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World Asia: Conflict between India and China comes to a head

23:52  28 may  2020
23:52  28 may  2020 Source:   handelsblatt.com

Nepal issues a new map claiming contested territories with India as its own

  Nepal issues a new map claiming contested territories with India as its own Nepal has issued a new national map incorporating areas also claimed by neighboring India, prompting fierce criticism from New Delhi. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); At issue is about 300 square kilometers (115 square miles) of mountainous land incorporating Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura and Kalapani. Nepal's new map locates the small stretch of disputed land within its northwest border, between China and India.

Seit Jahrzehnten streiten sich Asiens aufstrebende Großmächte Indien und China darüber, wo genau die Grenze zwischen ihren Territorien im Himalaya verläuft. © AP For decades, Asia's emerging powers, India and China, have been fighting over exactly where the border between their territories in the Himalayas runs.

Asia's emerging powers are at odds: there are violent skirmishes at the border and conflicts over investment. Now Donald Trump is also interfering.

In the middle of the Himalayas, an armed conflict threatens between the two most populous countries in the world: 4000 meters above sea level, thousands of soldiers from India and China are currently facing each other. The states accuse each other of having invaded each other's territory.

After two violent skirmishes with several injuries, the two countries are now arming along the contested border. There is also great concern about an escalation in the West: US President Donald Trump speaks of a "raging dispute" - and offers himself via Twitter as a mediator at .

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Minor clashes between Indian and Chinese troops are nothing new: Asia's emerging powers have been arguing for decades about exactly where the border between their territories is. But observers see the current conflict as a serious escalation - also because of the unusually large number of deployed soldiers.

The mountain confrontation is not the only sign of increasing tensions between the two countries: to anger the government in Beijing, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently joined the call for an independent investigation of the coronavirus outbreak in China. He also wants to curb the economic expansion course of the People's Republic with new regulations that are obviously aimed at investors from China - and is causing outrage in the neighboring country.

In the Himalayas, India and China with knives pulled

 In the Himalayas, India and China with knives pulled © NOEMI CASSANELLI In the district of Leh, in the region of Ladakh, in August 2019. New scuffles took place in May on the border between the two countries, whose relations have always been strained since the war in 1962. "We have informed India and China that the United States is ready [...] to arbitrate their border dispute which is currently raging." Donald Trump's tweet, released on Wednesday without further comment, shed light on the pitched battles between Chinese and Indian soldiers that

India's attempt to put China in an economically more restrictive position recently took place a few days after it became known that China's central bank had acquired shares in the large Indian credit institution HDFC. Under the new rules, Chinese investors wishing to invest in Indian companies will only need government approval in New Delhi in the future.

Although the provisions imposed by the Modi government officially apply to all neighboring countries in India, there is no doubt that they are primarily aimed at China. The Chinese embassy in India criticized the decision as discriminatory and complained of a violation of World Trade Organization regulations. India only harms itself with the procedure, commented the Chinese state newspaper " Global Times ".

provocations and disturbing behavior

Premier Modi was not impressed. Although China is far superior to India, both militarily and economically, Modi believes it is worthwhile for its country to stand up to China. It should also play a role that he can hope for the support of the USA .

China and India Brawl at 14,000 Feet Along the Border

  China and India Brawl at 14,000 Feet Along the Border NEW DELHI — High in the Himalayas, an enormous fistfight erupted in early May between the soldiers of China and India. Brawls at 14,000 feet along their inhospitable and disputed frontier are not terribly unusual, but what happened next was. A few days later, Chinese troops confronted Indian soldiers again, this time at several other remote border points in the Himalayas, some more than 1,000 miles apart. Since then both armies have rushed in thousands of reinforcements. Indian analysts say that China has beefed up its forces with dump trucks, excavators, troop carriers, artillery and armored vehicles and that China is now occupying Indian territory.

Modi recently appeared on the side of US President Trump in a particularly friendly atmosphere. But Modi is not the only person who has good personal ties to America. The United States also officially see India at the center of its Indo-Pacific strategy, with which the Americans want to create a counterpoint to China in Asia . Against this background,

Trump's offer to act as a mediator in the Indian-Chinese border conflict cannot be taken very seriously. In view of the numerous conflicts between the US President and the Chinese government, he should not be seen as a neutral third party.

And officials of his government were already clear about the case: The clashes are a reminder that China's aggressions are not just rhetorical, said Alice Wells, director of the South and Central Asia Department of the U.S. State Department. "Both in the South China Sea and on the border with India, we see China's provocations and disturbing behavior, which raises the question of how China intends to use its growing power."

India had previously accused China of using regular patrols along the De- to have prevented facto limit. According to media reports, a clash between the two sides led to fist fights and stone throwing in early May - soldiers on both sides were partially seriously injured. A few days later, a similar incident happened again elsewhere.

India China border tensions: Defense minister reveals large Chinese troop movements

  India China border tensions: Defense minister reveals large Chinese troop movements Chinese troops have moved into a tense, disputed section of the Himalayan border shared by China and India, according to a high-ranking Delhi official. © CHANDAN KHANNA/AFP/AFP via Getty Images The national flags of India (R) and China are seen at the Delhi World Book fair at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi on January 9, 2016.

So far, there has been no conflict with firearms. The military presence on the outskirts of the Indian region of Ladakh rose sharply. According to Indian authorities, the Chinese People's Liberation Army is said to have set up a camp with up to 100 tents on its side of the de facto border and dozens of other tents on the Indian side. Satellite images are also said to show Chinese military vehicles. Such an upgrade of the Chinese army at the border is a new development from the perspective of observers.

The exact background of the strategy is unclear. However, it is suspected that China might want to use the military operation to counterbalance recently completed Indian infrastructure projects in the border region. 's foreign ministry only shared with this week that China was concerned with ensuring its territorial sovereignty. At the moment, the situation on the Chinese-Indian border is "stable and controllable".

India, China decide to continue efforts to defuse border row .
NEW DELHI (AP) — India and China will press ahead with military and diplomatic engagements in a bid to resolve a standoff along their disputed Himalayan frontier, the foreign ministry in New Delhi said Sunday. The External Affairs Ministry said in statement that a meeting between Indian and Chinese military commanders at a border post in the Himalayan region on Saturday took place in a "cordial and positive atmosphere.

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