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World Europe coronavirus: Bars and pubs are closing as cases surge. Experts question if it will work

14:50  09 october  2020
14:50  09 october  2020 Source:   cnn.com

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Europe | As Virus Cases Surge in Europe , Hospitalizations Lag. But for How Long? In Marseille, France , all bars and restaurants will be closed next Monday. And in London, where the government spent weeks urging workers to return to the city’s empty skyscrapers, it is now asking them to work

All bars and restaurants across central Scotland have been closed following a surge in cases . He told BBC Radio Wales the situation was being reviewed every day, but the Welsh Government was "considering" closing pubs . But, he said, the impact on people's livelihoods would be significant if the

With Europe now reporting more coronavirus cases than the United States, Brazil and India, according to World Health Organization figures, many governments are closing down pubs and bars or limiting their opening hours in the hope of avoiding wider lockdowns.

a group of people sitting in front of a store: People have drinks as they sit on the terrace of a bar in the French capital, Paris, on October 3, 2020. © CHRISTOPHE ARCHAMBAULT/AFP/Getty Images People have drinks as they sit on the terrace of a bar in the French capital, Paris, on October 3, 2020. a group of people sitting at a bar: ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 05: Kieth McKenzie wears a shielding face mask as he works in the pub The Grill in Union Street on August 5, 2020 in Aberdeen, Scotland. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon acted swiftly and put Aberdeen back into lockdown after cases of Coronavirus in the city doubled in a day to 54. She ordered all indoor and outdoor hospitality venues to close by 5pm. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images) © Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 05: Kieth McKenzie wears a shielding face mask as he works in the pub The Grill in Union Street on August 5, 2020 in Aberdeen, Scotland. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon acted swiftly and put Aberdeen back into lockdown after cases of Coronavirus in the city doubled in a day to 54. She ordered all indoor and outdoor hospitality venues to close by 5pm. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)

It's bad news for drinkers, from Brussels to Paris to Edinburgh, and will bring more pain for the embattled hospitality sector. But will the strategy work?

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Chief epidemiologist puts low number of cases down to light-touch ‘sustainable’ approach.

Europe is facing a “very serious situation” with the coronavirus spreading at “alarming rates,” the The number of new Covid-19 cases in Europe has surpassed the spikes observed during the first Irish health experts warned on Wednesday the country might be facing an “exponential growth” in

In Berlin -- a city famed for its nightlife -- bars remain open but new rules that come into force Saturday mean they will have to close at 11 p.m., along with restaurants and stores.

No more than five people will be allowed to gather in a group from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. and no more than 10 people at a time will be allowed to attend gatherings indoors. The measures are expected to remain in place until at least the end of October.

For Stefan Zenow, the 41-year-old owner of two Berlin bars, one in the popular party district Friedrichshain and another in Prenzlauer Berg, the new restrictions are an unwelcome blow.

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Pubs , bars and restaurants throughout England will be forced to close at 10pm from Thursday, while people have been told to work from home again if Speaking to Sky News ahead of the statement, Michael Gove said there would be a "shift in emphasis" and " if it is possible for people to work from

Pubs , bars and restaurants in England will have to shut by 10pm from Thursday under new nationwide restrictions to halt an “exponential” rise in coronavirus He said it would not be an indefinite problem and that “science will in due course ride to our rescue” – a hint at the progress of a vaccine that

His formerly profitable business is struggling to stay afloat after Germany's lockdown earlier this year, he says, and could close down altogether without more state help.

"This is taking us 10 steps back," he said. "Every month we have a minus on our books but we wanted to keep it running. Now, with these new restrictions we are no longer sure if we actually can. I believe this curfew will be in place until at least March or April next year.''

He's contemplating opening earlier to try to get what business he can.

''Usually during the summer we open at 8 p.m. and are open until the last customer goes. Typically in winter we open at 7 p.m. But now with the curfew in place, we are thinking of opening at 5 p.m. so that people from work can grab a drink on their way home. It's a model that Australia has already in place but I am not sure if this is going to really work for a city like Berlin.''

Zenow is also skeptical that the restrictions will work.

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Other "drastic" steps include more working from home and whole households staying at home for 14 Sir Patrick Vallance, the UK's chief scientific adviser, said further measures such as closing schools The British Beer and Pub Association said coronavirus was having a "devastating" effect on pubs .

Coronavirus live updates: global cases top quarter of a million, as Italy sees biggest daily rise in deaths. The publicans were not shocked by the news pubs would be closed at the end of the night and felt it was “ Pubs are not as packed as they usually would be and they’re the only hubs we have.

''It's a human need to get together -- to celebrate together. I don't think that people like to be told what they cannot do -- in my view they will continue to party. To prohibit controlled partying is not going to help! You can't tell young people in their 20s and 30s to stop partying. I think the new law might have an adverse impact. People will then meet up privately to party. ''

But Health Minister Jens Spahn warned Thursday that now was not the moment for Germany to drop its guard.

"Barely any other country in Europe has managed the crisis as well so far. But we must not gamble away what we have achieved," he said.

"The situation here in Berlin shows that careless and at times ignorant behavior during this pandemic can quickly change the situation for the worse."

Brussels shuts bars for a month

Other nations are adopting more drastic measures as they try to balance economic demands with increasing pressure on healthcare services.

Bars and cafes in Belgium's capital, Brussels, were ordered to close Thursday for a month in an attempt to rein in soaring infection rates there.

