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World Between Benin and France, cordial and uninhibited relations

17:05  01 august  2020
17:05  01 august  2020 Source:   bfmtv.com

France Televisions. President Delphine Ernotte pinned by the CSA on parity and diversity

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After seizing power in the 1972 coup d'état, Major Mathieu Kérékou declared the Republic of Dahomey a Marxist-Leninist state and sought financial support from communist governments in Eastern Europe

Benin –Denmark relations refers to the current and historical relations between Benin and Denmark. Benin has an embassy in Copenhagen since 2005, and Denmark has an embassy in Cotonou. In 2007, the Danish development aid to Benin amounted 236 million DKK.

Le présidenet béninois Patrice Talon salue ses invités aux cérémonies du 60e anniversaire de l'indépendance du Bénin, à Cotonou le 1er août 2020 © Yanick Folly Beninese president Patrice Talon greets his guests at the ceremonies for the 60th anniversary of Benin's independence, in Cotonou on August 1, 2020

Benin, former Dahomey regained its independence just 60 years ago, and like many French-speaking countries, it maintains close ties with France which have evolved since Patrice Talon came to power in 2016.

The presidential candidate campaigned at the time on a rather "anti-French" feeling, but this was more to distance himself from his opponent Lionel Zinsou, Franco-Beninese, than in real opposition to the former colonizing power.

His mandate, which will end next year, remains marked by strong symbols: the official request for the return of works of art looted during the colonial wars and the announcement of the withdrawal of the CFA franc's foreign exchange reserves which will be found in France, long before Emmanuel Macron acted on the end of the currency common to the vast majority of the former colonies in Africa.

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Benin , officially the Republic of Benin (French: République du Bénin ) and formerly known as Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.

This category is for bilateral relations between Benin and France . - ► Beninese expatriates in France ‎ (2 C, 5 P).

Le président béninois Patrice Talon reçu par son homologue français Emmanuel Macron au palais présidentiel de l'Elysée à Paris le 5 mars 2018 © ludovic MARIN Beninese President Patrice Talon received by his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron at the presidential palace of the Elysee Palace in Paris on March 5, 2018

The 62-year-old Head of State is part of the first generation of African leaders who have never known colonization, even if he keeps "quite intimate links" with France, where he notably spent three years in political exile between 2012 and 2015.

Un détachement de la Marine nationale béninoise aux cérémonies d'indépendance, à Cotonou le 1er août 2020 © Yanick Folly A detachment from the Beninese National Navy at the independence ceremonies, in Cotonou on August 1, 2020

- Independence or autonomy -

"Patrice Talon is, proportionately, in an uninhibited relationship with the French State", maintains Joël Atayi-Guèdègbé, Beninese political scientist.

"But he still maintained cordial relations with France", explains this expert in governance, taking the example of the restitution of cultural goods which is being prepared.

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Benin –Russia relations (Russian: Российско-бенинские отношения) is the relationship between the two countries, Benin and Russia. The Soviet Union recognised the Republic of Dahomey as an independent and sovereign state on 18 August 1960

Benin –India relations refers to the bilateral ties between the Republic of India and the Republic of Benin . Both nations are part of the Non-Aligned Movement. Benin supports India's candidature for a permanent seat in a reformed Security Council.

"We must be both proud and modest in our relations with the powers" he pleads.

The president of the Beninese Association for Strategic and Security Studies, Oswald Padonou, in fact recalls that "independence" does not necessarily mean "autonomy": "Benin still has many relations of dependence with France", in particular in economic or expertise terms.

According to the Quai d'Orsay website, Franco-Beninese trade is extremely unbalanced with low French imports (2.4 million euros in 2018), centered around a few agricultural and agrifood products, while French exports amounted to 222.7 MEUR that same year.

French companies directly employ more than 4,000 people in the country, Paris supports economic development projects initiated by the Benin government, particularly in tourism and new technologies, and the French Institute in Benin remains one of the most important cultural places. important in Cotonou, the economic capital.

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have formal relations with Bhutan (such as France and Germany) are represented by the EU, which does maintain a diplomatic relation separate from China has said that the border remains in dispute and that the two sides are continuing to work for a peaceful and cordial resolution of the dispute.[8]

Following independence in 1960, Mali initially followed a socialist path and was aligned ideologically with the communist bloc. Mali's foreign policy orientation became increasingly pragmatic and pro-Western over time.

- Strategic interests -

However, this trend could change in the years to come, with the attraction of emerging powers such as Brazil, Turkey and China.

"Today we are in a situation in which we can choose the types of partnership we want", but above all we must "determine our strategic interests and that we are able to protect and defend them", explains the political scientist at AFP.

Within the population, the debates around the former colonial power are still topical.

Kemi Séba, French of Beninese origin and leader of the protest against the CFA franc which he considers to be a "neocolonial" instrument, now lives in Cotonou after being expelled from Senegal, Ivory Coast and sentenced several times in France for incitement to hatred.

Part of the Beninese population is also indignant that so many streets, public places, boulevards and public buildings still bear the names of great French political or cultural personalities.

"You have to be careful not to erase history," warns Dr Oswald Padonou.

"There are characters, personalities who are not Beninese but who have counted in our history", recalls the specialist in political questions. What we need to do, he says, is "to promote what makes up our own history, our heroes."

"The positive or negative roles that these characters have played in history must be preserved and be known to future generations. We live together. We are not at war with others," he concludes.

str-spb / jhd

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