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World Chileans who voted out Pinochet in referendum turn focus to his constitution

14:46  23 october  2020
14:46  23 october  2020 Source:   reuters.com

We Need To Talk About Sen. Mike Lee’s Far-Right Pocket Constitution

  We Need To Talk About Sen. Mike Lee’s Far-Right Pocket Constitution On Monday, 10 days after testing positive for COVID-19, a maskless Sen. Mike Lee (R-Utah) appeared at a Senate hearing on Amy Coney Barrett’s Supreme Court nomination, where he spent the majority of his allotted 10 minutes “pontificating on the nature of constitutional government,” as The Daily Beast aptly described it. Toward the end of his lecture, Lee produced a pocket-size U.S. Constitution and shook it as he emphasized his words. “This is aToward the end of his lecture, Lee produced a pocket-size U.S. Constitution and shook it as he emphasized his words.

Sunday’s referendum could mean end for 1980 constitution that allowed privatization to flourish and led to How Pinochet 's economic model led to the current crisis engulfing Chile . The promise of a new constitution has also won strong support from minority groups, who see it as the chance for a

The 1980 constitution imposed by Pinochet further concentrated his powers. During the fourteen years of democratic government following Pinochet , Chile ’s economy maintained fiscal Another turning point came when Ricardo Lagos challenged Pinochet directly. In 1984, a year before the

By Natalia A. Ramos Miranda and Aislinn Laing

a group of people holding a sign: FILE PHOTO: An activist holds a sign reading © Reuters/IVAN ALVARADO FILE PHOTO: An activist holds a sign reading "I approve, constitutional convention" ahead of the upcoming referendum on a new Chilean constitution in Santiago

SANTIAGO (Reuters) - Chileans will go to the polls on Sunday to vote on whether they want to swap a constitution written during the Pinochet dictatorship in favor of a new document written by a specially elected citizens' body.

A new constitution was a key demand of demonstrators engaged in unprecedented social protests that broke out in October last year over inequality and elitism. A cross-party referendum deal emerged from the protests in December.

Chile's constitution vote could chart a new course for the country

  Chile's constitution vote could chart a new course for the country After fierce protests, Chile's referendum Sunday will decide whether the country should replace its dictatorship-era constitution.The unrest has roiled a country hailed by the World Bank as "one of Latin America's fastest-growing economies" but where there is deep-seated anger over government policies seen as favoring the rich.

Human rights violations in Pinochet 's Chile were the crimes against humanity, persecution of opponents, political repression, and state terrorism committed by the Chilean Armed Forces

It turned out that's exactly what happened because as soon as this guy got killed everyone was like oh my God you have all these shady elements who are And Nixon, with that said, and this is explicit, he wanted everything in his power to make Augusto Pinochet successful especially from an economic

Those opposed to a new constitution argue it represents a "leap into the void" to change a document that has helped make Chile one of the region's most stable free market economies.

Those in favor say the current text privileges private interests, and segments access to health, education and pensions by income.

Alejandro Werner, IMF Western Hemisphere director, said on Thursday the process could herald "a new era in which the main elements that generated the Chilean success story... are maintained in terms of economic growth, but complemented by a social inclusion agenda."

A downside risk, he added, was "a multiplicity of social policies without macroeconomic support."

Polls suggest the campaign to approve a new magna carta will win two thirds of the vote.

From protest to ballot box, Chile votes in referendum for change

  From protest to ballot box, Chile votes in referendum for change A year to the day after more than one million people thronged downtown Santiago in the biggest march of Chile's social uprising, Chileans vote Sunday on whether to change the country's dictatorship-era constitution. Voters are expected to turn out in numbers, spurred on by slogans that scream from the graffiti-scrawled walls of central Santiago, harking back to the violence-scarred protests that left 30 people dead and thousands wounded. "ChileVoters are expected to turn out in numbers, spurred on by slogans that scream from the graffiti-scrawled walls of central Santiago, harking back to the violence-scarred protests that left 30 people dead and thousands wounded.

