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World Why Japan’s Feud With South Korea Isn’t Going Away

02:40  03 august  2020
02:40  03 august  2020 Source:   bloomberg.com

Covid-19: North Korea reports a first "suspect" case

 Covid-19: North Korea reports a first © REUTERS - Lee Jae Won The city of Kaesong, just behind the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating North Korea and Korea of South, September 25, 2013. A person returning to North Korea "after illegally crossing the demarcation line" with South Korea is "suspected" of carrying the coronavirus, according to the official North Korean news agency. Korean KCNA. Pyongyang has ordered the containment of the city of Kaesong. This is a first.

Japan - South Korea friction has never escalated to the point where it has severely damaged economic or military ties, although some have warned about dangers associated with the recurring feud . Nevertheless, Moon has expressed willingness to work with Japan in some areas

Japan on Friday expanded controls over exports to South Korea of items ranging from ball bearings to precision machine tools. The toll of the dispute is also starting to go beyond the economic damage of the trade standoff. Last month, two South Korean men in their 70 s set themselves afire in protest

(Bloomberg) -- Japan’s colonial rule over the Korean Peninsula ended more than seven decades ago, yet that legacy still roils everyday politics on both sides. South Korea and Japan, major trading partners and both U.S. military allies, have been at loggerheads over what constitutes proper contrition and compensation for Koreans conscripted to work in factories and mines that supplied Japan’s imperial war machine, and those euphemistically called “comfort women,” who were forced to work in military brothels. Japan contends all claims were settled under a 1965 bilateral treaty and a fund set up in 2015. Seoul argues Japan hasn’t done enough. Some of Japan’s largest companies have been dragged into the fray, and the situation is affecting the two countries’ ability to cooperate on security and other issues.

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South Korea and Japan stepped up their fight over trade, leaving little room for a quick way out in the dispute that threatens to damage security ties and Trump Needs Them to Be Friends, But Japan and South Korea Feud . President Moon said Japan ’ s move was clearly intended to block his country’s

South Koreans are inflicting pain on Japan ’ s tourist industry, staying away amid a long-running feud between the two countries that’s spread from Why Japan and South Korea Have Their Own Trade War: QuickTake. South Koreans are going against the global trend in their reluctance to visit Japan .

a man holding a sign: An attendee, right, holds a placard reading 'No Abe!' next to the statue of a girl representing a 'comfort woman' in world war two during a demonstration against Japan's removal of South Korea from a list of trusted trading partners in Seoul, South Korea, on Saturday, Aug. 3, 2019. South Korea warned Japan it would be responsible for repercussions from its unprecedented decision, as escalating tensions between the two U.S. allies threaten to damage security ties and global supply lines. © Bloomberg An attendee, right, holds a placard reading 'No Abe!' next to the statue of a girl representing a 'comfort woman' in world war two during a demonstration against Japan's removal of South Korea from a list of trusted trading partners in Seoul, South Korea, on Saturday, Aug. 3, 2019. South Korea warned Japan it would be responsible for repercussions from its unprecedented decision, as escalating tensions between the two U.S. allies threaten to damage security ties and global supply lines. a group of people performing on stage in front of a crowd: Protesters hold placards reading 'No Abe!' and candles during a demonstration against Japan's removal of South Korea from a list of trusted trading partners in Seoul, South Korea, on Saturday, Aug. 3, 2019. South Korea warned Japan it would be responsible for repercussions from its unprecedented decision, as escalating tensions between the two U.S. allies threaten to damage security ties and global supply lines. © Bloomberg Protesters hold placards reading 'No Abe!' and candles during a demonstration against Japan's removal of South Korea from a list of trusted trading partners in Seoul, South Korea, on Saturday, Aug. 3, 2019. South Korea warned Japan it would be responsible for repercussions from its unprecedented decision, as escalating tensions between the two U.S. allies threaten to damage security ties and global supply lines.

1. What are the roots of the labor dispute?

Hundreds of thousands of Koreans were conscripted during the 1910-1945 colonial period to work, often in brutal conditions, at dozens of Japanese companies. At the time of a 1965 treaty that established diplomatic ties between the two countries, Japan paid the equivalent of $300 million -- $2.4 billion in today’s money -- and extended $200 million in low-interest loans on the understanding all claims were “settled completely and finally.” The then-struggling South Korea invested the money in industries that eventually helped turn it into an economic powerhouse. However, South Korean court rulings since late 2018 have said some conscripted workers were not properly compensated for their emotional pain and suffering.

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South Korea said it would withdraw from an intelligence-sharing agreement with Japan , extending their feud over trade measures and historical grievances into security cooperation and raising alarm in the U. S ., their shared ally.

Why Japan ’ s Feud With South Korea Isn ’ t Going Away . “Under the current system, it takes an average of five years for a standard housing development to go through the planning system -- before a spade is even in the ground,” Jenrick wrote in the Sunday Telegraph.

