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World How the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been shaped by past empires

00:45  16 october  2020
00:45  16 october  2020 Source:   nationalgeographic.com

Armenia's Prime Minister Accuses Turkey of 'Reinstating the Ottoman Empire' in Sending Mercenaries to Nagorno Karabakh

  Armenia's Prime Minister Accuses Turkey of 'Reinstating the Ottoman Empire' in Sending Mercenaries to Nagorno Karabakh The revival of the 30-year conflict threatens to engulf Armenia and Azerbaijan in all-out warIn fact, the battle already threatens to bleed beyond the mountainous 1700-square mile enclave in the South Caucasus to engulf Azerbaijan and Armenia in all-out war, and risks provoking an even wider conflagration. In an interview with TIME, Armenia’s Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan doubled down on accusations that its bitter rival Turkey is already intervening militarily on behalf of Azerbaijan, claiming President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is vying to extend his influence in the region.

SOURCE: Atlas of the Nagorno - Karabagh Republic. Nagorno - Karabakh ’s borders have . long been in dispute. That’s of even greater importance because of the conflicted nations’ powerful allies . Azerbaijan is supported by NATO member Turkey, while Russia supports Armenia, making the area a

The 2020 Nagorno - Karabakh conflict is an ongoing armed conflict between Azerbaijan and the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, supported by Armenia, in the disputed Nagorno - Karabakh region.

When fierce fighting erupted in late September in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous region of the South Caucasus, it fanned the flames of a centuries-old dispute. The clash is the latest in a series of tumultuous battles over who can claim the disputed enclave, a question shaped in modern times by the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.

a person standing in front of a building: Residents of Stepanakert, the capital of the self-declared Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, enter a building damaged by a missile attack on October 3, 2020. While the majority population of the territory is ethnic Armenian, it is considered part of Azerbaijan by most of the international community. © Photograph by Anush Babajanyan, VII/Redux

Residents of Stepanakert, the capital of the self-declared Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, enter a building damaged by a missile attack on October 3, 2020. While the majority population of the territory is ethnic Armenian, it is considered part of Azerbaijan by most of the international community.

Azeris and ethnic Armenians fight before planned talks with Russia

  Azeris and ethnic Armenians fight before planned talks with Russia Azeris and ethnic Armenians fight before planned talks with RussiaBAKU/YEREVAN (Reuters) - Azeri and ethnic Armenian forces fought new clashes on Friday as Russia prepared to host talks with the warring sides' foreign ministers on ending the deadliest battles in the South Caucasus for more than 25 years.

Nagorno - Karabakh is part of Azerbaijan, but its population is majority Armenian. As the Soviet Union saw increasing tensions in its constituent republics in the 1980s Armenia is majority Christian while oil-rich Azerbaijan is majority Muslim. Turkey has close ties to Azerbaijan, while Russia is allied with

Nagorno – Karabakh is an administrative territorial entity located in the Transcaucasus between Azerbaijan and Armenia. The situation in the Nagorno - Karabakh conflict zone escalated sharply in 2014 and 2016, but the region has not faced armed conflicts like today’s war since 1994.

Officially, the 1,700-square-mile territory is part of Azerbaijan and is known by its Russian name, which translates to “mountainous Karabakh.” But to Armenians and the Armenian-majority population of the region, it’s known as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, a de facto independent state that has been outside of Azeri rule since 1988.

For centuries, Muslim Azerbaijanis and Christian Armenians, both of whom call the region home, clashed over who should control it. Russian rule began in 1823, and when the Russian Empire dissolved in 1918, tensions between newly independent Armenia and Azerbaijan reignited. Three years later, Communist-controlled Russia set its sights on the independent states of the Caucasus region and began incorporating them into what would become the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

India: Hundreds of thousands of tea pickers in Assam on indefinite strike

 India: Hundreds of thousands of tea pickers in Assam on indefinite strike © Biju BORO / AFP Tea pickers joined farmers in protesting the liberalization of the sale of fruits and vegetables. The strike began this Friday, October 9 to demand wage increases. These workers joined the farmers, who have been protesting for two weeks now against the new selling prices for fruit and vegetables. With our correspondent in Bangalore, Côme Bastin The State of Assam produces nearly 50% of India's tea, and it is found on many tables around the world.

(Redirected from Nagorno Karabakh War). The Nagorno - Karabakh War, referred to in Armenia as the Artsakh Liberation War, was an ethnic and territorial conflict that took place in the late 1980s to May 1994, in the enclave of Nagorno - Karabakh in southwestern Azerbaijan

Video caption: Nagorno - Karabakh : Civilians and churches under fireNagorno-Karabakh: Civilians and churches under fire. Some of those displaced by fighting in the disputed territory of Several people are reported to have been killed when a missile hit an apartment block in Azerbaijan's city of Ganja.

At first, it was decided that Karabakh would be part of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (S.S.R.). Though historians differ on the reasons, the initial incorporation of Karabakh into Armenia is thought to have been a plan to ensure Armenian support of Soviet rule. But the Soviets’ new Commissar of Nationalities, Joseph Stalin, reversed the decision. In 1923 Nagorno-Karabakh became an autonomous administrative region of the Azerbaijan S.S.R., even though 94 percent of its population at the time was ethnic Armenian.