The correct answer is B. The 1988 Chilean elections that voted out dictator Pinochet were initially a failure because Pinochet defied the election results and stayed in power for two more years. The national plebiscite of Chile in 1988 was a referendum held in that country on Wednesday, October 5

A constitutional referendum was held in Chile on 30 July 1989. The proposed changes to the constitution were approved by 87,7% of voters . If approved, 54 constitutional reforms were to be implemented, among which the reform of the way that the Constitution itself could be reformed

Cristobal Bellolio, a political commentator who favors a new text, said it would ensure the "nation's fingerprints," rather than those of a small elite, were on its rulebook.

The concern, he added, was that some might expect a new draft to turn Chile into a benevolent welfare state overnight.

"I get the feeling there are many people thinking of the constitution as a government program," he said.

Chileans famously voted to end the 17-year dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in a 1988 plebiscite.

The current constitution was drafted by Pinochet's close adviser Jaime Guzman in 1980 and has only been tweaked by successive governments to reduce military and executive power.

Among those to reform it was liberal former President Ricardo Lagos. He told Reuters last week that Guzman made his draft deliberately watertight, meaning aspects like a flawed pension system and ban on collective bargaining were impossible to change. nL1N2H70RU

Chile Holds Landmark Vote on New Constitution Amid Social Unrest

  Chile Holds Landmark Vote on New Constitution Amid Social Unrest (Bloomberg) -- Chileans started casting ballots Sunday in a referendum on whether to draft a new constitution, a vote born out of months of protests that rattled the foundations of a global investor darling. Citizens will choose between writing a new charter or keeping the existing constitution that was drawn up during the Augusto Pinochet dictatorship. Voters must also decide if a newly elected assembly or a body composed of existing lawmakers and new delegates will draft the text. © Bloomberg Chileans Take To The Streets On The Anniversary Of Protests That Rocked The Country Pprotests at Plaza Italia in Santiago, Chile, on Oct. 18.

A constitutional referendum was held in Chile on 30 August 1925. Voters were offered a choice of two draft constitutions ; one prepared by a subcommission and supported by President Arturo Alessandri, and another document prepared by Congress.

The consequences for Chilean democracy (until his accession the most stable in Latin America), human rights and prosperity were disastrous. The Americans did not become involved in Chile until they realised that it was being turned into a Marxist enclave by the Soviet Union and Cuba, who saw

Voters will approve or reject the drafting of a new constitution. Uniquely in Chilean history, they will also be asked if a fresh text - to be voted on in a second referendum - should be drafted by a constitutional convention of specially elected citizens or a mixed convention of lawmakers and citizens.

A recent spike in violent protests and nervousness about large public gatherings amid the coronavirus could dampen turnout. All Chileans are automatically registered to vote, but participation is voluntary.

Stringent security and sanitary measures have been rolled out in 2,715 polling stations across the nation of 18 million.

Surfaces have been sprayed with cleaning products containing nano-copper particles, a use of Chile's key export enthusiastically championed by the government after research suggested it was particularly inhospitable to the coronavirus.

Soldiers will oversee voting while police will guard outside in case of further unrest.

Mariano Machado, a Latin America analyst with risk analytics company Verisk Maplecroft, said a result calling for a new constitution drafted by a constitutional convention would help "contain" but not eradicate Chile's underlying social unrest.

(Reporting by Natalia Ramos and Aislinn Laing; Editing by Tom Brown and Muralikumar Anantharaman)

Chile voted to write a new constitution. Will it promise more than the government can deliver? .
In a global first, women will make up half the constitutional convention. With turnout the highest in any election since 2012, nearly 80 percent of Chileans chose a new constitution. What’s more, roughly 80 percent also preferred a constitutional convention composed wholly of everyday citizens, instead of a convention composed of half citizens and half members of the Chilean Congress.

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This is interesting!