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World An Urban Planner’s Trick to Making Bike-able Cities

11:22  05 august  2020
11:22  05 august  2020 Source:   bloomberg.com

FILE. Long live cycling!

 FILE. Long live cycling! © Copyright 2020, L'Obs How France got on the bike © Supplied by L'Obs In our cities, the bike is regaining ground on the car and conveys a new lifestyle that respects the environment and of health. Why and how has France finally started to pedal? Investigation. Léonore Moncond’huy, the young mayor who wants to put Poitiers on the bike © Supplied by L’Obs Thanks to her bicycle plan, this 30-year-old green mayor wants to "make the city more breathable". Meet.

Urban Planners have a new data-driven software tool to assist them to place bike lanes in areas where they will be most beneficial. When the same road had a bike lane, that number dropped to just .2 percent. Urban planning critical as our cities transform. On larger four-lane roads the uncomfortable

An urban planner or an urban planning engineer is a professional who practices in the field of urban planning . An urban planner may focus on a specific area of practice and have a title such as city planner , town planner , regional planner , long-range planner , transportation planner

(Bloomberg) -- When the citizens of Barcelona returned to the streets in mid-May after a 2-month lockdown, they discovered a changed city. Not only was it overgrown with plants and wildlife, but the streets had been transformed by 13 miles of bright yellow bike lanes painted over the old car lanes.

a person riding a bicycle on a city street: A woman rides a bicycle through a bike lane in central Milan on May 4, 2020, © Photographer: Miguel Medina/Getty Images/AFP A woman rides a bicycle through a bike lane in central Milan on May 4, 2020,

Adria Gomila, the chief of mobility services in Barcelona, is leading the metamorphosis. His team of 30 has turned Spain’s second-largest city into one of the most bike-friendly metropolises in southern Europe. The pandemic, though a tragedy, has also turned into an opportunity.

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For generations, Danish urban planners have made it a priority for children to be able to ride to school alone. The result is not just more social, cheerful, healthy children – but more social, cheerful, healthy adults.

Urban planning works to design a city so that it can be used effectively by its people. The programs of an urban planner should encourage partnerships among public agencies And they would require superior urban planning to make sure they lived in a healthy, comfortable and efficient community.

“Everyone is coming out of this with a bigger sense of responsibility and more environmental awareness,” Gomila says.

Barcelona was never an obvious candidate to be a bike-friendly city. Much of it is built on the foothills of the Collserola mountain range and seven smaller hills. Cycling in the Catalan capital often means pedalling up steep inclines and sweating under the Mediterranean sun.

Barcelona is one of Spain’s most dense cities, with factories and warehouses standing side by side with apartment buildings. During the 1980s, much of the industrial activity moved to the outskirts; then ahead of the 1992 Olympic Games, the city embarked on a major revitalization, knocking down the old industrial infrastructure and building an urban beachfront with restaurants, cafes, and space for cyclists and runners. A new ring road around the city initially helped ease traffic in the center, but gridlocks returned shortly after as the number of cars grew and more people moved to the suburbs.

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Urban planning determines how to make the best use of available space. It involves creating land use plans as well as reviewing, approving Urban and regional planners are increasingly involved in sustainable city projects. For example, they may help design parks, greenways, and rain gardens.

Urban planners also are known as regional planners depending on the size of the area they handle. They determine the development of communities and What does an urban planner do? The roles of planners can vary somewhat, but the overall goal is to help develop cities into functional, thriving

Around the beginning of the 21st century, authorities started to realize that they couldn’t fix air pollution with so many cars on the road. Gomila, an industrial engineer by trade, was managing traffic from a control room in the city hall at the time. He remembers pro-cycling groups showing up at city offices, demanding meetings with officials and pushing for more bike lanes. It worked.

Initially, bike lanes were installed whenever a new street was built, but Gomila says officials soon realized that piecemeal, isolated lanes wouldn’t cut it. A 2003 law provided the legal framework for authorities to set targets for more bike lanes, goals that are now updated every six years.

When Barcelona locked down in March, Gomila was ready. The city had already planned where new lanes would go, and painting yellow lines was easy when the streets were empty. “We did the work of months in just a few days,” he says.

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Huang, who was an urban designer at the time, got the idea that this exercise would make for a great web-based application where citizens and planners alike can mockup city street designs. Streetmix lets users redesign a street by dragging elements around the screen. Through the online tool, users

Your final bike selection will doubtless be governed by how much you have to spend. Be honest with yourself about how much you are willing to pay for a bike , when you consider what you are aiming for.

Barcelona is not the only city to have done that. Rome, known for its chaotic traffic and aggressive motorbike drivers, has added 150 kilometers of bike lanes during and after the coronavirus lockdown, according to the European Cyclists’ federation. The Italian city of Bologna has added 94km; Lisbon 77km; and Paris 69km.

Even for cities that didn’t previously have long term plans for cycling infrastructure, “it’s fairly easy to repurpose roads for cyclists,” says Jill Warren, co-Chief Executive Officer at the European Cyclists’ Federation in Brussels. “There’s different things they can do, repurposing roads for cyclists, lowering speed limits, creating car-free streets and giving incentives to purchase or repair bikes are all great ways to encourage cycling.”

As of the end of last year Barcelona had 211km of bike lanes, and small streets have tightened their speed limits from 50 kilometers per hour to 30. That’s reduced noise and pollution from cars and boosted the number of bike-friendly streets without requiring significant investment. Even though more citizens are cycling and bike acceptance is widespread, “every new step generates conflict,” he adds.

Next on the agenda for the city are the districts in the hills, where few use bikes to commute. The recent inclusion of electric bicycles in the city’s public bike-share program has resulted in more people cycling in high-up districts. To encourage that, authorities are installing more public bike stations there.

The final phase, Gomila says, will be when cycling is so widespread that his team needs to build public large bike-parking facilities similar to those in Amsterdam and Copenhagen. That once-distant future is coming closer. With people having made such radical changes to their daily lives, working from home, wearing masks and socially distancing, one more change might not be that hard to make.

“This is a chance that will not repeat again,” Gomila says.

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