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World The fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan, explained

12:12  02 october  2020
12:12  02 october  2020 Source:   msn.com

Armenia and Azerbaijan clash over disputed region

  Armenia and Azerbaijan clash over disputed region Long-simmering tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan appear to have flared up in the contested Nagorno-Karabakh region, with both sides accusing each other of attacking civilians. © Armenian Defense Ministry/AP A photo released by the Armenian defense ministry appears to show an Azerbaijani tank being destroyed on September 27, 2020. The neighboring former Soviet republics have long been at odds over the territory -- which is situated within the borders of Azerbaijan -- and fought a war over it that finished in 1994.

A war between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces ended in a ceasefire in 1994, with Armenia in full control of Nagorno-Karabakh and other surrounding enclaves of Azerbaijan ’s territory. The border between the two is considered one of the most militarised in the world, said Laurence Broers, the

If fierce fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani troops persists, outside forces may get involved. Azerbaijan does not release data on its military losses, but these can be assumed to be at least as high. The fighting appears to be driven by an attempt by Azerbaijani forces to recapture

  • Dozens have been reported killed and hundreds wounded since fighting between the two former Soviet republics broke out on Sunday.
  • It is unclear what flared the so-called "frozen conflict," which stretched into its fifth consecutive day on Thursday, but the fighting has already been the worst in decades.
  • The fighting has exacerbated tensions between NATO allies France and Turkey.
a group of people riding on the back of smoke: At the call of the CCAF (Coordinating Council of Armenian Organizations of France) several hundred people belonging to the Armenian community in France gathered near the Azerbaijan Embassy in Paris, France, on September 29, 2020, to protest against the war that broke out in recent days in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenia and Azerbaijan with the support of Turkey. © Provided by CNBC At the call of the CCAF (Coordinating Council of Armenian Organizations of France) several hundred people belonging to the Armenian community in France gathered near the Azerbaijan Embassy in Paris, France, on September 29, 2020, to protest against the war that broke out in recent days in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenia and Azerbaijan with the support of Turkey.

LONDON — The re-emergence of hostilities between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region have ratcheted up fears of a wider regional conflict at the crossroads of Asia and Europe.

Fears grow of war between Armenia and Azerbaijan as fighting continues for second day

  Fears grow of war between Armenia and Azerbaijan as fighting continues for second day Azerbaijan and Armenia are reporting more casualties as the violent flare-up between the two Caucus nations continued for a second day. © Provided by Washington Examiner On Monday, forces tied to the two countries reportedly exchanged rocket and artillery fire in the escalating battle that began on Sunday. The fighting is raising fears of a wider conflict in the region and the possibility that Turkey, which backs Azerbaijan and Russia (which has a mutual defense agreement with Armenia), could become involved.

Previous escalations between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces have been contained after a few days - but the intensity of the current fighting Both sides appear to be digging in for a longer conflict. Azerbaijan has rejected renewed negotiations with Armenia , and unlike in previous escalations it has

Azerbaijan and Armenia fought a war in 1988-94 over the territory. Armenia backs the self-declared republic but has never officially recognised it. But they add that Armenian -born fighters in Syria have also been transported to Armenia to join the fight . In another development, Armenia has

Dozens have been reported killed and hundreds wounded since fighting between the two former Soviet republics broke out on Sunday.

The contested mountainous enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but it has been under de facto Armenian control since the early 1990s. The territory declared independence from Azerbaijan in 1991.

Armenia supports the self-declared Nagorno-Karabakh region, but the country of roughly 3 million people has not officially recognized it.

French President Emmanuel Macron and Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed the fighting via telephone on Wednesday, calling on the warring sides to immediately de-escalate tensions.

Armenia claims Turkey 'shot down' one of its jets during Nagorno-Karabakh fighting

  Armenia claims Turkey 'shot down' one of its jets during Nagorno-Karabakh fighting Armenia says Turkey shot down one of its fighter jets as fighting with Azerbaijan around disputed enclave Nagorno-Karabakh intensifies. Armenia's defense ministry on Tuesday said a Turkish F-16 had shot down an Armenian SU-25 fighter in Armenian airspace, killing the pilot. A ministry spokesperson said the Turkish jet took off from an airbase inside Azerbaijan and had been providing cover for Azerbaijani aircraft attacking Armenian positions.

