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World Libya: HRW calls for urgent investigation into "war crimes" of pro-Haftar

17:05  16 june  2020
17:05  16 june  2020 Source:   lepoint.fr

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  Russia makes 'brazen' military intervention in Libyan conflict The voice behind the camera rings with falsetto glee as the frame fills with the remains of an aircraft, its wings burned and skeletal, its jet engine slumped in the wreckage. © Mahumd Turkia/AFP/Getty Images Forces loyal to Libya's UN-recognized government parade a Russian-made Pantsir air defense system truck in Tripoli on May 20, after its capture from forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar at al Watiya airbase. "Our rocket did that ... this is their plane," the Libyan fighter yells. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.

  Libye: HRW réclame une enquête urgente sur des © Supplied by Le Point

The NGO Human Rights Watch (HRW) called on Tuesday for an urgent investigation into possible "war crimes" committed by the forces of Marshal Khalifa Haftar in Libya , noting the recent "apparent evidence of torture" and "summary executions".

"The Libyan Arab Armed Forces (FAAL, pro-Haftar) should urgently investigate the apparent evidence of torture, summary executions and desecration of corpses (...) committed by combatants affiliated with it", wrote the human rights NGO in a press release.

According to HRW, videos, "recorded and shared on social networks in May 2020", show combatants, "whom HRW has identified as linked to Marshal Haftar", engaging in such acts.

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  Explainer: Untangling the conflict in Libya Libya's conflict has taken a new twist after an attempt by eastern-based commander Khalifa Haftar to seize the capital, Tripoli, crumbled rapidly in recent weeks. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); WHO'S BEEN FIGHTING WHO?Haftar's self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (LNA) has been battling forces aligned with the Tripoli-based, internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA).

"The torture of detainees and the summary execution of captured or surrendered combatants are war crimes," said HRW.

After launching in April 2019 an offensive on Tripoli, seat of the Union Government (GNA) recognized by the UN , the troops of Marshal Haftar, a strong man from eastern Libya, had to retreat to the following a series of setbacks in recent weeks.

These battles at the gates of the capital, in a country plagued by chaos since the fall of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, have left hundreds of dead, including civilians, and more than 200,000 displaced.

In their retreat to the East and the South, the pro-Haftar were accused by the GNA of having laid minefields.

The UN mission in Libya (Manul) also said it was "horrified" after information on the discovery of at least eight mass graves in Tarhouna, last bastion of pro-Haftar in the West, resumed on June 5 by pro-GNA.

"Khalifa Haftar must urgently hold his forces responsible for any war crime committed," said Hanan Saleh, HRW researcher for Libya.

The battle of Tripoli was also marked by a growing involvement of foreign powers: the Turkey with the GNA, the United Arab Emirates , Egypt and Russia in the Haftar camp.

In addition to the commanders of the pro-Haftar forces, all foreign parties "are required to respect the laws of war", reports HRW.

06/16/2020 11:22:06 - Tripoli (AFP) - © 2020 AFP

10 things you need to know today: June 7, 2020 .
1. Tens of thousands of people took to the streets Saturday in several major U.S. cities, including Washington, D.C., New York, and Seattle, as well as smaller towns across the country to protest against police brutality two weeks after George Floyd was killed in police custody in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The movement has also spread around the globe. Demonstrations have been occurring throughout the U.S. for days now, but Saturday's ralliesThe confirmed global coronavirus death toll has surpassed 400,000, per data collected by Johns Hopkins University. The number of confirmed infections worldwide is approaching 7 million.

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