Though ethnic Armenians complained that Azerbaijan restricted their autonomy and claimed Azerbaijan discriminated against them, the Soviet Union was intolerant of ethnic nationalism and ignored a variety of protests against the status quo.

As the Soviet Union disintegrated in the late 1980s, the long-dissatisfied ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh petitioned to become part of the Republic of Armenia. Azerbaijan responded by trying to crush the separatists in 1988, and clashes intensified in the region. In 1991, both Azerbaijan and Armenia declared independence from the U.S.S.R., and the regional clashes in Nagorno-Karabakh flared into full-out war.

Armenia, Azerbaijan tensions rise amid claims of new attacks

  Armenia, Azerbaijan tensions rise amid claims of new attacks YEREVAN, Armenia (AP) — The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalated Wednesday, as both sides exchanged accusations and claims of new attacks over the separatist territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, where heavy fighting continues for a third week despite a cease-fire deal. In a statement compounding fears of a wider conflict, Armenian Defense Ministry claimed it reserves the right to target Azerbaijani military objects and troop movements. That followed an announcement by the Azerbaijani military that it destroyed an Armenian missile system “targeted ... to inflict casualties among the peaceful population and to destroy civilian infrastructure.

What is behind the conflict ? Nagorno - Karabakh : Fighting mood grips Armenians. Nagorno - Karabakh : BBC visits Azerbaijan's side of There are growing concerns that other countries may get directly involved in the conflict in the strategic Caucasus region. Turkey has already openly

Nagorno - Karabakh is internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan, but the enclave is controlled by ethnic Armenians. BBC correspondents Orla Guerin and Steve Rosenberg report from both sides. The tree-lined main street of Ganja, Azerbaijan's second-largest city, was bathed in morning sunlight and

As a result, more than a million people became refugees, and around 30,000 people, including civilians, were killed. Both sides engaged in ethnic cleansing during the Nagorno-Karabakh War—the Azerbaijanis against ethnic Armenians, and Armenian forces against ethnic Azeris. Despite the brutal humanitarian toll, negotiations between the sides repeatedly broke down.

In 1994, the newly independent nations of Armenia and Azerbaijan signed the Bishkek Protocol, a ceasefire brokered by Russia that left Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan. But though the fighting ceased, the two sides could not agree on a peace treaty.

For the last two and a half decades, Armenian and Azerbaijani troops have been divided by a contested “line of contact” laid out in the Bishkek Protocol. It has become increasingly militarized over the years, and has been called one of the world’s three most militarized borders. The Council on Foreign Relations says that given the close positioning and limited communication between military forces stationed there, “there is a high risk that inadvertent military action could lead to an escalation in the conflict.”

A new weapon complicates an old war in Nagorno-Karabakh

  A new weapon complicates an old war in Nagorno-Karabakh The use of drones has upset the military balance between Azerbaijan and Armenia in their longtime dispute over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.“We don’t see them," said Katarina Abrahamyan, a 38-year-old supermarket cashier. "We hear them.

Nagorno - Karabakh has been a frozen conflict for more than a decade, but artillery shelling and minor skirmishes between Armenian and Azerbaijani troops have Azerbaijan claimed that Armenian forces may have used white phosphorus in recent fighting over the Nagorno - Karabakh region, after the

Nagorno - Karabakh , an autonomous region in Azerbaijan populated mostly by Armenians, sought to break Furthermore, the South Caucasus region has been essential to efforts to reduce the European Union’s The United States cannot unilaterally prevent renewed conflict over Nagorno - Karabakh .

That’s of even greater importance because of the conflicted nations’ powerful allies. Azerbaijan is supported by NATO member Turkey, while Russia supports Armenia, making the area a potential conflagration zone. While Nagorno-Karabakh is small, the geopolitical stakes are high due to its proximity to strategic oil and gas pipelines, and its location between the powerful regional forces of Russia, Turkey, and Iran.

These nations could be drawn into the conflict and its rising death toll. Iran, which borders Azerbaijan and Armenia and has complicated relationships with both, has weighed in, warning of a “regional war,” complaining of rockets and shells striking inside its territory and placing its own troops near its border, and an October 10 ceasefire was brokered after France, Russia, and the United States held talks in Geneva.

Can the region overcome centuries of conflict? Only time will tell—and with claims that the truce has already been violated, the tenuous ceasefire might not hold. As the world worries about a full-scale Russo-Turkish proxy war, the people of Armenia and Azerbaijan will continue to wrestle with the regional and historic forces that have kept them intertwined, and in conflict, for so long.

AP Week in Pictures, Europe and Africa .
OCT. 16 - 22, 2020 This photo gallery highlights some of the most compelling images made or published by Associated Press photographers in the Europe and Africa regions within the past week. The gallery was curated by AP photo editor Anne-Marie Belgrave in London. Follow AP visual journalism: Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/apnews AP Images on Twitter: http://twitter.com/AP_Images AP Images blog: http://apimagesblog.com © Provided by Associated Press A man wearing a face mask to try to curb the spread of coronavirus walks over Westminster Bridge backdropped by the London Eye ferris wheel, on a rainy day in central London, Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2020.

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