on its First Amendment rulings in recent decades , the Supreme Court seems unlikely to permit In October, in the lead-up to the midterm elections, Trump characterized the caravan of Central American migrants headed toward the U . S . border to seek asylum as a “National Emergency.”

The stalled nuclear talks with the Trump administration have given Kim the space to perfect the technologies needed to strike the U . S . Analysts say “Reducing the threat from North Korea, whether that’ s by our success to date in stopping their missile testing , stopping their nuclear testing , those

“It would be an invitation for other nuclear-armed countries to follow suit,” said Daryl Kimball, executive director of the Arms Control Association. “It would be the starting gun to an unprecedented nuclear arms race. You would also disrupt the negotiations with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who may no longer feel compelled to honor his moratorium on nuclear testing.”

The United States remains the only country to have deployed a nuclear weapon during wartime, but more than 8,000 nuclear tests have been conducted since 1945 by at least eight countries.

The environmental and health-related consequences of nuclear testing moved the process underground, eventually leading to a near-global moratorium on testing in this century with the exception of North Korea. Concerns about the dangers of testing prompted more than 184 nations to sign the Nuclear Testing and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, an agreement that will not enter into force until ratified by eight key states, including the United States.

President Barack Obama supported the ratification of the CTBT in 2009 but never realized his goal. The Trump administration said it would not seek ratification in its 2018 Nuclear Posture Review.

North Korea wants to strengthen its "nuclear deterrent"

 North Korea wants to strengthen its © STR Undated photo of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, released on May 24, 2020 by KCNA North Korea discussed new measures to strengthen its "nuclear deterrent" during a meeting chaired by its leader Kim Jong Un, the official KCNA news agency said on Sunday. "During the meeting, new measures were presented to strengthen the country's military nuclear deterrent," said the North Korean news agency.

The Trump administration has framed negotiations with North Korea in stark binary terms – either North Korea’ s interest in nuclear technology began decades before the country’ s nuclear program Several months later, Pyongyang conducted its first nuclear test , bringing a renewed sense of

First , it remains unclear how committed the U . S . government really was to a military option in the run-up and right after China’ s first nuclear test . Considering the current U . S . administration ’ s disjointed responses to North Korea’ s nuclear weapons program and the repeated talk of the possible necessity

Still, the major nuclear powers abide by its core prohibition on testing. But the United States in recent months has alleged Russia and China have violated the “zero yield” standard with extremely low-yield or underground tests, not the type of many-kiloton yield tests with mushroom clouds associated with the Cold War. Russia and China deny the allegation.

Since establishing a moratorium on testing in the early 1990s, the United States has ensured that its nuclear weapons are ready to be deployed by conducting what are known as subcritical tests — or blasts that do not produce a nuclear chain reaction but can test components of a weapon.

U.S. nuclear weapons facilities have also developed robust computer simulation technologies that allow for modeling of nuclear tests to ensure the arsenal is ready to deploy.

The main purpose of nuclear tests has long been to check the reliability of an existing arsenal or try out new weapon designs. Every year, top U.S. officials, including the heads of the national nuclear labs and the commander of U.S. Strategic Command, must certify the safety and reliability of the stockpile without testing. The Trump administration has said that, unlike Russia and China, it isn’t pursuing new nuclear weapons but reserves the right to do so if the two countries refuse to negotiate on their programs.

U.S. to end sanctions waivers allowing some work at Iran nuclear sites -sources

  U.S. to end sanctions waivers allowing some work at Iran nuclear sites -sources U.S. to end sanctions waivers allowing some work at Iran nuclear sites -sourcesThe decision, first reported by the Washington Post, seemed designed to tighten the "maximum pressure" policy Washington has applied since it pulled out of the Iran nuclear deal two years ago. That deal had provided Tehran with relief from economic sanctions in return for curbs on its nuclear program.

The deliberations over a nuclear test explosion come as the Trump administration prepares to leave the Treaty on Open Skies, a nearly 30-year-old pact that came into force in 2002 and was designed to reduce the chances of an accidental war by allowing mutual reconnaissance flights for members of the 34-country agreement.

The planned withdrawal marks another example of the erosion of a global arms-control framework that Washington and Moscow began hashing out painstakingly during the Cold War. The Trump administration pulled out of a 1987 pact with Russia governing intermediate-range missiles, citing violations by Moscow, and withdrew from a 2015 nuclear accord with Iran, saying Tehran wasn’t living up to the spirit of it.

a large ship in the background: The last full-scale underground test of a nuclear weapon was conducted at the Nevada Test Site in September 1992. © Los Alamos National Laboratory/Los Alamos National Laboratory The last full-scale underground test of a nuclear weapon was conducted at the Nevada Test Site in September 1992.

The primary remaining pillar of the arms-control framework between the United States and Russia is the New START pact, which places limits on strategic nuclear platforms.

The Trump administration has been pushing to negotiate a follow-on agreement that includes China in addition to Russia, but China has rejected calls for talks so far.

Trump’s presidential envoy for arms control, Marshall Billingslea, warned that China is the “midst” of a major buildup of its nuclear arsenal and “intent on building up its nuclear forces and using those forces to try to intimidate the United States and our friends and allies.”

One U.S. official said a nuclear test could help pressure the Chinese into joining a trilateral agreement with the U.S. and Russia, but some non-proliferation advocates say such a move is risky.

“If this administration believes that a nuclear test explosion and nuclear brinkmanship is going to coerce negotiating partners to make unilateral concessions, that’s a dangerous ploy,” Kimball said.

China home-built aircraft carrier conducting sea trials .
BEIJING (AP) — China’s Defense Ministry said the navy’s only entirely home-built aircraft is carrying out sea trials to test weapons and equipment and enhance training of the crew. Ministry spokesperson Ren Guoqiang said Friday the exercises were being conducted as planned, apparently unaffected by the country’s coronavirus outbreak. Ministry spokesperson Ren Guoqiang said Friday the exercises were being conducted as planned, apparently unaffected by the country’s coronavirus outbreak.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks
usr: 13
This is interesting!