•   
  •   
  •   

World Growing fears for regional security after military coup in Mali

17:43  19 august  2020
17:43  19 august  2020 Source:   abcnews.go.com

Senior Mali officials obstructing peace efforts: UN experts

  Senior Mali officials obstructing peace efforts: UN experts United Nations experts have accused senior army and intelligence officials in Mali of deliberately obstructing a shaky 2015 peace accord, originally designed to reduce violence in the war-torn West African country. The revelations appear in an expert report delivered to the UN Security Council on August 7, which AFP has obtained, and which come during a festering political crisis in the Sahel state. Mali is currently in the grip of a deep political impasse between President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita and a strident opposition movement insisting on his resignation.

Ex-President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta has resigned after a day of tensions in Mali that had started with a mutiny in the military camp of Kati, just 9 miles from the capital city of Bamako.

a man riding a motorcycle on a city street: Security forces ride in a truck in the capital Bamako, Mali, Aug. 19, 2020. © Baba Ahmed/AP Security forces ride in a truck in the capital Bamako, Mali, Aug. 19, 2020.

Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta announced on national broadcaster ORTM that he had decided "to leave my functions, all my functions, as of this moment. And with all legal consequences: the dissolution of the National Assembly and that of the government. May Allah help and bless Mali. I don’t feel any hatred," all while he was being detained by mutinous troops.

Mali wakes up to military rule after president forced out

  Mali wakes up to military rule after president forced out Mali awoke on Wednesday to a new chapter in its troubled history after rebel military leaders forced President Boubacar Keita from office, prompting its West African neighbours to threaten border closures and sanctions against the coup leaders. Keita, embattled by months of protests over economic stagnation, corruption and a brutal Islamist insurgency, said he had resigned to avoid bloodshed. There were few obvious traces of the previous day'sKeita, embattled by months of protests over economic stagnation, corruption and a brutal Islamist insurgency, said he had resigned to avoid bloodshed.

The African Union strongly condemned the mutiny a few hours earlier with the Commission Chairperson Moussa Faki Mahamat calling for the "immediate release" of the "Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, the Prime Minister and other members of the Malian Government".

The West African regional organization ECOWAS also condemned the action and took a series of immediate measures to isolate Mali, including the closing the borders and airways as well as shutting down all economic, commercial and financial transactions with Mali.

Ibrahim Boubacar Keita wearing a hat and glasses: Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita poses for a photo during the G5 Sahel summit in Nouakchott, June 30, 2020. © Ludovic Marin/POOL/AFP via Getty Images, FILE Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita poses for a photo during the G5 Sahel summit in Nouakchott, June 30, 2020.

Colonel-Major Ismaël Wagué, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Air Force who took part in the coup, announced the creation of a "National Committee for the Salvation of the People" to ensure the continuity of both state and public services, while calling for all sociopolitical movements to "join together to thwart the forces of evil that are scouring us and wanting to take our dear country hostage."

Mali’s Coup Needs a Speedy West African Solution

  Mali’s Coup Needs a Speedy West African Solution Extended political turmoil could open the door wider to jihadists.The north became a haven for terrorist groups, including Al Qaeda’s North African franchise. It would take a French military intervention, followed by a larger United Nations force, to push back the Tuareg rebels and their Islamist fellow travelers. Eight years on, that task is far from complete.

The European Union slammed the coup attempt, saying "this can in no way be a response to the deep sociopolitical crisis that has hit Mali for several months".

"No we did not expect this at all," a Bamako resident told Reuters. "It was a surprise for everyone. But since yesterday morning, in any case the population had abandoned the president".

The coup took place after major demonstrations were organized over several weeks by the June 5 Movement coalition -- which is made up of religious leaders, politicians and civil society members -- who challenged President Keïta and his Prime Minister Boubou Cissé.

The demands of the protesters included the full renewal of the members of the Constitutional Court who had been accused of having tampered with the results of the last legislative elections.

