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World Oslo Accords Fast Facts

22:18  21 september  2020
22:18  21 september  2020 Source:   cnn.com

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Read CNN's Oslo Accords Fast Facts and learn more about the series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.

Oslo Accords Fast Facts . Here’s a look at what you need to know about the Oslo Accords , a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.

Bill Clinton wearing a suit and tie: US President Bill Clinton (C) stands between PLO leader Yasser Arafat (R) and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzahk Rabin (L) as they shake hands on September 13, 1993, at the White House in Washington DC. Rabin and Arafat shook hands for the first time after Israel and the PLO signed a historic agreement on Palestinian autonomy in the occupied territories. © J. DAVID AKE/AFP/Getty Images US President Bill Clinton (C) stands between PLO leader Yasser Arafat (R) and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzahk Rabin (L) as they shake hands on September 13, 1993, at the White House in Washington DC. Rabin and Arafat shook hands for the first time after Israel and the PLO signed a historic agreement on Palestinian autonomy in the occupied territories.

Here's a look at what you need to know about the Oslo Accords, a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.

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Oslo II, officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza, expanded on Oslo I. It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns.

The Oslo I Accord or Oslo I, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or short Declaration of Principles (DOP), was an attempt in 1993 to set up a framework that would lead to the resolution of the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

Facts

Oslo I is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP). The pact established a timetable for the Middle East peace process. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.

After the signing, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat shook hands.

The United States was not actively involved in the negotiations.

The meetings were carried out in secret over several months in 1992 and 1993.

Oslo II, officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza, expanded on Oslo I. It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns. Additionally, the pact set a timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.

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Oslo Accords -- officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP) was a milestone in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. Facts are sorted by community importance and you can build your

The Oslo Accords , which Israel and Palestine signed in 1993, were supposed to end the decades-old fight between them. Hesitation on both sides, however, derailed the process, leaving the United States and other entities once again trying to mediate an end to the Middle East conflict.

Timeline

April 1992 - Terje Rod Larsen, head of a Norwegian research institute, suggests to Israeli politician Yossi Beilin that Norway act as an intermediary between Israel and the PLO.

September 10, 1992 - At a secret meeting in Tel Aviv, Israel, Norwegian State Secretary Jan Egeland formally offers his country's help.

December 1992 to April 1993 - Fourteen meetings are held, in London and Norway, between Professor Yair Hirschfeld and Ahmed Qorei, of the PLO.

April 1993 - After several months, Qorei insists on meeting with someone officially representing Israel's government. Israeli Foreign Ministry Director General Uri Savir takes over for Hirschfeld. Qorei and Savir meet 11 more times between April and August.

August 19, 1993 - Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres secretly flies to Oslo, Norway, and meets with Qorei. He witnesses the signing of the agreement between Savir and Qorei.

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Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s. Oslo I (1993) is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP). The pact established a timetable for the Middle East peace process. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and

The Oslo accords are the cornerstone of what is known as the peace process. They included the first formal mutual recognition between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, and specified that bilateral negotiations were the only viable path to Palestinian statehood.

September 10, 1993 - The PLO reaffirms its recognition of Israel's right to exist, and in turn, Israel recognizes the PLO as the sole representative of the Palestinian people.

September 10, 1993 - US President Bill Clinton announces a resumption of talks between the United States and the PLO. This clears the way for Arafat to travel to the United States.

September 13, 1993 - The Oslo Accords (referred to as Oslo I at this point) are signed by Peres and Mahmoud Abbas, and witnessed by Rabin and Arafat, in Washington, DC.

October 1994 - Arafat, Peres and Rabin are awarded the Nobel Peace prize.

September 28, 1995 - A second significant agreement is signed in Washington, DC. This agreement is often referred to as Oslo II.

November 4, 1995 - Rabin is assassinated at a peace rally.

July 25, 2000 - US President Bill Clinton's efforts to achieve a final status agreement between Israelis and Palestinians end in failure at Camp David. Both sides blame each other for intransigence, though there is a shared sense that none of the parties were properly prepared.

September 28, 2000 - Clashes erupt between Israeli forces and Palestinians following a visit by Israeli opposition leader Ariel Sharon to Jerusalem's most important holy site, sacred to both Muslims and Jews. The violence escalates to include waves of suicide bombings and becomes known as the Second Intifada, or uprising.

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The Environmental Provisions of Oslo II Accords . The Oslo II Accord , also known as the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip or more simply Oslo II, established provisions and policies on the environment in six distinct articles within the first appendix of Annex III

The Oslo accords had many faults, chief of which was the failure to proscribe settlement expansion while peace talks were in progress. This turned the much-vaunted peace process into a charade. In fact , it was worse than a charade: it provided Israel with just the cover it was looking for to continue to

November 11, 2004 - Arafat dies in Paris.

September 30, 2015 - Abbas accuses Israel of not committing to the Oslo Accords and declares that Palestinians "cannot continue to be bound by these agreements."

September 28, 2016 - Peres dies at the Sheba Medical Center in Tel Aviv after suffering a massive stroke two weeks prior.

January 14, 2018 - Abbas calls on the PLO to "revise all the agreements signed between the PLO and Israel because Israel has brought these agreements to a dead end," and accuses Israel of ending the Oslo agreement. This criticism comes six weeks after US President Donald Trump announces that Washington recognizes Jerusalem as Israel's capital.

The Details of Oslo Accords

The Declaration calls for:

- Israel to withdraw from Jericho and Gaza, and eventually the West Bank.

- Five years of limited autonomy for Palestinians in those areas.

- Election of Palestinian Legislative Council within nine months.

- Establishment of a Palestinian police force.

- The question of Jerusalem was left undecided.

Editor's note: This story has been updated to clarify an earlier version.

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