Dozens of deaths were reported in battles between forces fighting for Armenia and Azerbaijan on Monday. At the heart of the conflict is a dispute On Monday night authorities in Nagorno-Karabakh reported that another 26 of its servicemen had been killed in the fighting , bringing its total losses to

Fighting between Azerbaijan and Armenia spilled over from the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, as the government in Armenian authorities said that four drones operated by Azerbaijan appeared on Thursday in the sky over the Kotayk province bordering the nation’s capital city, as well

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has also voiced his "extreme concern" over the latest skirmishes, pushing for a "return to meaningful negotiations without delay."

map: The contested mountainous enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but it has been under de facto Armenian control since the early 1990s. © Provided by CNBC The contested mountainous enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but it has been under de facto Armenian control since the early 1990s.

Leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan have dismissed the suggestion of holding peace talks, accusing each other of obstructing negotiations.

It is unclear what flared the so-called "frozen conflict" but the fighting has already been the worst in decades.

Regional security implications

Armenia and Azerbaijan fought a six-year war over Nagorno-Karabakh before reaching a truce in 1994 but have both since blamed one another for ceasefire violations in the enclave and along the border, most recently in July.

Exclusive: Armenia, Azerbaijan Speak Out, Here's What They Want from U.S.

  Exclusive: Armenia, Azerbaijan Speak Out, Here's What They Want from U.S. As their countries battle at home, Newsweek spoke to Armenian and Azerbaijani ambassadors to the U.S., who disagree on much but both see Washington as having an important role in resolving their deadly conflict.But there's one thing they do agree on—things can never be the same.

Azerbaijan earlier said two Azerbaijani civilians had been killed in Armenian shelling in Azerbaijan on Monday, following the deaths of five people Armenia and Azerbaijan - which have already mobilised more soldiers and declared martial law in some areas - blame each other for starting the fighting .

Patrick Bet-David sits down with Aram Hamparian, the executive director of Armenian national committee of America to talk about the conflict between Armenia

Located in the South Caucasus between Europe and Asia, majority-Christian Armenia shares a border with Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, and Turkey.

Azerbaijan, a mainly Muslim country of almost 10 million people, is to the east of neighboring Armenia and borders Iran, Turkey, Georgia, Russia, and the Caspian Sea.


Video: 'Imagine Caucasus becoming another Syria?': Armenia's president pleas for international support (CNBC)

Russia, a close ally of Azerbaijan, is part of a military alliance with Armenia. The Kremlin has offered to host talks between the two sides, claiming it had contacted the foreign ministers of both Armenia and Azerbaijan on Wednesday.

The fighting has exacerbated tensions between NATO allies France and Turkey. France is home to many people of Armenian ancestry, while Turkey has called on the "entire world" to stand with Azerbaijan.

Many link Turkey's support of Azerbaijan to the mass killing of 1.5 million Armenians by Ottoman Turks in 1915, which Armenia says amounted to genocide. Turkey has resisted calls to recognize the killings as genocide, saying the death toll has been inflated and those killed were victims of a civil war.

Exclusive: Official at Center of Armenia, Azerbaijan Conflict Calls It Fight to Death

  Exclusive: Official at Center of Armenia, Azerbaijan Conflict Calls It Fight to Death Can Cam lead Patriots past Chiefs Sunday?

The Armenia - Azerbaijan conflict explained . The modern conflict dates back to Armenian nationalist movements in the Soviet Union during the early 1980s. However, the key date is February 1988, when the ethnic Armenian majority in Nagorno-Karabakh requested that the territory be transferred from

Azerbaijan says heavy fighting is continuing in Tovuz district, bordering on Tavush in north-eastern Armenia . "This aggression against the security of the civilian population of Armenia will receive a proportionate response, for which the Azerbaijani side bears full responsibility," an Armenia foreign

In an interview with state-run news agency Anadolu, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said on Wednesday that French support for Armenia was akin to Paris backing Armenian occupation in Azerbaijan.

In response, France's Macron said he had taken note of the political statements from Turkey, describing Ankara's comments as "reckless and dangerous."

Emmanuel Macron wearing a suit and tie looking at the camera: French President Emmanuel Macron attends a press conference with Latvia's Prime Minister (unseen) after their meeting on September 30, 2020 in Riga, Latvia, during Macron's official visit to Latvia and the Baltic region. © Provided by CNBC French President Emmanuel Macron attends a press conference with Latvia's Prime Minister (unseen) after their meeting on September 30, 2020 in Riga, Latvia, during Macron's official visit to Latvia and the Baltic region.