2. What is the fallout for the companies?

South Korea’s Supreme Court ruled in 2018 against two of Japan’s largest companies: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. was ordered to pay as much as $134,000 to each of 10 claimants, while Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corp. was ordered to pay $88,000 to each of four plaintiffs. A South Korean court then ordered the seizure of shares valued at about $356,000 that Nippon Steel has in a joint venture with South Korean steelmaker Posco, a move Tokyo calls unlawful. These assets could be liquidated soon, something Japan has said would inflame tensions.

3. What has Japan done to push back?

Japan rejected a South Korean proposal for a joint compensation fund to resolve the dispute, seeing it as a breach of international law and their 1965 treaty. The Japanese government removed South Korea from a so-called “white list” of trusted countries that benefit from less stringent trade checks. That followed a move to restrict exports of materials vital to South Korean manufacturers of semiconductors and computer displays.

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Why Can’ t Japan and South Korea Be Friends? They’re both U. S . allies and big trade partners with each other. Fed by willing politicians, Japan and South Korea ’ s low-level, simmering feud seems only to be getting worse. And the antipathy between the two mature and prosperous economies could

A row between Japan and South Korea escalated on Saturday In the talks, South Korean officials expressed regret over Japan ' s export restrictions and asked Iwamatsu said the two sides had agreed on what they would disclose from the talks but that the Korean official went beyond the agreement.

4. And South Korea?

South Korea removed Japan from its list of most-trusted trading partners. Seoul said it would withdraw from a military intelligence-sharing agreement, but later backed down in the face of heavy U.S. pressure. But in July, South Korea revived a complaint it filed with the World Trade Organization last year over Japan’s trade restrictions, after describing them as “politically motivated.” Tokyo has tried to block the WTO inquiry, saying its measures fall under a national security exemption.

5. Are other Japanese companies affected?

There are more than a dozen such cases pending in South Korea involving about 70 companies, according to the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. An estimated 725,000 Korean workers were sent to mainland Japan, Sakhalin and the southern Pacific islands to work in the mining, construction, and shipbuilding industries, according to a Stanford University research paper. Most of the former laborers have died, but some of their family members have sought legal standing to sue.

6. What about the ‘comfort women’ controversy?

That’s also flaring again after a private botanical garden in Pyeongchang, east of Seoul, set up a memorial showing a man thought to resemble Prime Minister Shinzo Abe prostrating himself in apology before a seated young woman. Historians say anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 women -- many of them Korean -- were forced into service in Japan’s military brothels. There are fewer than two dozen known survivors in South Korea. In 2015, Japan and South Korea announced a “final and irreversible” agreement that came with a personal apology from Abe as well as about $8 million for a compensation fund. But many South Koreans opposed the deal, which was signed without consulting the victims, some of whom refused the money in protest. Under President Moon Jae-in, who took office in 2017, South Korea shut down the fund, angering Tokyo. Following that, South Korea’s National Assembly Speaker Moon Hee-sang said in an interview with Bloomberg News that Japan’s then-Emperor Akihito -- whom the speaker called “the son of the main culprit of war crimes” -- should hold hands with the women and personally apologize. Japan demanded an apology and retraction.

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Japan – South Korea relations refers to international relations between Japan and South Korea . After the division of Korea , Japan and South Korea had established diplomatic relations in December

Both South Korea and Japan have border disputes with China and have seen what China does to This is the real secret to America’ s power and why South Korea and Japan really really wants to retain the And, of course, all the effort made by China and South Korea on building relationships, gone .

7. Has Japan apologized before?

Several times, yet many in South Korea have doubts about its sincerity. In 1990, Akihito expressed his “deep regret” for the colonial rule. In 1991, Japan issued the Kono Statement, where it offered “its sincere apologies and remorse” to the comfort women. The statement has been Japanese government policy since then. The apologies have been undercut by comments from leading Japanese politicians seen as whitewashing the militarist past, and visits made to Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo, where the country’s wartime military leaders -- including Class A war criminals -- are among those honored. South Korea has also been angered by what it sees as Japan’s repeated failure to acknowledge that the human rights of Korean conscripted workers were abused at Hashima, one of a group of sites recognized by UNESCO as representing Japan’s industrial revolution.

8. How bad can things get?

Japan-South Korea friction has never escalated to the point where it has severely damaged economic or military ties, although some have warned about dangers associated with the recurring feud. Nevertheless, Moon has expressed willingness to work with Japan in some areas, including the international push to end North Korea’s nuclear ambitions.

The Reference Shelf

The 1965 treaty between South Korea and Japan.A QuickTake on Japan’s military.Japan’s apology known as the Kono Statement.U.S. President Donald Trump tries to stay out of feud between allies.South Korea’s Supreme Court says Japanese companies must pay up.

For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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