World Brazil. Death of Bishop Casaldaliga, defender of indigenous peoples and the environment

03:15  09 august  2020
03:15  09 august  2020 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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Bishop Casaldaliga , from the diocese of Sao Felix do Araguaia, Mato Grosso state, has been advised by an anonymous person that local landowners have contracted a gunman to kill him in revenge for his defence of the land rights of the Xavante indigenous people of the region.

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L’évêque espagnol Pedro Casaldaliga (à droite), défenseur des peuples indigènes, est décédé à l'âge de 92 ans. © AFP PHOTO / MINORIA ABSOLUTA PRODUCTIONS Spanish bishop Pedro Casaldaliga (right), defender of indigenous peoples, has died at the age of 92 .

Tireless defender of the indigenous peoples of the Amazon and of the environment, the Spanish bishop Casaldaliga died in Brazil, where he had lived for more than fifty years.

Spanish Bishop Pedro Casaldaliga, fervent defender of the indigenous people of the Amazon, the environment and one of the main representatives of Latin American Liberation Theology, died on Saturday at the age of 92 in Brazil , where it had been installed since 1968, we learned from a religious source.

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The process that has been described as the genocide of indigenous peoples in Brazil began with the Portuguese colonization of the Americas, when Pedro Álvares Cabral made landfall in what is now the country of Brazil in 1500.

This is a list of the Brazil 's indigenous or native peoples . This is a sortable listing of peoples , associated language families, indigenous locations, and population estimates with dates. A particular group listing may include more than one area because the group is distributed in more than one area.

The prelature of São Félix do Araguaia, in the state of Mato Grosso (central west), of which Mgr Casaldaliga was bishop emeritus, announced in a statement that the death had taken place in the morning, in the hospital where he was in intensive care because of respiratory problems, in Batatais, near Sao Paulo (south-east). He suffered from Parkinson's disease.

Born in 1928 in Balsareny, Catalonia, ordained priest in 1952, he went on a mission to Sao Felix do Araguaia, in the heart of the Brazilian Amazon, in 1968, in the midst of a military dictatorship.

He opposed the military regime, the large landowners and even the Vatican by defending the landless peasants and the natives, especially those of the Xavantes people. "In this land, it is easy to be born and die, but difficult to live" , declared the prelate in 2012, on the occasion of the release of a television series on his life, "Barefoot on the red earth ” from the homonymous book by the Catalan writer and journalist Francesc Escribano.

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Maxciel Pereira dos Santos, a veteran defender of Brazil ’s indigenous people , has reportedly been shot dead in a Indeed, Bowman said Brazil ’s new government “represents a major shift in views, and implementation of laws and policies in relation to indigenous people and the environment ” and that

returned to the indigenous people . It will be particularly disastrous for the Guarani in Mato Grosso do Sul state, living in roadside camps or overcrowded As Brazil prepares to host the football World Cup and the Olympics, and seeks a permanent seat on the UN security council, its human rights record

"Our land, our people today is losing an example of generous life for a better world, we will miss it very much" , reacted the former left-wing president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on Twitter.

Nossa terra, nosso povo perde hoje um grande defensor e exemplo de vida generosa na luta por um mundo melhor, que nos fará muita falta. https://t.co/Nm9YZj1Chk

- Lula (@LulaOficial) August 8, 2020

Living under the constant threat of contract killers in the pay of large landowners, Bishop Casaldaliga was one of the founders of the Commission pastoral care of the land (CPT) and the Indigenous Missionary Council (Cimi), two key organizations in the struggle for land reform.

In 1998 the Spanish bishop was called to Rome where he underwent a harsh interrogation by the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith at the time, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who 7 years later became the Pope Benedict XVI .

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The defenders : recording the deaths of environmental defenders around the world. John Knox, UN special rapporteur on human rights and the environment , said: “Human rights are being In May, farmers in Brazil ’s Maranhão state attacked an indigenous settlement, hacking with machetes at the

“The indigenous peoples of the Amazon have proven to be the best guardians of their traditional territories,” Swing adds. Indigenous rights to self-determination, well-being, traditional knowledge, and a healthy environment —as articulated in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous

At the end of July, he signed with 150 other Brazilian bishops an open letter criticizing the far-right president Jair Bolsonaro , criticizing in particular his "incompetence" and his "inability" to manage the health crisis of the coronavirus, which killed nearly 100,000 people in Brazil, including several hundred indigenous people.

In Spain , where the news of his death had a big impact in the media, the government spokeswoman María Jesús Montero expressed on Twitter her "gratitude" to the prelate for having "dedicated his life to the service of the poor ”.

Mi reconocimiento y gratitud al obispo Casaldaliga. Una vida al servicio de los pobres. Un abrazo a sus hermanos, familiares y amigos. Suerte haberte conocido.

- Maria Jesus Montero (@mjmonteroc) August 8, 2020

The Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs praised in a press release its “remarkable religious, humanitarian and social work, which has concretely resulted in the construction of schools and of medical centers ”.

Quim Torra, president of the region of Catalonia where the bishop came from, paid homage to “a life of struggle for the cause of the indigenous world, for the Church of the most deprived, peace as the fruit of justice, the liberation of the oppressed (..) a full, committed and united life ”.

Coronavirus in Brazil: indigenous people demonstrate against the lack of aid .
© Provided by Le Point Dozens of indigenous members of the Kayapo Mekragnoti tribe blocked Monday "for an indefinite period" a major road in the Amazon , demanding more help from the Brazilian authorities against the coronavirus, found the AFP . These natives of the northern state of Para are also protesting against illegal mining activities in their reserves and the deforestation of the Amazon rainforest.

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