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As the novel coronavirus continues to spread, some countries are putting their citizens on various forms of lockdown As cases in Spain — and particularly Madrid — increase, the city is implementing localized Schools, coffee shops, bars , and restaurants have all been closed for at least two weeks.

The coronavirus pandemic is prompting unprecedented measures around the world. France has said it would issue fines of up to €135 (£123). On Monday, French Interior Minister Christophe Castaner said 100,000 police officers were being deployed to enforce stringent new measures to limit

Professional and amateur sporting clubs must also shut their bars for a month and the consumption of alcohol in public spaces is banned throughout the entire Brussels city region, its minister-president Rudi Vervoort announced Wednesday.

Brussels now "holds the position of second-most affected European capital between Madrid and Paris," with 505 cases per 100,000 citizens, official Yves Van Laethem said during a coronavirus briefing.

The move came a day after tighter restrictions were imposed across the country's roughly 11.5 million inhabitants. People in Belgium must now limit their social contacts to three people per month, with private indoor gatherings limited to four people. Outdoor gatherings are limited to four people, excluding those who live in the same household. Cafes and restaurants may serve no more than four people per table and must close their doors by 11 p.m.

Belgian Prime Minister Alexander de Croo said the restrictions were devised to "avoid a general lockdown" amid a "very worrying" evolution in the spread of the pandemic.

As coronavirus cases rise sharply in neighboring France, bars and cafes in the capital, Paris, were ordered to shutter Tuesday for two weeks. Restaurants there can stay open only if they follow strict hygiene and social distancing rules, the health ministry said.

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Four more cities -- Lille, Lyon, Grenoble and Saint-Etienne -- were told to shut their bars, gyms and sports centers from Saturday as France reported a record 18,746 new infections on Thursday. Infection levels in Toulouse and Montpellier are "worrying" and they could be the next cities to come under new restrictions, Health Minister Olivier Veran said.

Bars in Marseille, on France's Mediterranean coast, had already been ordered to close last month as case rates soared there.

Tougher anti-coronavirus restrictions also came into force in the Spanish capital, Madrid, and surrounding cities last Friday. The new restrictions require people to stay at home except to go to work, to classes, to do exams, to meet legal obligations or in extreme circumstances.

Shops, bars and restaurants must reduce their capacity by 50%, offer table service only and close earlier. Bars and restaurants must shut at 11 p.m., with last entry one hour before closing time.

Even Iceland, which came close to eliminating the virus over the summer, is now seeing infections rise. On Monday, it ordered the countrywide closure of bars for two weeks, as well as nightclubs, fitness centers and gaming establishments, and limited gatherings to 20 people.

Global health expert Peter Drobac, director of the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship at the University of Oxford's Saïd Business School, told CNN that governments across Europe were trying to find a balance between imposing restrictions on social interactions and keeping businesses alive.

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Bars, nightclubs and restaurants are "an obvious candidate" for closures given what is known about transmission of the virus, he said.

"It tends to happen, and most of the important clusters we have seen, come in enclosed and indoor spaces that are crowded and have prolonged contact between people," he said. People talking, laughing and drinking alcohol only add to the risk of transmission, he said.

"We have to think about social value and social cost as we think about what we want to keep open and what we want to close. It involves some really hard tradeoffs but, if you have to choose between keeping bars or schools open, most people would choose schools."

No alcohol indoors in Scottish pubs

Scotland is another country imposing strict limits from Friday on the service of alcoholic drinks, as it battles rising infection rates.

Pubs, bars, cafes and restaurants will be barred from serving alcohol indoors for 16 days, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced Wednesday. They will also be required to close at 6 p.m., except for hotel restaurants serving residents.

Licensed venues will still be allowed to serve alcohol outside until the current curfew of 10 p.m. across some of the country. However, in central parts of Scotland -- including Glasgow and Edinburgh -- all licensed venues will be closed from Friday, with the exception of hotel restaurants serving residents.

Sturgeon said the restrictions were "intended to be short, sharp action to arrest a worrying increase in infection." But the Scottish Licensed Trade Association warned of confusion, describing the guidance as a "shambles" in a tweet Friday.

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson may also decide to bring in tougher measures across parts of England, particularly in the north, where infection rates are soaring.

A 10 p.m. curfew has already been in place for pubs and restaurants in England since late last month. The government also made it illegal for more than six people to gather socially in England.

Dr. Julian Tang, honorary associate professor in respiratory sciences at the University of Leicester, told the UK's Science Media Centre that while some restrictions, such as the 10 p.m. curfew, might seem arbitrary, the point was to reduce the amount of contact between people.

"It is not saying that the virus stops transmitting after 10 p.m. It just acts to disperse people earlier to reduce the number of people to whom it can spread," Tang said.

"But to be effective, the spirit of the curfew needs to be sustained after people leave the pubs -- and not for people to go to supermarkets and other people's homes to continuing drinking (or) socializing, but to go home quietly in a socially distanced manner to help stop the virus transmitting any further."

It's important to allow time for the restrictions to work, Tang added, and it could be three to four weeks before their impact can be properly assessed. However, it may be too little, too late, he cautioned.

"With the Covid-19 cases rising so quickly across the population now, such limited restrictions may not be sufficient to reduce further transmission of the virus within this shorter time period -- and unfortunately, stronger measures may now be needed."

Drobac also warned that a very cautious, step-by-step approach could backfire.

"Early action is typically the way to go because you cannot outrun exponential growth," he said. "The longer we tinker with small steps with an outsize growth in cases, the harder it is to get things down under control."

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