Canada 'strongly' condemns Mali coup: minister

  Canada 'strongly' condemns Mali coup: minister Canada on Wednesday "strongly" condemned a coup in Mali that deposed the conflict-hit west African country's president, and called for respect for Mali's "constitutional order." "Canada strongly condemns the coup d'etat in Mali, which forced the resignation of democratically elected president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita," foreign affairs minister Francois-Philippe Champagne said in a statement. Keita was overthrown Tuesday by rebel military officers and detained alongside members of his government including Prime Minister Boubou Cisse.

In July, the protests escalated to the occupation of the national broadcaster ORTM by demonstrators as well as an intrusion into the National Assembly.

a group of people wearing military uniforms: Supporters of Mali's junta participate in a demonstration against regional bloc ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) at the international airport of Bamako, March 29, 2012. © Luc Gnago/Reuters, FILE Supporters of Mali's junta participate in a demonstration against regional bloc ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) at the international airport of Bamako, March 29, 2012.

On Tuesday afternoon, Prime Minister Boubou Cissé said in a statement that "the government calls for reason and asks to silence the guns", a final attempt to calm the situation after the start of events in Bamako and Kati on Tuesday morning.

This, however, did not prevent his forced detention a few hours later along with Keïta and several government Ministers.

Eight years earlier, the military base of Kati was also used as the starting point of the coup which brought down the then president Amadou Toumani Touré. when on March 21, 2012, soldiers revolted in the camp to protest against the government's inability to manage the rebellious groups in the north of the country.

The coup ended up resulting in a major destabilization of the region with Northern Mali falling into the hands of Touareg separatists and armed jihadist groups who occupied it before being driven out by an international military intervention launched by France with the logistical support of the United States in 2013.

West African leaders add to pressure on Mali after coup

  West African leaders add to pressure on Mali after coup West African leaders headed to Mali on Saturday days after a military coup, planning to meet the new junta as well as ousted president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita amid escalating diplomatic pressure for a speedy return to civilian rule. Led by former Nigerian president Goodluck Jonathan, the group from the West African bloc ECOWAS was expected in capital Bamako Saturday afternoon. A delegation official said they would meet members of the junta and later Keita, who is being held with prime minister Boubou Cisse in Kati, a military base northwest of Bamako where the coup was unleashed.

Between the escalation of violence in January 2012 and the end of 2014, between 1,689 and 3,713 people had died in the conflict, according to Ploughshares.

The situation in the region has deteriorated in the last year according to the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), which reports that fighting in Mali and neighboring countries has killed more people so far in 2020 than in all of 2019.

The overthrow of Boubou Cissé's government could also further undermine the counter-terrorism efforts in the area and cause greater security risks for Malians and beyond.

a group of people riding on the back of a motorcycle: Security forces ride in a truck in the capital Bamako, Mali, Aug. 19, 2020. © Baba Ahmed/AP Security forces ride in a truck in the capital Bamako, Mali, Aug. 19, 2020.

The U.S. special envoy for the Sahel Dr. J. Peter Pham tweeted on Tuesday in French: "We are following with concern the development of the situation today in Mali. The US opposes any unconstitutional change of government, whether by those on the streets or by the defense and security forces".

According to Monde Muyangwa, Director of the Africa Program at The Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., "security interests have overwhelmed the governance needs of the country".

While many countries have expressed their concerns about the situation in Bamako, the soldiers who took power and pushed Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta to resign held a press conference on Wednesday morning and affirmed their intention to put in place a civilian political transition leading to elections "in a reasonable delay."

Sanctions in focus as West African mediators meet Mali coup leaders

  Sanctions in focus as West African mediators meet Mali coup leaders Sanctions in focus as West African mediators meet Mali coup leadersThe delegation from the Economic Community of West African States, led by Nigeria's former president Goodluck Jonathan, met junta leaders led by Colonel Assimi Goita behind closed doors for several hours on Sunday morning, before adjourning for lunch.

ABC News' Morgan Winsor and Christine Theodorou contributed to this report.


Video: Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita resigns after military coup (AFP)

Mali talks end with no decision on transitional government .
Mali talks end with no decision on transitional governmentBAMAKO (Reuters) - Talks between West African mediators and Mali's military coup leaders ended on Monday after three days of discussions without any decision on the make-up of a transitional government, a junta spokesman said.

usr: 0
This is interesting!