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World Libya: the strategic battle of Sirte

00:45  07 june  2020
00:45  07 june  2020 Source:   rfi.fr

US military accuses Russia of deploying fighter jets in Libya

 US military accuses Russia of deploying fighter jets in Libya © www.africom.mil "Russia is clearly trying to tip the scales in its favor in Libya," the general said in a statement. Commander of the American forces in Africa, Stephen J. Townsend, from his headquarters based in Stuttgart, Germany. The United States is communicating on Libya this Tuesday, May 26.

The Battle of Sirte (2016) started in the spring of 2016, in the Sirte District, Libya , between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the loyalist forces of the Government of National Accord (GNA)

The Battle of Sirte (also spelled Surt) was the final battle of the First Libyan Civil War, beginning when the National Liberation Army attacked the last remnants of the Libyan army still loyal to Muammar

Une vue générale d'une installation pétrochimique dans la ville riche en pétrole de Ras Lanouf le 24 août 2011 à environ 150 kilomètres à l'est de Syrte, porte d'entrée du croissant pétrolier. © AFP PHOTO / GIANLUIGI GUERCIA A general view of a petrochemical installation in the oil-rich town of Ras Lanouf on August 24, 2011 about 150 kilometers east of Sirte, gateway to entry of the oil crescent.

On the strength of its recent victories over the men of Khalifa Haftar, the Government of National Union (GNA), recognized by the international community, decided on Saturday June 6 to attack the city of Sirte, located 450 km east from the Libyan capital. His control would open the doors of the oil terminals controlled by Haftar.

From our correspondent in Tunis,

Control of Sirte has been a major issue since 2011. It is the western gateway to the oil crescent, located in the center of the Libyan coast and which brings together the main oil terminals. If the forces of the Government of National Unity of Tripoli seize Sirte, they will be within tank range of the first black gold sites.

Towards a resumption of peace talks and a cease-fire in Libya?

 Towards a resumption of peace talks and a cease-fire in Libya? In Libya, the UN mission (Manul) claims that the rival powers have agreed to resume talks, after a suspension of more than three months, with a view to a cease-fire. © Supplied by Euronews On the one hand, the rebel army of Khalifa Haftar, on the other, the forces of the government of National Union (GNA). Fighting continues in Libya. However, the two camps have reportedly agreed to resume talks with a view to a cease-fire.

The Government of National Accord-aligned forces from Misrata have been conducting a military operation in the ISIS Libyan stronghold of Sirte . Misrata Brigades have pushed ISIS militants from the city’s nearby areas, however

At the moment, the IS presence in Libya is mostly limited to areas around their stronghold in Sirte , but the group is currently battling to take over the strategic port The fact of the unit's presence emerged after photos appeared on the Libyan Air Force's Facebook page, with 20 US combat-ready troops

For Haftar’s army, controls the city poses a constant threat to the enemy city of Misrata, 250 km to the west, from which the main pro-Tripoli armed groups come.

Syrte has become the unofficial border since 2014 and the political split of Libya. Owning the city means taking a territorial ascendancy.

The city is also the stronghold of the Kadadhfa, the tribe of the former dictator Gaddafi. Their support continues to constitute an important social and tribal force despite the fall of their hero.

Finally, Sirte is an access point to the Libyan desert. It is also south of Sirte that would be grouped the last supporters of the Islamic State who had taken over the city from 2015 to 2016. Syrte was then the first stronghold of the terrorist group outside the Iraqi zone. Syrian.

On a visit to Cairo, Khalifa Haftar accepted the ceasefire proposal from Monday proposed by one of his closest supporters, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi.

► Read also: Libya: the international game behind the announcement of a resumption of discussions

UN voices 'horror' after reports of Libya mass graves .
The United Nations voiced "horror" after reports that eight mass graves had been discovered in an area recently seized by the unity government after forces loyal to eastern strongman Khalifa Haftar withdrew. "UNSMIL notes with horror reports on the discovery of at least eight mass graves in past days, the majority of them in Tarhuna," the UN mission said in a statement on Twitter.

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