World Dutch pursuit of torture case against Syria prompts terror accusation from Damascus
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The Syrian government accused the Dutch government of supporting terrorism on Saturday in response to the Netherlands' invocation of an anti-torture convention against Damascus.
The rebuke comes a day after the Dutch government said it is seeking to hold the Syrian government accountable for widespread human rights violations under international law, including the UN Convention against Torture.
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"The Assad regime has committed horrific crimes time after time. The evidence is overwhelming. There must be consequences," Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs Stef Blok said in a statement published on the ministry's website.
Blok said the Syrian government had been informed of the decision by a diplomatic note, which called on Damascus to cease human rights violations and offer reparations to victims.
"International organizations have repeatedly reported serious human rights violations for years. Large numbers of Syrians have been tortured, murdered, forcibly disappeared, and subjected to poison-gas attacks, or have lost everything fleeing for their lives," the Dutch government statement said.
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"The Russian role is as influential as the American role, so we are counting on them to reach understandings that stop the crisis and end the war," Syrian Democratic Council co-chair Riad Darar told Newsweek.The path, they said, runs through Moscow and Damascus.
The Dutch government asked Syria to enter into negotiations, saying that doing so is "a necessary first step in dispute settlement."
It appears unlikely that the offer of negotiations will be accepted by Damascus, which, through its foreign ministry, responded to the announcement by accusing the Dutch government of financing and supporting militant groups in Syria.
If the two countries are unable to resolve the dispute, the Netherlands can submit the case to arbitration, and if no agreement is reached, it will submit the case to an international court, according to the Dutch statement.
In a statement, the Syrian Foreign Ministry said the Netherlands' action "is nothing but a maneuver to camouflage the scandals of that regime and a desperate attempt to get what it couldn't through its support for terrorist organizations in Syria."
The Dutch government said about 200,000 Syrian civilians have died in the civil war in Syria since 2011 and that about 100,000 are missing.
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Roughly 5.6 million Syrians have fled the country since 2011, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, and some 6.6 million people are displaced internally.
Balkees Jarrah, associate international justice director at Human Rights Watch, welcomed the Netherlands' move.
"All those, particularly governments, that have been appalled by the widespread brutality documented in Syria should publicly welcome this step and explore similar ways to assert the rule of law," Jarrah said in a statement released Friday.
"For years, thousands have been systematically starved, beaten, and tortured to their deaths in Syria's prisons. By using the Torture Convention to demand justice for their plight, the Netherlands is standing for countless victims in an action that could ultimately trigger a case at the world's highest court." Jarrah added.
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It is important that the U.S. and its allies focus on the ballistic missile threat and see the nuclear program as part of a wider weapons system, instead of allowing Iran to pretend that each part of its weapons program is independent.Iran has been building ballistic missiles for many years—reverse engineering components, building on Russian or Chinese models and even working with North Korea to increase the range and precision of the rockets. When Washington announced new sanctions on Iran in late September, a U.S. official familiar with the sanctions said that Iran had resumed work with North Korea on long-range missiles.