World China Sea: new standoff between Washington and Beijing

11:05  14 july  2020
11:05  14 july  2020 Source:   lepoint.fr

US-China tensions heat up in South China Sea

  US-China tensions heat up in South China Sea For the first time in six years, two US Navy aircraft carriers are in the South China Sea, the latest show of military might from Washington as it pushes back against China's sweeping claim to much of the contested region. © Petty Officer 2nd Class Samantha Jetzer/U.S. Navy An F/A-18E Super Hornet flies over the flight deck of the USS Ronald Reagan in the South China Sea on July 4, 2020.

  Mer de Chine : nouveau bras de fer entre Washington et Pékin © Provided by Le Point

The head of the American diplomacy Mike Pompeo warned Monday July 13, 2020 that the United States considered the land claims of China at sea from China South as "illegal?" ", Thus increasing the pressure on Beijing. "The United States defends the idea of ​​a free and open Indo-Pacific region. Today, we are strengthening the policy of the United States in a vital and disputed area of ​​this region: the South China Sea? "Said the US secretary of state in a statement. He added, "We are making it clear: Beijing's claims to offshore resources in much of the South China Sea are completely illegal, as is its intimidation campaign to control them."

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The Secretary of State of the United States recalled that a court of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague had ruled in 2016 that China had no legal basis to claim "? Historic rights?" On this area. "? The decision of the arbitral tribunal is final and enforceable for both parties? ", He concluded. "The world will not allow China to treat the South China Sea as its maritime empire." »

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"Completely unjustified accusations"

In a statement published by the Chinese Embassy in the United States, Beijing denounced "? Totally unjustified accusations?" And said "strongly opposed?" "To the words of the head of American diplomacy. The United States has long rejected China's claims on almost all of the islets and reefs of the South China Sea facing neighboring countries ( Malaysia , Vietnam , Philippines , Brunei). The Pentagon had denounced in early July Chinese military exercises around the disputed archipelago of Paracels, claimed by China, Vietnam and Taiwan.

UK-China ties freeze with debate over Huawei, Hong Kong

  UK-China ties freeze with debate over Huawei, Hong Kong LONDON (AP) — Only five years ago, then-British Prime Minister David Cameron was celebrating a “golden era” in U.K.-China relations, bonding with President Xi Jinping over a pint of beer at the pub and signing off on trade deals worth billions. Those friendly scenes now seem like a distant memory. Hostile rhetoric has ratcheted up in recent days over Beijing’s new national security law for Hong Kong. Britain’s decision to offer refuge to millions in the former colony was met with a stern telling-off by China.

More than the Paracels, it is the Spratleys archipelago, further south, which crystallizes most of the regional maritime tensions: the claims of the various neighbors overlap there. While the United States has so far refrained from taking a position in the territorial disputes in this region, contenting itself with asserting "freedom of navigation?" Mike Pompeo explicitly took sides with the states bordering on China. Thus, Mischief and Second Thomas Shoal reefs "fall under the jurisdiction and sovereign rights of the Philippines?" ", In accordance with the 2016 judgment, he said.

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Esper pushes allied effort to challenge China's 'bullying' .
United States Defense Secretary Mark Esper said Tuesday that Washington is counting on Asian partners to help rein in an increasingly aggressive China, as two of the US Navy's most powerful warships conducted drills with allies in the Indian and Pacific oceans. © Greg Nash/Pool/Getty Images US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper Esper accused Beijing of bullying nations around the Pacific, depriving countries with claims in the South China Sea of fishing rights and trillions of dollars of oil and gas revenue. He also accused China of "brazen disregard of international commitments.

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