Speaking at a news conference in Riga, Latvia on Wednesday, Macron said he was "extremely preoccupied by the belligerent messages from Turkey in the past hours, which are removing Azerbaijan's inhibitions in what would be a recapture of the Nagorno-Karabakh. And we will not accept that."

Macron said he would speak with the European Council and President Donald Trump about the fighting on Thursday.

Analysts at political risk consultancy Eurasia Group said their baseline scenario was for extended clashes near the line of conflict, but not full-scale conflict that would draw Russia into the fighting.

"As the scope of the stand-off is particularly great, this scenario is still dangerous and presents chances every day for unintended escalation," they said. "It would involve a limited amount of financial strain on Azerbaijan, who is prepared to finance a short-term operation, and probably greater strain on Armenia's fewer financial resources and in light of its general mobilization."

Azerbaijan, Armenia no closer to ending clashes after 4 days

  Azerbaijan, Armenia no closer to ending clashes after 4 days YEREVAN, Armenia (AP) — Heavy fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh continued for a fourth straight day on Wednesday, with statements from both sides indicating that the flare-up of a decades-old conflict that has killed dozens of people since Sunday was no closer to an end. The president of Azerbaijan said Armenia's withdrawal from Nagorno-Karabakh was the sole condition to end fighting over the separatist territory. Armenian officials alleged Turkey's involvement in the renewed conflict and said its neighbor's actions “hinder the efforts of the international community to cease the hostilities.

Eurasia Group analysts predicted the situation "could persist for days or even weeks," suggesting the location of the front, Putin's personal involvement, and the scale of Turkish involvement could be regarded as "signposts" for further developments.

Energy concerns

The Nagorno-Karabakh skirmishes also threaten to spill over and impact regional oil and gas infrastructure.

S&P Global Platts said in a research note that the reported conflict zone lies around 30 to 40 kilometers from the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan crude pipeline, Azerbaijan's main oil artery to world markets, and the South Caucasus gas pipeline, linked to Turkey and wider Europe.

"While our base case remains for normal flows, a sustained conflict would increase the risk that the pipeline is damaged or shut down," S&P Global Platts said.

The IEA estimates Azerbaijan, a major crude oil and natural gas producer, supplies about 5% of Europe's oil and gas needs.

a view of a rocky mountain: A mountainous landscape of Nagorno Karabach (self proclaimed Republic of Artsakh) on October 10, 2019. The Republic is a subject of dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenians, it historically is occupied by Armenians but was included into Azerbaijan after the collapse of Soviet Union. Artsakh is today a de facto independent state but it is not recognised by any other party. It is possible to enter Artsakh only through Armenia. © Provided by CNBC A mountainous landscape of Nagorno Karabach (self proclaimed Republic of Artsakh) on October 10, 2019. The Republic is a subject of dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenians, it historically is occupied by Armenians but was included into Azerbaijan after the collapse of Soviet Union. Artsakh is today a de facto independent state but it is not recognised by any other party. It is possible to enter Artsakh only through Armenia.

Speaking to CNBC's Hadley Gamble on Wednesday, Armenian President Armen Sarkissian said fears of oil and gas disruption as a result of the fighting had been overblown.

"There's absolutely no threat to energy," Sarkissian said, describing the notion that the skirmishes represent a threat to international oil and gas pipelines as "absolute nonsense."

International benchmark Brent crude futures traded at $39.85 a barrel Friday morning, down 2.6%, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate futures stood at $37.75 a barrel, around 2.5% lower for the session.

Azerbaijan, Armenia report shelling of cities despite truce .
BAKU, Azerbaijan (AP) — Azerbaijan has accused Armenia of attacking large cities overnight in violation of the cease-fire deal brokered by Russia that seeks to end the worst outbreak of hostilities in the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region. The Azerbaijani authorities said Sunday that nine civilians have been killed and over 30 wounded after Armenian forces fired missiles overnight on Ganja, Azerbaijan's second-largest city, and hit a residential building. According to Azerbaijan's Prosecutor General's office, the city of Mingachevir also came under missile attacks early Sunday.

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